Twentieth-century French philosophy; key themes and thinkers.
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Schrift, Alan D.
This supplemental undergraduate text or reference for the non- specialist and general audience includes explanations of movements including vitalism vitalism (vīˑ·tl·i·z , neo-Kantism, phenomenology phenomenology, modern school of philosophy founded by Edmund Husserl. Its influence extended throughout Europe and was particularly important to the early development of existentialism. , existentialism existentialism (ĕgzĭstĕn`shəlĭzəm, ĕksĭ–), any of several philosophic systems, all centered on the individual and his relationship to the universe or to God. , Marxism, structuralism structuralism, theory that uses culturally interconnected signs to reconstruct systems of relationships rather than studying isolated, material things in themselves. This method found wide use from the early 20th cent. and feminism, and includes reviews of over 80 national philosophical luminaries. Schrift (philosophy, Grinnell College) provides the basics on the flow of ideas from movement to movement as well as an extensive stack of key biographies in brief, which include synopses of each thinker's work. The appendices are particularly interesting and include an article on understanding French academic culture and a very large bibliography of French philosophy in English translation.
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