The Picatinny Arsenal story: nonlethal capabilities.
The U.S. Army Tank-automotive and Armaments Command's Armament Research, Development, and Engineering Center (TACOM-ARDEC) at Picatinny Arsenal, New Jersey, has responded rapidly to more than 20 urgent operational requests for nonlethal (NL) munitions mu·ni·tion
War materiel, especially weapons and ammunition. Often used in the plural.
tr.v. mu·ni·tioned, mu·ni·tion·ing, mu·ni·tions
To supply with munitions. since 1995. These munitions were fielded to provide the Army with capabilities that filled the gap between "show of force" and lethal fire in peacekeeping missions. More than 150,000 rounds of 40-millimeter and 12-gauge blunt-impact, small-caliber NL munitions and other items have been fielded to date, using accelerated materiel-release fielding procedures that were originally established to support Operation Desert Storm Noun 1. Operation Desert Storm - the United States and its allies defeated Iraq in a ground war that lasted 100 hours (1991)
Gulf War, Persian Gulf War - a war fought between Iraq and a coalition led by the United States that freed Kuwait from Iraqi invaders; . Picatinny Arsenal fielded these NL munitions to the U.S. Support Group-Haiti for Operation Restore Democracy; Task Force Eagle in Operations Joint Guardian and Endeavor in Bosnia; Task Force Falcon
Picatinny Arsenal was able to respond to these real-world requirements because of its proactive investment of Army science and technology funds, thus preparing to provide the Army and joint services with the new capabilities associated with the post-Cold War era's increasing incidence of stability and support operations Stability and support operations involve military forces providing safety and support to friendly noncombatants while suppressing and threatening forces.
SASO operations can occur in everything from natural disaster areas (earthquakes, storms and flooding) to insurgencies . Significantly, Picatinny Arsenal initially provided these NL capabilities before any formal operational requirements were generated. This created a contingency stockpile of NL munitions that increased emergency-basis asset availability and provided a rapid-response fielding until standard munitions could be developed and fielded through formal product manager programs (an ongoing process).
This anticipation of user needs and ability to field badly needed materiel capabilities led to Picatinny Arsenal's being selected to provide support to the Army's Project Manager, Close Combat Systems (PM CCS (1) (Common Channel Signaling) A communications system in which one channel is used for signaling and different channels are used for voice/data transmission. Signaling System 7 (SS7) is a CCS system, also known as CCS7. See SS7. ). The PM CCS mission is fielding standard Nonlethal Capability Sets (NLCSs) to the Army. In this support role, from March 2000 to the present, Picatinny Arsenal helped field NLCSs to the following areas:
* U.S. Army Europe (Kosovo and Bosnia)
* Forces Command (Fort Drum, New York This article is about the U.S. Army base in New York State. For other places with a similar name, see Fort Drum.
Fort Drum is a census-designated place and U.S. Army military reservation in Jefferson County, New York, United States. , and Fort Lewis, Washington)
* Central Command (Kuwait)
* Southern Command (Guantanamo Bay)
* Crane Army Ammunition Activity (integrating NL assets into sets)
* Other CONUS and outside CONUS locations
Within the North Atlantic Treaty Organization North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), established under the North Atlantic Treaty (Apr. 4, 1949) by Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Great Britain, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, and the United States. , Picatinny Arsenal is leading the way toward complying with a defense capability initiative requiring that members have NL capabilities by 2005.
Feedback from the in-theater use of fielded NL munitions has been highly encouraging. In April 2000, Task Force Falcon in Sevce, Kosovo, used 40-millimeter NL munitions during a significant crowd-control engagement--U.S. soldiers were being hit with tree branches and stones. Lieutenant Colonel James Brown, the Task Force Falcon Provost Marshall, said, "The bottom line was ... NL munitions worked well and kept us from having to kill someone." Significantly, the MP battalion involved in this incident was awarded the prestigious Holland Award for its conduct in this first major incident using NL munitions. For a detailed look at this mission, see article on page 27.
NL munitions fielded by Picatinny Arsenal were used in a second incident in February 2001, in Pasjane, Kosovo. There, U.S. forces were able to completely disperse an unruly mob--without loss of life--that had grown rapidly from 100 to 300 individuals by selectively targeting specific people. Picatinny Arsenal continues to proactively provide the critical NL capabilities U.S. soldiers need to enhance their effectiveness in peacekeeping missions.
Mr. John Cline is the systems manager of the Nonlethal Technology Integration Cell at TACOM-ARDEC, Picatinny Arsenal He graduated from Villanova University in 1982 with a bachelor's in mechanical engineering, earned a master's in business administration from Florida Tech in 1987, and is Army Acquisition Corps-certified.