The Fires Center of Excellence strategy.This strategy marks a new beginning for the Fires force and its branches. An era of complex, protracted pro·tract
tr.v. pro·tract·ed, pro·tract·ing, pro·tracts
1. To draw out or lengthen in time; prolong: disputants who needlessly protracted the negotiations.
2. conflict has challenged our Army to understand the operating environment In computing, an operating environment is the environment in which users run programs, whether in a command line interface, such as in MS-DOS or the Unix shell, or in a graphical user interface, such as in the Macintosh operating system. more thoroughly, frame the problems better, and develop innovative means to ensure our commanders have full-spectrum dominance on the battlefields of the 21st century. In response to a changing aim point and Base Closure and Realignment re·a·lign
tr.v. re·a·ligned, re·a·lign·ing, re·a·ligns
1. To put back into proper order or alignment.
2. To make new groupings of or working arrangements between. law, the Fires force is adapting itself with a focus on agility, mobility, precision and integration. This includes new beginnings for both the air defense artillery Weapons and equipment for actively combating air targets from the ground. Also called ADA. and field artillery branches that, together, will focus on effectiveness and efficiency as an integrated Fires force team--one that will be an integral part of others, including joint, coalition and interagency teams. With declining world resources and shrinking defense budgets, we can do no less.
This document outlines the way ahead for the Fires force, led by an agile, forward-thinking Fires Center of Excellence, integrating capabilities and training Soldiers and leaders in new ways to provide fires capabilities needed in the 21st century. It is a catalyst for change and provides the "seed corn" for the Fires Campaign Plan, which will operationalize our strategy by synchronizing tasks, resources and timelines to keep us constantly moving forward to achieve our vision. The Fires vision is to be the world's most versatile Fires force, with agile and adaptive Soldiers and leaders, fielded with integrated and interoperable systems, capable of delivering accurate and responsive fires in any environment from "mud to space" at any time.
The strategy is an investment in our future. We must change the way we train our people significantly, provide career-broadening opportunities, resource our research efforts and develop new systems. Communication, coordination, cooperation and collaboration will be keys in this endeavor, and we must ensure our success by providing the right resources in the right amount at the right time.
Our mission. Our mission is to be a decisive Fires force that provides dominant responsive, scalable, accurate lethal and nonlethal fires for the joint commander at the time and place of his choosing. We must have systems with integrated capabilities that leverage commonalities and provide unprecedented reach and mobility by incorporating the full range of earth-to-space assets. We must create learning organizations that achieve decision superiority and responsiveness in the information environment through collaboration, outreach, coordination and communication.
We must develop the Fires Center of Excellence as a Joint Fires Fires produced during the employment of forces from two or more components in coordinated action toward a common objective. See also fires. University that is a leader in innovation, providing world-class education and training to develop agile leaders who are experts in the art and science of the "Fires" and protect warfighting functions. We must develop confident, competent, disciplined warriors and leaders committed to the all-volunteer force and actively engaged in the Army's comprehensive fitness programs.
The endstate. The Fires Strategy will provide the means by which we will reach our objectives. We will become the world's most versatile Fires force with confident and competent Soldiers and leaders; world class integrated and interoperable field artillery and air defense artillery systems; and a Fires force capable of delivering responsive, scalable and accurate lethal and nonlethal fires in any environment at any time. We will become a Fires force with operational tempo balance that effortlessly meets Army Force Generation requirements; Soldiers, leaders and families who want to continue to serve our Army; and an agile institution that delivers the world's best Fires technical and leader development training--a Joint University. We will become a transformed Fires force that focuses on achieving effectiveness, efficiency and synergy; a community and culture of outreach, communication, collaboration, coordination and cooperation; and a community that provides integration experts for our Army from lethal and nonlethal fires to airspace.
The operating environment. The operational environment of the future will include unfamiliar cultures and intricate networks in heavily populated urban areas as well as ungoverned rural locales that may provide safe havens Safe Havens is a comic strip drawn by cartoonist Bill Holbrook and syndicated by King Features Syndicate. Started in 1988, the strip is currently published in more than 50 newspapers. for extremists organizations. The conflict catalysts listed in the figure below will continue to have a significant impact on the operational environment during the next decade or longer.
The collective effect of these trends will be an operational environment characterized by complexity, uncertainty, rapid change and persistent conflict (protracted hostility among any combination of state, non-state and individual actors) for the next several decades. We expect these conflicts to occur in all domains--land, sea, air, space and cyberspace--and will present numerous, continual challenges for the Fires force as it supports joint and coalition force operations into the 21st century.
While the most dangerous threats to our interests are rogue states and non-state actors with weapons of mass destruction Weapons that are capable of a high order of destruction and/or of being used in such a manner as to destroy large numbers of people. Weapons of mass destruction can be high explosives or nuclear, biological, chemical, and radiological weapons, but exclude the means of transporting or capability, future threats will be as complex as the operating environment. The most likely threats will be hybrid--those having dynamic combinations of conventional, irregular, terrorist and criminal capabilities.
We can expect them to use the full spectrum of options, including every political, economic, informational and military measure at their disposal. In short, they will employ any available means--high- and low-tech--to attack us where we are weakest. Hybrid threats necessitate creative solutions. These solutions require talented Soldiers who are versatile enough to function in complex environments for extended periods.
While our force provides the finest Fires support in the world with devastating dev·as·tate
tr.v. dev·as·tat·ed, dev·as·tat·ing, dev·as·tates
1. To lay waste; destroy.
2. To overwhelm; confound; stun: was devastated by the rude remark. accuracy, firepower fire·pow·er
1. The capacity, as of a weapon, weapons system, military unit, or position, for delivering fire.
2. The ability to deliver fire against an enemy in combat.
Noun 1. and a wide range of effects, it has focused on a predominately conventional threat. This strategy shifts the aiming point to full-spectrum operations to hedge against unexpected contingencies.
21st century fires strategic imperatives. The strategic imperatives that have emerged from our analysis will not only serve as guideposts Guideposts is a Christian-faith based non-profit organization founded in 1945 by Dr. Norman Vincent Peale and his wife, Ruth Stafford Peale. The Guideposts organization is headquartered in Carmel, New York, with additional offices in New York City, Chesterton, Indiana, and Pawling, for the accomplishment of the Fires strategy, they also will provide the foundation for developing quantifiable metrics to assess our progress toward the Fires end state.
The Chief of Staff of the Army stated that, "an Army ... must be capable enough to be versatile; mobile enough to be expeditionary ex·pe·di·tion·ar·y
1. Relating to or constituting an expedition.
2. Sent on or designed for military operations abroad: the French expeditionary force in Indochina.
Adj. 1. ; responsive enough to be agile; precise enough to be lethal; robust enough to be sustainable; and flexible enough to be interoperable with a wide range of partners. These qualities--versatile, expeditionary, agile, lethal, sustainable, and interoperable--will be the defining qualities of a balanced Army." The nine strategic imperatives embody all of the Chief of Staff of the Army's capabilities and will provide direction to the Fires Force as it moves forward.
Human capital sustainment. We must continue to preserve our nation's most precious asset--its active and Reserve Component Soldiers and Department of the Army civilians.
Integrated capabilities. An integrated air-ground picture will be required to solve 21st century targeting, airspace and fire control challenges.
Precision Strike. The Fires force will deliver air defense and field artillery munitions mu·ni·tion
War materiel, especially weapons and ammunition. Often used in the plural.
tr.v. mu·ni·tioned, mu·ni·tion·ing, mu·ni·tions
To supply with munitions. precisely where the maneuver or joint force commander wants them.
Reach. To both protect our forces from indirect attack and strike our adversaries' critical vulnerabilities, the Fires force must have tactical, operational and strategic reach from mud to space.
Responsiveness. Responsiveness encompasses the continued improvement of our technology, processes and tactics in response to threats from an increasingly capable array of rapidly delivered munitions.
Agility and Mobility. Both our leaders and our systems must be agile and mobile.
Scalable Lethality. The Fires force must offer and have access to a highly-integrated network of sensors, systems and munitions with scalable, destructive capability to minimize the residual effects and collateral damage collateral damage Surgery A popular term for any undesired but unavoidable co-morbidity associated with a therapy–eg, chemotherapy-induced CD to the BM and GI tract as a side effect of destroying tumor cells .
Innovation. The Fires force continually must seek out concepts, technologies and procedures to promote effectiveness and efficiency.
Protection. The Fires force will protect Army forces and our joint, interagency, intergovernmental and multinational partners as well as U.S. citizens at home.
Priorities. Declining budgets and resources are a fact of the 21st century. While this strategy provides a comprehensive approach to achieve the Fires end state, the reality is that we will not receive all of the resources necessary to accomplish the required tasks. Therefore, it is prudent to establish priorities as we move forward to achieve our vision.
We must develop competent and confident Fires leaders for our Army and support the current fight by providing the Army with a campaign-quality, expeditionary Fires force that can operate effectively and efficiently with joint, interagency, intergovernmental and multinational partners across the full spectrum of conflict both abroad and at home. We must transform the force, anticipate joint, interagency, intergovernmental and multinational requirements, advocate for resources and integrate force application functions to deliver the optimal combination of lethal and nonlethal Fires capabilities for joint and maneuver commanders. We will develop a culture of outreach, communication, collaboration and coordination through engagement; sustain the Fires force by managing resources to support the current fight--reset, retrain re·train
tr. & intr.v. re·trained, re·train·ing, re·trains
To train or undergo training again.
re·train and revitalize re·vi·tal·ize
tr.v. re·vi·tal·ized, re·vi·tal·iz·ing, re·vi·tal·iz·es
To impart new life or vigor to: plans to revitalize inner-city neighborhoods; tried to revitalize a flagging economy. the Fires force in support of Army Force Generation; and establish and sustain the Fires Center of Excellence as a world-class learning organization with the best Soldiers, leaders, civilians, facilities and equipment
The Fires Campaign Plan. The Fires Campaign Plan is designed to achieve the Fires strategy vision by using a holistic approach holistic approach A term used in alternative health for a philosophical approach to health care, in which the entire Pt is evaluated and treated. See Alternative medicine, Holistic medicine. , phased over time that incorporates doctrine, organization, training, materiel ma·te·ri·el or ma·té·ri·el
The equipment, apparatus, and supplies of a military force or other organization. See Synonyms at equipment. , leader development, personnel, facilities, cost and risk as integrating tools. It is organized along five lines of effort that correspond to the priorities for the Fires force.
Grow leaders. We must create mentally Verb 1. create mentally - create mentally and abstractly rather than with one's hands
create by mental act
draw, make - make, formulate, or derive in the mind; "I draw a line here"; "draw a conclusion"; "draw parallels"; "make an estimate"; "What do you make and physically agile and adaptive leaders with an expeditionary mindset mind·set or mind-set
1. A fixed mental attitude or disposition that predetermines a person's responses to and interpretations of situations.
2. An inclination or a habit. who possess the talent to lead and succeed in an era of persistent conflict.
Prepare Soldiers and leaders to succeed in current and future fights. Produce Soldiers and leaders who are both competent and confident to perform Fires core competencies with state-of-the-art systems that dominate adversaries and protect friendly forces.
Sustain. Strengthen the long-term health of the Fires force through actively promoting accessions and retention and minimizing attrition.
Engage. Create, sustain and enforce a culture of outreach, communication, collaboration and coordination to achieve the Fires end state.
Transform. Develop interoperable, networked and integrated systems capable of executing multiple missions and the education system to support leaders and operators for those systems in the future hybrid threat environment.
The Fires Center of Excellence. The most visible manifestation of transformation in the Fires arena is the creation of the Fires Center of Excellence. The Fires Center of Excellence will act as the headquarters with oversight of both the Field Artillery and Air Defense Artillery Schools. Its mission is to train, educate and develop capabilities; engage, collaborate and partner with stakeholders Stakeholders
All parties that have an interest, financial or otherwise, in a firm-stockholders, creditors, bondholders, employees, customers, management, the community, and the government. ; sustain and provide a Fires force to support the joint warfighting commanders across the spectrum of operations in the joint, interagency, intergovernmental and multinational environment. To accomplish its mission, the Fires Center of Excellence will perform the following.
Drive transformation and manage transitions. The Fires Center of Excellence will provide institutional agility, monitor ongoing operations, anticipate future requirements and test new concepts and solutions for current and future fights.
Act as the hub of an influence network. It will shape both its external environment and influence organizational culture by educating our Army and building internal and external consensus on our mission and purpose.
Provide governance and oversight. The Fires Center of Excellence will oversee the execution and progress of the Fires Campaign Plan; execute field artillery and air defense artillery force modernization functions; acquire, allocate and manage Fires force systems, resources and operational transitions; and provide the Army with the best trained and equipped Soldiers and leaders for the force. Provide a world-class, joint educational and training facility. It will deliver the world's best Fires technical and leader development training, providing the appropriate mix of live, virtual and simulated training to officers, warrant officers, NCOs and Soldiers with the intent of becoming a Joint Fires University, similar to modern civilian universities with research and development, world-class instructors and an outreach capability to educate and acquire knowledge from experts world-wide.
The Fires Strategy provides a way ahead that centers on the versatile people and units comprising the Fires force, supported by a world-class Fires Center of Excellence. The Fires Center of Excellence will use the Fires Campaign Plan to drive the development and preparation of Soldiers, leaders and systems to achieve the desired end state--the world's most versatile Fires force with agile and adaptive Soldiers and leaders, fielded with integrated and interoperable systems and capable of delivering accurate and responsive Fires in any environment from "mud to space" at any time.
BACKGROUND: The Fires Center of Excellence shoulder sleeve insignia. The arrowhead denotes the growth of the two branches in the western plains of the U.S., the first indirect fire at Agincourt and the symbol of the pointed tip for air defense artillery. The stars indicate excellence, the requirements in support of warfighting commanders. The cannon symbolizes the Fires Center of Excellence's mission to develop qualified Fires warriors and leaders. The crossed lightning bolts signify the future of electronic warfare Noun 1. electronic warfare - military action involving the use of electromagnetic energy to determine or exploit or reduce or prevent hostile use of the electromagnetic spectrum
military action, action - a military engagement; "he saw action in Korea" and directed energy.
Editor's note: The complete strategy can be found at https://www.us.army.mil/suite/page/130700.
By MG David D. Halverson, Commanding General of the Fires Center of Excellence
* Globalization globalization
Process by which the experience of everyday life, marked by the diffusion of commodities and ideas, is becoming standardized around the world. Factors that have contributed to globalization include increasingly sophisticated communications and transportation
* Proliferation proliferation /pro·lif·er·a·tion/ (pro-lif?er-a´shun) the reproduction or multiplication of similar forms, especially of cells.prolif´erativeprolif´erous
n. of weapons of mass destruction
* Failed and fragile states
* Technology and information proliferation
* Shifting sociological demographics
* Climate change
* Scarcity of natural resources
* Domestic economic policy and budget constraints
* Increased gaps between "haves" and "have-nots"
* Increased potential for nuclear, biological or chemical attacks
* Increasing support for radical and religious extremist organizations
* Complexity, uncertainty, rapid change and persistent conflict
* Adversaries will be multi-dimensional, intelligent and adaptive, using a wide array of tactics
* Ungoverned rural locales provide safe havens for extremist organizations
* Unfamiliar culture and intricate networks in heavily populated urban areas
* Increasing urbanization and ideology competing for sovereignty
* Poor governance in many states
* Weapons of mass destruction attacks
* Terror breeding grounds
* Cyberspace Coined by William Gibson in his 1984 novel "Neuromancer," it is a futuristic computer network that people use by plugging their minds into it! The term now refers to the Internet or to the online or digital world in general. See Internet and virtual reality. Contrast with meatspace.
* Humanitarian crisis A humanitarian crisis (or "humanitarian disaster") is an event or series of events which represents a critical threat to the health, safety, security or wellbeing of a community or other large group of people, usually over a wide area.
* Failed states and city states
* Insurgency in·sur·gen·cy
n. pl. in·sur·gen·cies
1. The quality or circumstance of being rebellious.
2. An instance of rebellion; an insurgence.
Fires Center of Excellence
* Human capital
* Integrated capabilities
* Precision strike
* Agility and mobility
* Scalable lethality
Fires Center of Excellence
Campaign plan lines of effort
* Grow leaders
* Prepare Soldiers
Fires Center of Excellence
* The world's most versatile Fires Force with confident and competent Soldiers and leaders
* World class integrated and interoperable field artillery and air defense artillery systems
* A Fires Force capable of delivering responsive, scale and accurate lethal and nonlethal fires in any environment at any time
* A Fires Force with operational tempo balance that effortlessly meets Army Force Generation requirements
* Soldiers, leaders and families who want to continue to serve our Army
* An agile institution that delivers the world's best Fires technical and leader development training, a joint university
* A transformed Fires Force that focuses on achieving effectiveness, efficiency and synergy
* A community and culture of outreach, communication, coordination and cooperation
* A community that provides integrated experts for our Army from lethal and nonlethal fires to airspace