Tom Means. Instant Italian Vocabulary Builder.New York New York, state, United States
New York, Middle Atlantic state of the United States. It is bordered by Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and the Atlantic Ocean (E), New Jersey and Pennsylvania (S), Lakes Erie and Ontario and the Canadian province of : Hippocrene Books, 2003.
The goal of this text is to help readers build Italian vocabulary by examining and practicing Italian-English cognates. It begins with a brief introduction that explains (in English) the book's goals and organization of the chapters and accompanying CD Rom CD ROM Compact Disk Read Only Memory . The introduction also explains the concepts of "cognates" and "false friends" and provides a brief guide to pronunciation.
The book is divided into twenty-four chapters, each corresponding to a different suffix suf·fix
An affix added to the end of a word or stem, serving to form a new word or functioning as an inflectional ending, such as -ness in gentleness, -ing in walking, or -s in sits.
tr.v. (e.g., -ale, -ico, -zione, etc.). Each chapter includes a list of English terms and their Italian cognates, and ends with two activities. The first activity asks learners to match seven Italian terms from the chapter with an Italian synonym synonym (sĭn`ənĭm) [Gr.,=having the same name], word having a meaning that is the same as or very similar to the meaning of another word of the same language. Some are alike in some meanings only, as live and dwell. . The second activity is a short, one-paragraph, reading that incorporates several new terms See suggestions for new terms. and is followed by five comprehension questions. A selection of cognate cognate
describes two biomolecules that normally interact such as an enzyme and its normal substrate or a receptor and its normal ligand.
cognate cooperation pairs and the reading appear in bold to indicate that they are recorded on the CD Rom. Some cognates are followed by a common phrase or expression, which is also recorded.
The text is well organized, and allows learners to explore the vast number of English/ Italian cognates in a systematic way. However, the author makes a rather strong claim about the book when he states that it will help the learner "communicate effectively by dramatically increasing his/her vocabulary" (ix). Cognates are not usually the types of words that learners, especially beginners, are lacking for effective oral communication. Elementary (and intermediate) students are more likely to concentrate on concrete terms for talking about their surroundings and daily routine, rather than less common or abstract words, which make up a large percentage of the cognates in the book, such as risonanza, vigilanza, astinente, astringente, sardonico, additivo, violatore, ossidante, raggiante, lattico, monopolistico, dissettore, dannabile, dispensario.
The author often indicates when an Italian cognate is not commonly used and provides the word that is more frequent in Italian. For example, the Italian cognate of English "convenient" is "conveniente," but "commodo" is the more common Italian usage. He also points out when the Italian cognate can be used as a noun and as an adjective that have significantly different meanings. For example, the English adjective "vocal" is equivalent to the Italian adjective "vocale" and the noun, which means "vowel vowel
Speech sound in which air from the lungs passes through the mouth with minimal obstruction and without audible friction, like the i in fit. The word also refers to a letter representing such a sound (a, e, i, o, u, and sometimes y). ." There am only a few cases in which these incongruencies are not indicated. For example, Italian "detergente" is listed as the cognate for the English noun "detergent," but in Standard Italian it is more commonly used as an adjective (e.g., sapone detergente), and the noun is "'detersivo." The English adjective "binary" is the cognate of the Italian adjective "binario," but is also equivalent to the noun commonly used to mean "train platform."
The activities at the end of every chapter are useful, but brief. The matching exercise helps students actively expand their vocabulary, so it would be beneficial if this section were expanded to include more than seven terms. The readings are also brief, and, so that they use a variety of cognates, the contexts are slightly forced. The cognates are indicated in every reading, but it would be advantageous to ask learners to identify them to practice cognate recognition.
Users of this text are likely to learn to identify useful language patterns and add many terms to their passive and active vocabularies. Reading in Italian will most certainly be facilitated by this study, and students will be pleased to incorporate many new terms in their essays. Most importantly Adv. 1. most importantly - above and beyond all other consideration; "above all, you must be independent"
above all, most especially , Anglophone learners of Italian will gain confidence when they realize the numerous parallels between English and Italian.
JANICE M. ASKI ASKI Ankara Su Ve Kanalizasyon Idaresi
The Ohio State University Ohio State University, main campus at Columbus; land-grant and state supported; coeducational; chartered 1870, opened 1873 as Ohio Agricultural and Mechanical College, renamed 1878. There are also campuses at Lima, Mansfield, Marion, and Newark.