Thorvald Steen. "Don Carlos" and "Giovanni.".Thorvald Steen. "Don Carlos" and "Giovanni." Trans. James Anderson. Green Integer, 2004. 375 pp. Paper: $13.95.
These two short novels take the form of letters written by Giovanni Graciani, an Italian emigre living in Argentina, to his brother Roberto. Don Carlos, set in 1833, introduces us to Giovanni, who is living hand-to-mouth as a shipyard worker in Buenos Aires. While the city is consumed by civil war, he finds an acquaintance and later a benefactor in a naturalist known as Don Carlos. Carlos turns out to be the young Charles Darwin, whose earnest scientific inquiries serve as a foil for Giovanni's increasingly vitriolic ruminations on personal and national destinies. Giovanni picks up the story several years later, after Argentina has been taken over by the dictatorship of Juan Manuel de Rosas Juan Manuel de Rosas (born Juan Manuel José Domingo Ortiz de Rozas y López de Osornio, 1793-1877) was a conservative Argentine politician who ruled Argentina from 1829 to 1852. Rosas was one of the first famous caudillos in Latin America. . Implicated in a foiled assassination Assassination
See also Murder.
Fanatical Moslem sect that smoked hashish and murdered Crusaders (11th—12th centuries). [Islamic Hist.: Brewer Note-Book, 52]
conspirator and assassin of Julius Caesar. [Br. attempt on Rosas, Giovanni writes a second letter as he awaits capture. Steen's protagonist evokes both Borges and Sartre's Roquentin as he contemplates human idealism and the everyday brutality that belies it. Steen's choice of form is by no means incidental. Giovanni's letters juxtapose jux·ta·pose
tr.v. jux·ta·posed, jux·ta·pos·ing, jux·ta·pos·es
To place side by side, especially for comparison or contrast. anecdote and history, lyricism and violence, to startling effect. "There is something about Don Carlos I find almost moving," he observes at one point. "While total chaos reigns in the world about him, he collects, sorts and classifies his finds." But the world Darwin classifies is no place for the likes of Giovanni: "I began to think of the cactus that feeds on itself like a flame. Burnt out and dry, it blooms. I am no cactus." Giovanni's fitness to survive is questionable, but his alternately ranting and resigned musings in this provocative pair of epistolary e·pis·to·lar·y
1. Of or associated with letters or the writing of letters.
2. Being in the form of a letter: epistolary exchanges.
3. novels have a staying power all their own. [Pedro Ponce]