The importance of an internship component in a liberal arts major.
Allowing students to gain knowledge outside the classroom enables them to use their liberal arts liberal arts, term originally used to designate the arts or studies suited to freemen. It was applied in the Middle Ages to seven branches of learning, the trivium of grammar, logic, and rhetoric, and the quadrivium of arithmetic, geometry, astronomy, and music. background of logic, ethics, sociology, history, and literature and apply it to their chosen field. This is usually what is meant by being liberally educated. In keeping with this philosophy, a new Communications major was developed with an internship internship /in·tern·ship/ (in´tern-ship) the position or term of service of an intern in a hospital.
n the course work or practicum conducted in a professional dental clinic. component as a requirement. With the rising popularity of the Communications major, an internship database was developed to assist students in securing work-study. The development of the major, the database, and the role, significance and success of the internship are discussed.
Pace University is a private university made up of six undergraduate and graduate schools and colleges--The Dyson College of Arts and Sciences, The Lienhard School of Nursing, The Lubin School of Business The Joseph I. Lubin School of Business is the business school of Pace University. It was named after Joseph I. Lubin, an alumnus and benefactor of the school. The school was established in 1906 as the Pace School of Accountancy to prepare men and women for the CPA exam. , The School of Computer Science and Information Systems, The School of Education, and the Law School. The environments of Pace are richly varied. There are two distinct campuses--The New York city New York City: see New York, city.
New York City
City (pop., 2000: 8,008,278), southeastern New York, at the mouth of the Hudson River. The largest city in the U.S. campus situated in the heart of Manhattan's Wall Street district and the Westchester County campus which embodies both the Lubin Graduate Center and Law School in White Plains, New York For other places with the same name, see White Plains (disambiguation).
White Plains is a city in south-central Westchester County, New York, about 4 miles (6 km) east of the Hudson River and , a thriving business community, and the small town Pleasantville/Briarcliff campus.
Pace is situated in the heart of a community which has a number of institutions requiring Communications professionals such as CBS News CBS News is the news division of American television and radio network CBS. Its current president is Sean McManus who is also head of CBS Sports. Current productions
Current television shows
in full Music Television
U.S. cable television network, established in 1980 to present videos of musicians and singers performing new rock music. MTV won a wide following among rock-music fans worldwide and greatly affected the popular-music business. , MSNBC MSNBC Microsoft/National Broadcasting Company , 1010 WINS AM radio, and Conde Nast Publications all offering internships. Young people expect jobs or career changes more often than did their parents. Many see education in life-long habits of learning as the better preparation for working in an economy and a society in flux. The hallmarks of Dyson College and its learning balances address these expectations directly. A bold articulation and implementation of these balances will draw such students to Dyson College, increasing and stabilizing enrollment of the University as a whole. A degree from Pace University, known for excellence in arts and sciences and sensitivity to career imperatives, will be seen as more attractive, expansive, relevant and progressive if students take advantage of all that Pace offers them.
With the multimedia trend increasing, the expectancy is for communication professionals to be experts in the technology wave of the future and understand how to effectively communicate using the new tools that are available. An internship in this field would offer the expertise needed to venture into this new technology and will provide the relevant background skills. An internship of 3-6 credits has recently become a requirement for the major in Communications. Previously, students were encouraged, not required to take an internship. Because of this new requirement, it has been necessary to develop a structured and standardized standardized
pertaining to data that have been submitted to standardization procedures.
standardized morbidity rate
see morbidity rate.
standardized mortality rate
see mortality rate. system for supplying students with the information necessary to apply for, interview, and evaluate the internship. A system was also created to monitor and direct the student while he or she is working away from the classroom.
Development of the Communications Major
Popularity of the Communications Major
According to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.
2. In keeping with: according to instructions.
3. the U.S. Department of Labor's Occupational Outlook Handbook, jobs in the Communications field will increase between 21 and 35 percent by 2008. The career options available to a student with a Communications degree are many and varied. Due to the growth and changes in the Communications industry communications industry, broadly defined, the business of conveying information. Although communication by means of symbols and gestures dates to the beginning of human history, the term generally refers to mass communications. , Pace University Pleasantville faculty felt it was important to create a stand-alone Communications major. Prior to Fall 2000, the Communications major had been paired with an English major The English Major (alternatively English concentration, B.A. in English) is a term for an undergraduate university degree in the United States and a few other countries which focuses on the study of literature in the English language (the term may also be used to describe a student . Mirroring the industry occupational outlook, the Communications major at Pace has seen a steady increase in enrollment since its implementation. During the first year of the Communications major (2000), enrollment was 60 students. Since that time enrollment has increased by 20 percent and is expected to increase by at least 60 percent over the next five years. In response to this increase, the Fall 2003 semester se·mes·ter
One of two divisions of 15 to 18 weeks each of an academic year.
[German, from Latin (cursus) s will see the addition of a Communications Arts and Journalism major.
The Communications Major
The Communications major was developed with several concepts in mind including enrichment, practicality, enjoyment, career preparation, and disciplined intellectual effort. The practicality component of the major proposes the careful, reflective reading of literature to deepen the students' appreciation of life and sharpen the perception of how language is used. Practicality involves the translation of reading, writing, speaking, and thinking skills students gain in their courses to effective real world communication abilities. The enjoyment segment of the major allows students an opportunity to work with committed teachers whose love of language and Communications is evident in their scholarship, their teaching, and their extra-curricular pursuits. Career preparation is essential to any major and the Communications major (and minor) provides a solid foundation for any career that requires an ability to read, write, think, and analyze. Moreover, the Communications program Software that manages the transmission of data between computers, typically via modem and the serial port. Such programs were very popular for connecting to BBSs before the Internet took off. provides a much needed humanistic hu·man·ist
1. A believer in the principles of humanism.
2. One who is concerned with the interests and welfare of humans.
a. A classical scholar.
b. A student of the liberal arts. preparation for professions such as law, medicine, business, and public service. Disciplined intellectual effort is evident in the Communications program. The program requires that students take courses and develop habits of mind necessitating disciplined intellectual effort that they will carry over into adult life. Finally, the critical thinking they develop as a Communications major/minor is emphasized on entrance examinations for graduate and professional schools.
Importance of Internship Component
The Role of the Internship
Allowing students to gain knowledge outside the classroom enables them to use their liberal arts background of logic, ethics, sociology, history, and literature and apply it to their chosen field. Pace believes that this is what is meant by being liberally educated. A student is allowed to take what has been learned in the classroom and apply that knowledge in the field. Students then make the connection to what they have been taught to how they will use it. John Dewey believes that "all genuine education comes through experience" (Kraft & Kielsmeir, 1995, p. 10). According to Jackson and Caffarella (1994), "The field based components of a program, such as internships, should become as important or in some cases the primary focus in many formal programs" (p. 90). In its simplest form, experiential ex·pe·ri·en·tial
Relating to or derived from experience.
ex·peri·en learning means learning from experience or learning by doing. Its intent is to encourage learners to develop new skills, attitudes, or new ways of thinking. Experiential learning allows students to link learning and thinking with doing.
Students must then play an active role in their learning. Not only do students pick up knowledge of the industry in which they will one day be employed; they also learn social interaction skills and personal growth. In an internship setting, it is the job of learners to analyze and synthesize To create a whole or complete unit from parts or components. See synthesis. information as it is occurring around them. They are not given information freely as is done in the academic arena. The experiential learning is effective if the student comes away with the education that was intended. A study of students at Loyola College conducted by Ciafalo (1992), found that "85% agree that internships gave them a feeling for what it's like to be a Communications professional; 83% agree that their work as interns This article or section is written like an .
Please help [ rewrite this article] from a neutral point of view.
Mark blatant advertising for , using . made a significant contribution to the company's mission; and 77% agreed that their bosses treated them like entry level professionals" (p. 40).
Significance of Internships
Caela Farren, founder and CEO (1) (Chief Executive Officer) The highest individual in command of an organization. Typically the president of the company, the CEO reports to the Chairman of the Board. of career development consulting firm Noun 1. consulting firm - a firm of experts providing professional advice to an organization for a fee
business firm, firm, house - the members of a business organization that owns or operates one or more establishments; "he worked for a MasteryWorks believes students who have practical work experience and can step in and produce results will be more attractive to recruiters and hiring managers. According to Farren, "Young people need to get more real-life experience that goes hand-in-hand with educational experiences through internships and co-ops" (http://www.naceweb.org/events/Mgt_TechForum2003/brochures.htm).
Another testament to Farren's ideas can be seen in Meeske's (1992) findings, "Nearly all of the radio-television departments polled (a survey of 319 institutional members of the Broadcast Education Association) in a recent nationwide survey say they offer a professional internship program" (p. 77). The Cooperative Education
The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view and Internship Association (2002) conducted a survey of colleges and universities that have internship/cooperative education programs to determine the trends that have emerged since 1998. Findings indicated that 42% of students accepted full-time positions with their cooperative education/internship providers. This is up 33% from 1998. Survey respondents indicated they worked with a combined 16,540 in business and industry, 4,409 in government, and 5,081 in nonprofit community organizations. Since 1998, government involvement increased 10% and nonprofit employers decreased 34% (http://www.ceiainc.org/). The latest figures from the National Association of Colleges and Employers This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling.
You can assist by [ editing it] now. (NACE NACE National Association of Colleges and Employers (Bethlehem, PA)
NACE National Association of Corrosion Engineers
NACE National Association of Catering Executives
NACE National Association of County Engineers ) indicate that 55% of new hires in 1999 to 2000 had internship experience. In addition, nearly 80% of employers offered internships and 25% of those converted their interns to full time employees (http://www.naceweb.org).
Internships at Pace
In designing the new Communications major at Pace University, faculty strongly felt an internship component should be a requirement. As part of that requirement, advisors meet with each student individually to determine their career path. Professors advise students on which internship will benefit them and then direct them into their chosen field. During the advisement Deliberation; consultation.
A court takes a case under advisement after it has heard the arguments made by the counsel of opposing sides in the lawsuit but before it renders its decision.
ADVISEMENT. process, professors stress the benefits of an internship citing invaluable contacts, connections and real-life experience. Professors also connect students with alumni in their field of interest. The Communications department also offers networking activities for students and informs them of career fairs offered by the University, as well as outside organizations such as Women in Communications.
The Internship Database
Development of Database
Two students workers were employed to develop the internship database. One student served as a liaison among the English end Communications Department and the Pace Co-operative Education and Career Services departments. This student was responsible for sending various mailings to prospective internship sites and processing all incoming mail from those sites. The same student was also responsible for inputting collected data for later webpage construction. A second student developed the webpages and created the website. Website features include a searchable internship database, links to campus Co-Operative Education and Career Services, links to other internship websites, and a student registration page. A link from the Communications department homepage to the internship database was also added.
When students enter the internship database, they are prompted with a popup screen asking them to fill out a registration form before logging in A colloquial term for the process of making the initial record of the names of individuals who have been brought to the police station upon their arrest.
The process of logging in is also called booking. . This window also contains a reminder to check with an advisor before registering for the internship. The registration page was created as a way to monitor student use of the database. After registering, students are then directed to a page that provides guidelines for securing an internship. These guidelines include researching a field of interest to applying for an internship. This page also includes buttons for major Communications fields where internships are available such as radio, public relations public relations, activities and policies used to create public interest in a person, idea, product, institution, or business establishment. By its nature, public relations is devoted to serving particular interests by presenting them to the public in the most , advertising, television, film, publication and a category for miscellaneous internships. Once a student clicks on a button of interest, a page appears with contact information and links detailing available internships. Once a student clicks on an internship company name, basic information about the internship is provided including whether or not a stipend sti·pend
A fixed and regular payment, such as a salary for services rendered or an allowance.
[Middle English stipendie, from Old French, from Latin st is offered, the number of hours required, and internship duties. Often a brief description of the company and/or a link to the company's website is also given on this page. Links are updated each semester. The internship database is located at http://appserv.pace.edu/execute/page.cfm?doc_id=3762.
Monitoring Students On-line Using Blackboard
Students are monitored and are able to stay in touch with their professors while in the field using the distance learning technology of Blackboard. In addition, students are able to discuss their internship experiences on-line with other students who are enrolled in an internship the same semester. This technology allows students to post to discussion boards and share concerns with fellow students in the field. The professor can than monitor the student and answer any questions and/or concerns that may arise.
Success was looked at across three areas--the number of students registering for internships, the number of internship opportunities, and the number of students securing jobs as a result of their internships. First, the number of students registering for internships has increased dramatically in the last two years due to the increase in the number of Communications majors. From the inception of the program, the number of majors has increased from zero to 68. Some of this success can be attributed to the creation of the internship database. Prior to the database, internship information was contained in a folder in the Communications office. In order to search the department's internship offerings, students had to come to the office and sift through paperwork. The database eliminates this process and enables the student to glean glean
v. gleaned, glean·ing, gleans
To gather grain left behind by reapers.
1. To gather (grain) left behind by reapers.
2. information at their leisure.
Furthermore, the availability of internship opportunities has increased. Prior to the creation of the database, the department offered approximately twenty internships in the local area. With the creation of the database, the department now offers over forty internships in the tri-state area There are a number of places in the United States known as tri-state areas where three states or holdings meet at one point (a tripoint), or in proximity to each other. The two most well-known are for the New York and Chicago metropolitan areas. . Given Pace University's prime location in the nation's largest media market, communication organizations are constantly looking for Looking for
In the context of general equities, this describing a buy interest in which a dealer is asked to offer stock, often involving a capital commitment. Antithesis of in touch with. student labor. With the increase in multimedia opportunities, organizations are reaping the benefits of work for credit. Our research has indicated that, once students were able to get a foot in the door, they were more likely to secure a job upon graduation. Approximately one third of the Communications alumni questioned indicate that the only reason they gained employment was because of their internship experience. The creation and maintenance of the internship database has been a worthwhile endeavor. Internship participation has added to the liberal arts experience and in many cases led to employment. The success of the database is encouraging and serves as a hallmark for other majors at Pace and other institutions.
The Cooperative Education and Internship Association (2002). 2002 Survey of Internship/Co-op Professionals in Higher Education higher education
Study beyond the level of secondary education. Institutions of higher education include not only colleges and universities but also professional schools in such fields as law, theology, medicine, business, music, and art. . Retrieved March 27, 2003 from (http://www.ceiainc.org/research/CEIASurveyRpt.htm).
Jackson, L., & Caffarella, R. S. (Eds.). (1994). Experiential Learning: A New Approach. San Francisco San Francisco (săn frănsĭs`kō), city (1990 pop. 723,959), coextensive with San Francisco co., W Calif., on the tip of a peninsula between the Pacific Ocean and San Francisco Bay, which are connected by the strait known as the Golden , CA: Jossey-Bass.
Kraft, R. J., & Kielsmeir, J. (Eds.). (1995). Experiential learning in schools and higher education. Association for Experiential Education The Association for Experiential Education, or AEE, is a nonprofit, professional membership association that promotes experiential education. References
1. ^ Association for Experiential Education. Retrieved 8/18/07. . Boulder, Co: (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 385 415)
Meeske, M. D. (1992) Update: Broadcast intern intern /in·tern/ (in´tern) a medical graduate serving in a hospital preparatory to being licensed to practice medicine.
in·tern or in·terne
n. programs and practices. In A. Ciafalo (Ed.), Internships: Perspectives on experiential learning (pp. 77-80). Malabar, FL: Krieger Publishing.
National Association of Colleges and Employers. Retrieved March 27, 2003 from http://www.naceweb.org.
United States United States, officially United States of America, republic (2005 est. pop. 295,734,000), 3,539,227 sq mi (9,166,598 sq km), North America. The United States is the world's third largest country in population and the fourth largest country in area. Department of Labor's Occupational Outlook Handbook: Retrieved February 18, 2003 from http://www.bls.gov/home.htm.
Michelle M. Pulaski, Pace University, NY Maria Luskay, Pace University, NY
Pulaski, Ph.D., is an assistant professor of Communications. Her research and teaching interests include news media, media ethics, new communications technologies Noun 1. communications technology - the activity of designing and constructing and maintaining communication systems
engineering, technology - the practical application of science to commerce or industry , and media theory. Luskay, Ed.D., is an associate professor of Communications. Her research and teaching interests include service learning, media production and industrial video.