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The world's hungriest countries.

Drought drought, abnormally long period of insufficient rainfall. Drought cannot be defined in terms of inches of rainfall or number of days without rain, since it is determined by such variable factors as the distribution in time and area of precipitation during and before  is the single largest cause of food shortages in the world. But human-made factors such as war create refugees Individuals who leave their native country for social, political, or religious reasons, or who are forced to leave as a result of any type of disaster, including war, political upheaval, and famine.  and internally displaced displaced

see displacement.
 people. In some countries, large numbers of people are made homeless, or displaced, by armed conflict or natural disasters. These people are unable to farm the land or are cut off from their traditional sources of food. Hunger Hunger

A term most commonly used to refer to the subjective feelings that accompany the need for food; however, the study of this topic has come to include consideration of the overall control of food intake.
 is particularly hard on the young, and leads to high death rates for children. The chart below lists some of the countries with the highest percentages of undernourished people, their mortality rates for children under 5, and some of their greatest challenges to food security.


1. The nations with the highest percentages of undernourished people are located on which continent continent, largest unit of landmasses on the earth. The continents include Eurasia (conventionally regarded as two continents, Europe and Asia), Africa, North America, South America, Australia, and Antarctica. ? --

2. Which is the only nation in the Western Hemisphere Western Hemisphere

Part of Earth comprising North and South America and the surrounding waters. Longitudes 20° W and 160° E are often considered its boundaries.
 listed on the chart? --

3. How many years has Afghanistan Afghanistan (ăfgăn`ĭstăn', ăfgän'ĭstän`), officially Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, republic (2005 est. pop. 29,929,000), 249,999 sq mi (647,497 sq km), S central Asia.  been affected by conflict? --

4. According to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.

2. In keeping with: according to instructions.

 the chart, which nation has the highest percentage of its population living below the poverty line? --

5. According to the chart, which nation has the highest mortality rate among children 5-years-old or younger? --

6. War has displaced nearly 2 million people in which African nation? --

7. What actions by governments and groups in the chart have led to Africa's hunger crisis? --

8. Of the human-made and natural causes for world hunger, which do you think poses the greatest threat? Explain your answer. --

9. What can you infer about the social infrastructure of the nations represented on the chart? Explain your answer. --

10. Why do you think no European European

emanating from or pertaining to Europe.

European bat lyssavirus
see lyssavirus.

European beech tree

European blastomycosis
see cryptococcosis.
 nations are listed on the chart? --
COUNTRY          % Under-         Under 5      Threats to Food
               nourished (1)   Mortality (2)       Security

Congo              75              205        * 1.7 million displaced
 (Democratic                                    by war, millions more
 Republic)                                      cut off from
                                                traditional sources of
Somalia            71              225        * natural resources
                                                destroyed by civil war,
                                                drought, and floods;
                                                350,000 displaced.
Burundi            70              190        * 490,000 displaced by
                                                military conflicts;
                                                drought threatens
Eritrea            61              111        * drought afflicts half
                                                the country; over a
                                                million farmers
                                                displaced by Ethiopian
Mozambique         53              197        * irregular rains or
                                                drought, severe crop
                                                failure; 70% in
                                                poverty; 13% infected
                                                by HIV/AIDS.
Zambia             50              202        * ongoing drought and
                                                poor harvests; 21% with
                                                HIV/AIDS; about 70%
                                                live below poverty
Sierra Leone       50              316        * 750,000 displaced from
                                                a decade of civil war.

Tajikistan         71              116        * 500,000 displaced by
                                                civil war; 66% of
                                                population below
                                                poverty line.
Afghanistan        70              257        * worst drought in 30
                                                years; 26 years of
                                                conflict; 4.3 million
                                                without sufficient
                                                access to food.

Haiti              49              123        * 80% live in poverty;
                                                47% of children under
                                                5 moderately or
                                                severely stunted.

(1) For the period 1999-2001

(2) Deaths per 1,000 births, 2001

SOURCES: The State of Food Insecurety in the World 2003, United Nations
Food and Agriculture Organisation; UN World Food Program; U.S.
Committee on Refugees


1. Africa

2. Haiti Haiti (hā`tē), Fr. Haïti (äētē`), officially Republic of Haiti, republic (2005 est. pop. 8,122,000), 10,700 sq mi (27,713 sq km), West Indies, on the western third of the island of Hispaniola.  

3. 26 years

4. Haiti

5. Sierra Leone Sierra Leone (sēĕr`ə lēō`nē, lēōn`; sēr`ə lēōn), officially Republic of Sierra Leone, republic (2005 est. pop. 6,018,000), 27,699 sq mi (71,740 sq km), W Africa.  

6. Congo Congo, river, Africa
Congo (kŏng`gō) or Zaïre (zī`ēr, zäēr`), great river of equatorial Africa, c.
 (Democratic Republic)

7. military conflicts, civil war, poverty, HIV/AIDS HIV/AIDS Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome  

8. Answers will vary.

9. Answers will vary, but may cite weak infrastructures.

10. Answers will vary. Students may cite less severe climate and stronger infrastructures and economies.
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Publication:Junior Scholastic
Geographic Code:5HAIT
Date:Mar 8, 2004
Previous Article:Test your map skills: hunger in Africa.
Next Article:Famines through history.

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