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UAE - Historical Background Of Al Maktoum Family.

Dubai's history is like that of Abu Dhabi Abu Dhabi (ä`b thä`bē, zä–, dä–), Arab. Abu Zabi, sheikhdom (1995 pop. 928,360), c.  and reflects the history of their ruling families who originated from the Bani Yas Bani Yas is a tribe in the United Arab Emirates. Al Nahyan which is a branch of Bani Yas is the ruling family in Abu Dhabi. Bani Yas consists of several branches. Bani Yas is also a large suburb belonging to the city of Abu Dhabi. It lies approximately 45 kilometres from the city center.  tribes of Arabia Arabs are a semitic people, descending from various Old North Arabian tribes.

Much of the the lineage provided before Ma'ad relies on biblical genealogy and therefore its accuracy from that link uses the bible as a genealogical historical record.
. The Maktoums of Dubai are part of the Bu Falasa, a branch of the Bani Yas, like the Bu Falah branch which moved to Abu Dhabi. The Bu Falasa settled in Dubai during the 18th century. In 1833 the tribe made it an independent entity under Maktoum Bin Buti Bin Suhail. This was disputed by the rulers of Abu Dhabi and Sharjah; but it preserved its independence, as the Trucial Coast Trucial Coast: see United Arab Emirates.  became a British protectorate protectorate, in international law
protectorate, in international law, a relationship in which one state surrenders part of its sovereignty to another. The subordinate state is called a protectorate.
 late in the 19th century.

Family violence among the Bu Falasa occurred as Maktoum Bin Buti died in 1852. His younger brother Said Bin Buti took over as the second ruler of Dubai. While Maktoum's son Hasher was too young to succeed his father, Said claimed the line of succession Noun 1. line of succession - the order in which individuals are expected to succeed one another in some official position
line - a formation of people or things one behind another; "the line stretched clear around the corner"; "you must wait in a long line at the
 should pass among brothers. But he was killed and succeeded by Maktoum's son Hasher in 1859. Violence persisted in Hasher's reign. When he died in 1886 the rulership was taken forcibly by his younger brother Rashid Bin Maktoum. Hasher's sons, Maktoum and Majid, had to hide for fear of being assassinated as·sas·si·nate  
tr.v. as·sas·si·nat·ed, as·sas·si·nat·ing, as·sas·si·nates
1. To murder (a prominent person) by surprise attack, as for political reasons.

 by their uncle.

Rashid Bin Maktoum is a name to remember. In the 1930s his sons tried to topple Shaikh Said, a grandson of Hasher and grandfather of the currently ruling sons of Rashid Bin Said. Theirs was a "revolt of the Municipality Council". When Rashid Bin Maktoum died in 1894, the rulership went to his nephew Maktoum, who defeated his younger uncle Suhail. But Suhail's son Buti campaigned against Maktoum and his claim to the throne was backed by the sons of Rashid - Said, Buti, Suhail, Mana, Hasher and Maktoum. Maktoum Bin Hasher was killed in 1906 and the rulership was taken by force by Buti Bin Suhail.

However, Buti was defeated in the ensuing violence and, on his death in 1912 the rulership was taken by Said Bin Maktoum. Said's weak personality encouraged the sons of Rashid Bin Maktoum (ruler in 1886-1894) to stage a coup in the 1930s. But Said's son, Rashid (the previous ruler) defeated them in 1938 and became the "Regent of Dubai". Rashid Bin Said became Dubai's 8th ruler in 1958, on the death of his father.
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Publication:APS Review Gas Market Trends
Date:May 31, 2004
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