The Millennium Makers.
IT took four American authors two years to complete...a list of the 1,000 most important people of the last 1,000 years.
They used a complex 24,000-point system to judge each candidate's influence for the new book Ranking The Men And Women Who Shaped The Millennium. Here we print the top 100. Do you agree?
1. Johannes Gutenberg (1394-1468) Inventor of printing press.
2. Christopher Columbus (1451-1506) Agent of Western civilisation.
3. Martin Luther (1483-1546) Monk who created Protestant Church.
4. Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) His telescope helped found modern science.
5. William Shakespeare (1564-1616) Mirror of the millennium's soul.
6. Isaac Newton (1642-1727) Laws of motion laws of motion
See Newton's laws of motion. helped propel Age of Reason.
7. Charles Darwin (1809-1882) Theory of evolution.
8. Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) Proof God existed became cornerstone of faith.
9. Leonardo da Vinci Leonardo da Vinci (də vĭn`chē, Ital. lāōnär`dō dä vēn`chē), 1452–1519, Italian painter, sculptor, architect, musician, engineer, and scientist, b. near Vinci, a hill village in Tuscany. (1452-1519) The ultimate Renaissance man Renaissance man
A man who has broad intellectual interests and is accomplished in areas of both the arts and the sciences.
Noun 1. .
10. Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) Music's titan.
11. John Locke (1632-1704) Writings influenced US Declaration of Independence.
12. Mohandas K. Gandhi (1869-1948) Showed power of peaceful disobedience.
13. Michelangelo (1475-1564) First among artists.
14. Karl Marx (1818-1883) Founder of communism.
15. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) Sage of the subconscious.
16. Napoleon I (1769-1821) God of war.
17. Albert Einstein (1879-1955) Theory of relativity theory of relativity
Einstein’s contribution to the space-time relationship. [Science: NCE, 843–844]
See : Turning Point supplanted Newton.
18. Nicholas Copernicus (1473-1543) Questioned if earth was centre of universe.
19. Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) Spiritual father of just about everything.
20. Adolf Hitler (1889-1945) Villain of the millennium.
21. Adam Smith (1723-1790) Wealth of Nations is foundation of classic economics.
22. George Washington (1723-1799) Father of United States United States, officially United States of America, republic (2005 est. pop. 295,734,000), 3,539,227 sq mi (9,166,598 sq km), North America. The United States is the world's third largest country in population and the fourth largest country in area. .
23, 24. Wilbur (1867-1912) and Orville Wright (1871-1948) Original Wright stuff.
25. Rene Descartes (1596-1650) Philosopher of truth.
26. Louis Pasteur (1822-1895) Theories on germ-borne diseases saved millions.
27. Peter the Great (1672-1725) Czar who built modern Russia.
28. Thomas Alva Edison (1847-1931) The man who lit the world.
29. William I William I, king of England
William I or William the Conqueror, 1027?–1087, king of England (1066–87). Earnest and resourceful, William was not only one of the greatest of English monarchs but a pivotal figure in European (1028-1087) French lord conquered England in 1066.
30. Dante (1265-1321) Writing in Italian paved way for European literature.
31. Elizabeth I (1533-1603) Moulder moul·der
v. Chiefly British
Variant of molder.
moulder or US molder
to crumble or cause to crumble, as through decay: of the modern British state.
32. Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) Saviour of the American Union.
33. Johannes Kepler (1571-1630) Discoverer of the paths of the planets.
34. Leo Leo, in astronomy
Leo [Lat.,=the lion], northern constellation lying S of Ursa Major and on the ecliptic (apparent path of the sun through the heavens) between Cancer and Virgo; it is one of the constellations of the zodiac. Tolstoy (1828-1910) Superman of letters.
35. Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) Inspiration for three centuries of musicians.
36. Voltaire (1694-1778) Writings formed underpinnings of French Revolution.
37. Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882-1945) Protector of the American way of life.
38. Winston Churchill (1874-1965) Hero of Britain's finest hour.
39. Francis of Assisi (1181-1226) Immense contribution to spirituality.
40. Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527) The Prince is one of most influential books ever.
41. Lenin (1879-1924) Founded Russian communist party.
42. Ferdinand Magellan (1480-1521) Leader of the first trip around the world.
43. Genghis Khan (1167-1227) Destroyer of Asia.
44. Cervantes (1547-1616) Creator of the most beloved fool in literature.
45. Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797) Beacon for women's rights The effort to secure equal rights for women and to remove gender discrimination from laws, institutions, and behavioral patterns.
The women's rights movement began in the nineteenth century with the demand by some women reformers for the right to vote, known as suffrage, and .
46. Rembrandt (1606-1669) Master of the Dutch masters.
47. William Harvey (1578-1657) Unlocked secrets of blood circulation.
48. Simon Bolivar (1783-1830) Liberator of South America.
49. Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) Metaphysician met·a·phy·si·cian
One who specializes or is skilled in metaphysics. of the modern world.
50. Mao Tse-Tung (1893-1976) China's unifier - but at horrendous cost.
51. Henry Ford (1863-1947) Mover of mass production.
52. Mozart (1756-1791) Musical mingler of art and entertainment..
53. John Milton (1608-1674) Poet legend.
54. Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790) America's Renaissance man.
55. Alexander Fleming (1881-1955) Discoverer of antibiotics.
56. Martin Luther King jnr (1929-1968) Minister to a divided nation.
57. Toyotomi Hideyoshi (1537-1598) Unifier of Japan.
58. Frederick The Great Frederick the Great: see Frederick II, king of Prussia. (1712-1786) The sword of German militarism Militarism
See also Soldiering.
leader of the Seven against Thebes. [Gk. Myth.: Iliad]
killed many enemies; led many troops to victory. [Ger. Lit. Nibelungenlied] .
59. Georg Hegel (1770-1831) Philosopher for a dislocated dis·lo·cate
tr.v. dis·lo·cat·ed, dis·lo·cat·ing, dis·lo·cates
1. To put out of usual or proper place, position, or relationship.
60. Chu Yuan Chang (1328-1398) The first Ming.
61. Charles V (1500-1558) Holy Roman emperor who gave it all away.
62. Chaucer (1342-1400) Humanity's poet laureate.
63. Louis XIV (1638-1715) Absolute monarchy in its purest form.
64. Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) Author of US Declaration of Independence.
65. Pope Urban II (1042-1099) Preacher of the crusades.
66. Marco Polo (1254-1324) World's most influential traveller.
67. Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier (1743-1794) Creator of modern chemistry.
68. Maximilien de Robespierre (1758-1794) Terror of Europe's old regime.
69. John Calvin (1509-1564) Protestant Reformation leader.
70. Charles Dickens (1812-1870) Novelist of the emerging industrial age.
71. Suleiman the Magnificent (1494-1566) Paramount ruler of Ottoman Empire.
72. Paul Cezanne (1839-1906) Founder of modern art.
73. Murasaki Shikibu (978-1031) Creator of the novel.
74. Alexander Graham Bell (1847-1922) Inventor of the telephone.
75. Marie Curie Curie (kürē`), family of French scientists.
Pierre Curie, 1859–1906, scientist, and his wife,
Marie Sklodowska Curie, 1867–1934, chemist and physicist, b. (1867-1934) Pioneer of nuclear physics.
76. John Eckert (1919-1995) Inventor of the modern computer.
77. Fyodor Dostoyevsky (1821-1881) Maker of modern literature''s anti- hero.
78. Pope Innocent III Pope Innocent III (c. 1161 – June 16, 1216), born Lotario de' Conti di Segni, was pope from January 8, 1198 until his death. Biography
Early life and election to the Papacy
Lotario de' Conti di Segni was born in Gavignano, near Anagni. (1160-1216) Champion of papal power.
79. Frederick Douglass (1817-1895) Abolitionist leader.
80. J. Robert Oppenheimer (1904-1967) Director of first atom bomb project.
81. John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) Promoter of individual rights.
82. Stalin (1879-1953) Monster.
83. Joan of Arc Joan of Arc, Fr. Jeanne D'Arc (zhän därk), 1412?–31, French saint and national heroine, called the Maid of Orléans; daughter of a farmer of Domrémy on the border of Champagne and Lorraine. (1411-1431) Heroic patron saint of France.
84. Francis Bacon (1561-1626) Formulator of the scientific method.
85. Filippo Brunelleschi (1377-1446) Inventor of linear perspective.
86. Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1815-1902) Founder of US women's rights movement.
87. Vladimir Zworykin (1889-1982) Television pioneer.
88. Gottfried Leibniz (1646-1716) Inventor of calculus and symbolic logic.
89. William Le Baron Jenney William Le Baron Jenney (25 September 1832—14 June 1907) was an American architect and engineer who became known as the Father of the American skyscraper  (1832-1907) Architect of the skyscraper.
90. Edward Jenner (1749-1823) Innoculator of nations.
91. Queen Victoria (1819-1901) Mother of all monarchs.
92. Babur (1483-1530) Muslim conqueror of India.
93. Chu Hsi (1130-1200) Most influential Chinese philosopher.
94. Phineas T Barnum (1810-1891) Patron saint of sales and advertising.
95. Guglielmo Marconi (1874-1937) Radio man.
96. Marsilus of Padua (1270-1342) Sowed seeds of modern politics.
97. Desiderius Erasmus (1466-1536) Literary light of the Renaissance.
98. Alexander Von Humboldt (1769-1859) Universal scientist. (September 14, 1769, Berlin – May 6, 1859, Berlin) was a Prussian naturalist and explorer, and the younger brother of the
99. Margaret Sanger (1879-1966) Birth control's evangelist.
100. Henry VIII (1491-1547) England's first protestant King.