The Arab world.
The firestorm of revolt that began sweeping through North Africa and the Middle East this year shocked the world. In January, seemingly overnight, Tunisia's dictator was toppled. Within weeks, the "modern pharaoh" of Egypt, President Hosni Mubarak, was forced from power after nearly 30 years.
Nations such as the U.S. and Russia have long tried to influence repressive Arab governments to reform, with limited success. But what happened in Tunisia and Egypt inspired people across the Middle East to push for an overthrow of their repressive regimes, in what became known as the Arab Spring.
The world's attention is now focused on Syria, where President Basilar al-Assad's forces have already killed thousands of protesters.
Study the map and the photo captions on this page, then answer the questions below.
U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in the United Arab Emirates, the first stop on a trip that included Oman and Qatar. The U.S. has walked a fine line in responding to protests, encouraging demands for democracy while trying to maintain good relations with longtime allies.
A poster in Egypt shows five Arab strongmen. From left: Bashar al-Assad of Syria; Muammar el-Qaddafi of Libya; Ali Abdullah Saleh of Yemen; and Gamal Mubarak and his rather, Hosni Mubarak, former President of Egypt.
As rebels in Libya fought to oust Qaddafi--with backing from the U.S. and the U.N.--the world followed developments. Here, MSNBC's Richard Engel reports on the rebels as they prepare to take the capital of Tripoli.
RELATED ARTICLE: Questions
Write your answers on a separate sheet of paper.
1. On which two continents are the countries of the Arab Spring located?
2. What is the capital of Tunisia?
3. In which direction would one travel from Yemen's capital to Oman's?
4. About how many miles separate them?
5. In which countries on this map have the governments been toppled?
6. Which island nation is seeing protests?
7. Why do you think Hosni Mubarak became known as the "modern pharaoh"?
8. Which body of water do Algiers, Tripoli, and Benghazi border?
9. What fine line has the U.S. had to walk in responding to Arab Spring protests?
l0. How would you describe the meaning of the phrase "Arab Spring"?
1. Africa and Asia
4. about 1,100
5. Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya
7. Mubarak ruled with absolute power for decades and refused to consider giving up control, like an ancient Egyptian King.
8. the Mediterranean Sea
9. The U.S. has tried to encourage demands for democracy while trying to retain good relations with longtime allies.
10. Answers will vary.