The enhanced Fujita scale.
The Enhanced Fujita Scale Wind Speed EF-Scale Intensity (mph) Typical Damage (Suggested) EF0 Gale Tornado 40-72 Tree branches broken, chimneys damaged, shallow-rooted trees pushed over; sign boards damaged or destroyed, outbuildings and sheds destroyed. EF1 Moderate 73-112 Roof surfaces peeled off, mobile homes pushed off foundations or overturned, moving autos pushed off the roads, garages may be destroyed. EF2 Significant 113-157 Roofs blown off frame houses; mobile homes demolished and/or destroyed, train boxcars pushed over; large trees snapped or uprooted; airborne debris can cause damage. EF3 Severe 158-206 Roofs and walls torn off well constructed houses; trains overturned; large trees uprooted, can knock down entire forest of trees. EF4 Devastating 207-260 Well-constructed frame houses leveled; structures with weak foundations blown off some distance; automobiles thrown, large airborne objects can cause significant damage. EF5 Incredible 261 -318 Brick, stone and cinder-block buildings destroyed, most debris is carried away by tornadic winds, large and heavy objects can be hurled in excess of 100 meters, trees debarked, asphalt peeled off of roads, steel reinforced concrete structures badly damaged. EF6 Inconceivable 319-379 Brick, stone and cinderblock buildings destroyed, most debris is carried away by tornadic winds, large and heavy objects can be hurled in excess of 100 meters, trees debarked, asphalt peeled off of roads, steel reinforced concrete structures badly damaged.
Typical EF0 Tornado tornado, dark, funnel-shaped cloud containing violently rotating air that develops below a heavy cumulonimbus cloud mass and extends toward the earth. The funnel twists about, rises and falls, and where it reaches the earth causes great destruction. Damage Note the trees are stripped of leaves, but the trees remain standing. Only light roof damage and a few missing shingles shingles: see herpes zoster.
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Acute viral skin and nerve infection. Groups of small blisters appear along certain nerve segments, most often on the back, sometimes after a dull ache at the site; pain becomes .
Typical EF1 Tornado Damage Note the uprooted trees and missing shingles from the roof. There is significant roof damage.
Typical EF2 Tornado Damage This home is missing its entire roof but the exterior walls remain intact. Some of the stronger hardwood hardwood: see wood.
Timber obtained from broad-leaved, flower-bearing trees. Hardwood trees are deciduous trees, except in the warmest regions. trees remain standing.
Typical EF3 Tornado Damage This home is missing the entire roof as well as some of the exterior walls. Trees are blown over or snapped Snapped is a true crime television series on the Oxygen Network that debuted in 2004 in the United States. It features stories of real women who killed others, mainly husbands or boyfriends. near the base and outbuildings are destroyed.
Typical EF4 Tornado Damage This home is almost completely obliterated, with no walls standing. The debris debris /de·bris/ (de-bre´) fragments of devitalized tissue or foreign matter. In dentistry, soft foreign material loosely attached to a tooth surface. from the home is where the house once stood.
Typical EF5 Tornado Damage The asphalt asphalt (ăs`fôlt, –fălt), brownish-black substance used commonly in road making, roofing, and waterproofing. Chemically, it is a natural mixture of hydrocarbons. surface has been peeled off of this road.
Typical EF5 Tornado Damage These homes have been completely removed from their original locations. The debris field has been scattered some distance from their foundation.
(All photographs courtesy Courtesy
youth organization, ever ready to perform good deeds. [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 59]
(1478–1529) author of The Courtier, Renaissance bible of etiquette. [Ital. Lit. of Brian Smith Brian Smith is the name of:
- Brian Smith (photographer), Pulitzer Prize-winning sports and celebrity photographer from Miami Beach, Florida.
- Brian Smith (ice hockey), a former ice hockey player and Canadian sportscaster.