Ten years of summer reading success: the eastern and central reading encouragement and development network (E.C.READ'N).An incentive based themed reading program for children 2-11 years, organised by a committee with members drawn form the participating libraries. Over 9000 children will take part in the 2006/07 program, plus 1000 in a young adult reading program. Research has been published on the outcomes of the program. The winter warmers reading program is also organised by the committee. Paper presented at Learning futures conference, Adelaide Adelaide, empress consort of Holy Roman Emperor Otto I
Adelaide (ăd`əlād) or Adelheid (ä`dĕlhīt), c. SA 9-10 March 2007.
The summer reading program is a family orientated o·ri·en·tate
v. o·ri·en·tat·ed, o·ri·en·tat·ing, o·ri·en·tates
To orient: "He . . . , noncompetitive Adj. 1. noncompetitive - not involving competition or competitiveness; "noncompetitive positions"; "noncompetitive interest in games"
competitive, competitory - involving competition or competitiveness; "competitive games"; "to improve one's competitive position" , incentive based reading program for children from preschool to preteen pre·teen
1. Relating to or designed for children especially between the ages of 10 and 12.
2. Being a child especially between the ages of 10 and 12; preadolescent.
A preteen boy or girl. , which is available free of charge in libraries. The E.C.READ'N summer reading program aims to
* interest, encourage and stimulate stimulate /stim·u·late/ (stim´u-lat) to excite functional activity.
To arouse a body or a responsive structure to increased functional activity. children to enjoy reading
* increase reading skills in the widest sense, including communication and creativity and thus develop self esteem
* encourage caregivers to become involved with their children's reading at home--one of the most powerful tools for creating life long learners
* encourage children to become regular library users by fostering positive relationships between families and public libraries and librarians This is a list of people who have practised as a librarian and are well-known, either for their contributions to the library profession or primarily in some other field. .
Masterton, Hastings Hastings, city, England
Hastings, city (1991 pop. 74,979) and district, East Sussex, SE England. A resort and residential city, Hastings is backed by cliffs and has a 3-mi (4.8-km) marine esplanade, parks, and bathing beaches. and Napier Napier (nā`pēər), city (1993 est. pop. 51,800), E central North Island, New Zealand, on Hawke Bay, close to Hastings. It is a major center for wool, as well as meat, fruit, and dairy exports; tourism is also important to the economy. libraries in the north island of New Zealand New Zealand (zē`lənd), island country (2005 est. pop. 4,035,000), 104,454 sq mi (270,534 sq km), in the S Pacific Ocean, over 1,000 mi (1,600 km) SE of Australia. The capital is Wellington; the largest city and leading port is Auckland. were running separate summer reading programs using a format based on programs run in the US. Thought had been given to producing a New Zealand program and making this more widely available. In November November: see month. 1996 an opportunity arose, through the Eastern and Central Community Trust, to apply for funding to implement a regional summer reading program. At the same time an application for a library study award, the G T Alley alley
an area in a cow barn identified by its particular purpose such as a loafing alley, a walking alley or feeding alley. award, to study USA based programs, by Sandy Sandy
Little Orphan Annie’s dog. [Comics: “Little Orphan Annie” in Horn, 459]
See : Dogs
told endless tales as she and Boss traveled. [Am. Lit. Green the Masterton District Library children's librarian (1) A person who works in the data library and keeps track of the tapes and disks that are stored and logged out for use. Also known as a "file librarian" or "media librarian." See data library.
(2) See CA-Librarian. , had been approved.
The Eastern and Central Community Trust was formed in 1988 after the sale of the New Zealand Trust Banks to the Australian Australian
pertaining to or originating in Australia.
Australian bat lyssavirus disease
see Australian bat lyssavirus disease.
Australian cattle dog
a medium-sized, compact working dog used for control of cattle. bank Westpac. The trust administers the funds from the sale and distributes NZ$5 million annually to community groups within the eastern and central region. Each applicant Applicant is a sketch written by Harold Pinter. It was originally written in 1959 and was first broadcast on BBC Radio 3 in 1964. Plot
Applying for a job, a young man named Mr. is only able to receive one grant per year. The 23 libraries in the region had been making regular applications to the trust for funding for projects and library collections and materials. The trust had found the administration of this difficult and also felt that the funding was not being distributed equitably eq·ui·ta·ble
Marked by or having equity; just and impartial. See Synonyms at fair1.
[French équitable, from Old French, from equite, equity; see equity. . Some small libraries were not making applications, while others were receiving funding regularly.
The trust is based in Hastings and approached the local Hastings Library with a proposal to fund a project that would have benefits for all the libraries. Library managers were asked to submit ideas for this funding. The trust selected the summer reading program from a list that included technology and large print collections.
A proposal and budget was prepared by the three libraries on behalf of the 23 libraries. Support of $129,000 for the development and implementation of a program was approved and the first New Zealand regional reading program was launched. $81,000 was allocated to develop and deliver the first program, with the balance for a seminar to be attended by library managers and children's library staff from all the libraries in the region.
The proposal to the trust, the budget and the proposed format for the program were presented to the seminar. The commitment given to the other libraries at the meeting was that all of the materials, funding and information required to run the program in their libraries would be supplied through the committee--their commitment would be to provide the staff. The library managers were asked for their commitment to participate, and all 23 committed to their participation. Part of the proposal was to form a committee of members from those attending the seminar.
A committee of seven was formed. The committee now operates under the name E.C.READ'N, (Eastern & Central Reading Encouragement and Development Network). A logo was commissioned in 2000
The first program was delivered in 1997/1998 by 21 of the 23 libraries. Over the next two years the program was introduced at all 23 libraries.
Most of the individual libraries serve small communities and some are only open for limited hours or have one full time staff. The distance between the most northern library, and the most southern is seven hours driving time or 500kms. Hastings and Napier are the most central locations and committee meetings and events are usually held in those cities.
The E.C.READ'N summer reading program format
* children enrol en·roll also en·rol
v. en·rolled, en·roll·ing, en·rolls also en·rols
1. To enter or register in a roll, list, or record: for the program and receive a kit to record their reading progress and information outlining the program in their library and the requirements to participate and complete the program
* a contract agreeing to spend time together reading each day is signed by the caregiver care·giv·er
1. An individual, such as a physician, nurse, or social worker, who assists in the identification, prevention, or treatment of an illness or disability.
2. and the child. The reading can be shared, individual or group reading
* children commence reading from a given date and read books from the public library for the next six weeks
* participants report to library staff four times over the six weeks to complete the program and qualify to attend the finale For the music notation program, see .
A finale (italian word) is a closing part, act or movement of a dramatic or musical composition, or more generally any event or procedure with a dramatically concluding effect.
* at each report in, children receive a small incentive, a theme related activity sheet, and one of the four stickers required to qualify for completing the program
* a program of events and fun activities is available throughout the six weeks. These include storytellers, magicians This is a list of magicians, illusionists, escapologists, and other practitioners of stage magic. For a list of witches, wizards, and other practitioners of paranormal magic, see: List of occultists.
Magicians are listed by the most common name used in performance. , puppeteers and activity workshops
* children completing the program are presented with a certificate, a medallion and a book at a finale party organised to celebrate their achievements.
E.C.READ'N Committee objectives
1 Ensure libraries provide the program free of charge.
2 Develop a noncompetitive program
3 Develop a strong theme with relevance to participants
4 Enable large and small libraries to deliver the same program
5 Make reading fun for all participants
6 Involve all 23 libraries and provide training and support
7 Maintain quality of program
8 Collate statistical outcomes
9 Evaluate the program
10 Administer To give an oath, as to administer the oath of office to the president at the inauguration. To direct the transactions of business or government. Immigration laws are administered largely by the Immigration and Naturalization Service. finances
11 Provide a full program and financial report to the Eastern and Central Community Trust each year
12 Meet deadlines for supply of information and materials to libraries
Each year in November a graphic artist is commissioned to provide the artwork, according to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.
2. In keeping with: according to instructions.
3. a graphics brief prepared by the committee. It meets monthly in February February: see month. , March, April and May to approve the graphics, select all the incentives and t shirts, organise v. t. 1. Same as organize.
Verb 1. organise - bring order and organization to; "Can you help me organize my files?"
structure - give a structure to; "I need to structure my days" the training seminar and a supplier for the books, prepare and approve the printing and arrange the supply of all the information and materials to the libraries.
Each committee member has several areas of responsibility to follow through with and report back. Meetings are usually two days as some members drive for up to three hours. Travel and accommodation accommodation n. 1) a favor done without compensation (pay or consideration), such as a signature guaranteeing payment of a debt, sometimes called an accommodation indorsement. costs are included in the budget.
The trust grant is made in total to the local government council of the library with financial responsibility. The library with financial responsibility is one of the committee member libraries and the committee administers and approves all payments and invoicing in·voice
1. A detailed list of goods shipped or services rendered, with an account of all costs; an itemized bill.
2. The goods or services itemized in an invoice.
tr.v. . A budget is prepared and managed by the committee which prepares a 50 page report for the trust, which includes the program and committee operations for the year, statistics, the numbers and budget for the next year, recommendations for the future, and evaluation comments. The committee owns four laptops, and each has an internet account.
The professional development opportunities for the committee members are far in advance of any that they may get in their small libraries or as a children's librarian. Each new committee member takes at least one year to become confident and informed of all the processes.
Committee members gain experience in
* financial management
* legal and copyright issues
* writing contracts, briefs and papers
* funding applications
* event organisation
* quality control
The professional development opportunities for committee members benefit their libraries and help to compensate for the time members are away from their workplace.
To meet the committee objectives
Each library receives a cash distribution for its display, programming and a finale entertainer. The cash distribution is allocated according to the numbers a library is registering and the library size and circumstances CIRCUMSTANCES, evidence. The particulars which accompany a fact.
2. The facts proved are either possible or impossible, ordinary and probable, or extraordinary and improbable, recent or ancient; they may have happened near us, or afar off; they are public or to ensure that all libraries can deliver the same quality program.
The library manager signs an agreement to deliver the program free of charge. They also agree to
* provide statistics and evaluations to the committee
* keep records and photographs of all their activities and the materials they produce
* accurately account for the funding they are given
* deliver the program according to the instructions in the manual.
A theme is chosen by the committee from ideas supplied by the libraries, and graphic artist is commissioned to provide the artwork according to a graphics brief prepared by it. The artwork includes the colour poster poster, placard designed to be posted in some public place for purposes of commercial announcement or propaganda. Advertising makes wide use of posters, as do charitable and political organizations. and folder In a graphical user interface (GUI), a simulated file folder that holds data, applications and other folders. Folders were introduced on the Xerox Star, then popularized on the Macintosh and later adapted to Windows and Unix. In Unix and Linux, as well as DOS and Windows 3. , clip art--used for all the handouts, rewards and materials--and 30 activity sheets such as word finds, mazes, dot to dots.
All libraries are provided with
1 An 80 page 'how to' program manual containing
evaluation forms forms for recording statistics the themed reading contract a master for the cards to record each participant's details and progress through the program ideas for themed activities and programs and for the finale masters for program calendars, to be filled in with the programs that the library organises and the storytellers from the circuit an interlibrary reporting form a form for recording daily reporting statistics ideas and advice on sourcing additional staff and for reporting sessions
The manual was originally only available in print form. This is now provided to the libraries in print form and on a cd as a package.
2 A 60 page graphics guide packed with clip art A set of canned images used to illustrate word processing and desktop publishing documents. and activity sheets including word finds, colourings, dot to dots, spot the difference, colour in book marks all themed with graphics from the program clipart. This is now also provided to the libraries in print and on a cd.
3 Vibrant printed posters for publicity.
4 Brightly coloured paper in the two chosen program colours.
5 Fluoro reward stickers for the first four report ins.
6 A colourful colourful or US colorful
1. with bright or richly varied colours
2. vivid or distinctive in character
Adj. 1. program folder for participants to record their reading with spaces for the first four report in stickers. A more recent development has been to add a fifth or bonus space for a sticker and provide the sticker to the libraries to encourage participants to report in more than the four times required to complete the program.
7 Reading incentives for each report in, in the form of small novelty Novelty is the quality of being new. Although it may be said to have an objective dimension (e.g. a new style of art coming into being, such as abstract art or impressionism) it essentially exists in the subjective perceptions of individuals. items with appeal to children. Where possible the items are chosen to fit the theme or have the program graphics printed on them. The committee selects these carefully and sets the order for the incentives to be given out as these are supplied to the libraries on a percentage basis using the previous year's statistics for reporting numbers. Each year a book bag is printed with a program graphic in one of the two colours chosen for the program. This is the first reward the participants receive, along with a pen and pad. For the tenth Tenth can mean:
A party of a funding. It usually refers to the lowest rank or smallest level of funding. received a calendar with the graphics for the folders of each program.
8 A medallion, a certificate and a book as a reward for each child completing the program. Each year publishers are asked to tender to provide the books providing list of proposed titles for each of the age groups and a discount rate or proposed price per book. In the past there were occasions where the publisher selected was not strong in a particular area which made the selection of titles and the allocation The apportionment or designation of an item for a specific purpose or to a particular place.
In the law of trusts, the allocation of cash dividends earned by a stock that makes up the principal of a trust for a beneficiary usually means that the dividends will be treated as of books to the individual children difficult. The committee now selects publishers for their strengths and uses two publishers if necessary.
9 The committee selects four storytellers and artists each year and arranges a circuit. The libraries receive a visit from each of the performers on the circuit. A list of additional storytellers and artists is supplied for libraries to organise additional activities. These all help generate the 'reading is fun' aspect of the program. With a small pool of performers in New Zealand, some have been used many times. Organising the tour is a challenge--to cover the distances, fit around library opening hours opening hours open npl → heures fpl d'ouverture
opening hours open npl → Öffnungszeiten pl and keep the costs within budget.
10 For the first year, and to provide training and support to ensure the overall success of the program, the original three libraries, who were all represented on the committee, took on the role of mentors. Training seminars were organised to ensure all libraries understood the program requirements, and that delivery quality was consistent. Regular nautical nau·ti·cal
Of, relating to, or characteristic of ships, shipping, sailors, or navigation on a body of water.
[From Latin nauticus, from Greek nautikos, from newsletters, to fit the 'Sail into summer reading' theme, kept all the 21 libraries involved in progress. The libraries are now familiar with the program and the annual training sessions have been replaced with a one day seminar. The seminar sessions focus on topics and content related to the delivery of a summer reading program or specialist children's services. The libraries still receive regular newsletters and progress updates on the program by email.
A high quality program is achieved by providing the manuals, preprinted materials and the training. A mission statement and a protocol for committee structure and operations have been established to ensure the quality of future programs.
Each library is required to complete statistics detailing registrations and completions and to record library issues. These are collated by the committee and used in the report to the Eastern and Central Community Trust. A recent addition has been the development of a spreadsheet spreadsheet
Computer software that allows the user to enter columns and rows of numbers in a ledgerlike format. Any cell of the ledger may contain either data or a formula that describes the value that should be inserted therein based on the values in other cells. program to record all the registrants and their records for the program. This generates the statistics in the required format for the committee, is able to be used to automatically print the names on the certificates for those that have completed the program and is set up with form letters to use as a mail merge Printing customized form letters. A common feature of a word processor, it uses a letter and a name and address list. In the letter, Dear A: Thank you for ordering B from our C store..., A, B and C are merge points into which data are inserted from the list. program to contact participants or an email contact list. The program and an operators manual were made available to the libraries for the 2006/2007 program.
Using the forms provided, libraries are asked to evaluate the program and the performing artists, and to request evaluations from caregivers. Each library is required to keep a scrapbook A Macintosh disk file that holds frequently used text and graphics objects, such as a company letterhead. Contrast with "clipboard," which is reserved memory that holds data only for the current session. detailing its program. These are displayed at the celebration in February.
The committee established a website in 2000 to promote the program and provide librarians with access to digital formats of the graphics. The website was decommissioned in 2006 as the committee had not had time to arrange to update it regularly or to redesign re·de·sign
tr.v. re·de·signed, re·de·sign·ing, re·de·signs
To make a revision in the appearance or function of.
re the site to make this easier. There are plans for a new site to be developed over the next two years.
Program operation in the E.C.READ'N libraries
The cash distribution for display is used by the libraries to create amazing a·maze
v. a·mazed, a·maz·ing, a·maz·es
1. To affect with great wonder; astonish. See Synonyms at surprise.
2. Obsolete To bewilder; perplex.
v.intr. , themed and colourful displays in their children's area. They also purchase program t shirts for their staff. The committee allocates free t shirts according to staff numbers, but these are not enough for all program staff. Some libraries have all their staff wear a summer reading program t shirts for the six weeks of the program. The committee has recently made contact with an artist who produces card art. The committee supplies the artist with the graphics for the program and she designs arches, reporting stations, play areas, and hanging and standing displays to fit the theme. An order form for these is emailed to the libraries.
Registration for the program is available at the libraries from two weeks before the reading and reporting commences. At registration each participant or caregiver fills in a record card with details of the child's age, school and year plus full contact details and indications of any social, educational or reading problems the child may have.
Each participant receives a folder with
* the reading contract
* an information leaflet with all the participation requirements
* a copy of the library's reporting hours
* a program calendar of events and activities with all the important program dates listed
* a welcome sheet
* an information sheet with details of the finale event.
The summer reading program folder has space for children to record their reading and for the stickers they receive each time they report in towards the four required to complete the program.
Some libraries change the program to suit their circumstances. Some do not register children under four years of age, and others register children from two years.
Activities and programs
Libraries arrange programs and activities in addition to the four artists the committee organises. Participants are advised of these but are not required to attend. The programs and activities are an important part of the program as they add a fun factor and social opportunities for the participants to get together and establish relationships.
The cash distribution to libraries for programs and activities enables very small libraries to arrange a visit from an author or artist and pay the performance fee, travel and accommodation costs. Libraries use this funding to organise workshops, discos, bingo bingo
Game of chance played with cards having a grid of numbered squares corresponding to numbered balls drawn at random. When a number on the card is drawn, the players cover that number (should they have it); the game is won by covering a certain number of squares in a row evenings, sleepovers, quiz nights A quiz night is a popular Australian form of entertainment usually involving 6 - 8 contestants on a table answering a series of quizzes. The winning table often takes home a series of donated prizes. etc as well as artists.
Each library sets the hours they will make reporting available and there are several different methods for managing this, to prevent participants and their caregivers waiting in long queues. Some libraries have a booking method allocating times at 15 minute intervals and according to the staff they have available. Others have a waiting list for participants to record their names when they arrive in the children's area. These are crossed off as the child's name is called for their reporting session. Caregivers can see the number of names on the list and return after a short time or wait with their children and spend the time reading together or playing games and doing the activities provided.
The record cards are used to record the participants progress through the program and staff add comments about the participants reading or books that they were recommended to read for the next staff person as a guideline guideline Medtalk A series of recommendations by a body of experts in a particular discipline. See Cancer screening guidelines, Cardiac profile guidelines, Gatekeeper guidelines, Harvard guidelines, Transfusion guidelines. . The cards are also used to assist with allocating a suitable book to the child at the end of the program as any favourites or particular interests are also recorded.
The program evaluations Program evaluation is a formalized approach to studying and assessing projects, policies and program and determining if they 'work'. Program evaluation is used in government and the private sector and it's taught in numerous universities. clearly show that reporting is the most valuable aspect of the program for the caregivers and the participants. Each reporting session takes 10-15 minutes. The session focuses on building a relationship with the participant and the caregiver, offering encouragement and book selection assistance and ensuring that the books are at the right reading level and interesting for the child. For younger children the librarian is often modelling to the parent ways they can interact Interact can refer to:
Fall of Interact While the Game Boy device was first released, Interact acquired the rights to sell Datel's Action Replay with the child and the book.
Statistics for the last program show that there were 16,150 reporting sessions over the 23 libraries. This is the equivalent of 2,700 staff hours spent talking about books, at 10 minutes a session. Ten minutes is the minimum time spent, many reporting sessions are much longer, especially when the children need assistance with book selection or using the library catalogue.
Reporting sessions are also important for the librarians. They learn about the books that children are reading and enjoying, and those that do not appeal and why. They also gain knowledge about children's and caregivers book selection methods and the factors that influence the process of learning to read. Some libraries allow their participants to report four times in total over the six weeks of the program, while others allow reporting up to twice each week, a total of 12 times.
The E.C.READ'N summer reading program is staff intensive. This is largely attributable attributable
emanating from or pertaining to attribute.
see attributable risk (below).
attributable risk to the reporting in component of the program. Libraries use work schemes, library staff from other library departments, students and volunteers to either assist with reporting or to free library staff from regular duties so they can do the reporting. The success of the program has resulted in some councils making extra funding available to employ staff specifically for the reporting. These libraries employ ex teachers, school librarians, and teacher trainees.
Each library organises the entertainer for its finale event using the funding provided. Some source additional funding in their area. Finales range from having an entertainer and distributing the rewards, to a full scale afternoon out with a bouncy castle Bouncy Castle
Trademark a very large inflatable model, usually of a castle, on which children may bounce at fairs, etc.
bouncy castle® n → castillo inflable and activities and fun for all. Libraries are asked to invite their local government elected e·lect
v. e·lect·ed, e·lect·ing, e·lects
1. To select by vote for an office or for membership.
2. To pick out; select: elect an art course. members and management and their local Eastern and Central Trust representative. The finale is an opportunity to bring together all those contributing to the program and showcase A showcase, or vitrine, is a glassed-in cabinet or case for displaying delicate or valuable articles such as objects d'art or merchandise in a shop, museum, or house. the achievements.
The committee organised the summer reading program and delivered this to 21 of the 23 in the region.
In addition to the second summer reading program the committee organised a Maori language Maori language: see Malayo-Polynesian languages. version of the program with materials for the participants translated A program for those learning in Maori Maori (mä`ōrē), people of New Zealand and the Cook Islands, believed to have migrated in early times from other islands of Polynesia. Their tradition asserts that seven canoes brought their ancestors to New Zealand. , the Te Reo program, was developed. A large number of the printed materials are produced in Maori or with English 1. English - (Obsolete) The source code for a program, which may be in any language, as opposed to the linkable or executable binary produced from it by a compiler. The idea behind the term is that to a real hacker, a program written in his favourite programming language is and a Maori translation. We use the New Zealand translation service for this, to have verified ver·i·fy
tr.v. ver·i·fied, ver·i·fy·ing, ver·i·fies
1. To prove the truth of by presentation of evidence or testimony; substantiate.
2. translations as there are some differences in the Maori language used in different tribal areas Tribal Areas can refer to:
Cash funding is given to the libraries that deliver the Te Reo option for programs and activities.
* summer reading program
* Te Reo program
* young adult program
In response to a request from the trust for a program for the winter that encouraged reading, the winter warmers reading program is designed to use very little staff time to prepare and deliver. Sixteen libraries offer this program. Over 1000 children took part in 2006.
* Ssummer reading program
* Te Reo program
* young adult program
* winter warmers program
The young adult program was developed after requests from children who had grown too old for the summer reading program format and yet wanted to continue to be involved with the library and a reading program. The original young adult program participants wrote reviews on set forms and receive a book for completing four reviews. Fourteen of the E.C.READ'N libraries offer the young adult program, registering 600 teens. These libraries receive additional funding to organise activities and events and the committee organises a tour for one artist or workshop for each library.
For the 2006/2007 program the committee redesigned the young adult program. The statistics showed teens were registering for the program but not completing. The program was renamed Read Plus, and the format changed. Participants now read and review one book to receive an incentive, and three books to receive a paperback book. Each time they visit the library they qualify for an entry in a prize draw. The figures for this year show that the completion rate is much higher, 88% compared to 74% last year.
After three years funding the trust made a request to the committee for research to be done into the outcomes of the summer reading program. It wanted to be certain that the funding was actually achieving the outcomes that were being reported to them. The terms of the trust deed A legal document that evidences an agreement of a borrower to transfer legal title to real property to an impartial third party, a trustee, for the benefit of a lender, as security for the borrower's debt. for the funding of a project for more than one year required it to commission research to verify (1) To prove the correctness of data.
(2) In data entry operations, to compare the keystrokes of a second operator with the data entered by the first operator to ensure that the data were typed in accurately. See validate. the outcomes. A further requirement was that the research be independently evaluated and reported.
A proposal and budget were prepared by the committee and the funding required was allocated by the trust. Trish The name Trish could refer to:
tr.v. ap·point·ed, ap·point·ing, ap·points
1. To select or designate to fill an office or a position: appointed her the chief operating officer of the company.
2. to prepare the research materials and produce a report. The committee was responsible for the communication with Trish and the libraries.
The research was a heavy commitment for the libraries and the committee. Each library was required to interview a set number of participants and their caregivers and contact reading recovery teachers, and ensure that it filled in a set form and returned it. Special evaluation forms were prepared to be given out on a strict number basis
Key outcomes of the summer reading program identified in the research
* participation contributes to development of wider reading skills
* summer reading program extends the reading experience
* reporting sessions empower empower verb To encourage or provide a person with the means or information to become involved in solving his/her own problems children to express themselves freely with an adult, without academic expectations
* contributes to children's reading confidence and motivation to read
* improves library skills
* improves author knowledge and book selection skills.
This was the first research into children's programming in New Zealand libraries. In May of 2001 Making a difference to children's reading. The impact of the E.C.READ'N summer reading program 2000/2001 'Reading is a picnic' 'He Mahi Ahuareka te Korero Pukapuka
Pukapuka is a coral atoll in the Cook Islands in the Pacific Ocean. , by Trish Botten, (1) was presented to the trust.
The research examines the impact of the summer reading program on children's reading over the summer holidays and the ongoing use of library resources and services. American American, river, 30 mi (48 km) long, rising in N central Calif. in the Sierra Nevada and flowing SW into the Sacramento River at Sacramento. The discovery of gold at Sutter's Mill (see Sutter, John Augustus) along the river in 1848 led to the California gold rush of research (2) indicates that children lose about one month of their previous year's studies over the summer break
I encourage parents to set reading goals. Our research tells us that some children lose as much as three to four months of newly acquired reading skills during the summer if those skills are not kept up between the school years. US Department of Education Secretary, Richard Riley
The report includes
1 A snapshot (1) A saved copy of memory including the contents of all memory bytes, hardware registers and status indicators. It is periodically taken in order to restore the system in the event of failure.
(2) A saved copy of a file before it is updated. of major library based summer reading programs in English speaking countries--UK, USA and Australia Australia (ôstrāl`yə), smallest continent, between the Indian and Pacific oceans. With the island state of Tasmania to the south, the continent makes up the Commonwealth of Australia, a federal parliamentary state (2005 est. pop. .
2 Survey results from research based on a random sample (3) of
* 299 interviews with children aged between 5 and 12 years (4) carried out in each of the participating libraries in the eastern and central region and a summary of their views
* 290 questionnaires completed by parents and a summary of their views
* 90 questionnaires (5) completed by teachers and a summary of their views
* 3 case studies featuring the impact on preschool children and their families (Masterton); an urban setting (Auckland Auckland (ôk`lənd), city (1996 pop. 345,768; urban agglomeration pop. 991,796), N North Island, New Zealand. It is situated on an isthmus and is the largest urban region and chief port of the country. ); and a rural scenario A scenario (from Italian, that which is pinned to the scenery) is a synthetic description of an event or series of actions and events. In the Commedia dell'arte (Wairoa).
3 Conclusion and recommendations
The trust considered the research and approved five years further funding. The research and subsequent financial commitment from the trust meant that the committee was able to develop the next year's program in advance, something it had not been able to do when it had to make an application and wait for the trust meeting in the April. In the last year of the five years funding, the committee recommended to the trust that to enable the committee to develop a plan for the future of the program and to spread the workload The term workload can refer to a number of different yet related entities. An amount of labor
While a precise definition of a workload is elusive, a commonly accepted definition is the hypothetical relationship between a group or individual human operator and task demands. , ongoing funding be approved on the receipt of a satisfactory annual report and financial statement. This was agreed to by the trust and the committee is now able to have the next program theme and graphics ready to reveal to the librarians at the celebration in February.
The relationship with the trust has developed over the 10 years of the program. It sees the summer reading program as its flagship This article is about the lead ship, store, or product of a group. For other uses, see Flagship (disambiguation).
A flagship is the ship used by the commanding officer of a group of naval ships. funding initiative. The funding allocated to the program is the lowest per capita [Latin, By the heads or polls.] A term used in the Descent and Distribution of the estate of one who dies without a will. It means to share and share alike according to the number of individuals. and has the highest public profile. The Eastern and Central Trust is a source of funding for libraries in a geographically ge·o·graph·ic also ge·o·graph·i·cal
1. Of or relating to geography.
2. Concerning the topography of a specific region.
ge isolated and very rural region that does not have any major industries or organisations to approach for funding on this scale.
The seminars, sales of t shirts and marketing to other libraries generate income but do not result in real profit. The mark up is usually just enough to cover the materials and some development costs. Postage POSTAGE. The money charged by law for carrying letters, packets and documents by mail. By act of congress of March 3, 1851, Minot's Statute at Large, U. S. 587, it is enacted as follows:
2.-Sec. 1. and packing costs are a major part of the budget. In 2006/2007 the committee arranged some free delivery through additional sponsorship. The costs for purchase of books and incentives is about $70,000.
The summer reading program costs approximately ap·prox·i·mate
1. Almost exact or correct: the approximate time of the accident.
2. $35.00 per head, including the program development and committee costs. The other programs the committee organises are not included in this calculation.
The program was designed for New Zealand public libraries, large and small, and the committee discussed selling the program to libraries outside the E.C.READ'N. It decided that it would look at this further in the second year of operation. However, demand from libraries to purchase the New Zealand based program overturned these plans and the printed materials and medallions for the 1997/98 program were sold to Auckland City
Auckland City (informally Central Auckland , Waitakere Waitakere City is New Zealand's fifth largest city, with an annual growth of about 2%. It is part of the Auckland region, and is incorporated in the Auckland metropolitan area. , North Shore and New Plymouth New Plymouth, city (1996 pop. 48,871), West Coast North Island, New Zealand, on the Tasman Sea. It is a port and a major center for dairying. Other industries include natural gas processing and metal working. District libraries. In all 33 libraries in addition to the 21 E. C. READ'N libraries took part.
In 1998/99 the program was successfully marketed to seven library districts, including the original four. Marketing the program to other New Zealand libraries has continued to be one of the committee's responsibilities. The trust supports the marketing of the program and approves the expenditure of the small income from this for special projects or purchases. The four laptops the committee owns were purchased from marketing and seminar income.
Marketing the program has financial benefits for it. Larger discounts can be negotiated for higher numbers of materials and printing. The marketing libraries also participate in the out of area reporting scheme. This enables participants to go on holiday in an area running the program and report in. Their details are then faxed or emailed to their home library and recorded towards the four report ins they need.
The completion rate has improved as the value of the program has become more widely recognised, and as the librarians have refined their programs and developed the required skills and knowledge.
Almost the same number of boys as girls register for the program in the 4 to 7 year age groups and the split of numbers is approx 46% male to 54% female each year over the 23 E.C.READ'N libraries. After seven years of age the numbers of boys participating in the program drops more than the numbers of girls.
Libraries undertaking the summer reading program for the first time report an increase in children's issues of approximately 35% and an increase in adult issues of 10%. Librarians report that the summer reading program has an impact on children's book issues throughout the year, although the committee has not collected these statistics.
The program is evaluated by the librarians for
* appropriateness of program theme
* quality of incentives and printed materials
* the selection of books for the finale rewards
* communication and information from the committee.
Caregivers are asked to evaluate the program for
* the benefits to their child's enthusiasm for reading and reading confidence
* the value of each component of the program
* the effectiveness of the reporting in sessions.
They are also asked if there were aspects of the program that did not work for them and to make suggestions for improvement.
A selection of evaluation comments from caregivers for the Don't don't
1. Contraction of do not.
2. Nonstandard Contraction of does not.
A statement of what should not be done: a list of the dos and don'ts. Monkey monkey, any of a large and varied group of mammals of the primate order. The term monkey includes all primates that do not belong to the categories human, ape, or prosimian; however, monkeys do have certain common features. Around--Read! 2006/2007 summer reading program follows.
This is a really great program. It got my daughter reading books and she opened up a lot. It made her look for books to read and actually take notice of the books and what was being read to her. Enthusiasm to get books out and bring home has improved. It has helped to keep my son interested in reading during the holidays as he has done a lot of work to bring his reading level up over the past six months. The staff have the greatest knowledge where to find books and what books are similar to the children's interest. This program encouraged us to come to the library more often than we would normally. The children looked forward to going and sharing a reading experience with an unfamiliar adult. Thank you very much for this opportunity and long may this program continue. Our son who's 10 wasn't interested in reading much, but one library staff member took a lot of time with him helping him choose a book he might like. We have never seen him read so much as he is now doing. This would be our most successful reading program so far. All three kids really got into reading and reporting in. Our oldest boy we think got the most out of it--as he was helped and guided along with each report in as to what books he might enjoy. Keep up the good work.
The statistics show the numbers and the evaluation sheets the caregiver responses, but the smiles, excitement and achievements of the children are the real indicators of success. All of the libraries are committed to continuing the summer reading programs 'for the children'.
The committee's workload has increased with the addition of new reading programs. Discussions have been held with the trust over the possibility that there may need to be a paid administrator in the future. The region has experienced some population growth over the 10 years but it is not anticipated that future growth will be sufficient to dramatically change the numbers that each library registers.
To date the budget has been accepted each year by the trust, but the committee is aware of the potential problems of price rises or a significant fall in trust income. The small profit from marketing the program is not significant in terms of the overall budget and the numbers fluctuate, making budgeting and planning for this difficult. It has been has been running for 10 years and has had several additions and changes. To maintain relevance to today's children Today's Children was the first nationally syndicated radio soap opera in the United States. Created and written by Irna Phillips, it aired from flagship station WMAQ in Chicago from 1932 to 1938, and later in national syndication (without the involvement of WMAQ) from 1943 the program will need to be continually con·tin·u·al
1. Recurring regularly or frequently: the continual need to pay the mortgage.
2. changing and developing.
The committee has had a stable membership since the beginning with only seven changes of personnel. Recently the convener con·vene
v. con·vened, con·ven·ing, con·venes
To come together usually for an official or public purpose; assemble formally.
1. and another longstanding Adj. 1. longstanding - having existed for a long time; "a longstanding friendship"; "the longstanding conflict"
long - primarily temporal sense; being or indicating a relatively great or greater than average duration or passage of time or a duration as specified; member have resigned and others have indicated their intention to do so in the near future. Finding replacement committee members willing to undertake the extra workload could prove difficult with a small pool of libraries, some unable to release staff for significant amounts of time.
The E.C.READ'N summer reading program has had benefits for all of the communities in the eastern and central region and its funding has fulfilled ful·fill also ful·fil
tr.v. ful·filled, ful·fill·ing, ful·fills also ful·fils
1. To bring into actuality; effect: fulfilled their promises.
2. the trust's aim of 'Helping fund a better community'.
Children in the region have improved reading skills and enthusiasm for reading, the library staff have acquired new skills and professional knowledge and the libraries have benefited from an increased profile in the community and use of their facilities. The summer reading program has enabled even the smallest library to deliver a quality program to its community. The program has brought the library community together and it now shares the knowledge and resources available, for the greater good of all.
To conclude, a paragraph from a letter from Mary Mary, the mother of Jesus
Mary, in the Bible, mother of Jesus. Christian tradition reckons her the principal saint, naming her variously the Blessed Virgin Mary, Our Lady, and Mother of God (Gr., theotokos). Her name is the Hebrew Miriam. Kippenberger--a former social worker, now storyteller touring the E.C.READ'N libraries each year--says it all.
I was impressed with everything; there is a danger, when you work for many years in an area of such potential sadness, that you can forget that there are still people who work because they believe in what they do and because they love their work. This program has sent me to all 23 libraries and in every one I saw people who were obviously there for the right reason and then some more. I loved the humour, I loved the look on the children's faces, I loved the one to one attention each child received, I loved the pride of the kids as they showed me their folders, I loved the fact that the children were gaining in self esteem and that they were excited about books and knowledge and that they were being taught to treasure it. I loved the fact that kids had something positive to do in the holidays and I loved how many parents were involved with their children. What a buzz!!!
References and notes
(1) Botten, T Making a difference to children's reading. The impact of the E.C.READ 'N summer reading program 2000/2001 "Reading is a Picnic' 'He Mahi Ahuareka te Korero Pukapuka--a research report Hastings, Eastern and Central Community Trust, Eastern and Central Reading Encouragement and Development Network 2001
(2) Richard Riley Richard Wilson Riley (born January 2, 1933), American politician, was the United States Secretary of Education under President Bill Clinton as well as the Governor of South Carolina, as a member of the Democratic Party. , US Department of Education Secretary
(3) The sample size gives a 90% confidence level
(4) The research does not include interviews with children under five years. This is because it was considered that they would be unable to respond to the questions with the same level of understanding as the older children. However, this in no way negates the importance of younger children participating in the summer reading program. BookStart research in the UK has proved that starting the reading habit early puts children ahead of their peers when they start school, not just in reading but in other subjects too. For this reason, a case study has been included to reflect the impact on children under five years.
(5) The sample number of teachers is not statistically relevant but it was considered important to start building in the views of teachers. This is something that could be extended in future research.
Sandy Green Customer Services Librarian Masterton District Library New Zealand
Sandy Green NZLSC started work in a very small public library. She returned to library work in 1985 and completed the NZLSC while working in secondary school libraries for five years, and was appointed children's librarian at Masterton District Library in 1990. Sandy received the G.T. Alley Award to study summer reading programs in the USA in 1997, and has been Convener of the E.C.READ'N Summer Reading Program Committee since 1997, and was a founding committee member for Maths is Fun in 2003. A recent change of position to customer services librarian has enabled her to retain her interest in children's services and to add responsibility for IT services, which is another interest Sandy has. Email firstname.lastname@example.org
Program themes Participants (E.C.READ'N Libraries) 1997/1998 Sail into Summer Reading 2,712 1998/1999 Go Bush--Tramp into Reading 3,146 1999/2000 Read it! 2000 3,413 2000/2001 Reading is a Picnic 3,587 2001/2002 The Great Book Hunt 3,599 2002/2003 Hook a Book 3,640 2003/2004 Jurassic Joyride 3,822 2004/2005 Books Ahoy! 3,807 2005/2006 Reading is Fantastic! 3,880 2006/2007 Don't Monkey Around--Read! 3,856 E.C.READ'N libraries Population and participation numbers The population brackets are those used for the New Zealand public library statistics. Population Participation numbers 2006/2007 Over 50,000 Hastings District Libraries Hastings Central Library 340 Flaxmere Library 130 Havelock North Library 130 Napier Public Library 270 Taradale Library 190 Palmerston North City Library 320 Over 30,000 HB Williams Memorial Library 220 Horowhenua Library Trust Levin Library 200 Foxton Library 50 Shannon Library 50 Under 30,000 Feilding Public Library 300 Masterton District Library 450 Tararua District Libraries Dannevirke Library 130 Eketahuna Library 35 Pahiatua Library 65 Woodville Library 35 Central Hawke Bay Libraries Waipawa Library 220 Waipukurau Library 150 Under 10,000 Wairoa Centennial Library 160 Carterton Library 125 Featherston Library 100 Greytown Library 110 Martinborough Library 80 Financing the E.C.READ'N reading programs 1997/1998 budget $ 81,000 2006/2007 budget $190,000 2006/2007 financial year income $241,000 Trust grant $192,000 Program outcomes 1997/1998 Sail into Summer Reading Total enrolments 2712 Total completions 1989 73% 1998/1999 Go Bush! Tramp into Reading Total enrolments 3146 Total completions 2577 82% 1999/2000 Read it! 2000 Total enrolments 3413 Total completions 2849 83% 2000/2001 Reading is a Picnic Total enrolments 3584 Total completions 3144 88% 2001/2002 The Great Book Hunt Total enrolments 3615 Total completions 3094 86% 2002/2003 Hook a Book Total enrolments 3640 Total completions 3163 87% 2003/2004 Jurassic Joyride Total enrolments 3822 Total completions 3343 87% 2004/2005 Books Ahoy! Total enrolments 3807 Total completions 3359 88% 2005/2006 Reading is Fantastic! Total enrolments 3821 Total completions 3397 89% 200612007 Don't Monkey Around--Read! Total enrolments 3649 Total completions 3333 91.3% Gender statistics for 'Don't Monkey Around--Read! 2006/2007 Age 2yrs 3yrs 4yrs 5yrs Sex M F M F M F M F 28 32 76 101 148 159 194 200 Age 6yrs 7yrs 8yrs 9yrs Sex M F M F M F M F 244 246 253 251 206 263 181 235 Age 10yrs 11yrs 12yrs 13yrs Sex M F M F M F M F 140 186 57 90 20 36 3 6