The Psychological Record: rebirth in 1956.Publication of The Psychological Record was resumed in 1956 after a lapse of many years. Its new life was created almost singlehandedly by Paul Swartz, then a junior member of the faculty at Hobart and William Smith Colleges Hobart and William Smith Colleges, located in Geneva, New York, are together a liberal arts college. The Colleges adhere to a "coordinate system", which retains some elements of the original single-sex institutions, though the student experience is largely co-ed. in upstate New York Upstate New York is the region of New York State north of the core of the New York metropolitan area. It has a population of 7,121,911 out of New York State's total 18,976,457. Were it an independent state, it would be ranked 13th by population. . There were no graduate students, there was no department secretary. In some years one or two students might go on for graduate study in psychology, and the same was true for some other departments. But for the most part the post-baccalaureate schools of interest on the campus were medicine, law, and theology. It was an old school with fewer than a thousand students - and a meager mea·ger also mea·gre
1. Deficient in quantity, fullness, or extent; scanty.
2. Deficient in richness, fertility, or vigor; feeble: the meager soil of an eroded plain.
3. endowment. Salaries for faculty and staff were low. But the college had a tradition for scholarship and a faculty enriched by scholars who had fled Europe in the Hitler era.
The department had good resources for teaching experimental psychology and for research; psychology had long been a favored discipline. When the first professionally trained psychologist joined the faculty in 1908, the department already included two members (Constitution, 1908) of the infant 209-member American Psychological Association The American Psychological Association (APA) is a professional organization representing psychology in the US. Description and history
The association has around 150,000 members and an annual budget of around $70m. . The two were L. C. Stewardson, president of the college, and J. P. Leighton, professor of philosophy. (The latter doubled as chaplain and college pastor; Hobart had its beginnings in 1822 under the sponsorship of the Episcopal church Episcopal Church, Anglican church of the United States. Its separate existence as an American ecclesiastical body with its own episcopate began in 1789. Doctrine and Organization
Psychology was grouped with mathematics, physics, chemistry, and biology in the division of natural sciences. In the 1920s the laboratory had been fitted out with a lot of gadgets in the Titchener-approved fashion. (Forrest and Claire Dimmick, who taught most of the psychology courses until after WWII WWII
World War II
WWII World War Two , were Cornell doctorates.) Motors in the attic In the Attic can refer to:
Not penetrable by audible sound.
soundproof v. room, two darkrooms, a room with special lighting for Forrest Dimmick's color research, and a large shop fitted with metal-working lathe lathe (lāth), machine tool for holding and turning metal, wood, plastic, or other material against a cutting tool to form a cylindrical product or part. It also drills, bores, polishes, grinds, makes threads, and performs other operations. , drill press, and jig-saw. In the 1950s the department enjoyed modest support from the Office of Naval Research The U.S. Office of Naval Research (ONR), headquartered in Arlington, Virginia (Ballston), is the office within the U.S. Department of the Navy that coordinates, executes, and promotes the science and technology programs of the U.S. and the National Science Foundation and more instruments were acquired. Research and teaching assistance was supplied by undergraduates and undergraduate honors research flourished. Publication was encouraged but not mandatory for faculty in the college. But it was the habit for psychology. That psychologist hired in 1908 was still publishing in 1947 (Boswell, 1947). The department was research oriented but instruction of undergraduates was the dominant concern.
It was to this setting that Paul Swartz came in 1951, directly from receiving a Master's degree at Stanford and subsequently a PhD at Rochester. Susan Bartlett, Shelton MacLeod, and I made up the rest of his department. Paul's office was across the hall from that of Foster Boswell, who, though lame and retired, every weekday morning clumped up the two flights of stairs to his office. He had earned his degree at Harvard in 1904 with Munsterberg. His 1908 appointment at Hobart was his first academic post. In the interim he had served a year as a postgraduate assistant at Wisconsin and then at Missouri, and for the next two years studied in Germany at his own expense - a harbinger of the current lot of many newly minted doctorates (Bartlett, 1994). Boswell had little communication with Paul - or indeed with anyone else in the building. He would grump "good morning," go into his office, and shut the door. He had little to say but the devotion to work of the little old man served as a model for the younger faculty and the students.
The following summer (1952) Paul spent at Indiana to be with J. R. Kantor Jacob Robert Kantor (1888-1984), also known as J.R. Kantor, was a prominent psychologist who pioneered a naturalistic system in psychology. Biography
Kantor was born in 1888 in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. . This is from a recent letter (Swartz, 1996) "I actually met little with him, but at his suggestion I began to revise his Survey of the Science of Psychology. Suffice it to say, I failed to meet his expectations . . . . he was a hard man - always looking for Looking for
In the context of general equities, this describing a buy interest in which a dealer is asked to offer stock, often involving a capital commitment. Antithesis of in touch with. 'mentalisms' - he called them 'spooks' - in someone's thinking." He was in correspondence with Kantor and Kantor's devoted students, and eventually decided to obtain permission to publish The Psychological Record again. "The first issue had a mailing list of 15-20 names, obtained through Paul Mountjoy, Kantor's graduate assistant. There were no commitments to subscribe and pay. I was motivated by regard for the man and the wish to provide a forum for those with interbehavioral interests. I was young, rabidly behaviorist Behaviorist
1. One who accepts or assumes the theory of behaviorism (behavioral finance in investing.) 2. A psychologist who subscribes to behaviorism.
When it comes to investing, people may not be as rational as they think. " (Swartz, ibid). For content he solicited articles from Kantor and from Kantor's former students. Copies were run off on a mimeograph machine and mailed at the college post office. Paul cut the stencils on his manual typewriter. The first issue (Vol. 6, No. 1) is dated January 1956 and contains 11 pages. Paul Swartz, Hobart College, is listed as editor with Paul Mountjoy, Sweetbriar sweetbriar: see sweetbrier. College, J. R. Kantor, Indiana University, and N. H. Pronko, Wichita University, as associate editors. Kantor contributed 5 of the 11 pages; Mountjoy, 3; and Stanley C. Ratner, 2. The subscription price is listed as $3.00. Volume 6, No 4 (October) shows Paul at Wichita University and notes that the multilith masters were typed on an IBM (International Business Machines Corporation, Armonk, NY, www.ibm.com) The world's largest computer company. IBM's product lines include the S/390 mainframes (zSeries), AS/400 midrange business systems (iSeries), RS/6000 workstations and servers (pSeries), Intel-based servers (xSeries) Executive typewriter, thus lending the Record a regular journal format. "I gave up the Record after two years, when the load became too heavy and the idea of doing an introductory textbook began to germinate. This was at Wichita . . . in 1959. The book appeared in 1963 as Psychology, the Study of Behavior, published by Van Nostrand." (Swartz, ibid). The Spanish language edition, Psicologia: El estudia de la conducta, is in its 12th printing and still carried in bookstores in Mexico.
Paul left Hobart for Wichita in 1956. "My reasons for going were (a) the department at Wichita was basically interbehavioral . . . (b) the salary at Wichita was measurably better, (c) I wanted the experience of a bigger university" (Swartz, ibid). In 1965 he transferred to the University of Alberta. He retired in 1991 and he and his wife live on their 32-foot sailboat for a major part of the year. He is still writing; but now the product is a novel.
BARTLETT, N. R. (1994). Octopuses and students. History of Psychology Newsletter, 26, 2, 37-51.
BOSWELL, F. P. (1947). Trial and error learning. Psychology Review, 54, 282-296.
CONSTITUTION of the American Psychological Association (with appended Members of the American Psychological Association). (1908). Printed at Smith College, Northampton MA and distributed to the members by the secretary, A. H. Pierce. 4 pages. American Psychological Association, Washington DC.
SWARTZ, P. (1996). Letter to Neil Bartlett, 19 May. (Bartlett, personal files).