The APA decision December 1973: declassification of homosexuality as an illness, Charles Kaiser argues, was the gay movement's most revolutionary moment. (Bold beginnings).
The best day of the 20th century for every lesbian and gay man in America was December 15, 1973: the day the board of the American Psychiatric Association The American Psychiatric Association (APA) is the main professional organization of psychiatrists and trainee psychiatrists in the United States, and the most influential world-wide. Its some 148,000 members are mainly American but some are international. voted 13-0 to remove homosexuality from its official list of psychiatric disorders.
It was the front page story in The New York Times (and almost every other major newspaper) at the time, and it remains the most important victory of the modern gay rights movement, which was then slightly more than four years old.
The triumph was a tribute to the diligence, intelligence, and furious determination of Frank Kameny, a cofounder co·found
tr.v. co·found·ed, co·found·ing, co·founds
To establish or found in concert with another or others.
co·found with Jack Nichols of the Washington, D.C., branch of the Mattachine Society and one of the most important gay leaders of all time. More than a decade before the APA (All Points Addressable) Refers to an array (bitmapped screen, matrix, etc.) in which all bits or cells can be individually manipulated.
APA - Application Portability Architecture acted, Kameny identified homosexuality's classification as a mental illness as the major stumbling block for gay rights because "an attribution of mental illness in our culture is devastating."
When Kameny studied the psychiatric literature, he was "appalled." He told me that everything he found there was "sloppy, slovenly slov·en·ly
1. Untidy, as in dress or appearance.
2. Marked by negligence; slipshod. See Synonyms at sloppy.
slov , slipshod slip·shod
1. Marked by carelessness; sloppy or slovenly. See Synonyms at sloppy.
2. Slovenly in appearance; shabby or seedy.
slip , sleazy science--social and cultural and the theological value judgments, cloaked and camouflaged in the language of science, without the substance of science. There was just nothing there.... It was garbage in, garbage out (humour) Garbage In, Garbage Out - (GIGO) /gi:'goh/ Wilf Hey's maxim expressing the fact that computers, unlike humans, will unquestioningly process nonsensical input data and produce nonsensical output. ."
In short, after centuries of religious persecution, gay people had suffered throughout the 20th century from outrageous medical malpractice: the psychiatric notion that the only healthy gay person was the one who wanted to be straight.
In 1970, Kameny convinced the Gay Activists Alliance to join him in his campaign to overturn the APA's policy, and only three years later they were successful.
For gay people who came of age after the 1970s, it is almost impossible to imagine what it had been like to live in an era when every official body (as well as most liberal lobbying groups, including the American Civil Liberties Union American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), nonpartisan organization devoted to the preservation and extension of the basic rights set forth in the U.S. Constitution. ) classified your orientation as an illness or a crime. As Judd Marmor, one of the APA officers who engineered the change in the association's official doctrine, told me, the board of trustees board of trustees Politics The posse of thugs who oversee an institution's administration. See Board of directors. concluded there was "no reason why ... a gay man or woman could not be just as healthy, just as effective, just as law abiding, and just as capable of functioning as any heterosexual." That was an entirely revolutionary notion in 1973, and without its formal articulation none of the progress of the next three decades would have been possible.
Kaiser is the author of the books 1968 in America and The Gay Metropolis.