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U.S. Army Central: 'Breaking Trail' On Army Transformation

Sometime in the near future: Stricken by a crippling drought and skyrocketing food prices, the country of Halbib is in dire straits Noun 1. dire straits - a state of extreme distress
desperate straits

straits, strait, pass - a bad or difficult situation or state of affairs
. Its economy is wracked by inflation, and the military has not been paid in months; a third of its army has quit, returning home to help their families survive. Government services are practically nonexistent non·ex·is·tence  
1. The condition of not existing.

2. Something that does not exist.

, and tensions are rising. Antigovernment groups have burned several government offices and police stations. Making matters worse, Halbib's neighbor, Ravassayah, has massed its army along their disputed border and begun raiding villages, attempting to annex Halbib's rich mining areas.

Halbib requests international assistance, and U.S. Central Command (USCENTCOM USCENTCOM United States Central Command ) is tasked with the mission, ordering U.S. Army Central (USARCENT USARCENT United States Army Forces, Central Command ) to lead a Joint task force to assist in restoring security. Within 24 hours, the first elements of USARCENT's rapidly deployable, full spectrum operations-capable command post are en route to the devastated dev·as·tate  
tr.v. dev·as·tat·ed, dev·as·tat·ing, dev·as·tates
1. To lay waste; destroy.

2. To overwhelm; confound; stun: was devastated by the rude remark.
 region to coordinate the relief effort, oversee the flow of follow-on forces, and prepare for combat and stability operations. The operational command post deploys from Fort McPherson
See also: Fort McPherson, Northwest Territories

Fort McPherson is a U.S. Army post located in East Point, Georgia, on the southwest edge of Atlanta. It is the home to the Third U.S. Army, U.S.
, Ga., to provide the remainder of the necessary capability to command and control operations of the forces that have been dispatched to build a task force with the Halbiban army to stabilize the region.

USARCENT's mission is to alleviate human suffering and begin restoration of basic essential services and stability, restore the border, and shore up the nation's defenses. When the crisis subsides and tensions in the region return to normal, the operational command post returns to Fort McPherson while the early entry command post returns to Kuwait. All elements reset and prepare for the next mission.

As an expeditionary warfighting headquarters able to conduct simultaneous offensive, defensive and stability operations, USARCENT possesses the full spectrum operations capability characteristic of its recent transformation.

While its transformation began in 2006, the Army Chief of Staff directed USARCENT to reach full spectrum capability by mid-2008. USARCENT began refocusing its efforts to become the Army's first fully transformed and only Army service component command Command responsible for recommendations to the joint force commander on the allocation and employment of Army forces within a combatant command. Also called ASCC.  (ASCC ASCC Australian Safety and Compensation Council
ASCC Alabama Southern Community College
ASCC Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator
ASCC American Samoa Community College
ASCC American Society of Concrete Contractors
ASCC Asian Control Conference
) committed to the current fight.

Role changes across the years Across The Years is one of a few ultrarunning festivals still taking place in the USA. Founded in 1983 by Harold Sieglaff the race has changed over the years in location as well as organisation. Today the race is held at Nardini Manor about 45 minutes from downtown Phoenix, AZ. . U.S. Army Central was formed as Third Army, the army of occupation in Germany at the end of World War I. The command's warfighting role in World War II made it a legend under the dynamic leadership of Lt. Gen. George S. Patton “George Patton” redirects here. For the 19th century Scottish jurist and politician, see George Patton, Lord Glenalmond.

George Smith Patton Jr. GCB, KBE (November 11, 1885 – December 21, 1945) was a leading U.S.
 Jr., blazing a trail across Europe.

In August 1990, Third Army deployed quickly from its headquarters in Atlanta to lead multinational ground forces during the Gulf War. Afterwards, it demonstrated U.S. commitment to the region by retaining a forward deployed headquarters, overseeing the rotation of maneuver task forces in Kuwait. More importantly, Third Army remained engaged in Southwest Asia Southwest Asia or Southwestern Asia (largely overlapping with the Middle East) is the southwestern portion of Asia. The term Western Asia is sometimes used in writings about the archeology and the late prehistory of the region, and in the United States subregion , improving interoperability and battle staff proficiency between U.S. and Kuwaiti armed forces and enhancing U.S. military capabilities to deploy rapidly to the region.

Following 9/11, Third Army became the Coalition Forces Land Component Command General Meaning
Coalition Forces Land Component Command, or CFLCC, is a generic U.S. and allied military term. In U.S. military terminology, Unified Combatant Commands or Joint Task Forces can have components from all services and components - Army ~ Land, Air,
 (CFLCC CFLCC Coalition Forces Land Component Command
CFLCC Combined Force Land Component Command
) for the invasion of Afghanistan in 2001 and the buildup and attack into Iraq in 2003. After serving as the CFLCC for Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom, with the establishment of Multi-National Force-Iraq, Third Army assumed primary responsibility for uninterrupted logistical support and combined Joint reception, staging and onward movement of Coalition forces deploying to Iraq, Afghanistan and the Horn of Africa Horn of Africa, peninsula, NE Africa, opposite the S Arabia Peninsula. Also known as the Somali Peninsula, it encompasses Somalia and E Ethiopia and is the easternmost extension of the continent, separating the Gulf of Aden from the Indian Ocean. .

In 2006, Headquarters, Department of the Army (HQDA HQDA Headquarters, Department of the Army ) designated Third Army as U.S. Army Central, continuing its Army Title 10 responsibilities and authorities in the USCENTCOM area, while realizing its full potential to simultaneously perform both Title 10 and warfighting functions of a fully transformed ASCC. With this transformation, the Third Army name passed into history, but USARCENT continues its proud honors and lineage.

A significant aspect of this transformation was HQDA's assignment of subordinate units, in various command relationships, whose dedicated focus to the region enables USARCENT's full spectrum capability: 1st Sustainment Command (Theater) (TSC TSC (stock symbol)
TSC Time Stamp Counter
TSC Tuberous Sclerosis Complex
TSC Tractor Supply Company
TSC Terrorist Screening Center (Department of Homeland Security) 
), 513th MI Brigade, 335th Signal Command, 4th Battlefield Control Detachment, Area Support Group Qatar, 3rd Medical Deployment Support Command, 14th Human Resources The fancy word for "people." The human resources department within an organization, years ago known as the "personnel department," manages the administrative aspects of the employees.  Sustainment Center, Area Support Group Kuwait and the 352nd Civil Affairs Command.

The transformation of a more robust 1st TSC and an array of theaterenabling units not only provides dedicated theater-level logistics assets focused on the CENTCOM CENTCOM US Central Command
CENTCOM Coalition Central Command
 area of responsibility (AOR AOR

The ISO 4217 currency code for Angolan Reajustado Kwanza.
), but also permits the command to lead its sustainment missions strategically, with the 1st TSC conducting the day-to-day operational execution. Although USARCENT maintains strategic oversight and responsibility, the transfer of these tasks allows this warfighting headquarters to concentrate on training and preparing to command and control formations with the mission of full spectrum operations.

Becoming full spectrum capable. USARCENT's aggressive campaign plan proceeds along five mutually supporting lines of effort to reach full spectrum operations capability: reorganization, resourcing, training, battle command and shaping operations.

Reorganization. USARCENT executes split-based operations with its main command post in Fort McPherson and its operational command post in Kuwait. While both have fixed-based and deployable command-and-control capabilities, each can be tailored to meet the demands of full spectrum operations anywhere in the CENTCOM AOR.

The main command post provides theater-wide oversight and gives reach-back capability to the operational command post in Kuwait when it deploys. Personnel will rotate between the main command post and the operational command post in Kuwait, as necessary. The operational command post provides a deployable, focused, command-and-control capability "one ocean closer to the fight," providing the strategic agility needed to respond aggressively to the next crisis, while sending a strategic signal of assurance to our allies and deterrence to potential aggressors.

Resourcing. As a deployed and deploying organization, the Army has prioritized USARCENT personnel, funding and equipment, including the fielding of the Army battle command system
"ABCS" redirects here. ABCS is also the callsign for the Australian Broadcasting Corporation's TV station in Ceduna, South Australia.
The Army Battle Command System (ABCS)
 (ABCS See Win abc's, MSW abc's, XL abc's, DOS abc's and PKZIP abc's. ). ABCS provides the latest, most modern command-and-control integration tools to ensure accurate and timely battlespace information sharing and knowledge management throughout the command. USARCENT has executed a massive new equipment training program to take advantage of this technology, fielding more than 200 pieces of equipment valued at $15 million. Operating ABCS in both the main and operational headquarters is a first for an Army service component command. New equipment training ensures USARCENT soldiers have the knowledge to maximize the benefits of all command-and-control equipment systems.

Training. The reprioritization to a full spectrum operations mission set demands that this headquarters be agile and globally responsive to any contingency in the region. USARCENT is leveraging its scheduled exercises and an ambitious training program to increase the level of readiness and flexibility to be employed as a combined/Joint task force or Coalition/Joint Forces Land Component Command anywhere in the AOR.

Building upon the successes of Bright Star 2007, training began with Exercise Lucky Strike in early 2008. This combined deployment and command-post exercise assessed the command's battle staff capability to build and maintain a common operating picture, exercise command-and-control responsibilities and reach back to its operational command post and main command post.

USARCENT will incorporate ABCS equipment and training in command post exercise An exercise in which the forces are simulated, involving the commander, the staff, and communications within and between headquarters. Also called CPX. See also exercise; maneuver.  Lucky Warrior (to be held in Kuwait in late 2008). Lucky Warrior will mark the initial operating capability for warfighting in the full spectrum of operations, the first step in our certification as a fully capable Joint task force headquarters in fiscal year 2009.

Battle Command. USARCENT is adapting its battle command, information management and knowledge management processes to enhance awareness and understanding of current and emerging operational conditions across USCENTCOM's remarkably dynamic theater. Integral to battle command is leveraging Joint information technology, intelligence sharing with our partners and developing expeditionary command and control. Technology such as ABCS contributes to a common operating picture, facilitates oversight and operations from Fort McPherson, and enables connectivity to deployed forces across the region.

These processes will improve our command-and-control capabilities, whether operating from Fort McPherson or in the USCENTCOM AOR. Ultimately, this dynamic battle command will shape our Joint, interagency, intergovernmental and multinational operations at the theater strategic and operational levels.

Shaping Operations. This year, as part of its Phase Zero shaping operations, USARCENT is synchronizing and integrating partner nations, conducting more than 120 theater security cooperation events and Joint exercises to enhance stability and cultivate professional friendships in this important and complex region. Soldiers meet with their counterparts to exchange information, train and form relationships. The exchange of ideas and information ranges from air assault training in Pakistan to maintenance exchanges in Yemen, as well as noncommissioned officer professional development engagements across the entire region.

In April, USARCENT cohosted, with the Army Chief of Staff, the third annual Land Forces Symposium in Atlanta. Land forces commanders from 22 nations across the CENTCOM AOR attended the symposium to share ideas, further relationships and discuss collective security issues. These events provide unique opportunities to continue theater security cooperation in one of the world's most complex regions.

As USARCENT progresses along these five lines of effort, it is the servicemembers and civilians of this organization who continue to make it all happen. Without capable and committed leaders at every level, this refocusing of efforts, change to a more operational mindset mind·set or mind-set
1. A fixed mental attitude or disposition that predetermines a person's responses to and interpretations of situations.

2. An inclination or a habit.
 and change in organizational culture simply would not be possible. They are the source of our strength and energy.

U.S. Army Central is the only forward-deployed ASCC, "standing in the door" to provide the Army and Central Command with strategic flexibility and the best option to respond to any contingency across the region. This expeditionary warfighting headquarters is moving out and moving forward to ensure that it is prepared to operate across a range of missions from full-scale combat to humanitarian operations. USARCENT continues to "break trail" for the Army. Patton's Own!

© 2008 Association of the United States Army The Association of the United States Army (AUSA) is a private, non-profit organization which primarily acts as an advocacy group for the United States Army. Founded in 1950, it has 125 chapters worldwide.  Provided by ProQuest LLC (Logical Link Control) See "LANs" under data link protocol.

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Copyright 2008 Army
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
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Author:James J Lovelace
Date:Oct 1, 2008
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