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The significance of school libraries in the educational development of students: the case of Novena University Staff School, Kwale, Delta State, Nigeria.


Children and their teachers need library resources and the expertise of a librarian (1) A person who works in the data library and keeps track of the tapes and disks that are stored and logged out for use. Also known as a "file librarian" or "media librarian." See data library.

(2) See CA-Librarian.
 to succeed. School libraries help teachers teach children (Keith Keith may refer to:

People with the given name Keith:
  • Keith (given name)
People with the surname Keith:
  • Keith (surname)
In places:
  • The Barony of Keith in East Lothian Scotland, its caput being Keith Marischal.
 2004). A school library is an academic library that supports school programs as well as the teaching and learning process. School libraries serve students by providing materials to meet their various needs and encouraging reading and the use of libraries (Clark 1999). Martin (2000) notes that "research shows that the reading scores for students in schools that focus on improving their library programs are, on average of eight to twenty one percent, higher than similar schools with no such development." Adomi (2006) stresses the importance of adequate collections.

School libraries help children to discover for themselves by independent study and learning how to ask questions. This study assesses the educational development of students and library use by students and the problems encountered. The population for the study is students from the Novena novena (nōvē`nə) [Lat.,=a group of nine], in the Roman Catholic Church, primarily a series of public or private prayers extending over nine consecutive days, especially nine days preceding a feast. They often carry an indulgence.  University staff school. Novena University is a private university in Novena University Ogume, Delta State Delta State is a state in Nigeria, named for the Niger Delta. The state borders Edo State, Ondo State , Imo State, Anambra State and Bayelsa State. In the south west and south it has approximately 122 kilometres of coastline bounded by the Bight of Benin on the Atlantic ocean. , Nigeria Nigeria (nījĭr`ēə), officially Federal Republic of Nigeria, republic (2006 provisional pop. 140,003,542), 356,667 sq mi (923,768 sq km), W Africa. , which was opened in 2005. Secondary students in the university's staff school were surveyed to find their experience with and views on library service.


A questionnaire was used to gather data for this study. Questionnaires were administered to 200 students of Novena University staff school, with 198 returned.

Findings and Discussion

Responses were fairly evenly divided by gender, with males having a slight majority.

The largest number of respondents In the context of marketing research, a representative sample drawn from a larger population of people from whom information is collected and used to develop or confirm marketing strategy.  were aged between 15 and 16.

A majority of respondents were from Senior Secondary 2 at 126 (63%). This could be the result of availability of students at the time of the study.

The vast majority of students (81%) say that they use the library.

Less than one quarter of respondents use the library frequently, with nearly three quarters using it occasionally.

A clear majority feel that using the school library helps students be academically better.

More than 80 percent of respondents find the library's resources inadequate.

Response to this question is mixed, with nearly one-third undecided, and a quarter thinking it "false."

Most respondents feel that the library does not provide materials that augment aug·ment  
v. aug·ment·ed, aug·ment·ing, aug·ments
1. To make (something already developed or well under way) greater, as in size, extent, or quantity:

Nearly 80 percent of respondents find that the library does not satisfy their educational needs.

Nearly all respondents are not provided audiovisual See A/V.  materials by the library.

A similar large majority find that there is not enough reading room in the library.

More than three quarters of respondents say that there is not professional librarian.

Distance to the library is not a problem for almost 90 percent of respondents.

Only 14 percent of respondents always get the information they need at the library.

Conclusion and Recommendations

The survey shows that most students who responded are not satisfied with the services and collections of their school library. The literature demonstrates the importance of a good school library in students' academic achievement. Based on the importance and the benefits of the school library to both staff and the students, the author has the following recommendations:

* The school library should have a professional librarian to render (1) To make visible; to draw. The term comes from the graphics world where a rendering is an artist's drawing of what a new structure would look like. In computer-aided design (CAD), a rendering is a particular view of a 3D model that has been converted into a realistic image.  effective services to staff and students

* The teacher/librarian should organize orientation, films, exhibitions, and displays to create awareness of the library service to users.

* The library should take steps to enhance its collections and resources with material for both staff and students that meets their educational needs and developments and augments classroom teachings.

* Students need audiovisual materials as well as print and other formats.

* The library should provide adequate recreational and information materials to arouse student interest

* The library should provide adequate reading and study space.


Adomi, E.E. (2006). Collection development and management in context. Warri Warri (wô`rē), city (1991 est. pop. 111,000), S Nigeria, a port on the Warri River. It is a transshipment point where oceangoing vessels meet Niger River boats. : Etodick Publishers.

Clarke Clarke   , Arthur Charles Born 1917.

British writer, scientist, and underwater explorer noted for his stories of space exploration. His works include 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968).
, S.O. (1999). Fundamentals of library science. Lagos Lagos, city, Nigeria
Lagos (lā`gŏs, lä`gôs), city (1991 est. pop. 1,274,000), SW Nigeria, on the Gulf of Guinea. It comprises the island of Lagos.
: Functional publishers.

Keith, C.L. (2004) the impact of school media centers on academic achievements. Available:

Martin, B.A. (1996). The relationship of school library media center collections, expenditures, staffing, and services to student academic achievement. (Doctoral dissertation dis·ser·ta·tion  
A lengthy, formal treatise, especially one written by a candidate for the doctoral degree at a university; a thesis.


, Auburn University Auburn University, main campus at Auburn, Ala.; land-grant and state supported; opened 1859 as East Alabama Male College, reorganized 1872 as the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Alabama; became coeducational 1892; renamed Alabama Polytechnic Institute 1899, ).

Queenette Udoh-Ilomechine

Novena University Library

Ogume, Delta State, Nigeria
Table I: Gender of respondents

Sex      No. of respondent   % of respondents

Male     108                 55%
Female   90                  45%
Total    198                 100%

Table II: Age of respondents

Age       No. of respondents   % of respondents

10 - 12   -                    0%
12 - 14   44                   22%
15 - 16   124                  63%
17 - 18   30                   15%
Total     198                  100%

Table III: Class

Class                No. of respondents   % of respondents

Senior Secondary 3   46                   23%
Senior Secondary 2   126                  63%
Senior Secondary 1   26                   14%
Total                198                  100%

Table IV: Do you use the library?

User        No. of respondent   % of respondents

Yes         160                 81%
No          36                  18%
Undecided   2                   1%
Total       196                 100%

Table V: How often do you use the library?

frequency      No. of respondents   % of respondents

Frequently     46                   23%
Occasionally   146                  73%
Not at all     6                    4%
Total          198                  100%

Table VI: Do you think that those who use the library are
academically better or worst than those who do not?

Response    No. of respondents   % of respondents

Better      134                  67%
Worst       52                   26%
Undecided   12                   7%
Total       198                  100%

Table VII: Does the school library provide adequate recreational and
information materials for students?

Response    No. of respondents   % of respondents

Yes         28%                  14%
No          162                  81%
Undecided   8                    5%
Total       198                  100%

Table VIII: True or False: The school library plays a very important
role in the development of students' reading habits.

Response    No. of respondents   % of respondents

TRUE        84                   42%
FALSE       50                   25%
Undecided   64                   33%
Total       198                  100%

Table IX: Does the school library provide materials to augment
classroom teaching?

Response    No. of respondents   % of respondents

Yes         24                   12%
No          128                  64%
Undecided   46                   24%
Total       198                  100%

Table X: Is the school library able to satisfy your educational needs?

Response        No. of respondents      % of respondents
Yes     38      19%
No      158     80%
Undecided       2       1%
Total   198     100%

Table XI: Does your school library provide audiovisual materials?

Response    No of respondents    % of respondents

Yes         8                    5%
No          188                  94%
Undecided   2                    1%
Total       198                  100%

Table XII: Do you have enough reading room?

Response    No. of respondents   % of respondents

Yes         8                    5%
No          190                  95%
Undecided   0                    0%
Total       190                  100%

Table XIII: Does your library have a professional as a librarian?

Response    No. of respondents   % of respondents

Yes         44                   23%
No          152                  76%
Undecided   2                    1%
Total       198                  100%

Table XIV: Does the distance affect your visit to the library?

Response    No. of respondents   % of respondents

Yes         20                   11%
No          178                  89%
Undecided   0                    0%
Total       198                  100%

Table XV: Do you always get the information you need in the library?

Response    No. of respondents   % of respondents

Yes         26%                  14%
No          172%                 86%
Undecided   0%                   0%
Total       198                  100%
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Author:Udoh-Ilomechine, Queenette
Publication:Library Philosophy and Practice
Article Type:Report
Geographic Code:6NIGR
Date:Aug 1, 2008
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