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The Millennium Makers.

IT took four American authors two years to complete...a list of the 1,000 most important people of the last 1,000 years.

They used a complex 24,000-point system to judge each candidate's influence for the new book Ranking The Men And Women Who Shaped The Millennium. Here we print the top 100. Do you agree?

1. Johannes Gutenberg (1394-1468) Inventor of printing press.

2. Christopher Columbus (1451-1506) Agent of Western civilisation.

3. Martin Luther (1483-1546) Monk who created Protestant Church.

4. Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) His telescope helped found modern science.

5. William Shakespeare (1564-1616) Mirror of the millennium's soul.

6. Isaac Newton (1642-1727) Laws of motion helped propel Age of Reason.

7. Charles Darwin (1809-1882) Theory of evolution.

8. Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) Proof God existed became cornerstone of faith.

9. Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) The ultimate Renaissance man.

10. Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) Music's titan.

11. John Locke (1632-1704) Writings influenced US Declaration of Independence.

12. Mohandas K. Gandhi (1869-1948) Showed power of peaceful disobedience.

13. Michelangelo (1475-1564) First among artists.

14. Karl Marx (1818-1883) Founder of communism.

15. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) Sage of the subconscious.

16. Napoleon I (1769-1821) God of war.

17. Albert Einstein (1879-1955) Theory of relativity supplanted Newton.

18. Nicholas Copernicus (1473-1543) Questioned if earth was centre of universe.

19. Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) Spiritual father of just about everything.

20. Adolf Hitler (1889-1945) Villain of the millennium.

21. Adam Smith (1723-1790) Wealth of Nations is foundation of classic economics.

22. George Washington (1723-1799) Father of United States.

23, 24. Wilbur (1867-1912) and Orville Wright (1871-1948) Original Wright stuff.

25. Rene Descartes (1596-1650) Philosopher of truth.

26. Louis Pasteur (1822-1895) Theories on germ-borne diseases saved millions.

27. Peter the Great (1672-1725) Czar who built modern Russia.

28. Thomas Alva Edison (1847-1931) The man who lit the world.

29. William I (1028-1087) French lord conquered England in 1066.

30. Dante (1265-1321) Writing in Italian paved way for European literature.

31. Elizabeth I (1533-1603) Moulder of the modern British state.

32. Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) Saviour of the American Union.

33. Johannes Kepler (1571-1630) Discoverer of the paths of the planets.

34. Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910) Superman of letters.

35. Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) Inspiration for three centuries of musicians.

36. Voltaire (1694-1778) Writings formed underpinnings of French Revolution.

37. Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882-1945) Protector of the American way of life.

38. Winston Churchill (1874-1965) Hero of Britain's finest hour.

39. Francis of Assisi (1181-1226) Immense contribution to spirituality.

40. Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527) The Prince is one of most influential books ever.

41. Lenin (1879-1924) Founded Russian communist party.

42. Ferdinand Magellan (1480-1521) Leader of the first trip around the world.

43. Genghis Khan (1167-1227) Destroyer of Asia.

44. Cervantes (1547-1616) Creator of the most beloved fool in literature.

45. Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797) Beacon for women's rights.

46. Rembrandt (1606-1669) Master of the Dutch masters.

47. William Harvey (1578-1657) Unlocked secrets of blood circulation.

48. Simon Bolivar (1783-1830) Liberator of South America.

49. Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) Metaphysician of the modern world.

50. Mao Tse-Tung (1893-1976) China's unifier - but at horrendous cost.

51. Henry Ford (1863-1947) Mover of mass production.

52. Mozart (1756-1791) Musical mingler of art and entertainment..

53. John Milton (1608-1674) Poet legend.

54. Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790) America's Renaissance man.

55. Alexander Fleming (1881-1955) Discoverer of antibiotics.

56. Martin Luther King jnr (1929-1968) Minister to a divided nation.

57. Toyotomi Hideyoshi (1537-1598) Unifier of Japan.

58. Frederick The Great (1712-1786) The sword of German militarism.

59. Georg Hegel (1770-1831) Philosopher for a dislocated age.

60. Chu Yuan Chang (1328-1398) The first Ming.

61. Charles V (1500-1558) Holy Roman emperor who gave it all away.

62. Chaucer (1342-1400) Humanity's poet laureate.

63. Louis XIV (1638-1715) Absolute monarchy in its purest form.

64. Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) Author of US Declaration of Independence.

65. Pope Urban II (1042-1099) Preacher of the crusades.

66. Marco Polo (1254-1324) World's most influential traveller.

67. Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier (1743-1794) Creator of modern chemistry.

68. Maximilien de Robespierre (1758-1794) Terror of Europe's old regime.

69. John Calvin (1509-1564) Protestant Reformation leader.

70. Charles Dickens (1812-1870) Novelist of the emerging industrial age.

71. Suleiman the Magnificent (1494-1566) Paramount ruler of Ottoman Empire.

72. Paul Cezanne (1839-1906) Founder of modern art.

73. Murasaki Shikibu (978-1031) Creator of the novel.

74. Alexander Graham Bell (1847-1922) Inventor of the telephone.

75. Marie Curie (1867-1934) Pioneer of nuclear physics.

76. John Eckert (1919-1995) Inventor of the modern computer.

77. Fyodor Dostoyevsky (1821-1881) Maker of modern literature''s anti- hero.

78. Pope Innocent III (1160-1216) Champion of papal power.

79. Frederick Douglass (1817-1895) Abolitionist leader.

80. J. Robert Oppenheimer (1904-1967) Director of first atom bomb project.

81. John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) Promoter of individual rights.

82. Stalin (1879-1953) Monster.

83. Joan of Arc (1411-1431) Heroic patron saint of France.

84. Francis Bacon (1561-1626) Formulator of the scientific method.

85. Filippo Brunelleschi (1377-1446) Inventor of linear perspective.

86. Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1815-1902) Founder of US women's rights movement.

87. Vladimir Zworykin (1889-1982) Television pioneer.

88. Gottfried Leibniz (1646-1716) Inventor of calculus and symbolic logic.

89. William Le Baron Jenney (1832-1907) Architect of the skyscraper.

90. Edward Jenner (1749-1823) Innoculator of nations.

91. Queen Victoria (1819-1901) Mother of all monarchs.

92. Babur (1483-1530) Muslim conqueror of India.

93. Chu Hsi (1130-1200) Most influential Chinese philosopher.

94. Phineas T Barnum (1810-1891) Patron saint of sales and advertising.

95. Guglielmo Marconi (1874-1937) Radio man.

96. Marsilus of Padua (1270-1342) Sowed seeds of modern politics.

97. Desiderius Erasmus (1466-1536) Literary light of the Renaissance.

98. Alexander Von Humboldt (1769-1859) Universal scientist.

99. Margaret Sanger (1879-1966) Birth control's evangelist.

100. Henry VIII (1491-1547) England's first protestant King.
COPYRIGHT 1999 MGN LTD
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 1999 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

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Author:Lines, From Andy
Publication:The Mirror (London, England)
Date:Jan 6, 1999
Words:938
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