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Toll road priority in infrastructure development program.

Indonesia has built 555 kilometers of toll roads built since 1978 when the first toll road came on line in the country. PT Jasa Marga manages 414 kilometers of the toll roads and the remaining 142 kilometers are jointly operated by the state-owned company and private companies. The total length of toll road operated jointly with the private sector declined from 16 km in 2001. The decline was followed the transfer of ownership from the private sector to Jasa Marga. The monetary crisis has forced some private partners to transfer their stake to the stake in toll roads to the state-owned company. Some of the private investors have failed to settle large debts leading to take over of assets in the form of stake in toll road by the Indonesian Bank Restructuring Agency (IBRA) such as in the case of the Jakarta Outer Ring Road (JORR) project.

The financial crisis has also forced the government to reschedule a number of toll road projects under a presidential decree No.39/1997, which ruled postponement and review of a number of major toll road projects. Toll road construction began only in 2002 with the issuance of a presidential decree No. 15/2002.

Now the government plans to put up tender for 1,500 kilometers of new toll road projects in Java. The private sector including banks are expected to be involved in the construction of the project. Toll road projects are seen as highly profitable, therefore, are expected to attract the private sector.

In 2003, the government raised the toll road tariff in a bid to attract more investors to venture in toll road projects. The involvement of the private sector is expected in the government's plan to resume the construction of 21 toll road project totaling 597 kilometers. The 21 projects are estimated to cost around Rp 31.6 trillion. Construction of six of the projects totaling 98.6 kilometers is expected to start soon needing a total investment of Rp 6.7 trillion. Construction of some of the projects will be handled by Jasa Marga.

In addition to tariff issue, there are other hurdles to be removed in order to expand cooperation between the government to investors such as legal aspect concerning Operating Authority Agreement (PKP), which is considered no longer favorable by private investors, financial difficulty and land clearing. Breakthrough is needed to prevent land speculation, and the feasibility of toll road projects in certain areas.

Indonesia is still lagging behind neighboring countries like Singapore and Malaysia in the construction of toll roads. The government, therefore, needs to offer more attractive incentives to boost development of toll road projects. The incentives could be in the form of facility in land clearing and tariffs.

Construction of new toll roads

Toll roads are vital to accelerate economic development and to reduce congestion that affects mobility in the flows of goods. The number of cars or road users is growing fast worsening traffic jams especially in urban areas where greater mobility is needed.

In 1978, the government established a state-owned company PT Jasa Marga to operate in road building industry based on a government regulation No. 4/1978. The company was given the responsibility over the management, planning, building, maintenance and operation of toll roads in the country. However, based on the Law No.38/2004 its function as the regulator was cancelled. Now it is only an operator.

Until now the company remains the leading player in toll road construction. The role of private companies through cooperation with Jasa Marga has declined after the government gave the operating authority over a number of toll roads to Jasa Marga in 2001. The government revoked the PKP with seven private companies in the wake of the 1997 crisis that left a number of investors in default.

Jasa Marga itself faced financial difficulty to carry out its toll road projects. A number of big toll road projects had to be shelved or cancelled. Construction of toll road was resumed only in 2002 when the condition began to improve. Toll road projects were offered to new investors and Jasa Marga issued bonds to raise fund to finance its projects.

Recently the government named PT Jasa Marga to carry out the construction of toll road totaling 125.5 kilometers to cost around Rp 6.2 trillion. The toll roads include the Bogor Ring Road 32 kilometers estimated to cost Rp 1.5 trillion, the Gempol-Pasuruan toll road 82 km to cost around Rp 4 trillion and the Semarang-Solo toll road 11.5 km to cost around Rp 660 billion. The three projects are expected to be operational later this year.

Private investors facing stagnation

PT Jasa Marga started commercial operation with the commissioning of the Jagorawi toll road in 1978. Since then the company has built 12 toll roads and 9 toll bridges The toll roads include (1) Jakarta--Bogor--Ciawi (Jagorawi), (2) Semarang arteri A--B--C, (3) Jakarta--Tanggerang, (4) Surabaya--Gempol, (5) Jematan Tol Mojokerto, (6) Belawan--Medan, (7) Jakarta--Cikampek, (8) Cawang--Tomang--Pluit, (9) Prof Dr. Ir. Sedyatmo (toll road to Soekarno-Hatta airport), (10 Padalarang--Cileunyi, (11) Palimanan--Kanci (Palikanci), (12) Cikampek--Purwakarta Utara or Cipularang I toll road.

By 2004, the country has toll road totaling 556 km and Jasa Marga owns and operates 414 km of them or up from 354 km in 2001. Meanwhile the role of private companies in toll road construction has declined. Some of toll road projects that were left unfinished by private companies have been taken over by the government.

On June 10, 2003, the government changed the status of the Citarum toll road the Mjojokerto toll bridge previously under Jasa Marga into non toll road and non toll bridge. Meanwhile, in August, 2003, Jasa Marga started the operation of the 14 km Cipularang I (Cikampek-Purwakarta Ulara) toll road, which is part of the 53-km Cikampek-Padalarang toll road now under construction. Earlier Jasa Marga revoked the PKP with PT Citra Ganesha, which failed to finish the construction of the toll road project.

Before the crisis PT Drassindo looked potential to become a leading player in toll road business in the country to follow the step of its predecessor the Citra Lamtoro Gung Persada, which is owned by Ny Siti Hardiyanti Rukmana. Djoko Ramiadji who owns Drassindo Group, was former executive of the Citra Group as a technical director. The first toll road project built by. Drassindo (Djoko Ramiadji Associate Indonesia) was the Pondok Pinang--Kampung Rambutan/Jagorawi--Cikunir toll road. In this project Drassindo through PT Investa Kusuma Arta established a consortium called PT Marga Nurindo Bhakti, which involved other investors including PT Bhaskara Dunia Jaya, Hanurata, PT Marga Strukturindo Raya, Citra Lamtoro Gung Persada and Jasa Marga.

Management system of private toll roads

The government maintains a leading role in toll road construction and operation as the business is considered strategic. The role is given to state-owned company Jasa Marga. However, as it needs large fund the cash strapped government allows the involvement of the private sector through cooperation with Jasa Marga such as under BTO (Build, Transfer, Operate) and BOT (Build, Operate, Transfer) contracts. Under the BTO system the fund spent by the private sector will be returned by Jasa Marga through profit sharing system in the operation of toll roads. The toll roads will be operated by Jasa Marga. BTO system has been used in the construction of the Jakarta--Cikampek with investor PT Bangun Tjipta Sarana. The BTO system was also been used in the construction of Kebon Jeruk--Tangerang toll road with investor PT Adhika Prakasatama and interchange between Karawaci interchange with investor PT Lippo Village, Cibitung interchange with investor PT Megapolis Manunggal and Sentul Selatan interchange with investor PT Royal Sentul Highland

Under the BOT system, the private investor will operate the toll road for a certain period normally 20-40 years and after that period, the toll road will be handed over to the government. The operator will take the toll road income including income from bill boards. The operator, however, must be a consortium involving Jasa Marga as a shareholder. The first private company operator of toll road is PT Citra Marga Nusaphala Persada for the Cawang-Tanjung Priok toll road starting operation in 1990.

Other form of cooperation is management contract under which the investor builds the toll road and will be authorized to operate it but as Jasa Marga has an experience in toll road management, the operation and maintenance of the toll road are handed over to the state company handle the operation management and the investor earns a compensation.

PKP have been signed for a number of toll road projects but the projects have not been implemented.

Acquisition plan

Last year the government planned to take over a number of toll road from private investors, but the plan was cancelled for fear that the move could worsen investment climate. With all toll road controlled by the government the tariff could be easily harmonized. Now the tariffs are different among the toll roads as they are set by different operators.

In other countries even in developed countries such as the United States, Japan and France, toll roads are controlled by the government. In Indonesia, the government functions more as the facilitator but construction is carried out by private investors which provide the necessary investment fund.

Toll roads built by the government are handed over to PT Jasa Marga and private investors could be involved as a shareholder.

Targets to build 1,500 km of toll roads.

The government targets to build 1,500 km of toll roads in Java in the next 5 years and 1,200 km of them are expected to be completed in three years. Feasibility studies for the projects have been completed. Public Works Minister Umum Djoko Kirmanto said the private sector will be involved in the development of most of the projects.

The minister that the country is lagging behind many other countries in toll road development. Among the factor slowing development of toll roads in the country are agreement on tariff between the prospective investors and the government, difficulty in land clearing and capital.

For example, the construction of certain parts of JORR has been delayed because of a land owner that refuses to sell his land.

The government through Bappenas has prepared a priority list for toll road projects until 2009 as shown in the following table.

Around 80 km of the priority toll road projects are now under construction, 1,513 km to be built including Trans Java main trunk 866 km, secondary trunk/feeder 298 km, city toll road 293 km. Toll roads outside Java 56 km bringing the total to 1,593 km.

Attracted foreign investors

Around 181 companies grouped in 36 consortiums are eyeing 6 toll road projects valued at Rp 12 trillion (US$1.33 billion) offered by the government. Infrastructure Director General at the Public Works Ministry Eduard TY. Pauner said around 40% of the bidders are foreign investors.

The toll road projects are to be built in various parts of the country, including Cikarang-Tanjung Priok, Cileungi-Sumedang-Dawuan, Medan-Binjai, Depok-Antasari, Cinere-Jagorawi and Makassar section IV.

Among the foreign bidders are Kajima Corporation from Japan, China Harbour Engineering from China, Plus Express Way Berhad from Malaysia, MCA Intergroup. Among the local bidders are PT Citra Marga Nusaphala Persada, Bakrie Brothers, PT Marga Bumi, PT Jakarta Propertindo (Jakarta administration company). Bakrie Brothers, which is among the local bidders, said it is interested in the 14-kilometer Cinere-Jagorawi toll road in Jakarta. The company, owned by Chief Economics Minister Aburizal Bakrie, said it holds a 40% share in its consortium of 5 companies.

The government already offered the projects to both local and foreign investors. The JORR projects (section W2 South, El South and E1 North) was offered to contractor form Malaysia namely Malaysian Consortium, but the Malaysian bidder failed. Finally the PT. Jasa Marga was named to carry out the project.

An Australian investor was offered to build the phase I of Semarang--Solo toll road project (22 km). The toll road is part of nine proposed by the regional administration. Other toll road projects proposed by regional administrations include Surabaya--Mojokerto toll road phase I (117.5 km) and the Gempol--Pandaan toll road 13.6 km in East Java. The Gempol--Pandaan project is expected to be built by an investor from Saudi Arabia, but its old investor PT Margabumi Adhika Raya said it could resume the construction of the project.

The Kuwait government has pledged a soft loan of Rp 1.5 trillion for the Surabaya--Madura bridge spanning the Madura strait in East Java but there has been no realization of the pledge. The progress in the construction of the country's longest bridge, therefore, has been slowed.

Investment funds for toll roads

The government has offered guarantee for toll road Investment Fund through the issuance of shares prepared by PT. Bahan Sekuritas. The Toll Road Investment Fund will be split for three working packages.

Package I and II will be offered to domestic investors valued at only around Rp 10 trillion for a toll road project. Package I covers a total length of 68 km valued at Rp 3.021 trillion for Cipularang of the Sadang (Purwakarta)--Sikamuning (Padalarang) section and the JORR (Jakarta Outer Ring Road) for the sections of W1, E2, E3 and N.

Package II covers a total length of 294 km valued at Rpl 1.6 trillion for the the W2 North section of JORR, Semarang--Bawen, Bawen--Solo, Cikampek--Cirebon, Cisundawu (Cikampek--Sumedang--Dawuan) phase I and Medan--Binjai. The package III includes the Palembang--Indralaya and the Waru--Juanda (Surabaya) toll roads and enlargement of the Sedyatmo Cengkareng toll road. The investment of the projects has yet to be determined as there is still problem over land clearing.

Cipularang II toll road under construction

Construction of phase II of the Cikampek-Purwakarta-Padalarang toll road project extending 40 km from Sadang-Cikamuning, began in April, 2004 involving 9 contractors. The project valued at around Rp 1.65 trillion is to be finished in Arpil 2005.

The project finance is provided by Bank BNI 1946, Bank Mandiri, Bank Bukopin, Bank Central Asia and Bank Jabar.

The nine contractors involved in the projects are PT Mawatindo for the 9.1 km part of North Purwakarta- South Purwakarta Selatan to cost around Rp 11 billion, PT Adhi Karya for the 8.5 km part of Purwakarta Selatan-Plered to cost around Rp 295 billion, PT Waskita- Yasa JO for the 6.3 km part of Plered-Darangdan and Ciujung bridge to cost around Rp 352 billion, PT Nindya Karya for the 4.7-km part of Plered-Cikalong Wetan to cost around Rp 120 billion, PT L&M System Indonesia to build the Cisomang bridge in the Plered-Cikalong section to cost around Rp 75 billion, PT Daya Mulia Turangga for the 5.5 km section of Cikalong Wetan-Cikamuning to cost around Rp 106 billion, PT Propelar to build the Cikubang bridge in the section of Cikalong Wetan-Cikamuning to cost around Rp 140 billion, PT Hutama Karya for the 2.5 km section of Cikubang-Cipada to cost around Rp 236 billion and PT Sumber Mitra Jaya-Ircon International to build the 3.8 km section of Cikalong Wetan-cikamuning to cost around Rp 96 billion.

The nine contractors have secured loan pledges from a number of banks such as Bank BNI 1946, Bank Mandiri, Bank Bukopin, Bank Central Asia (BCA) and Bank Jabar. Jasa Marga will pay the for the contract value when the projects have been completed.

Parts of the sections of the toll road project will go over difficult terrain in hilly areas, therefore, it is expensive that Jasa Marga considers it necessary to involve a so many contractors.

The sections of the Cikampek-Purwakarta-Padalang toll road will help reduce congestion in the Jakarta-Bandung highway. A car normally needs five to six hours to cover the distance, but when the toll road has been finished it could be covered in three hours. It will mean saving a lot of fuel.

There is no much problem in land clearing in the project as part of the land belong to the state-owned railway company and plantation company PT Perkebunan.

The government has not decided the tariff to be used in the toll road when it is operational However, Jasa Marga will use the tariff it has used in Cipularang I (Cikampek-Sadang), namely Rp 300-Rp 350 per kilometer.

Users of toll road growing in number

The number of toll road users in the country has continued to increase. The availability of toll roads has also contributed to economic development in certain areas.

In 2002 toll roads in the country totaled 520 km in length and 383 km of them are controlled and owned by Jasa Marga. Data at Jasa Marga said its nine toll roads in 2002 were used in a frequency of 673.7 million travels based on ticket sales or an increase of 44% from 1998.

Toll tariffs

The government sets the toll road tariffs based on the cost to build the toll road and length of concession for ones built by private investors. Operators among private companies had complained about low tariffs as there was no tariff hike from 199 until June ,2003.

The tariffs are not the same as the costs of building the toll roads are not the same. The tariff system has been regulated with automatic increase under the Law No.38/2004. Previously the tariff was set with a presidential decree but now it is set with a ministerial decision in the case the decision of the public works minister taking into account inflation.

Land clearing difficulty

Land clearing has always been difficult and the problem will be more complicated when politics is involved. The problem is if only one small land owner refuses to sell his land, work will be delayed. It has happened in Ulujami as the toll road could not be used only because a land own refuses to sell his piece of land. Delay in completion of a project will mean an extra cost to be paid as the land price could rise and the loan interest accrues. Another good example is the case of Jakarta Outer Ring Road. The government issued a new regulation in 1995. Under the regulation, the contractor will pay for the land clearing. Previously the government provided the land over which the contractors will build toll road.

Prospects and Conclusion

In general, the country is lagging behind many other countries including Malaysia and Thailand in the construction of toll roads. In Asia, China is the most advanced in the construction of toll roads. Based on data at Jasa Marga the country has 556 km of toll roads very much not proportional with the traffic density. There are 5 toll road projects now being built totaling 83.1 km. In Malaysia, which is much smaller than Indonesia, there are already 1,000 km toll road in operation, not to mention ones being built. In the wake of the 1997 crisis, many foreign contractors planned to build many toll road but none of them has been implemented. The foreign contractors demanded greater guarantee or investment protection, but Jasa Marga could not provide the protection asked by the contractors. The government, therefore, has to adopt a policy more favorable for contractors including in land clearing and tariff issues. Toll roads will create jobs for thousands of people and help revive other sectors such as cement industry, ceramic industry, steel industry.
Table - 1
Length of toll roads in Indonesia, 1998 - 2004

Year Jasa Marga Investor Total

1998 354 161 515
1999 354 161 515
2000 354 161 515
2001 354 161 515
2002 383 137 520
2003 386 142 528
2004 410 142 556

Source: Jasa Marga/Data Consult

Table - 2
Toll roads coming on line in 2004

Toll roads Length Investor/
 (Km) operator

1. Ja orawi Jakarta- 46.00 Jasa Marga, PT
2. Jakarta - Cengkareng 27.00 Jasa Marga, PT
 (JI Prof Sediyatmo)
3. Jakarta - Cikampek 74.00 Jasa Marga, PT
4. Cawan - Toman-Grogol-Pluit 39.26 Jasa Marga, PT
5. Padalarang - Cileunyi 46.58 Jasa Marga, PT
6. Semarang arteri (A, B & C) 18.80 Jasa Marga, PT
7. Surabaya - Gempol 42.00 Jasa Marga, PT
8. Belmera (Medan) 34.40 Jasa Marga, PT
9. Jakarta-Tangerang 34.60 Jasa Marga, PT
 (Tomang- West Tangerang &)
 Tangerang- West Tangerang
10. Cikunir - Cakung JLJ, PT *
 (JORR E2 + E3 + N) 8.80
11. Pd Pinang - Kp Rambutan JLJ, PT *
 (JORR S) 14.83
 Sub-total (Jasa Marga/BUMN) 386.27
13. Cawang - Tj Priok - 30.94 Citra Marga
 Tiga bridge Nusaphala
 (JI Wiyoto Wiyono)
14. Tangerang - Merak 72.45 Marga Mandalasakti
15. Surabaya - Gresik 20.05 Margabumi Matraraya
16. Tallo Lama bridge 1.00 Bosowa Marga
17. Soekarno- Hatta seaport- 10.36
 St. Abdullah Teuku
 Umar - Urip Sumohardjo
18. Pondok Aren-Bintaro 7.20 Bintaro Serpong
 Damai, PT
19. Cikampek-Purwakarta Utara 14.00 Jasa Marga, PT
Sub-total (private/consortium) 142.00

Total length 556.27

Toll roads Year coming
 on line

1. Ja orawi Jakarta- 1978
2. Jakarta - Cengkareng 1985
 (JI Prof Sediyatmo)
3. Jakarta - Cikampek 1988
4. Cawan - Toman-Grogol-Pluit 1989
5. Padalarang - Cileunyi 1991
6. Semarang arteri (A, B & C) 1983
7. Surabaya - Gempol 1986
8. Belmera (Medan) 1986
9. Jakarta-Tangerang ...
 (Tomang- West Tangerang &)
 Tangerang- West Tangerang
10. Cikunir - Cakung 1990
 (JORR E2 + E3 + N)
11. Pd Pinang - Kp Rambutan 1995/96
 Sub-total (Jasa Marga/BUMN)
13. Cawang - Tj Priok - 1990
 Tiga bridge
 (JI Wiyoto Wiyono)
14. Tangerang - Merak 1993
15. Surabaya - Gresik 1993
16. Tallo Lama bridge 1981

17. Soekarno- Hatta seaport-
 St. Abdullah Teuku
 Umar - Urip Sumohardjo
18. Pondok Aren-Bintaro 2000

19. Cikampek-Purwakarta Utara 2003
Sub-total (private/consortium)

Total length

*) Operated by subsidiary of Jasa Marga
(PT Jalantol Lingkarluar Jakarta)

Source: Jasa Marga/Data Consult

Table - 3
Joint operation without PKP

Investor Cooperation Income share
 projects of investor

Income sharing joint operation of toll road expansion:

PT Bangun Tjipta Sarana Cikampek-Cibitung 69%
 Cawang-Cibitung 41%
PT Adhika Prakarsatama Jakarta-Tangerang 27%

PT Royal Sental Highland Sentul Selatan 41%-20%
PT Lembah Golf Jagorawi Ramp G. Putri III 41%

Income sharing joint operation of toll roads with interchnages:

PT Suryacipta Swadaya Karawang Timur 4%-14%
PT Karabha Digdaya Cimanggis 37,5%

PT Indocement Tunggal Gunung Putri II 35%
PT Lippo Karawaci Karawang & Gerbang 17,5%
PT Jakartabaru Ext RampSTA 18 26,5%
 Cosmopolitan Jakarta-Tangerang

Joint operation of interchanges :

PT Megapolis Manunggal Cibitung -
PT Besland Pertiwi Kalihurip (Jkt- -
PT Wijaya Karya Cibubur -

Other joint operation:

Grant construction of interchange with compensation in free bill board

PT Mali i Permata Interchange -
Industrial Estate West Karawan
PT Pemban unan Deltamas East Cikaran -

Investor Cooperation

Income sharing joint operation of toll road expansion:

PT Bangun Tjipta Sarana 26 y from 1989
 25 y from 1994
PT Adhika Prakarsatama 18 y from 1994

PT Royal Sental Highland 9 y from 1995
PT Lembah Golf Jagorawi 8 y from 1997

Income sharing joint operation of toll roads with interchnages:

PT Suryacipta Swadaya 16,3 y from 1996
PT Karabha Digdaya Until loan full
PT Indocement Tunggal From 1992 until
 Perkasa loan paid up
PT Lippo Karawaci 10 y from 1997

PT Jakartabaru 3 y from 1999

Joint operation of interchanges :

PT Megapolis Manunggal 10 y from 1995
PT Besland Pertiwi 10 y from 1997

PT Wijaya Karya From 1998 until
 Fully paid up

Other joint operation:

Grant (construction of interchange with compensation in free bill board

PT Maligi Permata 2001-2005
 Industrial Estate
PT Pembangunan Deltamas 3 years

Source: Jasa Marga/Data Consult

Table - 4
Joint venture with (PKP)

Investor Toll roads Length
Toll roads already operating :

PT Citra Marga Nus. Cawan - Tg.Priok-Pluit 28.50
PT Marga Mandalasakti Tangrg-Merak-Phase I 34.20
 Tangrg-Merak-Phase II 38.25
PT Margabumi Matraraya Surabaya - Gresik 20.70
PT Bosowa marga Nus. Pelabuhan Laut Soekar- 10.36
 no Hatta-ST.Abdullah
 Teuku Umar-Uri S.

Toll road project being built :

PT Kresna Kusuma DM. Bekasi Timur-Cawang- 21.50
 Kampung Melayu

PT Margabumi Adhika R. Gempol - Pandaan 13.64

Projects not et built :

PT Citra Mar atama SS Waru - Tanjung 36.50
 Surabya Perak
PT Bukaka Marga Utama Ciawi - Sukabumi 53.50

Jakarta Outer Ring Road (JORR) :

PT Jalan Tol Lingkar Kb.Jeruk-Pdk.Pinang 57.00
 Luar Jakarta (JLJ) Pdk.Piang-Jagorawi
 Cikunir - Cakung -

Projects shelved and restudied :
PT Margaraya Jawa Tol Waru - Wonokromo - 18.40
 Tanjung Perak

Projects taken over by Jasa Marga
after termination of PKP :

PT Citra Bhakti MP. JORR section E2,E3,N 19.20
PT Citra Mataram SMP. JORR section W2 11.17
PT Citra Ganesha MN. Cikampek-Padalarang 59.00
PT Marga Mawatindo E. Semaran - Demak 25.00
PT Marga Nulyasumo A. Surabaya-Mojokerto 37.87
PT Marga Nurindo B. JORR section S & El 26.74

Investor Participation Concession
 (%) period
Toll roads already operating :

PT Citra Marga Nus. 17.79 1994-2023
PT Marga Mandalasakti 5.36 1990-2020
PT Margabumi Matraraya 6.47 1991-2016
PT Bosowa marga Nus. 10.00 1994-2024

Toll road project being built :

PT Kresna Kusuma DM. 10.00 since 32

PT Margabumi Adhika R. 15.00 since 22 y of
Projects not et built :

PT Citra Mar atama 15.00 since 33 of
 Surabya operation
PT Bukaka Marga Utama 20.00 27 y 8 mth
 since of
Jakarta Outer Ring Road (JORR) :

PT Jalan Tol Lingkar 99.00 since 35
 Luar Jakarta (JLJ) 2001

Projects shelved and restudied :
PT Margaraya Jawa Tol since 33 y
 of NTP

Projects taken over by Jasa Marga
after termination of PKP :

PT Citra Bhakti MP. 34.83 PKP cancel
PT Citra Mataram SMP. 15.00 PKP cancel
PT Citra Ganesha MN. 30.00 PKP cancel
PT Marga Mawatindo E. 8.33 PKP cancel
PT Marga Nulyasumo A. 16.00 PKP cancel
PT Marga Nurindo B. 10.00 PKP cancel

Source: Jasa Marga/Data Consult

Table - 5
Management contract cooperation

Investor Toll road Form of

PT Bintaro Serpong Pondok Aren - Management
 Damai Serpong contract

Investor Length Period of
 (Km) concession

PT Bintaro Serpong 7.25 1997-2024

Source: Jasa Marga/Data Consult

Table - 6
Toll road projects with (PKP)
Not yet implemented

Investor Toll road Length of Period of
 toll roads concession:

Projects under construction :

PT Jakarta Lingkar Kebon Jeruk - Rawa 9.76 1997-2027
 Barat Satu - Penjaringan

Projects not yet built :

PT Marga Setiapuritama Semarang - Batang 75.00 28 y since

Source: Jasa Marga/Data Consult

Table - 7
Toll road built in cooperation between Jasa Marga
and private companies

Toll roads Length Investor

Cawang- Tanjung Priok-Pluit 31 PT. Citra Marga Nusaphala
Pondok Aren- Serpong 7 PT. Bintaro Serpong Damai
Pondok Pinang - TMII 15 PT. Marga Nurindo Bhakti
JORR E2, E3 + N 9 PT. Citra Bakti Margatama
Tangerang - Merak 72 PT. Marga Mandala Sakti
Surabaya - Gresik 21 PT. Margabumi Matrajaya
Ujung Pandang 7 PT. Bosowa Marga Nusantara
Total 161

Source: PT Jasa Marga

Table - 8
Priority in toll road construction,

 Length Estimate of
No Toll roads (km) building

Priority I

1. JORR section W1 9.8 760
2. JORR section E2 and E3 12.8 739
3. Tanjung Priok access *) 12.1 3,200
4. Cikampek-Padalaran phase II 40.0 1,700
5. JORR section W1 8.4 282
 Subtotal 83.1 6,399.0

Priority II

1. JORR section W2 North 7.0 305
2. Gempol-Pasuruan ***) 32.0 1,286
3. Semaran-Bawen ***) 24.0 575
4. Cikampek-Palimanan ***) 114.0 4,328
5. Semaran-Demak 25.0 801
6. Medan-Binjai **) 20.5 636
7. Makasar Section 4 ** 11.0 412
8. Palembang -Indralaya 24.5 448
9. Surabaya-Madura 5.4 700
10. Cileunyi-Sumedang-Dawuan 23.4 1,641
 phase I **)
11. Pasirkoia-Soreang *) 15.0 400
12. Surabaya-Mojokerto 37.0 1,089
13. Waru (Aloha)-Wonokromo-Tg.Perak 18.4 2,704
14. SS Waru-Tg. Perak Tahap I 13.5 573
15. Cilegon-Bojanegara 10.0 275
16. Palimanan-Plumbon - 60
 (additional lane)
17. Expansion of Cibitung - 366
18. Expansion of Surabaya- - 140
19. Expansion of Sudyatmo - 410

 Subtotal 380.7 17,148

Priority III

1. Bekasi-Cawang-Kp Melayu 21.0 3,199
2. Depok-Antasari 18.2 1,084
3. Cikarang-Tg. Priok (part of 53.0 2,032
4. Cinere-Jagorawi (part of 14.0 780
5. JORR 2-other 90.0 6,344
6. Bogor Ring Road (phase I and 11.5 519
 II) ***)
7. Cirebon-Pejagan 34.0 1,237
8. Pejagan-Pemalang 56.0 2,343
9. Pemalang-Batang 35.0 1,404
10. Batang-Semarang 75.0 3,003
11. Bawen-Solo ***) 56.0 2,914
12. Solo-Mantingan 58.0 2,655
13. Mantingan-Ngawi 27.0 1,046
14. Ngawi-Kertosono 84.0 3,375
15. Kertosono-Mojokerto 38.0 1,532
16. SS-Waru-Tg. Perak phase II 23.0 587
17. Pasuruan-Probolinggo 40.0 1,613
18. Probolinggo-Banyuwangi 156.0 5,791
19. Gempol-Pandaan 14.0 437
20. Pandaan-Malang 30.0 1,457
21. Jogya-Solo 45.0 1,954
22. Cileunyi-Sumedang-Dawuan 32.6 2,282
 phase II
23. Ciawi-Sukabumi 54.0 3,180
24. Sukabumi-Ciranjang 31.0 1,398
25. Ciranjang-Padalarang 33.0 1,629
 Subtotal 1,129.3 53,794.4
 Total 1,593.1 77,341.0

 Estimate Estimate
Toll roads Land cost of
 (Rp bill.)

JORR section W 1 40.0 800.0
JORR section E2 and E3 11.0 750.0
 Tanjung Priok access *) 200.0 3,400.0
Cikampek-Padalaran phase II - 1,700.0
JORR section W1 42.0 324.0
Subtotal 251.0 6,650.0

JORR section W2 North 382.0 800.0
Gempol-Pasuruan ***) 176.0 1,462.0
Semaran-Bawen ***) 138.0 713.0
Cikampek-Palimanan ***) 1,985.0 6,312.6
Semaran-Demak 40.0 841.0
Medan-Binjai **) 328.0 964.0
Makasar Section 4 ** 24.2 436.0
Palembang -Indralaya 49.0 497.0
Surabaya-Madura - 700.0
Cileunyi-Sumedang-Dawuan 159.4 1,800.0
phase I **)
Pasirkoia-Soreang *) 120.0 520.0
Surabaya-Mojokerto 399.0 1,488.0
Waru (Aloha)-Wonokromo-Tg.Perak 403.0 3,107.0
SS Waru-Tg. Perak Tahap I 96.0 669.0
Cilegon-Bojanegara 125.0 400.0
Palimanan-Plumbon - 60.0
(additional lane)
Expansion of Cibitung - 366.0
Expansion of Surabaya- - 1,400.0
Expansion of Sudyatmo - 410.0

Subtotal 4,424.6 21,572.6

Bekasi-Cawang-Kp Melayu 449.0 3,648.0
Depok-Antasari 451.0 1,535.0
Cikarang-Tg. Priok (part of 268.0 2,300.0
Cinere-Jagorawi (part of 412.5 1,192.1
JORR 2-other 2500.0 8,843.9
Bogor Ring Road (phase I and 145.3 664.3
II) ***)
Cirebon-Pejagan 97.0 1,334.0
Pejagan-Pemalang 135.9 2,479.0
Pemalang-Batang 70.1 1,474.0
Batang-Semarang 187.5 3,190.0
Bawen-Solo ***) 211.1 3,125.0
Solo-Mantingan 193.5 2,849.0
Mantingan-Ngawi 54.1 1,100.0
Ngawi-Kertosono 253.7 3,629.0
Kertosono-Mojokerto 95.6 1,628.0
SS-Waru-Tg. Perak phase II 163.3 750.0
Pasuruan-Probolinggo 113.3 1,726.0
Probolinggo-Banyuwangi 294.5 6,085.0
Gempol-Pandaan 89.0 526.0
Pandaan-Malang 90.6 1,548.0
Jogya-Solo 15.8 1,970.0
Cileunyi-Sumedang-Dawuan 222.0 2,504.0
phase II
Ciawi-Sukabumi 596.0 2,504.0
Sukabumi-Ciranjang 85.1 1,483.0
Ciranjang-Padalarang 195.0 1,824.0
Subtotal 7,388.9 61,183.3
Total 12,064.5 89,405,9

Source: Office of PPN state ministerBappenas; *) Additional lane;
Under development:

**) Toll roads of Medan-Binjai and Makasar Section IV and
Cikampek-Sumedang-Dawuan Section I ready for tender

***) Toll roads of Cikampek-Palimanan, Semarang-Solo, Gempol-Pasuruan,
and Bogor Ring Road are in priority to be built.

Table - 9
Toll road projects to be nut in tender

Toll roads Length (Km) Location

Cikarang-Tj. Priok 53 Jakarta
Cileunyi-Sumedang-Dawuan 56 West Java
Medan-Binjai 20.5 North Sumatra
Depok-Antasari 18.2 West Java
Cinere-Jagorawi 14 Banten
Makassar section IV 11 South Sulawesi
Total 172.7

Source: Public Works Ministry

Table - 10
Toll road Investment Fund, 2004 - 2005

Description Toll roads Length Investment

Package I * Cipularang 68 Rp 3.021
 (Cikampek- Purwakarta- trillion

 * JORR W1, E2, E3 and N

Package II * JORR W2 Utara 294 Rp 11.6 trillion
 * Semarang - Bawen
 * Bawen - Solo
 * Cikampek - Cirebon
 * Cisumdawu (Cikampek-
 Sumedang-Dawuan) Phase I
 * Medan - Binjai

Package III * Palembang - Indralaya N.a. N.a.
 * Waru - Juanda

Source: PT. Jasa Marga

Table - 11
Cipularania II toll road project

Toll road sections Length Value
 (Km) (Rp billion)

- North Purwakarta - 9.1 155
 South Purwakarta
- South Purwakarta - 8.5 295
- Plered-Darangdang 6.3 352
 plus Ciujung bridge
- Plered-Cikalon Wetan 4.7 120
- Cisoman bride - 75
 (Plered-Cikalong Wetan)
- Cikalon Wetan-Cikamuning 5.5 106
- Cikubang bride - 140
 (Cikalong Wetan-Cikamuning)
- Cikubang-Cipada 2.5 236
- Cikalong wetan-Cikamuning 3.8 96

Toll road sections Contractor

- North Purwakarta - PT Mawatindo
 South Purwakarta
- South Purwakarta - PT Adhi Karya
- Plered-Darangdang PT Wakita - Yasa JO
 plus Ciujung bridge
- Plered-Cikalon Wetan PT Nindya Karya
- Cisoman bride PT L&M System
 (Plered-Cikalong Wetan)
- Cikalon Wetan-Cikamuning PT Daya Mulia Turangga
- Cikubang bride PT Propelar
 (Cikalong Wetan-Cikamuning)
- Cikubang-Cipada PT Hutama Karya
- Cikalong wetan-Cikamuning PT Sumber Mitra Jaya -
 Ircon International

Source: Jasa Marga/Data Consult

Table - 12
Traffic volume in nine toll roads of Jasa Marga

('000 travels)

Toll-roads 1998 1999 2000

Jagorawi 74,278 79,585 87,527
Semarang 15,262 18,930 20,781
Jakarta - Tanggerang 58,917 64,877 72,443
Surabaya - Gempol -
-Surabaya - Gempol 40,754 45,476 51,001
- Mojokerto toll bridge 7,516 7,731 8,358
Belmera Medan 8,928 10,316 11,918
Jakarta - Cikampek 86,599 92,043 102,078
Cawang - Tomang -
-Interchanges in Jakarta 107,759 121,790 139,874
-Pof.Dr.Ir. Sedyatmo 28,658 32,513 40,429
Padalarang - Cileunyi -
-Padalarang - Cileunyi - 29,488 32,321 36,385
- Citarum toll bridge 7,363 7,302 7,866
Palimanan - Kanci 2,330 2,885 3,585
JORR - Section E2 **) - - -
JORR - Section S **) - - -
Total 468,216 515,769 582,247

Toll-roads 2001 2002 2003 *

Jagorawi 94,099 100,192 25,565
Semarang 22,179 21,901 5,231
Jakarta - Tanggerang 75,842 84,337 21,903
Surabaya - Gempol -
-Surabaya - Gempol 55,154 58,030 14,401
- Mojokerto toll bridge 8,700 9,055 2,205
Belmera Medan 12,837 13,884 3,520
Jakarta - Cikampek 105,701 107,867 25,109
Cawang - Tomang -
-Interchanges in Jakarta 152,435 166,290 42,936
-Pof.Dr.Ir. Sedyatmo 46,933 54,798 15,281
Padalarang - Cileunyi -
-Padalarang - Cileunyi - 39,096 41,148 10,164
- Citarum toll bridge 8,125 8,593 2,061
Palimanan - Kanci 5,590 7,608 2,158
JORR - Section E2 **) - - 2,150
JORR - Section S **) - - 10,201
Total 626,691 673,704 182,888

*) in 3 months

**) Operated by subsidiary of Jasa Marga, PT JLJ

Source: Jasa Marga/Data Consult

Table - 13
Tariffs of some toll roads, since June , 2003

Toll roads Length
 (Km) Class II

Closed system ;

Jakarta - Cikampek :
- Tariff for total length 74,00 6,500
 Tariff Per Km 87.84
Padaleunyi :
- Tariff for total length 35,00 4,000
 Tariff Per Km 114.29
Surabaya - Gempol
(Waru - Gempol section)
- Tariff for Total length 26.00 2,500
 Tariff Per Km 96.15
Belmera :
- Tariff for total length 36.00 3,000
 Tariff Per Km 83.33
Tangerang - Merak :
- Tariff for total length 72.45 12,500
 Tariff Per Km 172.53
Surabaya - Gresik
- Tariff for total length 19.40 5,000
 Tariff Per Km 257.73

Open system ;

Jakarta - Tangerang :
- Tomang-West Tangerang 26.80 2,500
 Tariff Per Km 117.10
- Tangrng - West Tangrng 7.80 1,000
 Tariff for total length 175.44
Palikanci :
- Palimanan-Plumbon 6.57 1,000
 Tariff Per Km 152.21
- Plumbon - Ciperna 8.70 1,500
 Tariff Per Km 172.41
- Ciperna - Kanci 13.57 2,500
 Tariff Per Km 184.23
Jakarta city toll road :
 Tariff for total length 55.90 4,000
 Tariff Per Km 314.96
Surabaya - Gempol
(Dupak - Waru) : 17.00 1.500
Ujung Pandang :
 Tariff for total length 5.95 1,500
 Tariff Per Km 252.10
Serpong - Pondok Aren :
 Tariff for total length 7.20 2,500
 Tariff Per Km 347.22
Semarang :
- Section A Krapyak-Jatingaleh 8.00 1,000
 Tariff Per Km 125.00
- Section B Srondol-Jatingaleh 6.30 1,000
 Tariff Per Km 158.73
- Section C Kaligawe-Gy Sari 4.50 1,000

Toll roads Tariff (Rp/car) Year
 Class IIA Class IIB

Closed system ;

Jakarta - Cikampek :
- Tariff for total length 11,000 13,000 1992
 Tariff Per Km 146.65 175.68
Padaleunyi :
- Tariff for total length 6,500 7,500 2003
 Tariff Per Km 185.71 214.29
Surabaya - Gempol
(Waru - Gempol section)
- Tariff for Total length 4,000 5,000 2003
 Tariff Per Km 153.85 192.31
Belmera :
- Tariff for total length 5,000 5,500 2003
 Tariff Per Km 138.89 152.78
Tangerang - Merak :
- Tariff for total length 16,500 22,000 2003
 Tariff Per Km 241.55 303.66
Surabaya - Gresik
- Tariff for total length 7,000 10,000 2003
 Tariff Per Km 360.82 515.46

Open system ;

Jakarta - Tangerang :
- Tomang-West Tangerang 3,000 4,000 2003
 Tariff Per Km 140.52 187.35
- Tangrng - West Tangrng 1,000 1,000
 Tariff for total length 175.44 175.44 2003
Palikanci :
- Palimanan-Plumbon 1,500 2,000 2003
 Tariff Per Km 228.31 304.41
- Plumbon - Ciperna 2,000 2,500
 Tariff Per Km 229.89 287.36 2003
- Ciperna - Kanci 3,000 4,500
 Tariff Per Km 221.08 331.61 2003
Jakarta city toll road :
 Tariff for total length 5,000 6,500 2003
 Tariff Per Km 39,370 511.81
Surabaya - Gempol
(Dupak - Waru) : 2,000 2,500 2003
Ujung Pandang :
 Tariff for total length 2,000 2,500 2003
 Tariff Per Km 336.13 420.17
Serpong - Pondok Aren :
 Tariff for total length 4,500 5,500 2003
 Tariff Per Km 625.00 763.89
Semarang :
- Section A Krapyak-Jatingaleh 1,000 1,500 2003
 Tariff Per Km 125.00 187.50
- Section B Srondol-Jatingaleh 1,000 1,500 2003
 Tariff Per Km 158.73 238.10
- Section C Kaligawe-Gy Sari 1,500 2,000 2003
 333.33 444.44

Source: Jasa Marga/Data Consult
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Comment:Toll road priority in infrastructure development program.(INDUSTRY PROFILE)
Publication:Indonesian Commercial Newsletter
Geographic Code:9INDO
Date:Feb 8, 2005
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