The US Readies The Next Move On Iran After Hossein Khomeini's 'Regime Change' Invite.*** Bush Says After Camp David Camp David, U.S. presidential retreat, located in Catoctin Mountain Park (see National Parks and Monuments, table), in NW Md. The Camp David accords, the terms of a peace treaty between Egypt and Israel, were established (1978) at this site; other negotiations and Talks With Putin The US & Russia Share A Goal: To Make Sure Iran Does Not Have N-Weapon
*** Putin Says Russia Will Send A 'Clear And Respectful' Signal To Iran About Compliance With The UN On Nuclear Issues, But Says Moscow Will Not Stop Work On The Bushehr Plant
*** Syria & Iran Have 2-Pronged Strategy To Retrieve Iraq From Americans
*** Assassinated as·sas·si·nate
tr.v. as·sas·si·nat·ed, as·sas·si·nat·ing, as·sas·si·nates
1. To murder (a prominent person) by surprise attack, as for political reasons.
2. Iraqi Governing Council The Iraqi Governing Council (IGC) was the provisional government of Iraq from July 13, 2003 to June 1, 2004. It was established by and served under the United States-led Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA). Member Akila Al Hashemi Told French Officials Weeks Before Her Death 'We Won't Let The Americans Fail' In Iraq
WASHINGTON - An APS source here says the Washington visit of Hossein Khomeini, the grandson of the late Imam Khomeini, was a turning point in the US pressure campaign against the theocracy theocracy
Government by divine guidance or by officials who are regarded as divinely guided. In many theocracies, government leaders are members of the clergy, and the state's legal system is based on religious law. Theocratic rule was typical of early civilizations. in Iran. The visit coincided with the discovery of traces of weapons-grade enriched uranium Enriched uranium is a sample of uranium in which the percent composition of uranium-235 has been increased through the process of isotope separation. Natural uranium is 99.284% 238U isotope, with 235U only constituting about 0.711 % of its weight. at the Kalay-e company in Tehran, marking the second time this year that such enriched uranium has been found in Iran nuclear programme. With the nuclear issue having become one more bone of contention between the reformist and hardline theologians in Tehran, the source adds, the stage is being set by the US and its allies for calibrated cal·i·brate
tr.v. cal·i·brat·ed, cal·i·brat·ing, cal·i·brates
1. To check, adjust, or determine by comparison with a standard (the graduations of a quantitative measuring instrument): moves towards regime change in Iran.
The source says neocons guiding post-9/11 policy in the US are very methodical in their moves for regime change - the aftermath of which would be "far better planned than in the case of Iraq". It was after a meeting with neocons that Hossein Khomeini, a religious figure based in Qom, told reporters in Washington he was urging the US to help the Iranians get rid of the Tehran theocrats. During a visit to Baghdad in the summer, Khomeini described the theocracy as "the worst dictatorship in history".
Opinion polls have repeatedly shown that most of the Iranian people have a favourable opinion of the US, in contrast with the rest of the Greater Middle East. The Bush administration does not want to jeopardise this reservoir of goodwill through military action that might rapidly turn the population against America. Rather, it will back dissent among the public, will guide key figures inside and outside Iran, and then will provide covert support for change from within Iran - where public opinion has turned against the theocrats, be they reformists or hardliners, for failing to deliver economic well-being and concentrating instead on social strictures.
Sustained but relatively low-key pressure has been applied since the ouster ouster n. 1) the wrongful dispossession (putting out) of a rightful owner or tenant of real property, forcing the party pushed out of the premises to bring a lawsuit to regain possession. of Saddam's Baathist regime in Baghdad in April 2003. The pressure - this time the US is co-ordinating with the EU - has been on the nuclear question. According to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.
2. In keeping with: according to instructions.
3. the source, the Bush team believes the symbolism of Khomeini's visit to the US and his utterances will have a deep impact among those in Iran who revere Revere, city (1990 pop. 42,786), Suffolk co., E Mass., a residential suburb of Boston, on Massachusetts Bay; settled c.1630, set off from Chelsea and named for Paul Revere 1871, inc. as a city 1914. the late Imam.
Speaking on Sept. 27 to the American Enterprise Institute The American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research (AEI) is a conservative think tank, founded in 1943. According to the institute its mission "to defend the principles and improve the institutions of American freedom and democratic capitalism — limited government, , a neocon ne·o·con
A neoconservative: "The neocons and hard-liners have long felt that no Soviet leader could be trusted" New York Times. hub, Khomeini attacked the Tehran "dictatorship" and said although he had no knowledge that Iran was trying to develop nuclear weapons, "I wouldn't put anything (past) them". He stated: "Today, Iranian people again want democracy, they want freedom. Furthermore they have experienced everything, they have experienced theocracy in Iran and they have come to understand that religion and government cannot be one and the same".
Khomeini said: "The best way is for the US to help the movement for democracy in Iran. They should look at this issue very seriously and not as dispassionately dis·pas·sion·ate
Devoid of or unaffected by passion, emotion, or bias. See Synonyms at fair1.
dis·pas as they have been, waiting for something to happen and then get involved... Mr. Bush should act like Churchill when he gathered around him the British population to fight against Hitler".
Asked if he thought the exiled son of Iran's late Shah Mohammad Shah Mohammad (1780-1862) was a Punjabi poet who lived during the reign of Maharaja Ranjit Singh and is best known for Jangnama— a colossal work that gave an eyewitness account of the First Anglo-Sikh War that took place after the death of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Reza Pahlavi Reza Pahlavi, Crown Prince of Iran (Persian: رضا پهلوی, born October 31, 1960) is the eldest son of the late Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and his Empress Consort, Farah Diba. should return to Iran, Khomeini replied: "Anyone who has the power to lead Iranians into freedom should be there, no matter who".
The source believes the timing of Khomeini's visit and his strong remarks indicate a serious turn in the power struggle between the reformists and hardliners of the theocracy over Iran's future course. The absence of any criticism of Hossein Khomeini - officials in Tehran said he was free to speak his mind like any other Iranian - is indicative of the delicacy of the situation from the hardliners' perspective, in view of the aura attached to the Khomeini surname. The idea that theologians must move away from power and focus on a realm above politics - which never died out even during the late Imam's rule - is beginning to gather strength among Shiite theologians both in Iran and in Iraq. Senior Ayatullahs in the holy city of Qom are openly advocating a withdrawal from politics, which they believe has tarnished the image of the Shiite theological community in view of the corrupt behaviour of the hardliners.
Similar viewpoints are being aired by Shiite theologians in Najaf and Karbala in Iraq, the heartland of Shiism, where Khomeini is a frequent visitor. Most are advocating democratic government respectful of Islamic values, rather than a government of theocrats based on the Iranian model. On Sept. 19, Ibrahim Jaafari, leader of the Islamist Daawa Party and the first Iraqi Governing Council (IGC (Integrated Graphics Controller) The inclusion of the video display circuitry on the motherboard. An IGC is typically contained in the chipset, such as the Northbridge. See integrated graphics and IGP.
IGC - Institute for Global Communications ) member to hold its rotating presidency in August, addressed the second annual Iraqi-American Conference in Detroit and made the case for a pluralistic, tolerant Iraq in which all citizens -Muslim and non-Muslim, men and women - would have full rights of citizenship.
The Washington source anticipates that the nuclear issue could become the political battleground where the hardliners, the reformists and theologians advocating an end to Velayat-e-Faqih (rule of the jurisprudent ju·ris·pru·dent
Versed in jurisprudence.
See jurist. , the system put in place by the late Imam Khomeini) may fight the definitive battle to impose their standpoint. The signals indicate that the battle has already begun.
Ayatullah Ahmad Jannati, a traditionalist hardliner Noun 1. hardliner - a conservative who is uncompromising
conservative, conservativist - a person who is reluctant to accept changes and new ideas
hardliner n → partidario/a de la línea dura who heads the Guardians' Council and a member of the Assembly of Constitutional Experts, is advocating that Iran pull out of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT)
officially Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons
International agreement intended to prevent the spread of nuclear technology. It was signed by the U.S. (NPT NPT National Pipe Taper (pipe thread specification)
NPT Non-Proliferation Treaty
NPT Nonprofit Times
NPT Newport (Rhode Island)
NPT Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty
NPT Neath Port Talbot ) - as North Korea did - and refuse to sign the Additional Protocol for unscheduled inspections of Iranian nuclear sites. Hossein Shariatmadari, a close aide to Supreme Leader Ayat. Ali Khamenei, warned that the growing US pressure is part of a "plan, similar to the US plan against Iraq, seeking the fall of the Islamic establishment in Iran". International Atomic Energy Agency International Atomic Energy Agency: see Atomic Energy Agency, International.
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
International organization officially founded in 1957 to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy. (IAEA IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency. ) inspectors were to return to Iran on Oct. 2 to clarify ambiguities surrounding its enrichment programme before an Oct. 31 deadline set by the UN agency. Shariatmadari stated that the US would not end pressure on Iran even if it signs the Additional Protocol.
However, Mohsen Mirdamadi, a close Khatami ally who heads the National Security and Foreign Policy Committee in the Majlis Majlis (مجلس) is an Arabic term meaning "a place of sitting" used to describe various types of formal legislative assemblies in countries with linguistic or cultural connections to Islamic countries. (parliament), warned in remarks published on Sept. 26 in the reformist daily Yas-e-Nou that procrastination on the nuclear issue was harming the country and forging an international consensus against Iran. A leader of the Islamic Iran Participation Front, Iran's largest reformist political party, Mirdamadi said: "Our behaviour has effectively brought Europe and the US, which have had different positions, closer together. We are gradually creating an unprecedented global consensus against ourselves".
Khatami's government is in favour of signing the Additional Protocol. Foreign Minister Kamal Kharrazi last week told the UN General Assembly: "Iran does not have a nuclear weapons program nor does it intend to embark on one. Thus we have nothing to hide and, in principle, have no problem with the additional protocol". Khatami's position is more true to that of the late Imam Khomeini who stopped a nuclear programme initiated by the Shah. By contrast the position of the hardliners who advocate a nuclear Iran is similar to that of the Shah, who had ambitions for Iran to become the fifth biggest power in the world.
In the months ahead, there will be tough issues for Tehran to deal with because few believe that Iran does not have a weaponisation programme. The trickling out of information on Iran's nuclear capabilities has already generated an indirect threat from Israel. On Sept. 25, Israeli Chief of Staff Lt. Gen. Moshe Yaalon was quoted as telling Middle East Newsline: "The fact that a country like Iran, an enemy [of Israel] and which is particularly irresponsible, has equipped itself with non-conventional weapons is worrisome. The combination in this case of a non-conventional regime with non-conventional weapons is a concern. At the moment there is continuing international diplomatic activity to deal with this threat, and it would be good if it succeeds. But if that is not the case we would consider our options".
Revitalising Iran-Syria Alliance: On Sept. 29 Syrian Vice President Abdel Halim Khaddam flew to Tehran on an unscheduled visit and met with the Iranian leaders. An APS source in Beirut later said Khaddam and Tehran agreed on a two-pronged strategy to "retrieve Iraq" from the US: Syria will forcefully project Arab nationalism in backing "Arab resistance" against the American-led foreign occupation, and Iran will forecefully project its Islamic militancy through Hizbollah operations in Iraq.