UAE - Shaikh Hamdan bin Rashid al-Maktoum.UAE (Uninterruptible Application Error) The name given to a crash in Windows 3.0. In subsequent versions of Windows, a crash was called a "General Protection Fault," "Application Error" or "Illegal Operation." See crash in Windows and abend. Minister of Finance and Industry, Shaikh Hamdan is the second son of the late Shaikh Rashid. He has held this portfolio since the mid-1970s. He heads the Dubai Municipal Council, a post he also has held since the 1970s. The council acts as a local government and, by implication, Hamdan can be regarded as a local prime minister. But he does not act as such. In addition, Hamdan is the deputy ruler of Dubai. He is president of the governing board Noun 1. governing board - a board that manages the affairs of an institution
board - a committee having supervisory powers; "the board has seven members" of the Dubai Ports Authority. He has been the UAE's chief representative at the IMF IMF
See: International Monetary Fund
See International Monetary Fund (IMF). , the OPEC OPEC: see Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries.
in full Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries
Multinational organization established in 1960 to coordinate the petroleum production and export policies of its Fund and to the Arab states. But like Maktoum, is less dynamic or bold than his younger brother Wiki is aware of the following uses of "'Younger Brother":
Hamdan was born in 1945. He received his higher education higher education
Study beyond the level of secondary education. Institutions of higher education include not only colleges and universities but also professional schools in such fields as law, theology, medicine, business, music, and art. at Cambridge (UK). He began his career as a UAE minister as the union was created in December 1971. Apart from his passion for horses, he likes hunting.
Close to Shaikhs Hamdan and Muhammad is Muhammad I, Ottoman sultan
Muhammad I or Mehmet I (mĕmĕt`) (Muhammad the Restorer), 1389?–1421, Ottoman sultan (1413–21), son of Beyazid I. Qassim Sultan, the long-serving director-general of Dubai Municipality MUNICIPALITY. The body of officers, taken collectively, belonging to a city, who are appointed to manage its affairs and defend its interests. . He headed the Dubai 2003 organising committee. The day-to-day head of that committee, among other things in charge of facilitating the joint IMF/World Bank conferences in September 2003, was Ibrahim Belsalah who was the general co-ordinator for Dubai 2003.
Shaikh Ahmad bin Rashid al-Maktoum: Born in 1950 as the fourth son of the late Shaikh Rashid, Ahmad is the youngest of the ruling Maktoum brothers. With a high military rank, he heads the local security forces. But he is often abroad and still has the reputation of a "playboy".
Shaikh Ahmad graduated from the Mons Mons (môNs), Du. Bergen, commune (1991 pop. 91,726), capital of Hainaut prov., SW Belgium, near the French border. Located at the junction of the Canal du Centre and the Condé-Mons Canal, it is the processing and shipping center of Officer Cadet Training College. He began his career as chief of police and internal security in 1973. In 1977, he became head of the central command of the Dubai forces. He likes hunting and motoring, apart from the common Maktoum passion for horses.
The Maktoum Sister: The Maktoum brothers have one sister who in the 1960s was married to the then emir of Qatar, Shaikh Ahmad bin Ali al-Thani, who allegedly shifted considerable wealth to Dubai and forged a merger of the two emirates' monetary agencies.
Shaikh Ahmad was overthrown in February 1972 by his cousin Shaikh Khalifa bin Hamad al-Thani. At the time Shaikh Ahmad was in Iran on a hunting trip. He subsequently moved to live in Dubai, where he had built a palace. He died years later. But the conflict between the ruling families of Qatar and Dubai continued for years.
In June 1995, however, Shaikh Khalifa was overthrown by his first son Shaikh Hamad and the new ruler of Qatar began overtures to Dubai. Muhammad bin Rashid gave him a signal that Dubai would buy large quantities of Qatari gas. Now Jebel Ali Jebel Ali (جبل علي in Arabic) (also sometime written "Mina Jabal Ali") is a port ("Mina" in Arabic) town, located thirty-five kilometres southwest of the city of Dubai in the United Arab Emirates. is awaiting gas from Qatar to be supplied from late 2006 by DEL through a marine section to Abu Dhabi Abu Dhabi (ä`b thä`bē, zä–, dä–), Arab. Abu Zabi, sheikhdom (1995 pop. 928,360), c. and from there to the free zone through an existing line. The latter line's capacity is being expanded before late 2006.
Shaikh Ahmad bin Said al-Maktoum: Born in 1958 as the youngest half-brother of the late Dubai ruler Shaikh Rashid, Shaikh Ahmad studied in the US and returned to Dubai in the 1970s to take up a post. In the early 1980s, he was promoted to higher positions by Muhammad bin Rashid - his nephew who was born in 1949.
Ahmad was made chairman of Dubai's Emirates Airlines “Emirates” redirects here. For other uses, see Emirates (disambiguation).
Emirates Airline (shortened form: Emirates) (Arabic: طيران الإماراتTayarān al-Imārāt , which grew rapidly to become the most popular airline in the world in 2001. Now he is also chairman of Emirates Group, which comprises the airline company, Emirates SkyCargo Emirates SkyCargo is a cargo airline based at Dubai International Airport in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. It is a subsidiary of Emirates and started operations in October 1985. , and the ground-handling agent Dnata.
During the Paris Le Bourget Le Bourget is a commune in the northeastern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 10.6 km. (6.6 miles) from the center of Paris.
A very small part of Le Bourget airport lies on the territory of the commune of Le Bourget, which nonetheless gave its name to the airport. Air Show in June 2003, Shaikh Ahmad signed with Airbus Industries a $19,000m order for passenger planes, including 21 of the 555-passenger A380 super-jumbos which will enable Emirates to connect the world's five continents. The A380 will come into service in 2006 and will become by far the largest passenger plane in the world.
Emirates is also leasing a number of big airbus aircraft to service a rapidly growing number of routes, with demand for additional seats increasing steadily. In addition, Emirates has leased Boeing aircraft, mainly the wide-bodied 777s. It has firmed up an agreement to purchase 26 Boeing 777-300 (extra long-range) aircraft on lease terms from Singapore-based International Lease Finance Corp. and General Electric Capital Aviation Services of the US.
Shaikh Ahmad keeps saying: "The airline is supported entirely from its own resources". By 2011, Emirates will have more than 100 large commercial aircraft in service.
Among other positions being held by Shaikh Ahmad bin Said, he is head of the Dubai Civil Aviation Department. He is also president of the Dubai Supply Authority (Dusup), in charge of importing natural gas and other fuels required by the emirate e·mir·ate
1. The office of an emir.
2. The nation or territory ruled by an emir.
Noun 1. emirate - the domain controlled by an emir .
Shaikh Ahmad has a pleasant personality and is an excellent, as well as shrewd, negotiator. People working with him say he is fully trusted by Shaikh Muhammad.
Dubai's history is like that of Abu Dhabi and reflects the history of their ruling families who originated from the Bani Yas Bani Yas is a tribe in the United Arab Emirates. Al Nahyan which is a branch of Bani Yas is the ruling family in Abu Dhabi. Bani Yas consists of several branches. Bani Yas is also a large suburb belonging to the city of Abu Dhabi. It lies approximately 45 kilometres from the city center. tribes of Arabia Arabs are a semitic people, descending from various Old North Arabian tribes.
Much of the the lineage provided before Ma'ad relies on biblical genealogy and therefore its accuracy from that link uses the bible as a genealogical historical record. . The Maktoums of Dubai are part of the Bu Falasa, a branch of the Bani Yas, like the Bu Falah branch which moved to Abu Dhabi. The Bu Falasa settled in Dubai during the 18th century. In 1833 the tribe made it an independent entity under Maktoum bin Buti bin Suhail. This was disputed by the rulers of Abu Dhabi and Sharjah; but it preserved its independence, as the Trucial Coast Trucial Coast: see United Arab Emirates. became a British protectorate protectorate, in international law
protectorate, in international law, a relationship in which one state surrenders part of its sovereignty to another. The subordinate state is called a protectorate. late in the 19th century.
Family violence among the Bu Falasa occurred as Maktoum bin Buti died in 1852. His younger brother Said bin Buti took over as the second ruler of Dubai. While Maktoum's son Hasher was too young to succeed his father, Said claimed the line of succession Noun 1. line of succession - the order in which individuals are expected to succeed one another in some official position
line - a formation of people or things one behind another; "the line stretched clear around the corner"; "you must wait in a long line at the should pass among brothers. But he was killed and succeeded by Maktoum's son Hasher in 1859. Violence persisted in Hasher's reign. When he died in 1886 the rulership was taken forcibly forc·i·ble
1. Effected against resistance through the use of force: The police used forcible restraint in order to subdue the assailant.
2. Characterized by force; powerful. by his younger brother Rashid bin Maktoum. Hasher's sons, Maktoum and Majid, had to hide for fear of being assassinated as·sas·si·nate
tr.v. as·sas·si·nat·ed, as·sas·si·nat·ing, as·sas·si·nates
1. To murder (a prominent person) by surprise attack, as for political reasons.
2. by their uncle.
Rashid bin Maktoum is a name to remember. In the 1930s his sons tried to topple Shaikh Said, a grandson of Hasher and grandfather of the currently ruling sons of Rashid bin Said. Theirs was a "revolt of the Municipality Council". When Rashid bin Maktoum died in 1894, the rulership went to his nephew Maktoum, who defeated his younger uncle Suhail. But Suhail's son Buti campaigned against Maktoum and his claim to the throne was backed by the sons of Rashid - Said, Buti, Suhail, Mana, Hasher and Maktoum. Maktoum bin Hasher was killed in 1906 and the rulership was taken by force by Buti bin Suhail.
However, Buti was defeated in the ensuing en·sue
intr.v. en·sued, en·su·ing, en·sues
1. To follow as a consequence or result. See Synonyms at follow.
2. To take place subsequently. violence and, on his death in 1912 the rulership was taken by Said bin Maktoum. Said's weak personality encouraged the sons of Rashid bin Maktoum (ruler in 1886-1894) to stage a coup in the 1930s. But Said's son, Rashid (the previous ruler) defeated them in 1938 and became the "Regent of Dubai". Rashid bin Said became Dubai's 8th ruler in 1958, on the death of his father.
The Deira Movement: In his campaign against the "Bani Rashid" group, in 1934, young Rashid and his mother Hessa asked the admiral of the British Navy in the Gulf to arbitrate between his father and his cousins. British intervention saved the throne for the house of Shaikh Said. That was in 1938. Later in that year, Said's opponents again tried to take power by urging the Municipal Council to control public spending. Young Rashid, in league with tribal shaikhs unfriendly to his father's opponents, seized the opportunity of an incident at a wedding in Deira and, under the guise of re-establishing order, opened fire. The "Bani Rashid" brothers Said, Buti and Hasher were killed. Shortly thereafter, a younger brother of the "Bani Rashid" - Shaikh Mana bin Rashid - resumed the war and helped set up a new Municipal Council, to rival Said's. This council absorbed most of the revenues of Said's office. Its power base was Deira, on the northern side of the emirate's creek, while the power base of Said's "Emiri Diwan Noun 1. diwan - a Muslim council of state
privy council - an advisory council to a ruler (especially to the British Crown)
2. diwan - a collection of Persian or Arabic poems (usually by one author)
divan " was Dubai, on the southern side.
Weeks later young Rashid Bin Said, as regent of Dubai, led another attack against Mana's Municipal Council. In 1958 Rashid became the ruler of Dubai and renewed attacks against Mana's "Municipal Council gang", also known as the Deira Movement, as opposed to Rashid's "Dubai Front". As Rashid's forces defeated them, the "gang" had to flee to Sharjah and Abu Dhabi. Some of them settled in al-Ain, where they went into business and had the support of Shaikh Zayed, then governor of al-Ain as they arrived, while Shaikh Tahnoun backed Rashid's sons.
Having eliminated the old "Municipal Council", Shaikh Rashid set out to unify both sides of the creek - Dubai and Deira. To neutralise Verb 1. neutralise - get rid of (someone who may be a threat) by killing; "The mafia liquidated the informer"; "the double agent was neutralized"
do in, knock off, liquidate, neutralize, waste the "Bani Rashid" alliance with Shaikhs Shakhbut and Zayed of Abu Dhabi, Rashid in the late 1930s had married Shaikha Latifa bint Hamdan, the daughter of a ruler of Abu Dhabi who had been assassinated by Zayed's father, Sultan al-Nahyan.
In the 1960s, Shaikh Rashid made Dubai a regional trading centre, and married his daughter to the ruler of Qatar, Shaikh Ahmad bin Ali al-Thani. Qatar then was the second richest oil state on the Arab side of the Gulf next to Kuwait. As Ahmad poured money into Dubai, Rashid turned his emirate into a "family corporation", with an elite of local merchant families as "junior partners" including the Ghurairs, the Futtaims, the Naboodahs, the Lootas, the Galadaris, etc. Rashid's laissez-faire attitude helped Dubai become the busiest trading and entertainment spot in the Gulf before oil was discovered in 1966.
In 1966 Zayed became ruler of Abu Dhabi and began moves towards setting up the UAE. Despite the creation of the UAE in Dec. 1971, however, Rashid continued to maintain Dubai's economic independence. Politically there was more co-operation, but only as long as the federal apparatus did not infringe on the sovereignty of Dubai. Zayed's subsequent proposals for a tight federation and a permanent constitution were not well received in Dubai. By the mid-1970s a power struggle had developed between Zayed and Rashid.
Matters came to a head in 1979 over a draft constitution which the UAE National Council and cabinet had prepared for submission to the Supreme Council. The provisional constitution of December 1971 provided a transitional period of five years before it could be revised or replaced. In 1976, a slight revision was introduced to enable the federal authorities to have a unified military command and united judiciary. Dubai had been opposed to all that. So Rashid and Saqr of Ras al-Khaimah Ras al-Khaimah (räs äl-khī`mä), sheikhdom (1995 pop. 144,430), c.650 sq mi (1,680 sq km), part of the federation of seven United Arab Emirates, SE Arabia, on the Persian Gulf. refused to attend a Supreme Council meeting on March 27, 1979. For almost six months, the deadlock between Abu Dhabi and each of Dubai and Ras al-Khaimah prevented the Supreme Council from resuming its meetings.
Mediations by Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia (sä`dē ərā`bēə, sou`–, sô–), officially Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, kingdom (2005 est. pop. and Kuwait as well as the other UAE rulers provided rapport between Zayed and Rashid and reduced differences on the unification of the armed forces (which Rashid resisted) and preservation of the provisional constitution (which Rashid wanted). Time and again Rashid said the drive towards the union should not be pushed too soon in order to consolidate the federal system and overcome "obstacles which might impede the achievement of national goals".
It was in May 1996, six years after Rashid's death, that finally Dubai agreed to a permanent constitution. In late 1997, as people matured and Dubai needed to shift its high defence costs to Abu Dhabi, Muhammad bin Rashid got his army to be integrated into the federal system.