Toll road priority in infrastructure development program.
Indonesia Indonesia (ĭn'dənē`zhə), officially Republic of Indonesia, republic (2005 est. pop. 241,974,000), c.735,000 sq mi (1,903,650 sq km), SE Asia, in the Malay Archipelago. has built 555 kilometers of toll roads The following is a list of toll roads. Toll roads are roads on which a toll authority collects a fee for use. This list also contains toll bridges and toll tunnels. Lists of these subsets of toll roads can be found in List of toll bridges and List of toll tunnels. built since 1978 when the first toll road came on line in the country. PT Jasa Marga Marga can refer to:
IBRA International Bee Research Association (United Kingdom)
IBRA Interim Biogeographic Regionalisation for Australia
IBRA International Barrel Racing Association ) such as in the case of the Jakarta Jakarta or Djakarta (both: jəkär`tə, jäkär`tä), city and special district (1990 pop. 8,227,746), capital and largest city of Indonesia, NW Java, at the mouth of the canalized Ciliwung River, on Jakarta Outer Ring Road (JORR JORR Jakarta Outer Ring Road (Indonesia) ) project.
The financial crisis has also forced the government to reschedule re·sched·ule
tr.v. re·sched·uled, re·sched·ul·ing, re·sched·ules
To schedule again or anew: rescheduled the meeting for the following week; rescheduled the debts of many developing nations. a number of toll road projects under a presidential decree decree, in law, decision of a suit in a court of equity. It is the counterpart in equity of the judgment in a court of law, although in those jurisdictions where law and equity have merged, judgment is sometimes used to include both. No.39/1997, which ruled postponement and review of a number of major toll road projects. Toll road construction began only in 2002 with the issuance of a presidential decree No. 15/2002.
Now the government plans to put up tender for 1,500 kilometers of new toll road projects in Java. The private sector including banks are expected to be involved in the construction of the project. Toll road projects are seen as highly profitable, therefore, are expected to attract the private sector.
In 2003, the government raised the toll road tariff tariff, tax on imported and, more rarely, exported goods. It is also called a customs duty. Tariffs may be distinguished from other taxes in that their predominant purpose is not financial but economic—not to increase a nation's revenue but to protect domestic in a bid to attract more investors to venture in toll road projects. The involvement of the private sector is expected in the government's plan to resume the construction of 21 toll road project totaling 597 kilometers. The 21 projects are estimated to cost around Rp 31.6 trillion One thousand times one billion, which is 1, followed by 12 zeros, or 10 to the 12th power. See space/time.
(mathematics) trillion - In Britain, France, and Germany, 10^18 or a million cubed.
In the USA and Canada, 10^12. . Construction of six of the projects totaling 98.6 kilometers is expected to start soon needing a total investment of Rp 6.7 trillion. Construction of some of the projects will be handled by Jasa Marga.
In addition to tariff issue, there are other hurdles to be removed in order to expand cooperation between the government to investors such as legal aspect concerning Operating Authority Agreement (PKP PKP Public Knowledge Project (Canada)
PKP Public Key Partners (vendor)
PKP Penetrating Keratoplasty (cornea graft)
PKP Polskie Koleje Panstwowe ), which is considered no longer favorable fa·vor·a·ble
1. Advantageous; helpful: favorable winds.
2. Encouraging; propitious: a favorable diagnosis.
3. by private investors, financial difficulty and land clearing. Breakthrough is needed to prevent land speculation, and the feasibility of toll road projects in certain areas.
Indonesia is still lagging Lagging
Strategy used by a firm to stall payments, normally in response to exchange rate projections. behind neighboring neigh·bor
1. One who lives near or next to another.
2. A person, place, or thing adjacent to or located near another.
3. A fellow human.
4. Used as a form of familiar address.
v. countries like Singapore Singapore (sĭng`gəpôr, sĭng`ə–, sĭng'gəpôr`), officially Republic of Singapore, republic (2005 est. pop. 4,426,000), 240 sq mi (625 sq km). and Malaysia Malaysia (məlā`zhə), independent federation (2005 est. pop. 23,953,000), 128,430 sq mi (332,633 sq km), Southeast Asia. The official capital and by far the largest city is Kuala Lumpur; Putrajaya is the adminstrative capital. in the construction of toll roads. The government, therefore, needs to offer more attractive incentives to boost development of toll road projects. The incentives could be in the form of facility in land clearing and tariffs This is a list of tariffs and trade legislation:
Construction of new toll roads
Toll roads are vital to accelerate economic development and to reduce congestion The condition of a network when there is not enough bandwidth to support the current traffic load.
congestion - When the offered load of a data communication path exceeds the capacity. that affects mobility in the flows of goods. The number of cars or road users is growing fast worsening wors·en
tr. & intr.v. wors·ened, wors·en·ing, wors·ens
To make or become worse.
Noun 1. worsening - process of changing to an inferior state
decline in quality, deterioration, declension traffic jams especially in urban areas where greater mobility is needed.
In 1978, the government established a state-owned company PT Jasa Marga to operate in road building industry based on a government regulation No. 4/1978. The company was given the responsibility over the management, planning, building, maintenance and operation of toll roads in the country. However, based on the Law No.38/2004 its function as the regulator regulator,
n the mechanical part of a gas delivery system that controls gas pressure that allows a manageable flow of drug vapor to escape.
see reducing valve. was cancelled. Now it is only an operator.
Until now the company remains the leading player in toll road construction. The role of private companies through cooperation with Jasa Marga has declined after the government gave the operating authority over a number of toll roads to Jasa Marga in 2001. The government revoked the PKP with seven private companies in the wake of the 1997 crisis that left a number of investors in default.
Jasa Marga itself faced financial difficulty to carry out its toll road projects. A number of big toll road projects had to be shelved or cancelled. Construction of toll road was resumed only in 2002 when the condition began to improve. Toll road projects were offered to new investors and Jasa Marga issued bonds to raise fund to finance its projects.
Recently the government named PT Jasa Marga to carry out the construction of toll road totaling 125.5 kilometers to cost around Rp 6.2 trillion. The toll roads include the Bogor Bogor (bō`gôr), formerly Buitenzorg (boi`tənzôrkh) [Du.,=free from care], city (1990 pop. 271,341), W Java, Indonesia. Ring Road 32 kilometers estimated to cost Rp 1.5 trillion, the Gempol-Pasuruan toll road 82 km to cost around Rp 4 trillion and the Semarang-Solo toll road 11.5 km to cost around Rp 660 billion. The three projects are expected to be operational later this year.
Private investors facing stagnation Stagnation
A period of little or no growth in the economy. Economic growth of less than 2-3% is considered stagnation. Sometimes used to describe low trading volume or inactive trading in securities.
A good example of stagnation was the U.S. economy in the 1970s.
PT Jasa Marga started commercial operation with the commissioning of the Jagorawi toll road Jagorawi Toll Road was the first toll road in Indonesia. Completed in 1978, it links the capital city of Jakarta to Bogor and Ciawi. It has a length of more than 60 km going north and southbound and is operated by PT Jasa Marga, a state-owned enterprise. in 1978. Since then the company has built 12 toll roads and 9 toll bridges The following is a list of toll bridges. Toll bridges are bridges upon which traffic may pass upon payment of a fee, or a toll. This list is intended to be a subset of List of toll roads. The toll roads include (1) Jakarta--Bogor--Ciawi (Jagorawi), (2) Semarang Semarang (səmä`räng), city (1990 pop. 1,249,230), capital of Central Java prov., N Java, Indonesia, on the Java Sea and at the mouth of the Semarang River. An important port, it is one of the major commercial centers of Java. arteri A--B--C, (3) Jakarta--Tanggerang, (4) Surabaya--Gempol, (5) Jematan Tol v. t. 1. (Law) To take away. See Toll. Mojokerto Mojokerto is one of the districts in East Java Province, Indonesia. It is located 40 km southwest of Surabaya, and constitutes one of the regional units of Gerbangkertosusila Development (a linkage of towns and city connecting Gresik, Bangkalan, Mojokerto, Surabaya, Sidoarjo, and , (6) Belawan--Medan, (7) Jakarta--Cikampek, (8) Cawang--Tomang--Pluit, (9) Prof Dr. Ir. Sedyatmo (toll road to Soekarno-Hatta airport), (10 Padalarang--Cileunyi, (11) Palimanan--Kanci (Palikanci), (12) Cikampek--Purwakarta Utara Utara is the Indonesian word for north and can be found in topography. E.g.
By 2004, the country has toll road totaling 556 km and Jasa Marga owns and operates 414 km of them or up from 354 km in 2001. Meanwhile the role of private companies in toll road construction has declined. Some of toll road projects that were left unfinished by private companies have been taken over by the government.
On June 10, 2003, the government changed the status of the Citarum toll road the Mjojokerto toll bridge previously under Jasa Marga into non toll road and non toll bridge. Meanwhile, in August, 2003, Jasa Marga started the operation of the 14 km Cipularang I (Cikampek-Purwakarta Ulara) toll road, which is part of the 53-km Cikampek-Padalarang toll road now under construction. Earlier Jasa Marga revoked the PKP with PT Citra Ganesha Ganesha: see Hinduism.
Elephant-headed Hindu god, the son of Shiva and Parvati. He is also revered in Jainism, and he is important in the art and mythology of Buddhist Asia. , which failed to finish the construction of the toll road project.
Before the crisis PT Drassindo looked potential to become a leading player in toll road business in the country to follow the step of its predecessor the Citra Lamtoro lamtoro
[Indonesian] the name given to the disease caused by the ingestion of Leucaena leucocephala. Gung Persada, which is owned by Ny Siti Hardiyanti Rukmana. Djoko Ramiadji who owns Drassindo Group, was former executive of the Citra Group as a technical director. The first toll road project built by. Drassindo (Djoko Ramiadji Associate Indonesia) was the Pondok pondok or pondokkie
(in southern Africa) a crudely made house or shack [Malay pondók leaf house] Pinang--Kampung Rambutan/Jagorawi--Cikunir toll road. In this project Drassindo through PT Investa Kusuma Kusuma is a village in Reodar Tahsil of Sirohi District of Indian state of Rajasthan.It is 45 km from Abu Road.Its ancient name was Kutsasrama meaning a hermitage of Kutsa. Arta established a consortium called PT Marga Nurindo Bhakti bhakti (bŭk`tē) [Skt.,=devotion], theistic devotion in Hinduism. Bhakti cults seem to have existed from the earliest times, but they gained strength in the first millennium A.D. , which involved other investors including PT Bhaskara Bhaskara (bŭs`kərə), called Acarya (əchär`yə) [Skt.,=learned], b. 1114, Indian mathematician and astronomer. Dunia Jaya Jaya (born Maria Luisa Ramsey on March 21, 1970, in Manila, Philippines) is a Filipino pop singer with African American ancestry. Biography
She is known in the Philippines as the Queen of Soul. , Hanurata, PT Marga Strukturindo Raya, Citra Lamtoro Gung Persada and Jasa Marga.
Management system of private toll roads
The government maintains a leading role in toll road construction and operation as the business is considered strategic. The role is given to state-owned company Jasa Marga. However, as it needs large fund the cash strapped strapped
In financial need: We are strapped for cash right now.
strapped for Slang government allows the involvement of the private sector through cooperation with Jasa Marga such as under BTO BTO British Trust for Ornithology
BTO Business Technology Optimization
BTO Bachman Turner Overdrive (band)
BTO Business Transformation Outsourcing
BTO Brutto (German: Gross [quantity]) (Build, Transfer, Operate) and BOT (Build, Operate, Transfer) contracts. Under the BTO system the fund spent by the private sector will be returned by Jasa Marga through profit sharing profit sharing, arrangement by which employees receive, in addition to their wages, a share of the net profits of a business. The purpose is to give them an incentive to increase their output through enhanced morale, less wasteful use of materials, better care of system in the operation of toll roads. The toll roads will be operated by Jasa Marga. BTO system has been used in the construction of the Jakarta--Cikampek with investor PT Bangun Tjipta Sarana. The BTO system was also been used in the construction of Kebon Jeruk--Tangerang toll road with investor PT Adhika Prakasatama and interchange between Karawaci Karawaci may refer to:
Variant of megalopolis. Manunggal and Sentul Sentul may refer to:
Under the BOT system, the private investor will operate the toll road for a certain period normally 20-40 years and after that period, the toll road will be handed over to the government. The operator will take the toll road income including income from bill boards. The operator, however, must be a consortium involving Jasa Marga as a shareholder. The first private company operator of toll road is PT Citra Marga Nusaphala Persada for the Cawang-Tanjung Priok toll road starting operation in 1990.
Other form of cooperation is management contract under which the investor builds the toll road and will be authorized to operate it but as Jasa Marga has an experience in toll road management, the operation and maintenance of the toll road are handed over to the state company handle the operation management and the investor earns a compensation.
PKP have been signed for a number of toll road projects but the projects have not been implemented.
Last year the government planned to take over a number of toll road from private investors, but the plan was cancelled for fear that the move could worsen wors·en
tr. & intr.v. wors·ened, wors·en·ing, wors·ens
To make or become worse.
to make or become worse
worsening adjn investment climate. With all toll road controlled by the government the tariff could be easily harmonized har·mo·nize
v. har·mo·nized, har·mo·niz·ing, har·mo·niz·es
1. To bring or come into agreement or harmony. See Synonyms at agree.
2. Music To provide harmony for (a melody). . Now the tariffs are different among the toll roads as they are set by different operators.
In other countries even in developed countries such as the United States United States, officially United States of America, republic (2005 est. pop. 295,734,000), 3,539,227 sq mi (9,166,598 sq km), North America. The United States is the world's third largest country in population and the fourth largest country in area. , Japan and France, toll roads are controlled by the government. In Indonesia, the government functions more as the facilitator but construction is carried out by private investors which provide the necessary investment fund.
Toll roads built by the government are handed over to PT Jasa Marga and private investors could be involved as a shareholder.
Targets to build 1,500 km of toll roads.
The government targets to build 1,500 km of toll roads in Java in the next 5 years and 1,200 km of them are expected to be completed in three years. Feasibility studies for the projects have been completed. Public Works public works
Construction projects, such as highways or dams, financed by public funds and constructed by a government for the benefit or use of the general public.
Noun 1. Minister Umum Djoko Kirmanto said the private sector will be involved in the development of most of the projects.
The minister that the country is lagging behind many other countries in toll road development. Among the factor slowing development of toll roads in the country are agreement on tariff between the prospective investors and the government, difficulty in land clearing and capital.
For example, the construction of certain parts of JORR has been delayed because of a land owner that refuses to sell his land.
The government through Bappenas has prepared a priority list for toll road projects until 2009 as shown in the following table.
Around 80 km of the priority toll road projects are now under construction, 1,513 km to be built including Trans Java main trunk A communications channel between two points. It generally refers to a high-bandwidth, fiber-optic line between telephone switching centers (central offices). Telephone "trunks" handle thousands of simultaneous voice and data signals, whereas telephone "lines" are the wires from the 866 km, secondary trunk/feeder 298 km, city toll road 293 km. Toll roads outside Java 56 km bringing the total to 1,593 km.
Attracted foreign investors
Around 181 companies grouped in 36 consortiums are eyeing 6 toll road projects valued at Rp 12 trillion (US$1.33 billion) offered by the government. Infrastructure Director General at the Public Works Ministry Eduard TY. Pauner said around 40% of the bidders are foreign investors.
The toll road projects are to be built in various parts of the country, including Cikarang-Tanjung Priok, Cileungi-Sumedang-Dawuan, Medan-Binjai, Depok-Antasari, Cinere-Jagorawi and Makassar Ma·kas·sar or Ma·ka·sar
See Ujung Pandang. section IV.
Among the foreign bidders are Kajima Corporation from Japan, China Harbour Engineering from China, Plus Express Way Berhad from Malaysia, MCA Intergroup in·ter·group
Being or occurring between two or more social groups: intergroup relations; intergroup violence. . Among the local bidders are PT Citra Marga Nusaphala Persada, Bakrie Brothers, PT Marga Bumi, PT Jakarta Propertindo (Jakarta administration company). Bakrie Brothers, which is among the local bidders, said it is interested in the 14-kilometer Cinere-Jagorawi toll road in Jakarta. The company, owned by Chief Economics Minister Aburizal Bakrie Aburizal Bakrie is an Indonesian entrepreneur and politician. According to Forbes, Bakrie and his family are the sixth richest in Indonesia with a net worth of $1.2 billion. Family business
Bakrie was born in Jakarta on November 15, 1946. , said it holds a 40% share in its consortium of 5 companies.
The government already offered the projects to both local and foreign investors. The JORR projects (section W2 South, El South and E1 North) was offered to contractor form Malaysia namely Malaysian Consortium, but the Malaysian bidder failed. Finally the PT. Jasa Marga was named to carry out the project.
An Australian investor was offered to build the phase I of Semarang--Solo toll road project (22 km). The toll road is part of nine proposed by the regional administration. Other toll road projects proposed by regional administrations include Surabaya--Mojokerto toll road phase I (117.5 km) and the Gempol--Pandaan toll road 13.6 km in East Java East Java (Indonesian: Jawa Timur) is a province of Indonesia. It is located on the eastern part of the island of Java and also includes neighboring Madura and Bawean islands. . The Gempol--Pandaan project is expected to be built by an investor from Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia (sä`dē ərā`bēə, sou`–, sô–), officially Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, kingdom (2005 est. pop. , but its old investor PT Margabumi Adhika Raya said it could resume the construction of the project.
The Kuwait Kuwait (kwīt`, –wāt) or Kowait (kō`–), officially State of Kuwait, independent sheikhdom (2005 est. pop. government has pledged a soft loan of Rp 1.5 trillion for the Surabaya--Madura bridge spanning the Madura strait Madura Strait is a narrow stretch of water that separates the Indonesian islands of Java and Madura. There are small islands lying here: Kambing, Giliraja, Genteng, and Ketapang.
The Suramadu Bridge is currently under construction between Surabaya on Java and Bangkalan on Madura. in East Java but there has been no realization of the pledge. The progress in the construction of the country's longest bridge, therefore, has been slowed.
Investment funds Noun 1. investment funds - money that is invested with an expectation of profit
assets - anything of material value or usefulness that is owned by a person or company for toll roads
The government has offered guarantee for toll road Investment Fund through the issuance of shares prepared by PT. Bahan Sekuritas. The Toll Road Investment Fund will be split for three working packages.
Package I and II will be offered to domestic investors valued at only around Rp 10 trillion for a toll road project. Package I covers a total length of 68 km valued at Rp 3.021 trillion for Cipularang of the Sadang (Purwakarta Purwakarta is the capital of the Purwakarta Regency of West Java, Indonesia.
)--Sikamuning (Padalarang) section and the JORR (Jakarta Outer Ring Road) for the sections of W1, E2, E3 and N.
Package II covers a total length of 294 km valued at Rpl 1.6 trillion for the the W2 North section of JORR, Semarang--Bawen, Bawen--Solo, Cikampek--Cirebon, Cisundawu (Cikampek--Sumedang--Dawuan) phase I and Medan--Binjai. The package III includes the Palembang--Indralaya and the Waru--Juanda (Surabaya Surabaya, Surabaja, or Soerabaja (srəbī`ə, Du. s ) toll roads and enlargement enlargement,
n an increase in size.
n.pr See hyperplasia, gingival, Dilantin.
n of the Sedyatmo Cengkareng Cengkareng is a subdistrict of West Jakarta, Indonesia. Soekarno-Hatta International Airport is located near Cengkareng.
The subdistrict is divided into 6 administrative villages (kelurahan toll road. The investment of the projects has yet to be determined as there is still problem over land clearing.
Cipularang II toll road under construction
Construction of phase II of the Cikampek-Purwakarta-Padalarang toll road project extending 40 km from Sadang-Cikamuning, began in April, 2004 involving 9 contractors. The project valued at around Rp 1.65 trillion is to be finished in Arpil 2005.
The project finance is provided by Bank BNI BNI Business Network International
BNI Business Networking International
BNI Bank Negara Indonesia
BNI Bechtel National, Inc.
BNI British Nursing Index
BNI Barrow Neurological Institute (Phoenix, AZ) 1946, Bank Mandiri Bank Mandiri (JSX : BMRI) is the largest bank in Indonesia in term of assets, loans and deposits. Total assets as of Q3 2006 were IDR 253.7 trillion (or USD 25.7 billion). It also has Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR) of 23% (including market risk), Return on Asset (RoA) of 0. , Bank Bukopin, Bank Central Asia Bank Central Asia (BCA) is an Indonesian bank founded on August 10 1955.
The Asian monetary crisis in 1997 had a tremendous impact on Indonesia’s entire banking system. In particular, it affected BCA’s cash flow and even threatened its survival. and Bank Jabar.
The nine contractors involved in the projects are PT Mawatindo for the 9.1 km part of North Purwakarta- South Purwakarta Selatan to cost around Rp 11 billion, PT Adhi Karya for the 8.5 km part of Purwakarta Selatan-Plered to cost around Rp 295 billion, PT Waskita- Yasa JO for the 6.3 km part of Plered-Darangdan and Ciujung bridge to cost around Rp 352 billion, PT Nindya Karya for the 4.7-km part of Plered-Cikalong Wetan to cost around Rp 120 billion, PT L&M System Indonesia to build the Cisomang bridge in the Plered-Cikalong section to cost around Rp 75 billion, PT Daya Mulia Turangga for the 5.5 km section of Cikalong Wetan-Cikamuning to cost around Rp 106 billion, PT Propelar to build the Cikubang bridge in the section of Cikalong Wetan-Cikamuning to cost around Rp 140 billion, PT Hutama Karya for the 2.5 km section of Cikubang-Cipada to cost around Rp 236 billion and PT Sumber Mitra Jaya-Ircon International to build the 3.8 km section of Cikalong Wetan-cikamuning to cost around Rp 96 billion.
The nine contractors have secured loan pledges from a number of banks such as Bank BNI 1946, Bank Mandiri, Bank Bukopin, Bank Central Asia (BCA) and Bank Jabar. Jasa Marga will pay the for the contract value when the projects have been completed.
Parts of the sections of the toll road project will go over difficult terrain in hilly hill·y
adj. hill·i·er, hill·i·est
1. Having many hills.
2. Similar to a hill; steep.
hill areas, therefore, it is expensive that Jasa Marga considers it necessary to involve a so many contractors.
The sections of the Cikampek-Purwakarta-Padalang toll road will help reduce congestion in the Jakarta-Bandung highway. A car normally needs five to six hours to cover the distance, but when the toll road has been finished it could be covered in three hours. It will mean saving a lot of fuel.
There is no much problem in land clearing in the project as part of the land belong to the state-owned railway company and plantation Plantation, city (1990 pop. 66,692), Broward co., SE Fla., a residential suburb of Fort Lauderdale; inc. 1953. The city has grown rapidly along with the development of S Florida. company PT Perkebunan.
The government has not decided the tariff to be used in the toll road when it is operational However, Jasa Marga will use the tariff it has used in Cipularang I (Cikampek-Sadang), namely Rp 300-Rp 350 per kilometer kilometer
one thousand (103) meters; 3280.83 feet; five-eighths of a mile; abbreviated km. .
Users of toll road growing in number
The number of toll road users in the country has continued to increase. The availability of toll roads has also contributed to economic development in certain areas.
In 2002 toll roads in the country totaled 520 km in length and 383 km of them are controlled and owned by Jasa Marga. Data at Jasa Marga said its nine toll roads in 2002 were used in a frequency of 673.7 million travels based on ticket sales or an increase of 44% from 1998.
The government sets the toll road tariffs based on the cost to build the toll road and length of concession for ones built by private investors. Operators among private companies had complained about low tariffs as there was no tariff hike from 199 until June ,2003.
The tariffs are not the same as the costs of building the toll roads are not the same. The tariff system has been regulated with automatic increase under the Law No.38/2004. Previously the tariff was set with a presidential decree but now it is set with a ministerial Done under the direction of a supervisor; not involving discretion or policymaking.
Ministerial describes an act or a function that conforms to an instruction or a prescribed procedure. It connotes obedience. decision in the case the decision of the public works minister taking into account inflation.
Land clearing difficulty
Land clearing has always been difficult and the problem will be more complicated when politics is involved. The problem is if only one small land owner refuses to sell his land, work will be delayed. It has happened in Ulujami as the toll road could not be used only because a land own refuses to sell his piece of land. Delay in completion of a project will mean an extra cost to be paid as the land price could rise and the loan interest accrues. Another good example is the case of Jakarta Outer Ring Road. The government issued a new regulation in 1995. Under the regulation, the contractor will pay for the land clearing. Previously the government provided the land over which the contractors will build toll road.
Prospects and Conclusion
In general, the country is lagging behind many other countries including Malaysia and Thailand in the construction of toll roads. In Asia, China is the most advanced in the construction of toll roads. Based on data at Jasa Marga the country has 556 km of toll roads very much not proportional proportional
values expressed as a proportion of the total number of values in a series.
the patient is a miniature without disproportionate reductions or enlargements of body parts. with the traffic density. There are 5 toll road projects now being built totaling 83.1 km. In Malaysia, which is much smaller than Indonesia, there are already 1,000 km toll road in operation, not to mention ones being built. In the wake of the 1997 crisis, many foreign contractors planned to build many toll road but none of them has been implemented. The foreign contractors demanded greater guarantee or investment protection, but Jasa Marga could not provide the protection asked by the contractors. The government, therefore, has to adopt a policy more favorable for contractors including in land clearing and tariff issues. Toll roads will create jobs for thousands of people and help revive To renew.
For example, revival is the act of renewing the legal force of a contract or debt, either by acknowledging it or by giving a new promise, when the contract or debt is no longer a sufficient foundation for a lawsuit because it is barred by the running of the Statute other sectors such as cement cement, binding material used in construction and engineering, often called hydraulic cement, typically made by heating a mixture of limestone and clay until it almost fuses and then grinding it to a fine powder. industry, ceramic This article is about ceramic materials. For the fine art, see Ceramic art.
The word ceramic is derived from the Greek word κεραμικός (keramikos). industry, steel industry.
Table - 1 Length of toll roads in Indonesia, 1998 - 2004 Year Jasa Marga Investor Total 1998 354 161 515 1999 354 161 515 2000 354 161 515 2001 354 161 515 2002 383 137 520 2003 386 142 528 2004 410 142 556 Source: Jasa Marga/Data Consult Table - 2 Toll roads coming on line in 2004 Toll roads Length Investor/ (Km) operator 1. Ja orawi Jakarta- 46.00 Jasa Marga, PT Bogor-Ciawi) 2. Jakarta - Cengkareng 27.00 Jasa Marga, PT (JI Prof Sediyatmo) 3. Jakarta - Cikampek 74.00 Jasa Marga, PT 4. Cawan - Toman-Grogol-Pluit 39.26 Jasa Marga, PT 5. Padalarang - Cileunyi 46.58 Jasa Marga, PT 6. Semarang arteri (A, B & C) 18.80 Jasa Marga, PT 7. Surabaya - Gempol 42.00 Jasa Marga, PT 8. Belmera (Medan) 34.40 Jasa Marga, PT 9. Jakarta-Tangerang 34.60 Jasa Marga, PT (Tomang- West Tangerang &) Tangerang- West Tangerang 10. Cikunir - Cakung JLJ, PT * (JORR E2 + E3 + N) 8.80 11. Pd Pinang - Kp Rambutan JLJ, PT * (JORR S) 14.83 Sub-total (Jasa Marga/BUMN) 386.27 13. Cawang - Tj Priok - 30.94 Citra Marga Tiga bridge Nusaphala (JI Wiyoto Wiyono) 14. Tangerang - Merak 72.45 Marga Mandalasakti 15. Surabaya - Gresik 20.05 Margabumi Matraraya 16. Tallo Lama bridge 1.00 Bosowa Marga Nusantara 17. Soekarno- Hatta seaport- 10.36 St. Abdullah Teuku Umar - Urip Sumohardjo 18. Pondok Aren-Bintaro 7.20 Bintaro Serpong Damai, PT 19. Cikampek-Purwakarta Utara 14.00 Jasa Marga, PT Sub-total (private/consortium) 142.00 Total length 556.27 Toll roads Year coming on line 1. Ja orawi Jakarta- 1978 Bogor-Ciawi) 2. Jakarta - Cengkareng 1985 (JI Prof Sediyatmo) 3. Jakarta - Cikampek 1988 4. Cawan - Toman-Grogol-Pluit 1989 5. Padalarang - Cileunyi 1991 6. Semarang arteri (A, B & C) 1983 7. Surabaya - Gempol 1986 8. Belmera (Medan) 1986 9. Jakarta-Tangerang ... (Tomang- West Tangerang &) Tangerang- West Tangerang 10. Cikunir - Cakung 1990 (JORR E2 + E3 + N) 11. Pd Pinang - Kp Rambutan 1995/96 (JORR S) Sub-total (Jasa Marga/BUMN) 13. Cawang - Tj Priok - 1990 Tiga bridge (JI Wiyoto Wiyono) 14. Tangerang - Merak 1993 15. Surabaya - Gresik 1993 16. Tallo Lama bridge 1981 17. Soekarno- Hatta seaport- St. Abdullah Teuku Umar - Urip Sumohardjo 18. Pondok Aren-Bintaro 2000 19. Cikampek-Purwakarta Utara 2003 Sub-total (private/consortium) Total length *) Operated by subsidiary of Jasa Marga (PT Jalantol Lingkarluar Jakarta) Source: Jasa Marga/Data Consult Table - 3 Joint operation without PKP Investor Cooperation Income share projects of investor Income sharing joint operation of toll road expansion: PT Bangun Tjipta Sarana Cikampek-Cibitung 69% Cawang-Cibitung 41% PT Adhika Prakarsatama Jakarta-Tangerang 27% Intersection: PT Royal Sental Highland Sentul Selatan 41%-20% PT Lembah Golf Jagorawi Ramp G. Putri III 41% Income sharing joint operation of toll roads with interchnages: PT Suryacipta Swadaya Karawang Timur 4%-14% PT Karabha Digdaya Cimanggis 37,5% PT Indocement Tunggal Gunung Putri II 35% Perkasa PT Lippo Karawaci Karawang & Gerbang 17,5% Tol PT Jakartabaru Ext RampSTA 18 26,5% Cosmopolitan Jakarta-Tangerang Joint operation of interchanges : PT Megapolis Manunggal Cibitung - PT Besland Pertiwi Kalihurip (Jkt- - Cikampek PT Wijaya Karya Cibubur - Other joint operation: Grant construction of interchange with compensation in free bill board PT Mali i Permata Interchange - Industrial Estate West Karawan PT Pemban unan Deltamas East Cikaran - Bekasi Investor Cooperation Contract Income sharing joint operation of toll road expansion: PT Bangun Tjipta Sarana 26 y from 1989 25 y from 1994 PT Adhika Prakarsatama 18 y from 1994 Intersection: PT Royal Sental Highland 9 y from 1995 PT Lembah Golf Jagorawi 8 y from 1997 Income sharing joint operation of toll roads with interchnages: PT Suryacipta Swadaya 16,3 y from 1996 PT Karabha Digdaya Until loan full paid PT Indocement Tunggal From 1992 until Perkasa loan paid up PT Lippo Karawaci 10 y from 1997 PT Jakartabaru 3 y from 1999 Cosmopolitan Joint operation of interchanges : PT Megapolis Manunggal 10 y from 1995 PT Besland Pertiwi 10 y from 1997 PT Wijaya Karya From 1998 until Fully paid up Other joint operation: Grant (construction of interchange with compensation in free bill board PT Maligi Permata 2001-2005 Industrial Estate PT Pembangunan Deltamas 3 years Source: Jasa Marga/Data Consult Table - 4 Joint venture with (PKP) Investor Toll roads Length (%) Toll roads already operating : PT Citra Marga Nus. Cawan - Tg.Priok-Pluit 28.50 PT Marga Mandalasakti Tangrg-Merak-Phase I 34.20 Tangrg-Merak-Phase II 38.25 PT Margabumi Matraraya Surabaya - Gresik 20.70 PT Bosowa marga Nus. Pelabuhan Laut Soekar- 10.36 no Hatta-ST.Abdullah Teuku Umar-Uri S. Toll road project being built : PT Kresna Kusuma DM. Bekasi Timur-Cawang- 21.50 Kampung Melayu PT Margabumi Adhika R. Gempol - Pandaan 13.64 Projects not et built : PT Citra Mar atama SS Waru - Tanjung 36.50 Surabya Perak PT Bukaka Marga Utama Ciawi - Sukabumi 53.50 Jakarta Outer Ring Road (JORR) : PT Jalan Tol Lingkar Kb.Jeruk-Pdk.Pinang 57.00 Luar Jakarta (JLJ) Pdk.Piang-Jagorawi Cikunir - Cakung - Cilincing-Tg.Priok Projects shelved and restudied : PT Margaraya Jawa Tol Waru - Wonokromo - 18.40 Tanjung Perak Projects taken over by Jasa Marga after termination of PKP : PT Citra Bhakti MP. JORR section E2,E3,N 19.20 PT Citra Mataram SMP. JORR section W2 11.17 PT Citra Ganesha MN. Cikampek-Padalarang 59.00 PT Marga Mawatindo E. Semaran - Demak 25.00 PT Marga Nulyasumo A. Surabaya-Mojokerto 37.87 PT Marga Nurindo B. JORR section S & El 26.74 Investor Participation Concession (%) period Toll roads already operating : PT Citra Marga Nus. 17.79 1994-2023 PT Marga Mandalasakti 5.36 1990-2020 1993-2023 PT Margabumi Matraraya 6.47 1991-2016 PT Bosowa marga Nus. 10.00 1994-2024 Toll road project being built : PT Kresna Kusuma DM. 10.00 since 32 PT Margabumi Adhika R. 15.00 since 22 y of NTP Projects not et built : PT Citra Mar atama 15.00 since 33 of Surabya operation PT Bukaka Marga Utama 20.00 27 y 8 mth since of operation Jakarta Outer Ring Road (JORR) : PT Jalan Tol Lingkar 99.00 since 35 Luar Jakarta (JLJ) 2001 Projects shelved and restudied : PT Margaraya Jawa Tol since 33 y of NTP Projects taken over by Jasa Marga after termination of PKP : PT Citra Bhakti MP. 34.83 PKP cancel PT Citra Mataram SMP. 15.00 PKP cancel PT Citra Ganesha MN. 30.00 PKP cancel PT Marga Mawatindo E. 8.33 PKP cancel PT Marga Nulyasumo A. 16.00 PKP cancel PT Marga Nurindo B. 10.00 PKP cancel Source: Jasa Marga/Data Consult Table - 5 Management contract cooperation Investor Toll road Form of cooperation PT Bintaro Serpong Pondok Aren - Management Damai Serpong contract Investor Length Period of (Km) concession PT Bintaro Serpong 7.25 1997-2024 Damai Source: Jasa Marga/Data Consult Table - 6 Toll road projects with (PKP) Not yet implemented Investor Toll road Length of Period of toll roads concession: (Km) Projects under construction : PT Jakarta Lingkar Kebon Jeruk - Rawa 9.76 1997-2027 Buaya Barat Satu - Penjaringan Projects not yet built : PT Marga Setiapuritama Semarang - Batang 75.00 28 y since operation Source: Jasa Marga/Data Consult Table - 7 Toll road built in cooperation between Jasa Marga and private companies Toll roads Length Investor Cawang- Tanjung Priok-Pluit 31 PT. Citra Marga Nusaphala Persada Pondok Aren- Serpong 7 PT. Bintaro Serpong Damai Pondok Pinang - TMII 15 PT. Marga Nurindo Bhakti JORR E2, E3 + N 9 PT. Citra Bakti Margatama Persada Tangerang - Merak 72 PT. Marga Mandala Sakti Surabaya - Gresik 21 PT. Margabumi Matrajaya Ujung Pandang 7 PT. Bosowa Marga Nusantara Total 161 Source: PT Jasa Marga Table - 8 Priority in toll road construction, 2005-2009 Length Estimate of No Toll roads (km) building cost Priority I 1. JORR section W1 9.8 760 2. JORR section E2 and E3 12.8 739 3. Tanjung Priok access *) 12.1 3,200 4. Cikampek-Padalaran phase II 40.0 1,700 5. JORR section W1 8.4 282 Subtotal 83.1 6,399.0 Priority II 1. JORR section W2 North 7.0 305 2. Gempol-Pasuruan ***) 32.0 1,286 3. Semaran-Bawen ***) 24.0 575 4. Cikampek-Palimanan ***) 114.0 4,328 5. Semaran-Demak 25.0 801 6. Medan-Binjai **) 20.5 636 7. Makasar Section 4 ** 11.0 412 8. Palembang -Indralaya 24.5 448 9. Surabaya-Madura 5.4 700 10. Cileunyi-Sumedang-Dawuan 23.4 1,641 phase I **) 11. Pasirkoia-Soreang *) 15.0 400 12. Surabaya-Mojokerto 37.0 1,089 13. Waru (Aloha)-Wonokromo-Tg.Perak 18.4 2,704 14. SS Waru-Tg. Perak Tahap I 13.5 573 15. Cilegon-Bojanegara 10.0 275 16. Palimanan-Plumbon - 60 (additional lane) 17. Expansion of Cibitung - 366 Cikampek 18. Expansion of Surabaya- - 140 Gempol 19. Expansion of Sudyatmo - 410 Subtotal 380.7 17,148 Priority III 1. Bekasi-Cawang-Kp Melayu 21.0 3,199 2. Depok-Antasari 18.2 1,084 3. Cikarang-Tg. Priok (part of 53.0 2,032 JORR 2 4. Cinere-Jagorawi (part of 14.0 780 JORR 2 5. JORR 2-other 90.0 6,344 6. Bogor Ring Road (phase I and 11.5 519 II) ***) 7. Cirebon-Pejagan 34.0 1,237 8. Pejagan-Pemalang 56.0 2,343 9. Pemalang-Batang 35.0 1,404 10. Batang-Semarang 75.0 3,003 11. Bawen-Solo ***) 56.0 2,914 12. Solo-Mantingan 58.0 2,655 13. Mantingan-Ngawi 27.0 1,046 14. Ngawi-Kertosono 84.0 3,375 15. Kertosono-Mojokerto 38.0 1,532 16. SS-Waru-Tg. Perak phase II 23.0 587 17. Pasuruan-Probolinggo 40.0 1,613 18. Probolinggo-Banyuwangi 156.0 5,791 19. Gempol-Pandaan 14.0 437 20. Pandaan-Malang 30.0 1,457 21. Jogya-Solo 45.0 1,954 22. Cileunyi-Sumedang-Dawuan 32.6 2,282 phase II 23. Ciawi-Sukabumi 54.0 3,180 24. Sukabumi-Ciranjang 31.0 1,398 25. Ciranjang-Padalarang 33.0 1,629 Subtotal 1,129.3 53,794.4 Total 1,593.1 77,341.0 Estimate Estimate Toll roads Land cost of Project cost (Rp bill.) JORR section W 1 40.0 800.0 JORR section E2 and E3 11.0 750.0 Tanjung Priok access *) 200.0 3,400.0 Cikampek-Padalaran phase II - 1,700.0 JORR section W1 42.0 324.0 Subtotal 251.0 6,650.0 JORR section W2 North 382.0 800.0 Gempol-Pasuruan ***) 176.0 1,462.0 Semaran-Bawen ***) 138.0 713.0 Cikampek-Palimanan ***) 1,985.0 6,312.6 Semaran-Demak 40.0 841.0 Medan-Binjai **) 328.0 964.0 Makasar Section 4 ** 24.2 436.0 Palembang -Indralaya 49.0 497.0 Surabaya-Madura - 700.0 Cileunyi-Sumedang-Dawuan 159.4 1,800.0 phase I **) Pasirkoia-Soreang *) 120.0 520.0 Surabaya-Mojokerto 399.0 1,488.0 Waru (Aloha)-Wonokromo-Tg.Perak 403.0 3,107.0 SS Waru-Tg. Perak Tahap I 96.0 669.0 Cilegon-Bojanegara 125.0 400.0 Palimanan-Plumbon - 60.0 (additional lane) Expansion of Cibitung - 366.0 Cikampek Expansion of Surabaya- - 1,400.0 Gempol Expansion of Sudyatmo - 410.0 Subtotal 4,424.6 21,572.6 Bekasi-Cawang-Kp Melayu 449.0 3,648.0 Depok-Antasari 451.0 1,535.0 Cikarang-Tg. Priok (part of 268.0 2,300.0 JORR 2 Cinere-Jagorawi (part of 412.5 1,192.1 JORR 2 JORR 2-other 2500.0 8,843.9 Bogor Ring Road (phase I and 145.3 664.3 II) ***) Cirebon-Pejagan 97.0 1,334.0 Pejagan-Pemalang 135.9 2,479.0 Pemalang-Batang 70.1 1,474.0 Batang-Semarang 187.5 3,190.0 Bawen-Solo ***) 211.1 3,125.0 Solo-Mantingan 193.5 2,849.0 Mantingan-Ngawi 54.1 1,100.0 Ngawi-Kertosono 253.7 3,629.0 Kertosono-Mojokerto 95.6 1,628.0 SS-Waru-Tg. Perak phase II 163.3 750.0 Pasuruan-Probolinggo 113.3 1,726.0 Probolinggo-Banyuwangi 294.5 6,085.0 Gempol-Pandaan 89.0 526.0 Pandaan-Malang 90.6 1,548.0 Jogya-Solo 15.8 1,970.0 Cileunyi-Sumedang-Dawuan 222.0 2,504.0 phase II Ciawi-Sukabumi 596.0 2,504.0 Sukabumi-Ciranjang 85.1 1,483.0 Ciranjang-Padalarang 195.0 1,824.0 Subtotal 7,388.9 61,183.3 Total 12,064.5 89,405,9 Source: Office of PPN state ministerBappenas; *) Additional lane; Under development: **) Toll roads of Medan-Binjai and Makasar Section IV and Cikampek-Sumedang-Dawuan Section I ready for tender ***) Toll roads of Cikampek-Palimanan, Semarang-Solo, Gempol-Pasuruan, and Bogor Ring Road are in priority to be built. Table - 9 Toll road projects to be nut in tender Toll roads Length (Km) Location Cikarang-Tj. Priok 53 Jakarta Cileunyi-Sumedang-Dawuan 56 West Java Medan-Binjai 20.5 North Sumatra Depok-Antasari 18.2 West Java Cinere-Jagorawi 14 Banten Makassar section IV 11 South Sulawesi Total 172.7 Source: Public Works Ministry Table - 10 Toll road Investment Fund, 2004 - 2005 Description Toll roads Length Investment (Km) Package I * Cipularang 68 Rp 3.021 (Cikampek- Purwakarta- trillion Padalarang) * JORR W1, E2, E3 and N Package II * JORR W2 Utara 294 Rp 11.6 trillion * Semarang - Bawen * Bawen - Solo * Cikampek - Cirebon * Cisumdawu (Cikampek- Sumedang-Dawuan) Phase I * Medan - Binjai Package III * Palembang - Indralaya N.a. N.a. * Waru - Juanda Source: PT. Jasa Marga Table - 11 Cipularania II toll road project Toll road sections Length Value (Km) (Rp billion) - North Purwakarta - 9.1 155 South Purwakarta - South Purwakarta - 8.5 295 Plered - Plered-Darangdang 6.3 352 plus Ciujung bridge - Plered-Cikalon Wetan 4.7 120 - Cisoman bride - 75 (Plered-Cikalong Wetan) - Cikalon Wetan-Cikamuning 5.5 106 - Cikubang bride - 140 (Cikalong Wetan-Cikamuning) - Cikubang-Cipada 2.5 236 - Cikalong wetan-Cikamuning 3.8 96 Toll road sections Contractor - North Purwakarta - PT Mawatindo South Purwakarta - South Purwakarta - PT Adhi Karya Plered - Plered-Darangdang PT Wakita - Yasa JO plus Ciujung bridge - Plered-Cikalon Wetan PT Nindya Karya - Cisoman bride PT L&M System (Plered-Cikalong Wetan) - Cikalon Wetan-Cikamuning PT Daya Mulia Turangga - Cikubang bride PT Propelar (Cikalong Wetan-Cikamuning) - Cikubang-Cipada PT Hutama Karya - Cikalong wetan-Cikamuning PT Sumber Mitra Jaya - Ircon International Source: Jasa Marga/Data Consult Table - 12 Traffic volume in nine toll roads of Jasa Marga 1998-2003 ('000 travels) Toll-roads 1998 1999 2000 Jagorawi 74,278 79,585 87,527 Semarang 15,262 18,930 20,781 Jakarta - Tanggerang 58,917 64,877 72,443 Surabaya - Gempol - Mojokerto -Surabaya - Gempol 40,754 45,476 51,001 - Mojokerto toll bridge 7,516 7,731 8,358 Belmera Medan 8,928 10,316 11,918 Jakarta - Cikampek 86,599 92,043 102,078 Cawang - Tomang - Cengkareng -Interchanges in Jakarta 107,759 121,790 139,874 -Pof.Dr.Ir. Sedyatmo 28,658 32,513 40,429 Padalarang - Cileunyi - Citarum -Padalarang - Cileunyi - 29,488 32,321 36,385 - Citarum toll bridge 7,363 7,302 7,866 Palimanan - Kanci 2,330 2,885 3,585 JORR - Section E2 **) - - - JORR - Section S **) - - - Total 468,216 515,769 582,247 Toll-roads 2001 2002 2003 * Jagorawi 94,099 100,192 25,565 Semarang 22,179 21,901 5,231 Jakarta - Tanggerang 75,842 84,337 21,903 Surabaya - Gempol - Mojokerto -Surabaya - Gempol 55,154 58,030 14,401 - Mojokerto toll bridge 8,700 9,055 2,205 Belmera Medan 12,837 13,884 3,520 Jakarta - Cikampek 105,701 107,867 25,109 Cawang - Tomang - Cengkareng -Interchanges in Jakarta 152,435 166,290 42,936 -Pof.Dr.Ir. Sedyatmo 46,933 54,798 15,281 Padalarang - Cileunyi - Citarum -Padalarang - Cileunyi - 39,096 41,148 10,164 - Citarum toll bridge 8,125 8,593 2,061 Palimanan - Kanci 5,590 7,608 2,158 JORR - Section E2 **) - - 2,150 JORR - Section S **) - - 10,201 Total 626,691 673,704 182,888 *) in 3 months **) Operated by subsidiary of Jasa Marga, PT JLJ Source: Jasa Marga/Data Consult Table - 13 Tariffs of some toll roads, since June , 2003 Toll roads Length (Km) Class II Closed system ; Jakarta - Cikampek : - Tariff for total length 74,00 6,500 Tariff Per Km 87.84 Padaleunyi : - Tariff for total length 35,00 4,000 Tariff Per Km 114.29 Surabaya - Gempol (Waru - Gempol section) - Tariff for Total length 26.00 2,500 Tariff Per Km 96.15 Belmera : - Tariff for total length 36.00 3,000 Tariff Per Km 83.33 Tangerang - Merak : - Tariff for total length 72.45 12,500 Tariff Per Km 172.53 Surabaya - Gresik - Tariff for total length 19.40 5,000 Tariff Per Km 257.73 Open system ; Jakarta - Tangerang : - Tomang-West Tangerang 26.80 2,500 Tariff Per Km 117.10 - Tangrng - West Tangrng 7.80 1,000 Tariff for total length 175.44 Palikanci : - Palimanan-Plumbon 6.57 1,000 Tariff Per Km 152.21 - Plumbon - Ciperna 8.70 1,500 Tariff Per Km 172.41 - Ciperna - Kanci 13.57 2,500 Tariff Per Km 184.23 Jakarta city toll road : Tariff for total length 55.90 4,000 Tariff Per Km 314.96 Surabaya - Gempol (Dupak - Waru) : 17.00 1.500 Ujung Pandang : Tariff for total length 5.95 1,500 Tariff Per Km 252.10 Serpong - Pondok Aren : Tariff for total length 7.20 2,500 Tariff Per Km 347.22 Semarang : - Section A Krapyak-Jatingaleh 8.00 1,000 Tariff Per Km 125.00 - Section B Srondol-Jatingaleh 6.30 1,000 Tariff Per Km 158.73 - Section C Kaligawe-Gy Sari 4.50 1,000 222.22 Toll roads Tariff (Rp/car) Year Class IIA Class IIB Closed system ; Jakarta - Cikampek : - Tariff for total length 11,000 13,000 1992 Tariff Per Km 146.65 175.68 Padaleunyi : - Tariff for total length 6,500 7,500 2003 Tariff Per Km 185.71 214.29 Surabaya - Gempol (Waru - Gempol section) - Tariff for Total length 4,000 5,000 2003 Tariff Per Km 153.85 192.31 Belmera : - Tariff for total length 5,000 5,500 2003 Tariff Per Km 138.89 152.78 Tangerang - Merak : - Tariff for total length 16,500 22,000 2003 Tariff Per Km 241.55 303.66 Surabaya - Gresik - Tariff for total length 7,000 10,000 2003 Tariff Per Km 360.82 515.46 Open system ; Jakarta - Tangerang : - Tomang-West Tangerang 3,000 4,000 2003 Tariff Per Km 140.52 187.35 - Tangrng - West Tangrng 1,000 1,000 Tariff for total length 175.44 175.44 2003 Palikanci : - Palimanan-Plumbon 1,500 2,000 2003 Tariff Per Km 228.31 304.41 - Plumbon - Ciperna 2,000 2,500 Tariff Per Km 229.89 287.36 2003 - Ciperna - Kanci 3,000 4,500 Tariff Per Km 221.08 331.61 2003 Jakarta city toll road : Tariff for total length 5,000 6,500 2003 Tariff Per Km 39,370 511.81 Surabaya - Gempol (Dupak - Waru) : 2,000 2,500 2003 Ujung Pandang : Tariff for total length 2,000 2,500 2003 Tariff Per Km 336.13 420.17 Serpong - Pondok Aren : Tariff for total length 4,500 5,500 2003 Tariff Per Km 625.00 763.89 Semarang : - Section A Krapyak-Jatingaleh 1,000 1,500 2003 Tariff Per Km 125.00 187.50 - Section B Srondol-Jatingaleh 1,000 1,500 2003 Tariff Per Km 158.73 238.10 - Section C Kaligawe-Gy Sari 1,500 2,000 2003 333.33 444.44 Source: Jasa Marga/Data Consult