Printer Friendly

The Provident Sea.

Publication of "The Provident Sea," by D. H. Cushing, has been announced by Cambridge University Press, 32 East 57th Street, New York, NY 10022. At first, the title may appear to be a recitation of oceanic productivity; in reality, the volume is a fine review of the history of the exploitation of the ocean's marine fisheries resources (including marine mammals as well as finfishes), and the study and management of them, from ancient to modern times.

The author begins with reviews of fisheries and gear in prehistoric times and antiquity, leading into a well-illustrated discussion of the pre-industrial fisheries of Europe, North America, and India. Chapters are then devoted to the cod fishery off Newfoundland between 1502 and 1938 and the North Sea herring fishery from the 1100's to recent times. A chapter on the first industrialization of fisheries and the move from sail to steam power relates the effect of the industrial revolution on English fisheries, industrialization of North Sea fisheries and evidence of stock decline, mackerel and menhaden fisheries along the U.S. Atlantic coast, and the Pacific halibut fisheries. A longer chapter reviews whaling history and its decline. Two more chapters assess the harvest of the Pribilof Islands fur seals and the harp seals in Newfoundland.

The author then moves into the origins of marine biology and fisheries science, in which he relates the early work of early scientists, the ICES before WWI, early collection of fisheries statistics, etc. He then discusses the work prior to WWII of various institutions/ commissions (ICES, North Pacific Fur Seal Commission, International Fisheries Commission, and the International Pacific Salmon Commission). Then he reviews the work of those and newer fishery institutions between 1945 and 1965.

The author considers the "second industrialization" of fisheries to have been between about 1950 and early 1977-up to the inception of the 200-mile limits, and including the rise of distant-water fishing operations by various nations, exploitation of various fishes for fish meal, use of stern trawlers, rising demand for frozen fish, etc. Finally he discusses marine fisheries research and management in the last 20 years. Some may quibble a bit about the emphasis here on particular early scientists or the choice of examples, but this remains an excellent history of marine fisheries resources, fish stock management, the industrialization of fisheries, and the evolution of fisheries research and the institutions involved. Indexed and with a lengthy list of historical references, the 329-page hardbound volume is available from the publisher at $65.00 per copy.
COPYRIGHT 1988 U.S. Department of Commerce
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 1988 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Article Details
Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback
Publication:Marine Fisheries Review
Article Type:Book Review
Date:Sep 22, 1988
Words:417
Previous Article:Texas' fisheries: a brief history.
Next Article:A Century of Fisheries in North America.
Topics:


Related Articles
PROVIDENT BANCORP RECEIVES REGULATORY APPROVALS FOR HUNTER SAVINGS ASSOCIATION MERGER
PROVIDENT BANCORP, INC. INCREASES QUARTERLY DIVIDEND AND APPOINTS NEW BOARD MEMBER
PROVIDENT BANK RECEIVES OUTSTANDING CRA PERFORMANCE EVALUATION
PROVIDENT BANCORP ANNOUNCES COMMENCEMENT OF STOCK OFFERINGS IN CONNECTION WITH S & L ACQUISITIONS
PROVIDENT BANCORP, INC. ANNOUNCES INCREASED QUARTERLY DIVIDEND
PROVIDENT BANKSHARES ANNOUNCES MORTGAGE COMPANY ACQUISITION
PROVIDENT BANK TO PARTICIPATE IN JEANIE(TM) EFT NETWORK
PROVIDENT BANKSHARES CORPORATION ENDS MERGER DISCUSSIONS WITH STERLING BANCORP
PROVIDENT BANKSHARES ADOPTS STOCKHOLDER PROTECTION RIGHTS PLAN
PROVIDENT BANCORP PROMOTES GREGORY NOLL TO PRESIDENT OF THE PROVIDENT BANK OF KENTUCKY

Terms of use | Copyright © 2016 Farlex, Inc. | Feedback | For webmasters