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The Second Chance Act of 2005.

On April 20, Reps. Rob Portman, R-Ohio, and Danny Davis Danny Davis is the name of:
  • Danny K. Davis (born 1941), U.S. Congressman from Illinois
  • Danny Davis (country musician), 1970 Grammy Award winner for Best Country Instrumental Performance
, D-Ill., joined with 27 of their colleagues to introduce the House version of the Second Chance Act of 2005, HR 1704. The purpose of the Second Chance Act is to reduce recidivism recidivism: see criminology. , increase public safety, and help states and communities to better address the growing population of inmates returning to communities. The bill will focus on four areas: jobs, housing, substance abuse/mental health treatment and families. The following is a summary of the legislation provided by Portman's office.

Inmate Reentry reentry n. taking back possession and going into real property which one owns, particularly when a tenant has failed to pay rent or has abandoned the property, or possession has been restored to the owner by judgment in an unlawful detainer lawsuit. : The Case for Action

Crime Reduction. Nearly two-thirds of released inmates are expected to be rearrested for a felony or serious misdemeanor within three years of release. Such high recidivism rates translate into thousands of new crimes each year, at least half of which can be averted through improved inmate reentry efforts. In 2002, 2 million people were incarcerated incarcerated /in·car·cer·at·ed/ (in-kahr´ser-at?ed) imprisoned; constricted; subjected to incarceration.

Confined or trapped, as a hernia.
 in federal or state prisons, and nearly 650,000 people are released from prison to communities nationwide each year.

Substance Abuse/Mental Health Problems. Seventy percent to 80 percent of offenders reentering re·en·ter also re-en·ter  
v. re·en·tered, re·en·ter·ing, re·en·ters
1. To enter or come in to again.

2. To record again on a list or ledger.

 the community have histories of substance abuse. And an increasing number of offenders have mental health problems. If treatment is not sought or available upon release, relapse is likely. Fifty-seven percent of federal and 70 percent of state inmates used drugs regularly before prison, with some estimates of involvement with drugs/alcohol around the time of the offense as high as 84 percent, according to the Bureau of Justice Statistics Noun 1. Bureau of Justice Statistics - the agency in the Department of Justice that is the primary source of criminal justice statistics for federal and local policy makers

Saving Taxpayer Dollars. Significant portions of state budgets are now invested in the criminal justice system. According to BJS Noun 1. BJS - the agency in the Department of Justice that is the primary source of criminal justice statistics for federal and local policy makers
Bureau of Justice Statistics
, expenditures on corrections alone increased from $9 billion in 1982 to $44 billion in 1997. These figures do not include the cost of arrest and prosecution, nor do they take into account the cost to victims.

Strengthening Families and Communities. One of the most significant costs of inmate reentry is the impact on children and communities. Between 1991 and 1999, the number of children with a parent in a federal or state correctional facility increased by more than 100 percent, from approximately 900,000 to approximately 2 million.

Reducing Recidivism Through Common Sense

The Second Chance Act reauthorizes the Re-Entry RE-ENTRY, estates. The resuming or retaking possession of land which the party lately had.
     2. Ground rent deeds and leases frequently contain a clause authorizing the landlord to reenter on the non-payment of rent, or the breach of some covenant, when the
 Demonstration project with an enhanced focus on jobs, housing, substance abuse treatment/mental health, and children and families. The bill increases the amount of money to fund demonstration programs and create performance outcomes, standards and deliverables. Also, the act establishes a grant program to provide funding for nonprofit organizations to provide mentoring and transitional services to adult and juvenile offenders.

The act also establishes the National Offender Re-Entry Resource Center for states, local government, service providers, faith-based organizations, correctional and community organizations to collect and disseminate best practices and provide training and support for reentry. Also, the National Institute of Justice and BJS will be authorized to conduct research on reentry.

In addition, the act creates a federal interagency task force to identify programs and resources on reentry, identify ways to better collaborate, and develop interagency initiatives and a national reentry research agenda. The task force would review and report to Congress on the federal barriers that exist to successful reentry with recommendations.

Finally, in response to Carlie Brucia's abduction Abduction
Balfour, David

expecting inheritance, kidnapped by uncle. [Br. Lit.: Kidnapped]

Bertram, Henry

kidnapped at age five; taken from Scotland. [Br. Lit.
 and murder in 2004, the provision requires the automatic revocation of probation or supervised release when a federal felon An individual who commits a crime of a serious nature, such as Burglary or murder. A person who commits a felony.

felon n. a person who has been convicted of a felony, which is a crime punishable by death or a term in state or federal prison.
 commits a felony crime of violence against a minor child under the age of 16.

The American Correctional Association The American Correctional Association is an association of providers of services to prisons in the United States. It holds an annual trade show where products used in prisons are shown to prospective purchasers.

It was formerly known as the American Prison Association.
 believes that this legislation is a good first step toward reducing recidivism. ACA ACA - Application Control Architecture  encourages corrections professionals to contact their representatives in Congress and urge them to support and pass the Second Chance Act of 2005.

RELATED ARTICLE: Rob Portman Nominated To Be U.S. Trade Representative

On March 17, 2005. President Bush nominated Rep. Rob Portman, R-Ohio, to be the next U.S. trade representative. Portman, who entered Congress in 1993, served as a member of the House Ways and Means WAYS AND MEANS. In legislative assemblies there is usually appointed a committee whose duties are to inquire into, and propose to the house, the ways and means to be adopted to raise funds for the use of the government. This body is called the committee of ways and means.  Committee and was formerly an international trade lawyer at the Washington firm of Patton Boggs.

During the past two Congresses, Portman has led efforts in the House to adopt the Second Chance Act, legislation designed to reduce recidivism, increase public safety, and help states and communities to better address the growing population of inmates returning to communities.

ACA wants to extend its thanks to Portman for his efforts on behalf of offender populations. His leadership and vision will be missed.

Joey R. Weedon is director of Government Affairs for the American Correctional Association. He can be reached at (301) 918-1885 or
COPYRIGHT 2005 American Correctional Association, Inc.
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2005 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

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Title Annotation:Legislative Issues
Author:Weedon, Joey R.
Publication:Corrections Today
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Aug 1, 2005
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