The British Empire: a setting sun.The sun never sets on the British Empire British Empire, overseas territories linked to Great Britain in a variety of constitutional relationships, established over a period of three centuries. The establishment of the empire resulted primarily from commercial and political motives and emigration movements " was a popular saying for more than 100 years. Why? Britain once ruled an empire that stretched around the world and into nearly every time zone. It included Canada, Australia, India, and many colonies in Africa and the West Indies West Indies, archipelago, between North and South America, curving c.2,500 mi (4,020 km) from Florida to the coast of Venezuela and separating the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico from the Atlantic Ocean. .
All that has changed now, as the map above shows. The U.S. was the first British colony to gain independence, in 1783. Canada became self-governing in 1867, and Australia in 1901. After World War II (1939-1945), most British colonies in Asia, Africa, and the Caribbean gained independence.
Today, many former British colonies belong to the Commonwealth of Nations, which includes about 50 independent countries that once lived under British rule. The members cooperate in trade and other matters.
Study the map and the key to see which areas used to be British colonies and which are colonies today. Present-day colonies are shown in red with boldface names.
1. What was the United Kingdom's largest possession in Asia?--
2. What continent did the United Kingdom once rule?--
3. British North America British North America also British America
The former British possessions in North America north of the United States. The term was once used to designate Canada. included what two large present-day countries?--
4. Name the former British colony on the southeastern coast of China.--
5. Most of the United Kingdom's present-day colonies are islands in which ocean?--
6. Which continent had the largest number of British colonies (not counting offshore islands)?--
7. The United Kingdom still rules what colony on the European mainland?--
8. Which claimed British territory is located the farthest south?--
9. Argentina and Britain dispute ownership of the Falkland Islands Falkland Islands (fôk`lənd), Span. Islas Malvinas, officially Colony of the Falkland Islands, group of islands (2005 est. pop. 3,000), 4,618 sq mi (11,961 sq km), S Atlantic, c.300 mi (480 km) E of the Strait of Magellan. , which are located in which ocean?--
10. Which former British colony in the Middle East does the United States United States, officially United States of America, republic (2005 est. pop. 295,734,000), 3,539,227 sq mi (9,166,598 sq km), North America. The United States is the world's third largest country in population and the fourth largest country in area. now control?-
GeoSkills Questions, p. 20
1. British India British India
The part of the Indian subcontinent under direct British administration until India's independence in 1947. 2. Australia 3. Canada, U.S. 4. Hong Kong Hong Kong (hŏng kŏng), Mandarin Xianggang, special administrative region of China, formerly a British crown colony (2005 est. pop. 6,899,000), land area 422 sq mi (1,092 sq km), adjacent to Guangdong prov. 5. Atlantic 6. Africa 7. Gibraltar 8. British Antarctica Territory 9. South Atlantic 10. Iraq