The National Rehabilitation Administration Association.
The purposes of the division shall be to improve administrative and supervisory practices by:
1. Promoting the highest administrative and supervisory ethical practices.
2. Upgrading of professional standards in administration and supervision.
3. Helping to develop a specific body of knowledge in this field and working to disseminate that knowledge as it evolves.
4. Encouraging and supporting professional training opportunities.
5. Providing a forum for discussion.
6. Encouraging and stimulating systematic scientific research and enlightened inquiry.
7. Developing methods of close communication with other professional groups dedicated to rehabilitation.
8. Reflecting the needs of the practicing National Rehabilitation Administration Association membership to the Association.
9. Relating closely to the other NRA divisions for mutual planning and advancement of rehabilitation (NRAA NRAA National Renal Administrators Association
NRAA Niagara River Anglers Association
NRAA non-redundant amino acid
NRAA National Registered Assessors Association
NRAA National Rehabilitation Administration Association
NRAA National Religious Affairs Association Policy Procedures Manual, 1994, p. 3).
The Founding Years
The origin of the National Rehabilitation Administration Association is traced to the founding of its parent organization, the National Rehabilitation Association (NRA NRA
(National Rifle Association of America) organization that encourages sharpshooting and use of firearms for hunting. [Am. Pop. Culture: NCE, 1895]
See : Hunting ). The early leaders in the formation of NRA were directors and supervisors in the state vocational rehabilitation Noun 1. vocational rehabilitation - providing training in a specific trade with the aim of gaining employment
rehabilitation - the restoration of someone to a useful place in society agencies. NRA leadership focused upon significant problems facing the State-Federal program and the agencies that were involved in services to the nation's vocationally handicapped youth and adults. Throughout the early years of NRA (1923-1975), membership in NRA became a prerequisite to employment in many of the state vocational rehabilitation agencies (Oberman, 1965).
The initiation of divisions within the National Rehabilitation Association, with the founding of the National Rehabilitation Counseling rehabilitation counseling,
n counseling started in the United States in 1920 to assist individuals disabled by industrial accidents; originally included physical, psychologic, and occupational training; expanded over the next 70 years and laid the Association in 1958, was viewed by many administrators in the State-Federal vocational rehabilitation organizations as an unnecessary fragmentation of focus and a potentially dangerous dilution of resources and efforts. It was not until 1968 that a group of educators, administrators and supervisors with an interest in forming a professional administration division were able to mount a real attempt that met with success. The founding group selected the Administrative and Supervisory Practices Division (ASPD ASPD Anti-Social Personality Disorder
ASPD Altamonte Springs Police Department (Altamonte, FL, USA)
ASPD Association of Specialist Providers to Dentists (UK)
ASPD AEGIS Ship Program Directive ) of the National Rehabilitation Association as the name (Sales and Harcleroad, 1981). During these founding years, the Years, The
the seven decades of Eleanor Pargiter’s life. [Br. Lit.: Benét, 1109]
See : Time leadership of the division was vested in the following Presidents: Sol Richman (North Carolina North Carolina, state in the SE United States. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean (E), South Carolina and Georgia (S), Tennessee (W), and Virginia (N). Facts and Figures
Area, 52,586 sq mi (136,198 sq km). Pop. , 1968); Reuben Margolin (Massachusetts, 1969); and Vivian Shepard (Missouri, 1970).
The stated purpose of ASPD was to advance the field of administrative and supervisory practices in all areas of rehabilitation activities in order that all personnel working in a rehabilitation setting could achieve maximum use of all resources, including themselves, in promoting the rehabilitation of people with disabilities. At this time, a major concern of State-Federal administrators was legislative support at the Federal and State levels. Support for such legislation became a major activity. Membership in the division was extended to all NRA members employed in an administrative supervisory, instructional or research position in the broad field of rehabilitation (Richman, 1968).
Period of Growth and Expansion
During the next three years, 1971-1973, significant strides were experienced by the rehabilitation field with increased funding of governmental programs, increased numbers of persons employed to work with the nation's handicapped population and increased community agency involvement. ASPD acted on these initiatives. The membership base was expanded to include administrators, managers and supervisors in rehabilitation facilities, institutions for the mentally retarded Noun 1. mentally retarded - people collectively who are mentally retarded; "he started a school for the retarded"
developmentally challenged, retarded and the mentally ill and public schools that provided services to the clients of the State-Federal Vocational Rehabilitation program Noun 1. vocational rehabilitation program - a program of rehabilitation through job training with an eye to gainful employment
rehabilitation program - a program for restoring someone to good health . The focus of purpose during this period was upon interagency cooperation and the development of a favorable public awareness program. Leadership in ASPD moved to supervisors in public rehabilitation agencies with the following Presidents: William L. Herrick (Iowa, 1971); Homer Jacobs (Alabama, 1972); and Dorothy Jeffrey (Kentucky, 1973).
Early Period of Professionalism
By 1974, ASPD began to embody many of the elements of a true professional association. "Accountability," the catch word of the previous era, had an impact upon association concerns and activities. Professional qualifications, training and education, and evaluation standards within rehabilitation administration replaced concerns of organizational growth and development.
Encouragement and support for professional training seminars at state and regional meetings and at national rehabilitation conferences was a focus of ASPD. Universities were encouraged to develop continuing education continuing education: see adult education.
or adult education
Any form of learning provided for adults. In the U.S. the University of Wisconsin was the first academic institution to offer such programs (1904). programs for supervisors and to establish master's degree master's degree
An academic degree conferred by a college or university upon those who complete at least one year of prescribed study beyond the bachelor's degree.
Noun 1. programs in rehabilitation administration and supervision. ASPD encouraged the Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities (CARF), State and other vocational rehabilitation agencies to develop accreditation and certification standards for service programs offered through rehabilitation facilities.
ASPD leadership during this period was provided by the following Presidents: David Schriemer (Florida, 1974); Roger Decker (Georgia, 1975); and Marvin Spears (Minnesota, 1976). At the end of this era, ASPD was publishing a newsletter and considering the development and publication of a professional journal.
Period of Concentrated Effort in Professionalization pro·fes·sion·al·ize
tr.v. pro·fes·sion·al·ized, pro·fes·sion·al·iz·ing, pro·fes·sion·al·iz·es
To make professional.
The year 1977 marked significant professionalization efforts by the organization's leadership. At the annual conference in 1977 an agreement was reached with DePaul University to jointly publish the first professional journal in the field of rehabilitation administration. Dr. Stan Smits (Georgia, 1977), President of ASPD, accepted the role as the first editor of the Journal of Rehabilitation Administration ( DePaul University is a private institution of higher education and research in Chicago, Illinois, USA. JRA JRA
juvenile rheumatoid arthritis ). Publication of JRA was based on two broad goals. The first was to provide a high quality professional journal for the publication of rehabilitation administration-related articles in the areas of practice, theory and research. The second goal was to involve practitioners by soliciting their comments on published articles or by involving them as co-authors of articles.
The following year, 1978, at the NRA annual conference, ASPD adopted a new name, the National Rehabilitation Administration Association (NRAA), and remained affiliated as a division of NRA.
During the era, 1977-1980, other significant efforts at professionalization undertaken by NRAA included the development of a Code of Ethical Standards for rehabilitation administrators and supervisors, initiation of a movement for accreditation of university master's degree programs in rehabilitation administration and initiation of a study to determine the membership's attitude toward certification of practicing rehabilitation administrators and supervisors.
It was during this era that the Presidents of NRAA -- Stan Smits (Georgia, 1977), Lionel Parker (West Virginia West Virginia, E central state of the United States. It is bordered by Pennsylvania and Maryland (N), Virginia (E and S), and Kentucky and, across the Ohio R., Ohio (W). Facts and Figures
Area, 24,181 sq mi (62,629 sq km). Pop. , 1978), Jerome R. Lorenz (Illinois, 1979) and Clinton Wainwright (Texas, 1980) -- made valiant efforts to convince the membership that rehabilitation administrators and supervisors were truly professionals in their chosen field.
Period of Cut-back Management
The national economy, the attitudes of the general public toward taxation and political pressures impacted upon human service programs in the United States United States, officially United States of America, republic (2005 est. pop. 295,734,000), 3,539,227 sq mi (9,166,598 sq km), North America. The United States is the world's third largest country in population and the fourth largest country in area. during the early 1980s. Cost containment cost containment,
n the features of a dental benefits program or of the administration of the program designed to reduce or eliminate certain charges to the plan. and fiscal restraints became the catch words of the time. Membership in NRA declined drastically. Speakers at National Rehabilitation Association Annual Conferences advocated a need to reduce budgets and reduce personnel employed in rehabilitation work. NRAA initiated fiscal policy restrictions that limited membership growth and seriously hampered the professionalization effort.
The Presidents of NRAA, Bill Gardner Bill Gardner is the current Secretary of State in the State of New Hampshire. He is in charge of the department that oversees all general elections, primary elections, voter registration and recounts within the state, including the New Hampshire Primary. (West Virginia, 1981), Robert Brabham (South Carolina South Carolina, state of the SE United States. It is bordered by North Carolina (N), the Atlantic Ocean (SE), and Georgia (SW). Facts and Figures
Area, 31,055 sq mi (80,432 sq km). Pop. (2000) 4,012,012, a 15. , 1982) and Fred Tenney
Emergence of a Rebirth Period
A history of dependence on governmental support caused NRAA leadership to predict a tragic future if steps were not taken to seize control of its destiny. President Tenney brought a new awareness of the role rehabilitation facilities play in service delivery, their capacity for rallying local support and the need for their participation in defining the future of the profession. William G. Emener (Florida, 1984) NRAA President, expanded on the need to take the initiative and subsequently described his year as President as "a year of empowerment and involvement." J. Stuart Phillips (Illinois), the 1985 President, continued Emener's theme and set specific target areas -- rehabilitation facilities, women in rehabilitation administration and front line supervisors -- for NRAA's efforts for increased involvement and potential membership growth. Neil Sculley (Missouri), NRAA 1986 President, continued to focus on these areas as a prelude for significant future changes in the field of rehabilitation and the consequences of these changes for NRAA.
Turbulent Times and Significant Action
As a consequence of previous efforts at membership recruitment and retention. NRAA emerged in the mid-1980s in a relatively strong position to meet future challenges. However, an organization that does not periodically reassess its goals and structure is likely to become ineffective. For several years NRAA leadership addressed the issue of how NRAA could become more effective and how to best use its membership dollars. During the Presidency of Kathy Williams (Kentucky, 1987) a reorganization plan A scheme authorized by federal law and promulgated by the president whereby he or she alters the structure of federal agencies to promote government efficiency and economy through a transfer, consolidation, coordination, authorization, or abolition of functions. for the NRAA Board was adopted and phased in during the Presidencies of John Newman John Newman can refer to:
Peter Howell (born ca. 1948) is a musician and composer. He is best-known for his work on Doctor Who as a member of the BBC Radiophonic Workshop. (South Carolina, 1989). The centerpiece of the reorganization was the streamlining of the NRAA Board by reducing the number of Board members from 26 to 13. Specifically, the positions of Vice President and Board Representative to the Executive Committee were eliminated, as were the four Board Member At Large positions. In addition the number of Regional Representatives to the Board was reduced from two representatives per Region to one while their responsibilities were increased. Also, the term of office for the Treasurer was increased to two years in order to have greater continuity in the management of NRAA's finances.
The financial difficulties of funding the State-Federal rehabilitation program Noun 1. rehabilitation program - a program for restoring someone to good health
program, programme - a system of projects or services intended to meet a public need; "he proposed an elaborate program of public works"; "working mothers rely on the day care were felt as the national economy experienced a recession. The concept of "privatization privatization: see nationalization.
Transfer of government services or assets to the private sector. State-owned assets may be sold to private owners, or statutory restrictions on competition between privately and publicly owned " of state and local government operated rehabilitation programs, the emergence of a strong private sector vocational and medical rehabilitation industry and the disability rights movement were concerns addressed by the following Presidents of NRAA: James Stephens James Stephens may refer to:
Burnside was born in London, and attended St. (Virginia, 1993); and George Melde (Texas, 1994). Under their leadership, NRAA has been a strong advocate of the Americans with Disabilities Act Americans with Disabilities Act, U.S. civil-rights law, enacted 1990, that forbids discrimination of various sorts against persons with physical or mental handicaps. . Recognizing the mutual interests of medical and vocational rehabilitation administrators, exploratory talks were held between NRAA and the Association of Medical Rehabilitation Administrators. In 1993 the results of these efforts lead to the merging of the medical administrators with NRAA. At the end of 1993 NRAA membership was 1,338.
Organizational Structure This article has no lead section.
To comply with Wikipedia's lead section guidelines, one should be written.
Subject to the Constitution and decisions made by either the entire membership or through the annual NRAA business meeting, a fourteen-member Board of Directors conducts the affairs of NRAA. The Board's authority shall include, but not be limited to: 1) adoption of a fiscal year and policy, 2) adoption of a budget, 3) bonding of officers, and ordering audits, 4) designation of fiscal representatives, 5) calling an annual meeting, 6) hearing and acting on committee reports, 7) appointing standing and ad-hoc committees, 8) serving as final judge of election results, 9) proposing resolutions, 10) initiating cooperative agreement and contracts, and 11) accrediting regional and state units (NRAA Policy and Procedures Manual, 1994, p. 6-8).
The NRAA Board of Directors includes the following officers each serving a one-year term: President; President-Elect; and Past-President. The Secretary and Treasurer both serve two-year terms. In addition to the officers there are seven Regional Representatives, each of whom serves a two-year term. The Association of Medical Rehabilitation Administrators also has a Representative on the Board. Also, NRAA elects a representative to a three-year term to serve on the NRA Board.
NRAA has the following committees: Awards, Nominations & Elections; Constitution & Bylaws The rules and regulations enacted by an association or a corporation to provide a framework for its operation and management.
Bylaws may specify the qualifications, rights, and liabilities of membership, and the powers, duties, and grounds for the dissolution of an ; Membership; Annual Program; Grants; History; Newsletter; Jerome R. Lorenz Memorial Fund; Ways & Means; and Certification. In addition NRAA has two representatives on the Policy Board of the Journal of Rehabilitation Administration.
The NRAA Assembly, the Board of Directors, the various committees and the regional and state chapters have the primary responsibility for advancing the mission of the Association. However, additional programs have been initiated to further support the mission of NRAA. The following are some of these programs:
State/Regional Grants: Much of the support for the Association comes from the State or Regional level. Consequently, the Association provides substantial programmatic and operational financial support for activities which reinforce local involvement.
Newsletter: The NRAA Newsletter is the primary means of communication with membership in the Division. Publication of the Newsletter is funded by membership dues.
Pre-Conference Training: NRAA normally sponsors a training session prior to the start of the annual NRA meeting.
Awards: NRAA has established several awards to individuals who have made a significant contribution to rehabilitation administration. Three separate awards are made in memory and honor of Mary E. Switzer Mary Elizabeth Switzer (February 16, 1900 - October 16, 1971), was an American public administrator and social reformer. She notably shaped the 1954 Vocational Rehabilitation Act, which provided a great expansion of vocational rehabilitation service for people with disabilities. , Guy F. Hubbard and Jerome R. Lorenz. Annual awards to units include Professional Programming and Membership.
Benefits of Membership
The following list reflects some of the benefits of NRAA membership:
Professional Affiliation: Members can interact with other professionals in their field at the state, regional, and national levels.
Current Issues: The NRAA Newsletter is published several times a year and provides a means whereby the membership can be informed of the activities of the Association and current issues facing the field of rehabilitation administration.
Professional Publications: All members of the Association receive the Journal of Rehabilitation Administration, a publication devoted to advancing the practice of rehabilitation administration.
Linkages: The Association provides members with formal linkages to NRA, other divisions, the legislative network and other relevant professional organizations.
Involvement: The members have the opportunity to shape the field of rehabilitation administration by participating in the planning and prioritization of the Association's efforts.
Professional Development: Through state, regional and national conference programs the members have the opportunity to further develop their professional expertise.
National Rehabilitation Administration Association. (1994). NRAA policy and procedures manual.
Newman, J.F. (1993, October). The history of NRAA. Paper presented at the annual business meeting of NRAA, Atlanta, GA.
Oberman, C.E. (1965). A history of vocational rehabilitation in America. Minneapolis, Minn: T.S. Dennison.
Richman, S. ( 1968). Role of ASPD. Administration and Supervision in Rehabilitation, the Administrative and Supervisory Practices Division Newsletter.
Sales, A. & Harcleroad, F. (1981). Emerging professional organization and interest groups in rehabilitation. In W.G. Emener, R. Luck & S.J. Smits (Eds.). Rehabilitation administration and supervision. Baltimore: University Park Press.
Wainwright, C. & Phillips, J.S. (1986). The National Rehabilitation Administration Association. Journal of Rehabilitation, 52, 47-49.
Clinton O. Wainwright, Ed.D., CRC (Cyclical Redundancy Checking) An error checking technique used to ensure the accuracy of transmitting digital data. The transmitted messages are divided into predetermined lengths which, used as dividends, are divided by a fixed divisor. , is Professor Emeritus of Rehabilitation, University of North Texas, Denton, Texas Denton is a city in the United States and the county seat of Denton County, Texas. According to the 2000 U.S. Census, the city population was 80,537, making it the eleventh largest city in the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex. . A Licensed Professional Counselor Licensed Professional Counselor ("LPC") is a licensure for mental health professionals. The exact title varies by state. Licensed Professional Counselors are one of the six types of licensed mental health professionals who provide psychotherapy in the United States. in Texas and a Certified Rehabilitation Counselor, currently he provides vocational rehabilitation consulting services to the private sector. He served as the NRAA historian for twelve years.
John F. Newman, Ph.D., CHE, is Associate Professor, Institute of Health Administration, College of Business Administration, Georgia State University History
Georgia State University was founded in 1913 as the Georgia School of Technology's "School of Commerce." The school focused on what was called "the new science of business. , Atlanta, Georgia. He is a Diplomate dip·lo·mate
One who has received a diploma, especially a physician certified as a specialist by a board of examiners.
(dip´l of the American College of Health Care Executives and a Certified Healthcare Executive. Currently he is the NRAA historian.
J. Stuart Phillips, Ph.D., is President and CEO (1) (Chief Executive Officer) The highest individual in command of an organization. Typically the president of the company, the CEO reports to the Chairman of the Board. of Eisenhower Center, a residential brain injury program in Ann Arbor, Michigan
“Ann Arbor” redirects here. For other uses, see Ann Arbor (disambiguation).
Ann Arbor is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan and the county seat of Washtenaw County. . Previously he was a faculty member in the graduate Rehabilitation Administration and Services Program of the Rehabilitation Institute, Southern Illinois University Southern Illinois University, main campus at Carbondale; state supported; coeducational; est. 1869, opened 1874 as a normal school, renamed 1947. It has a center for archaeological investigation and a fisheries research laboratory. There is also a campus at Edwardsville. .