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Thailand: 2007 pre-election technical assessment report of findings and recommendations: 26 April 2007.


IFES IFES International Foundation for Election Systems
IFES International Fellowship of Evangelical Students
IFES Image Feature Extraction System
IFES Irmandade da Festa do Espirito Santo
IFES Instituto Femenino de Educación Superior (Spanish) 
 is pleased to present this comprehensive assessment report anticipating the upcoming constitutional referendum and general election in the Kingdom of Thailand. IFES hopes that these findings and recommendations can inform efforts to strengthen the democratic process within Thailand and can provide guidance as the nation seeks to reassume Re`as`sume´   

v. t. 1. To assume again or anew; to resume.
 its position as a model for democracy within Southeast Asia Southeast Asia, region of Asia (1990 est. pop. 442,500,000), c.1,740,000 sq mi (4,506,600 sq km), bounded roughly by the Indian subcontinent on the west, China on the north, and the Pacific Ocean on the east. . The field work and interviews that provide the substance of this report were conducted between March 14 and April 5, 2007.

A great deal of information was collected during the course of the assessment, which reflects the openness and input of all with whom the team met. At the same time, the political situation in Thailand is dynamic, with developments occurring more quickly than can be captured fully by a written report. Given the timing of the issuance of this report vis-a-vis the release of the draft constitution by the Constitution Drafting Assembly / Committee (CDA/CDC), some facts contained herein will become outdated out·dat·ed  
Out-of-date; old-fashioned.


old-fashioned or obsolete

Adj. 1.
. Once the draft constitution is made public, IFES will prepare a legal review of the electoral provisions that will serve as a supplement to this report.

As a nonprofit A corporation or an association that conducts business for the benefit of the general public without shareholders and without a profit motive.

Nonprofits are also called not-for-profit corporations. Nonprofit corporations are created according to state law.
, nongovernmental democracy development organization that works to give people a voice in the way they are governed, IFES has provided election stakeholders Stakeholders

All parties that have an interest, financial or otherwise, in a firm-stockholders, creditors, bondholders, employees, customers, management, the community, and the government.
 from more than 100 countries with the technical advice and tools necessary to conduct democratic elections and maintain stable, accountable election administration. Since our founding in 1987, our work has been nonpartisan non·par·ti·san  
Based on, influenced by, affiliated with, or supporting the interests or policies of no single political party: a nonpartisan commission; nonpartisan opinions.
 and focuses on forging a sustainable democratic process though responsive institutions, informed citizens, respect for human rights and the rule of law.

The rapid-appraisal methodology used to perform diagnostic pre-election technical assessments (PETAs) has been refined over the past two decades. A PETA Quadrillion (10 to the 15th power). See space/time.  can provide host country stakeholders, and the international donor community, with a benchmark document to facilitate election assistance that is appropriate, coordinated and strategically oriented o·ri·ent  
1. Orient The countries of Asia, especially of eastern Asia.

a. The luster characteristic of a pearl of high quality.

b. A pearl having exceptional luster.

. IFES has conducted assessments based on this PETA methodology in nearly 70 countries, including Afghanistan, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea (păp`ə, –y  and Bangladesh. IFES' PETA reports include information about the overall electoral environment and political, economic, social, and security issues likely to affect the campaigns and elections process in the host country. They also outline both short-term action strategies and longer term, sustainable solutions.


The IFES assessment team would like to express its sincere appreciation to the Chairman and Secretary General of the Election Commission of Thailand (ECT ECT electroconvulsive therapy.

electroconvulsive therapy

Electroconvulsive therapy sometimes is used to treat depression or mania when pharmaceutical treatment fails.
) and the commission staff who were exceedingly ex·ceed·ing·ly  
To an advanced or unusual degree; extremely.


very; extremely

Adv. 1.
 generous with their time and input. During the course of three weeks, IFES spent hours with nearly two dozen commission representatives. The ECT was open, forthcoming with information, and responsive to requests. The assessment team also thanks the other stakeholders with whom they met for answering what must have seemed an endless array of questions. The success of this fact-finding exercise is due to the thoughtful input of all interviewed. IFES would also like to acknowledge the support provided by the U.S. Embassy in Bangkok Bangkok (băng`kŏk'), Thai Krung Thep, city (1990 pop. 8,538,610), capital of Thailand and of Bangkok prov., SW Thailand, on the east bank of the Chao Phraya River, near the Gulf of Thailand.  and the funding for the PETA provided by the Office of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor at the Department of State.

ABAC     Assumption Business Administration College
ANFREL   The Asian Network for Free Elections
AUSAID   Australian Agency for International Development
CDA      Constitutional Drafting Assembly
CDC      Constitutional Drafting Committee
CDR      Council for Democratic Reform
CNS      Council for National Security
ECT      Election Commission of Thailand
EU       European Union
GOTV     Get out the Vote
ICT      Ministry of Communication and Information Technology
LEC      local election committee
KPI      King Prajadhipok Institute
MOE      Ministry of Education
MOI      Ministry of Interior
MOI-RDA  Ministry of Interior--Regional Development Office
MP       Member of Parliament
NCCC     National Counter-Corruption Commission
NGO      non-governmental organization
OSCE     Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe
NHRC     National Human Rights Commission
NLA      National Legislative Assembly
PDA      Population and Community Development Association
PEC      provincial election commission
PETA     pre-election technical assessment
PNET     People's Network for Elections in Thailand
PM       prime minister
PSA      public service announcement
PVT      parallel vote tabulation
SMS      short message service
SNTV     single non-transferable vote
SRI      Social Research Institute
TBG      tactile ballot guides
TOT      training of trainers
TRT      Thai Rak Thai
TVM      Thai Voting Machine
UN       United Nations
USAID    United States Agency for International Development
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2007 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

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Author:Dahl, Robert A.; Palmer, Susan; Barnes, Catherine; Thakur, Beverly Hagerdon; Kannam, Catherine
Publication:Elections Today
Geographic Code:9THAI
Date:Jul 1, 2007
Previous Article:Frontiers of electronic voting: 29.07.07-03.08.07, seminar 07311.
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