U.S. preventive care lagging, especially among minorities.
Too few Americans are being screened to prevent colorectal cancer colorectal cancer
Malignant tumour of the large intestine (colon) or rectum. Risk factors include age (after age 50), family history of colorectal cancer, chronic inflammatory bowel diseases, benign polyps, physical inactivity, and a diet high in fat. , obesity and other health conditions, according to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.
2. In keeping with: according to instructions.
3. a series of annual federal reports issued in January.
The 2006 National Healthcare Quality Report and the National Healthcare Disparities Report, both released by the U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality,
n.pr formerly known as the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, this agency researches the quality of medical care and health services. , found that preventive care Preventive care is a set of measures taken in advance of symptoms to prevent illness or injury. This type of care is best exemplified by routine physical examinations and immunizations. The emphasis is on preventing illnesses before they occur. See also
For example, only about 52 percent of adults reported receiving recommended colorectal screenings, a concern because about 56,000 Americans die from colorectal cancer each year and 150,000 new cases are diagnosed annually. The reports also found that fewer than half of obese adults reported being counseled on diet by a health care professional, and only 49 percent of people with asthma were told how to change their environment to lessen the frequency of attacks.
Among adults with diabetes, only 48 percent received all three recommended screenings--a blood sugar test, foot exam and eye exam--to prevent complications. AHRQ AHRQ,
n.pr See Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. officials estimated about $2.5 billion could be saved yearly by eliminating hospitalizations linked to diabetes complications.
The federal disparities report found access to care varied widely between racial and ethnic groups as well as by income. Blacks received poorer quality of care for 73 percent of the report's core measures, which included vaccinations, preventive screenings, hospital treatment of heart attack or pneumonia and services for diabetes. Hispanics received poorer quality of care than non-Hispanic whites for 77 percent of the measures, and low-income people received just 71 percent of the measures.
Disparities were particularly pronounced when it came to prevention, according to the report. Obese blacks were less likely to be told they were overweight by their doctor or other provider. Colorectal cancer screening rates were lower among blacks and Asians than for whites. Among people ages 65 and older, Hispanics and people with low incomes were less likely to have ever received a pneumonia vaccine.
While health disparities
Health disparities (also called health inequalities in some countries) refer to gaps in the quality of health and health care across racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic groups. are not new, some are getting worse, according to the report. Those include the gap between blacks and whites for access to a regular health provider and a lack of care or delay in receiving care because of financial problems.
The report also noted that there are "significant gaps in data availability Refers to the degree to which data can be instantly accessed. The term is mostly associated with service levels that are set up either by the internal IT organization or that may be guaranteed by a third party datacenter or storage provider. " for American Indians American Indians: see Americas, antiquity and prehistory of the; Natives, Middle American; Natives, North American; Natives, South American. and Alaska Natives.
The reports, the 2006 "National Healthcare Quality Report" and "National Healthcare Disparities Report," are available from <www.ahrq.gov>.