UNITED STATES CEREBRAL PALSY ATHLETIC ASSOCIATION.
The United States United States, officially United States of America, republic (2005 est. pop. 295,734,000), 3,539,227 sq mi (9,166,598 sq km), North America. The United States is the world's third largest country in population and the fourth largest country in area. Cerebral Palsy cerebral palsy (sərē`brəl pôl`zē), disability caused by brain damage before or during birth or in the first years, resulting in a loss of voluntary muscular control and coordination. Athletic Association (USCPAA USCPAA United States Cerebral Palsy Athletic Association
USCPAA United States Canada Peace Anniversary Association (Blaine, Washington) ) offers competitive sports opportunities and support mechanisms to individuals with cerebral palsy, traumatic brain injuries Traumatic brain injury (TBI), traumatic injuries to the brain, also called intracranial injury, or simply head injury, occurs when a sudden trauma causes brain damage. TBI can result from a closed head injury or a penetrating head injury and is one of two subsets of acquired brain , or to stroke survivors with motor dysfunction. Athletes may be wheelchair users or ambulatory. Readers are encouraged to visit their web site at www.uscpaa.org/for further information about the organization including its philosophy, purpose, upcoming events, its classification system, and its National Center.
Sports sanctioned by the USCPAA include athletics (track and field), boccia, cycling, equestrian events, indoor wheelchair soccer Wheelchair soccer is a variation of the game, in which all of the participants are confined to wheelchairs due to physical disability. Intellectual disabilities can also be a factor, but this is not always the case. The wheelchairs can be either motorised, or manually-pushed. , powerlifting pow·er·lift·ing
A weightlifting competition in which participants compete in the squat, dead lift, and bench press. , soccer, and swimming. Their eight-level classification system is important in that it ensures, as much as possible, that their philosophy, equal opportunity for all, will be practiced, not just preached. This classification system is used in all individual sports, including track and field (athletics), swimming, cycling and cross-country--where athletes compete only against athletes with their same classification. In the remaining sports, athletes are grouped in divisions according to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.
2. In keeping with: according to instructions.
3. classification. Because this system is both crucial to understanding the competition system, and because it is updated frequently, it is printed here as a convenience for our readers.
Severe involvement in all four limbs. Limited trunk control. Unable to grasp a softball. Poor functional strength in upper extremities, often necessitating the use of an electric wheelchair for independence.
Severe to moderate quadriplegia quadriplegia: see paraplegia. , normally able to propel a wheelchair very slowly with arms or by pushing with feet. Poor functional strength and severe control problems in upper extremities.
Moderate quadriplegia, fair functional strength and moderate control problems in upper extremities and torso. Uses wheelchair.
Lower limbs have moderate to severe involvement. Good functional strength and minimal control problem in upper extremities and torso. Uses wheelchair.
Good functional strength and minimal control problems in upper extremities. May walk with or without assistive devices for ambulatory support.
Moderate to severe quadriplegia. Ambulates without walking aids. Less coordination. Balance problems when running or throwing. Has greater upper extremity involvement.
Moderate to minimal hemiplegia hemiplegia /hemi·ple·gia/ (-ple´jah) paralysis of one side of the body.hemiple´gic
alternate hemiplegia paralysis of one side of the face and the opposite side of the body. . Good functional ability in non-affected side. Walks/runs with noted limp.
Minimally affected. May have minimal coordination problems. Able to run and jump freely. Has good balance.
The Paralympic Games Par·a·lym·pic Games
An international competition for athletes with disabilities.
[para-1 + (O)lympic. are the zenith of competition for elite athletes with physical disabilities. The fundamental philosophy guiding the Paralympic movement is that these world-class athletes should have opportunities and experiences equivalent to those afforded non-disabled athletes. In order to compete in the Paralympics, each athlete must meet strict qualifying standards and be selected to his or her national team. Athletes can qualify for the Paralympics by competing in events sanctioned by the USCPAA and performing up to the standards required, according to the event, their classification, age, and gender needed to make the U.S. team. For further information, visit USCPAA's web site.