The Nordic ICU nursing research network/La Red Nordica de Investigacion en Enfermeria en UCI.INTRODUCTION
The European federation of Critical Care Nursing associations (EfCCNa) is a network of critical care nursing associations in Europe. EfCCNa was founded in 1999 and has 24 national member associations representing about 20,000 European critical care nurses. National and international conferences for critical care nurses promote practice, education, management and dissemination of research. This covers a lot of issues, but a group of academically prepared critical care nurses in the Scandinavian countries Denmark, Norway, and Sweden--needed a more specific focus on research methodology and networking within intensive care nursing.
Building the network
In 2003 a group of academically prepared intensive care nurses met in Lund, Sweden, and established the Nordic Association for Intensive Care Nursing Research (NOFI NOFI No Flame Intended
NOFI Notice of Federal Interest ). A board was established and biannual bi·an·nu·al
1. Happening twice each year; semiannual.
2. Occurring every two years; biennial.
bi·an meetings were planned for research dissemination and networking. Professor Ingegerd Bergbom (Sweden) chaired the board in 2003-2007 and since I have had that privilege (Denmark). The meeting venues have rotated between Denmark, Norway and Sweden.
The board members invited research active or academically prepared intensive care unit (ICU ICU intensive care unit.
intensive care unit
see intensive care unit.
ICU ) nurses in critical care to join the network and a membership fee was set (Bergbom et al. 2005). We initially included members from Denmark, Norway and Sweden in order to conduct meetings in the Scandinavian languages. This meant that Finland, Iceland, Greenland and the Faroe Islands Faroe Islands
or Faeroe Islands
Group of islands in the Atlantic Ocean that form a self-governing region of Denmark. Area: 540 sq mi (1,399 sq km). Population: (2002 est.) 47,400. did not participate initially. In the future, we plan to open the association to the rest of the Nordic countries and conduct some meetings in English. The network has expanded via the Internet and by word of mouth, and currently includes some 60-80 members.
According to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.
2. In keeping with: according to instructions.
3. the NOFI statutes the aims are to:
* encourage nursing research in intensive care in the Nordic countries
* create a network of research active nurses
* exchange experiences across borders
* highlight Nordic intensive care nursing research.
Activities include biannual meetings, collaboration with Nordic organizations and maintaining an updated website.
We established a website, www.nofi.info, with ongoing information on research and network activities. Each member was offered a research profile on the site and a logo was designed for the network (see above). Since we started the network we have had two volunteer webmasters. On the website the network members' research has been presented in three categories:
* the patient perspective
* the family perspective
* the professional perspective.
Using the network
Since 2004, NOFI has offered biannual thematic meetings for its members and others interested in the topics. A wide variety of themes has been covered at the meetings (see Table 1). Typically, each meeting has four presenters, each speaking for 45 minutes. In recent years, many newly graduated PhD researchers have presented their studies, which has been a valuable way to keep abreast Verb 1. keep abreast - keep informed; "He kept up on his country's foreign policies"
keep up, follow
trace, follow - follow, discover, or ascertain the course of development of something; "We must follow closely the economic development is Cuba" ; "trace the of research in the field. We continue to try new ways of meeting with lectures and workshops.
Research and publications
Several studies have been conducted in the NOFI network. We have explored the practice of intensive care diaries, which is a nursing initiative that started in the Scandinavian countries (Egerod et al. 2007; Akerman et al. 2010; Gjengedal et al. 2010; Egerod et al. 2011). Our current area of scholarship is conducting a metasynthesis of studies concerning the patient perspective of intensive care. A tradition of qualitative inquiry Qualitative Inquiry is an bi-monthly academic journal on qualitative research methodology. It focuses on methodological issues raised by qualitative research, rather than the research's content or results. References
The NOFI network will never become very large because the subspecialty subspecialty,
n a limited portion of a narrowly defined professional discipline. E.g., surgery is a specialty of medicine and pediatric vascular surgery is a subspecialty. of critical care is relatively small and the proportion of nurses conducting research in this area in the Nordic countries is even smaller. We often ask ourselves: is it necessary to have a network for research active and academically prepared nurses in addition to the national and international nursing and interdisciplinary critical care associations? We encourage integration of research and clinical practice in the other federations and societies (for example, EfCCNa and the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine) and perhaps one day NOFI will no longer be necessary. But for the present we need to support academic preparation in intensive and critical care nursing in the Nordic countries and NOFI has been a reliable engine in this process.
I would like to thank our webmasters Thomas Eriksson and Sue Harden hard·en
v. hard·ened, hard·en·ing, hard·ens
1. To make hard or harder.
2. To enable to withstand physical or mental hardship.
3. , who have done terrific job of organising and maintaining the website, and the founders of NOFI: Ingegerd Bergbom, Anetth Granberg Axell, Ingvar Fried and Eva Gjengedal; and the current board members Sissel Lisa Storli (vice chair and co-founder), Astrid Danielsen, Anetth Granberg Axell, Maria Henricson, Berit Lindahl, Thomas Eriksson, and Anne Sophie Agard (see photo). And finally, all NOFI members who have made the network possible.
Akerman E, Granberg-Axell A, Ersson A, Fridlund B, Bergbom I (2010). Use and practice of patient diaries in Swedish intensive care units: a national survey. Nursing in Critical Care 15 (1), 26-33.
Bergbom I, Egerod I, Storli SL, Axell AG (2005). Research platforms in the Nordic Association for Intensive Care Nursing Research (NOFI). Connect. The World of Critical Care Nursing 4 (3), 91-92
Egerod I, Schwartz-Nielsen KH, Hansen GM, Laerkner E (2007). The extent and application of patient diaries in Danish ICUs in 2006. Nursing in Critical Care 12 (3), 159-167.
Egerod I, Storli SL, Akerman E (2011). Intensive care patient diaries in Scandinavia: a comparative study of emergence and evolution. Nursing Inquiry [In press].
Gjengedal E, Storli SL, Holme HOLME Handshape, Orientation, Location, Movement, and Expression (sign language) AN, Eskerud RS (2010). An act of Caring--patient diaries in Norwegian intensive care units. Nursing in Critical Care 15 (4), 176-184.
Ingrid Egerod, RN; MSN (1) (MicroSoft Network) A family of Internet-based services from Microsoft, which includes a search engine, e-mail (Hotmail), instant messaging (Windows Live Messaging) and a general-purpose portal with news, information and shopping (MSN Directory). , PhD, Associate Professor, The University of Copenhagen The University of Copenhagen (Danish: Københavns Universitet) is the oldest and largest university and research institution in Denmark. , Faculty of Health Sciences and The University Hospitals Center for Nursing and Care Research, Copenhagen University Hospital Rigshospitalet, DK-2100 Copenhagen O, Denmark
Table 1. NOFI biannual meetings Year Venue Topic 2004 Gothenburg, Sweden Acoustics and environmental stress in the ICU 2004 Copenhagen, Denmark Relatives in the ICU 2005 Tromso, Norway Ways of knowing in intensive care nursing 2005 Malmo, Sweden Sedation in ICU 2006 Stockholm, Sweden Ethical issues in intensive care 2006 Oslo, Norway Intensive care diaries and follow-up 2007 Copenhagen, Denmark Multimodal interventions in intensive care 2007 Gothenburg, Sweden Research designs in intensive care nursing studies 2008 Oslo, Norway Intensive care unit delirium 2008 Copenhagen, Denmark Psychometric instruments in ICU 2009 Boras, Sweden Burn unit nursing and relatives in ICU 2009 Oslo, Norway Themes of mechanical ventilation 2010 Copenhagen, Denmark Ethical issues in intensive care 2010 Jonkoping, Sweden Rehabilitative initiatives in ICU 2011 Copenhagen, Denmark The Nordic perspective in intensive care nursing research 2011 Halmstad, Sweden Workshops on ICU issues