THE REX FILES.Computer dinosaurs stalk the earth alongside fantastic puppets in Steven Spielberg's pounds 50 million blockbuster.
The awesome T-Rexes, pterodactyls, velociraptors and other prehistoric wonders are a combination of computer generated effects and brilliant animatronic puppetry puppetry
Art of creating and manipulating puppets in a theatrical show. Puppets are figures that are moved by human rather than mechanical aid. They may be controlled by one or several puppeteers, who are screened from the spectators. work.
It's all so seamlessly done that even Dennis Muren, the Oscar- winning SFX SFX Special Effects
SFX Self Extracting (data compression)
SFX SpreadFireFox (IRC)
SFX Sound Effect(s)
SFX Side Effects (counter-strike gaming clan) expert in charge of about a third of the film's budget, struggled to tell the difference.
He explained: "When you see a pair of T-Rexes drag a man from a car and tear the car apart, those are the ones built by Stan Winston's team and controlled by puppeteers.
"But when the man is then pulled to pieces, that's all done by computer graphics.
"Even when I watched the film, I had to think hard to remember which was which."
The pictures at the top of the page show how computer wizardry wiz·ard·ry
n. pl. wiz·ard·ries
1. The art, skill, or practice of a wizard; sorcery.
a. A power or effect that appears magical by its capacity to transform: was used to create the first memorable sequence in the film - when stegosaurus Stegosaurus (stĕgəsôr`əs) [Gr.,=roof lizard], quadriped ornithischian dinosaur of the late Jurassic period. About 29 ft 6 in (9 m) long, it had short forelegs, four long bony spikes on a flexible tail, and two rows of upright stagger across a riverbed.
Stan Winston, who made a model for Arnold Schwarzenegger's Terminator in 1984, worked with more than 100 artists and technicians to design, draw, sculpt sculpt
v. sculpt·ed, sculpt·ing, sculpts
1. To sculpture (an object).
2. To shape, mold, or fashion especially with artistry or precision: , mould and paint the mechanical dinosaurs.
Their job was made even tougher because of the monster success of Jurassic Park and their original dino delights.
Because Spielberg's demand this time round was: "Make me something I've never seen before."
That's was Winston and his wonder workers set out to do. But creating the radio-controlled, 25-foot high prehistoric puppets meant coping with some tricky problems.
For instance, everyone on the film location had to keep their mobile telephones switched off in case they interfered with the models' electrical systems.
Winston explained: "It was new technology and we didn't know quite how it was going to work out.
"And the models were so heavy and dangerous that all the actors involved would have been in danger had we not had total control."
That meant a specific procedure for each individual monster model.
With the T-Rex, Winston stood next to Steven Spielberg as he was directing the movie. Then Winston spoke to the puppeteers through headsets, giving them their direction.
Spielberg ensured that all his SFX experts stuck closely to how things might have been 65 million years ago by having a dinosaur expert on hand.
Dr Jack Homer, a paleontologist from the Museum of The Rockies The Museum of the Rockies is located in Bozeman, Montana, and is known for its paleontological collections. The Museum is also part of Montana State University in Bozeman. The Museum of the Rockies houses the largest collection of dinosaur remains in the United States (even more , revealed: "My job was to make sure the dinosaurs looked real.
"We don't know Don't know (DK, DKed)
"Don't know the trade." A Street expression used whenever one party lacks knowledge of a trade or receives conflicting instructions from the other party. precisely how they looked or moved, but we can take skeletons and flesh out the muscles, based on birds, and we do know how far bones can move. The only thing we don't know for sure is the sounds they made."
But Dr Homer admitted that a little licence was allowed with the movie.
He said: "For example, I think the T-Rex was much slower, not so agile or so much of a predator as we make it - the velociraptor Velociraptor (vəlŏs`ĭrăp'tər) [Gr.,=swift robber], swift bipedal carnivorous dinosaur of the late Cretaceous period. It was relatively small, being approximately 6 ft (1.8 m) long. was really king of the jungle.
"The 'raptors were relatively small, but had three claws on each hand, all of them razor-sharp, and one on each foot.
"They would just grab hold of their prey, pull up their hind claws and disembowel dis·em·bow·el
tr.v. dis·em·bow·eled or dis·em·bow·elled, dis·em·bow·el·ing or dis·em·bow·el·ling, dis·em·bow·els
1. To remove the entrails from.
2. To deprive of meaning or substance. them.
"We do see them in the film, but it's the T-Rex that dominates because it is more impressive on screen."
Spielberg himself admitted: "It is very hard to better yourself with any sequel, because what we lose is originality of the first movie.
"With a sequel, the audience says `Okay, we know all about the magic ... now what else do you have to show us?'
"Hopefully, we can satisfy their appetite."
A star is born
Various models of Velociraptors were created, some with cable-control, like brakes on a bicycle: some were radio-controlled, like remote-controlled model cars; two were people in dinosaur costumes.
Means "fast stealer"
Height: 6 feet; 170 to 200lbs
Length: 11 feet
Time: Late Cretaceous(Krah-TAY-shuss)
Place: Modern-day China, Mongolia, Russia
Behaviour: Bloodthirsty blood·thirst·y
1. Eager to shed blood.
2. Characterized by great carnage.
blood : built to run down its enemies and slash them with its fott claw; usually smart; it hunted in packs
Description: Low skull: two rows of serrated serrated /ser·rat·ed/ (ser´at-ed) having a sawlike edge.
adj having a jagged or notched edge; saw-toothed. teeth; runs with cheetah-like speed: huge razor-sharp retractable re·tract
v. re·tract·ed, re·tract·ing, re·tracts
1. To take back; disavow: refused to retract the statement.
2. claw on each foot: long bony tail used for balance