UNFORGIVEN.Why we should apologize for slavery. June 19 -- the day 135 years ago when the last Americans held captive learned of their freedom -- has become the day celebrated in many black communities as their second Independence Day. Congress recently agreed that this "Juneteenth" celebration "is an important and enriching part of the country's history and heritage, and it provides an opportunity for all Americans to learn more about their common past and to better understand the experiences that have shaped the United States United States, officially United States of America, republic (2005 est. pop. 295,734,000), 3,539,227 sq mi (9,166,598 sq km), North America. The United States is the world's third largest country in population and the fourth largest country in area. ." The president is now considering making Juneteenth a national holiday.
Over the years, Congress has taken many steps with an eye on race issues. Most have been proud strides forward. Some have been notorious leaps backward. But not one has been an apology for slavery itself, for a Constitution and laws that encouraged this "peculiar institution "(Our) peculiar institution" was a euphemism for slavery and the economic ramifications of it in the American South. The meaning of "peculiar" in this expression is "one's own", that is, referring to something distinctive to or characteristic of a particular place or people. " that few now dispute is the greatest stain on our country's history.
As representatives of the American people An American people may be:
Even after the 13th Amendment was adopted, at the end of the Civil War, Congress continued to enact laws -- and commit sins of omission -- that sustained the terrible legacies of slavery until the civil rights movement. In recent years, our nation has apologized to Japanese-Americans interned during World War II, and to native Hawaiians This is a list of notable Native Hawaiians:
Capturing, selling, and buying of slaves. Slavery has existed throughout the world from ancient times, and trading in slaves has been equally universal. Slaves were taken from the Slavs and Iranians from antiquity to the 19th century, from the sub-Saharan .
SO WHY APOLOGIZE NOW? Today, no slave or slave-holder is alive; indeed, most Americans are the descendants of people who came to the United States after slavery ended. True, we all can see the effects of racism. And the achievements of African Americans in overcoming slavery's evils stand as a source of tremendous inspiration for us all. But the successes of slaves and their descendants do not overwrite (1) A data entry mode that writes over existing characters on screen when new characters are typed in. Contrast with insert mode.
(2) To record new data on top of existing data such as when a disk record or file is updated. the failure of our country to grant all Americans their birthright: equality and the civil rights that safeguard freedom. Nor do policies pursued since slavery was abolished eliminate the need for an apology.
I was surprised to learn that our country, whose charter begins with the declaration that "all men are created equal The quotation "All men are created equal" is arguably the best-known phrase in any of America's political documents, as the idea it expresses is generally considered the foundation of American democracy. ," has never apologized for counting a black man as less than a man -- as property, instead of human beings created in God's image. I have been even more surprised to see the reaction of the public and of policymakers to this simple proposal. I was disappointed that President Clinton's national conversation about race -- which kindled kin·dle 1
v. kin·dled, kin·dling, kin·dles
a. To build or fuel (a fire).
b. To set fire to; ignite.
2. real hopes for racial reconciliation, and made some progress -- missed a golden opportunity to address slavery and its legacy head-on by making this apology.
In our work on race issues, it is clear that Americans' have an unshakable faith that there are solutions to the problems that bedevil us. But it is also apparent that we believe the answers will be easy. I've seen this over and over when it comes to fighting hunger. People want to help end suffering or right what is wrong -- but it is as hard to know what to do about poverty as it is to know the fight answers on affirmative action affirmative action, in the United States, programs to overcome the effects of past societal discrimination by allocating jobs and resources to members of specific groups, such as minorities and women. and other policies. Unfortunately, there are no easy answers to difficult questions.
From the time slaves were first brought to the United States, Americans' feet were set on different paths -- paths determined by the color of their skin. If we are to travel toward a common future, we owe it to our children to mark that early fork in the road A fork in the road is a road bifurcation. The expression may also refer to one of the following:
Asking for forgiveness, seeking repentance, and pursuing reconciliation are integral components of all faiths. We are commanded not only to forgive as we have been forgiven, but to reconcile with those who hold something against us. God wants us to overcome our divisions; nothing good has ever come from failing at that.
An apology is a beginning. We may not know what comes next, but that should not determine whether we do the right thing at this juncture if we are sincere in our desire to heal this festering fes·ter
v. fes·tered, fes·ter·ing, fes·ters
1. To generate pus; suppurate.
2. To form an ulcer.
3. To undergo decay; rot.
TONY P. HALL is a U.S. representative from Ohio.