UFree: Akram Rikhawi, 94 Days on Hunger Strike, Life at Imminent Risk.PNN PNN Probabilistic Neural Network
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PNN Plmn Network Name Diabetic Palestinian political prisoner Akram Rikhawi has been on a hunger strike hunger strike, refusal to eat as a protest against existing conditions. Although most often used by prisoners, others have also employed it. For example, Mohandas Gandhi in India and Cesar Chavez in California fasted as religious penance during otherwise political or for 94 days and is at imminent risk of dying. According to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.
2. In keeping with: according to instructions.
3. the World Medical Association, in most cases death occurs between 42nd and 72nd days of hunger strike. Rikhawi suffers from various chronic conditions: diabetes, asthma, osteoporosis, kidney problems, and deterioration of his eye lenses, high cholesterol Cholesterol, High Definition
Cholesterol is a fatty substance found in animal tissue and is an important component to the human body. It is manufactured in the liver and carried throughout the body in the bloodstream. , and immune deficiency immune deficiency
See immunodeficiency. . Due to these pre-existing conditions Rikhawi's hunger strike has weakened his body, and already a month ago he was in very fragile condition. Now he is in a coma and his condition is deteriorating fast. Akram Rikhawi went on hunger strike on 12 April as a protest when he was not granted an early release on the basis of his medical condition and social circumstances. (He has got 8 biological and 5 adoptive children.) He has requested for early release twice: in 2010, and on 5 June 2012. Every prisoner is entitled to ask to be considered for early release when at least two thirds of their sentence has been served. In all discussions, these factors were disregarded and a file with 'secret information' was the only material considered. Rikhawi from Gaza was arrested by Israeli occupation forces in 2004 and sentenced to 9 years' imprisonment Imprisonment
See also Isolation.
former federal maximum security penitentiary, near San Francisco; “escapeproof.” [Am. Hist.: Flexner, 218]
German prison ship in World War II. [Br. Hist. by a military court. Israeli military courts have almost 100% conviction rate: 99.74% of those who are charged are convicted (Israeli Military Court report 2010). During his hunger strike Rikhawi has only seen an independent doctor once, on 6 June. Physicians for Human Rights-Israel (PHR-I) has made numerous requests to gain access to Rikhawi, but the Israeli authorities continually denied their requests. Following the visit on 6 June, the PHR-I doctor reported that Rikhawi's weight had decreased from 68 kilos to 50 kilos, which is a total loss of 26.5%. The doctor further determined that a combination of inflammation of prior chronic illnesses and the complications of hunger strike rendered hospitalization immediately necessary, as he was at immediate risk of death. The Israeli Prison Service (IPS) medical centre is not a hospital, and it is not properly equipped to handle the physical deterioration and effects of long-term hunger strike. Rikhawi has been held in the IPS medical unit in Ramleh ever since his initial arrest. On 14 June 2012 the Israeli District Court rejected a PHR-I appeal to transfer him to a civilian hospital despite his critical condition. The decision was based on a medical opinion of the IPS, which denies that his life is in danger. According to the PHR-I, 'this opinion is in complete contradiction to the one of the independent doctor, and is not referring to any medical data on which it is based. It also does not relate to the opinion of the independent doctor and the risks it cites.' Last week Rikhawi was briefly hospitalized to a civilian hospital several times, but returned to Ramleh prison clinic. This moving back and forth a patient in such a critical condition could also amount to a medical neglect. Rikhawi has also been shackled to his hospital bed with three limbs. On Tuesday 19 June, Addameer lawyer, Ms. Neddaf, noted following her visit to Ramleh prison medical clinic that Rikhawi was extremely tired, weak and weighed only 49 kilos. Furthermore, since 16 June, he has been refusing any vitamins and fluids through an IV. (The IPS doctors' threats to force-feed and force-treat him, in addition to their determination not to recommend his medical condition as worthy of earlier release from prison, has led Rikhawi to regard them with deep distrust.) Though he is sustaining himself on water alone, Ms. Neddaf was troubled to observe that even drinking water drinking water
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