THE FISHES OF TIPPECANOE COUNTY, INDIANA.ABSTRACT: The fish fauna fauna
All the species of animals found in a particular region, period, or special environment. Five faunal realms, based on terrestrial animal species, are generally recognized: Holarctic, including Nearactic (North America) and Paleartic (Eurasia and northern Africa); of Tippecanoe County, Indiana Tippecanoe County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2000, the population was 148,955. The county seat is Lafayette6. History
Tippecanoe County was formed March 1, 1826. , has been well documented historically. However, a county-wide survey had not been conducted since the mid-1970's. Between June and December 1994, seventy sites were sampled in Tippecanoe County to determine the current distribution of fish species. Ninety-seven species were collected, of which 13 (Lepisosteus oculatus, Dorosorma petenense, Umbra limi, Erimystax dissimilis, Macrlhybopsis storeriana, Notropis wickliff, Phoxinus erythrogaster, Noturus eleutherus, Morone chrysops x M. saxatilis, Lepomis microlophus, Percina phoxocephala, P. sciera, and P. shumnardi) were new county records. Many of the new species, including U. limi, E. dissimilis, M. storeriana, P. phoxocephala, and P. sciera, were collected at several sites during the present survey. Etheostoma camurum, a state endangered species endangered species, any plant or animal species whose ability to survive and reproduce has been jeopardized by human activities. In 1999 the U.S. government, in accordance with the U.S. which had not been recorded in the County since 1942, was once again collected. Cyprinella whipplei, Pimephales vigilax, Cycleptus elongatus, and Micropterus punctulatuls, historically uncommon species, have expanded their ranges in the County since the previous survey. Twelve fish species historically recorded from the County were not collected in 1994; notably absent was Ammocrypta pellucida, a state species of special concern, which had been collected during all three previous surveys. The total number of fish species recorded from Tippecanoe County is now 109.
KEYWORDS: Fish distribution, Tippecanoe County, Indiana, Wabash River Wabash River
River, flowing westward across Indiana, U.S. After crossing Indiana, the Wabash forms the 200-mi (320-km) southern section of the Indiana-Illinois boundary below Terre Haute, Ind. .
Historical Tippecanoe County Fish Surveys. Distribution records for Tippecanoe County fishes have been compiled on a fairly regular basis. The initial ichthyofaunal picture of Tippecanoe County was provided by Gerking (1945), who collected fish from 412 sites across Indiana Across Indiana is a weekly 30 minute long documentary-style television program which covers places, people, history and culture across Indiana.
Hosted by Michael Atwood, Across Indiana between 1940 and 1943 and compiled all the other historical records known at that time. In 1942, Gerking recorded 45 species from four sites (one each from Wea Creek, South Fork South Fork may refer to:
Erman and Mumford (unpublished data) periodically collected fish from Tippecanoe County between 1958 and 1965. Although their specific collecting locations were not recorded, species lists for nine major tributaries in Tippecanoe County were compiled. Erman and Mumford recorded 20 new species from the County, bringing the historical total to 67.
Curry and Spacie (1978) compiled species lists for 39 sites in the County after collecting from the Wabash River annually between 1971 and 1977 and from most of the other major drainages in the County between 1974 and 1977. Curry and Spacie (1978) also included work by Lehman (1974), who collected from Wea Creek, and Gorman (1978), who studied the fishes of Indian Creek Indian Creek may refer to:
Chub (kŭb), in the Bible, an African people. This may be a textual error for Lub (i.e., Lubim).
chub, in zoology
chub: see minnow. (Nocomis biguttatus), which was collected by Lehman (1974) but was left off the list of Curry and Spacie (1978), is included, the total species known from Tippecanoe County reached 96.
Physical Description of Tippecanoe County. Tippecanoe County is located in west-central Indiana and covers an area of approximately 504 mi . The Wabash River is the dominant watershed watershed, elevation or divide separating the catchment area, or drainage basin, of one river system or group of river systems from another system or group of systems. The term is also often used synonymously with drainage basin. , entering from the northeast corner of Tippecanoe County and exiting near the middle of the western boundary, almost bisecting the County in half (Figure 1). The Wabash River drains approximately 4,375 mi  as it enters Tippecanoe County. Its drainage area nearly doubles by the time it leaves the County after the addition of the Tippecanoe River The Tippecanoe River is a gentle, 225 mile (362 km) long river in northern Indiana that flows from Lake Tippecanoe in Kosciusko County to the Wabash River near Battle Ground, about twelve miles northeast of Lafayette. (1,950 mi ), Wildcat Creek (805 mi ), and several smaller watersheds (Hoggatt, 1975).
Tributaries of the Wabash River include the Tippecanoe River, Burnett's Creek, and Indian Creek from the north and Sugar Creek Sugar Creek may refer to:
Cities and towns:
flint, variety of quartz that commonly occurs in rounded nodules and whose crystal structure is not visible to the naked eye. Flint is dark gray, smoky brown, or black in color; pale gray flint is called chert. Creek, Big Shawnee Creek, and Little Pine Creek Little Pine Creek is a tributary of Pine Creek in Lycoming County, Pennsylvania in the United States.
Little Pine Creek is formed by the confluence of Blockhouse Creek and Blacks Creek, approximately 16 miles (26 km) upstream of Pine Creek. watersheds are also within Tippecanoe County but enter the Wabash River further downstream in Warren and Fountain Counties. Tippecanoe County contains the urban areas of West Lafayette West Lafayette, city (1990 pop. 25,907), Tippecanoe co., W Ind., a suburb of Lafayette, on the Wabash River; inc. 1924. A primarily residential city, it is the seat of Purdue Univ. and Lafayette, both centrally located, to the west and east of the Wabash River, respectively.
Objectives. Since almost two decades had elapsed e·lapse
intr.v. e·lapsed, e·laps·ing, e·laps·es
To slip by; pass: Weeks elapsed before we could start renovating.
n. since the last county wide survey had been completed, we felt it was appropriate to resample the fishes of Tippecanoe County. The objectives of our present survey were to: 1) determine the current composition and distribution of fish species inhabiting the flowing waters of Tippecanoe County; 2) use replicable methods to establish baseline, site specific, fish community data with which future sampling efforts can be compared; and 3) compare the current Tippecanoe County fish community with that found in past surveys.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Fish were collected from 70 sites in Tippecanoe County between June and December 1994 (Figure 1; Table 1). The original intent of the project was to resample the 39 sites where species lists were compiled by Curry and Spacie (1978). As the survey progressed, however, we realized that the distribution records for Tippecanoe County fishes would be incomplete without including sites from the Tippecanoe River, Bowen's Ditch ditch (ditching),
n the undesirable loss of tooth substance in the region of a restoration margin (usually gingival). , Lauramie Creek, Big Shawnee Creek, Flint Run, Otterbein Ditch, and Bridge Creek, sites which had not been sampled during any of the previous surveys. Additional sites were also strategically selected from other drainages where gaps in distributional information existed.
A variety of methods were utilized during the survey, including backpack (Smith-Root, Type VII), long-line, and boat (Smith-Root, Type VI-A) electrofishing Electrofishing uses electricity to stun fish before they are caught. Two electrodes are used. The boat is the cathode, and the anode is at the front. The stunned fish swim toward the anode, where they are caught alive using a dip net. References
1. techniques, seining seine
A large fishing net made to hang vertically in the water by weights at the lower edge and floats at the top.
v. seined, sein·ing, seines
To fish with such a net.
v. , and a combination of backpack electrofishing and kick-seining. Each site was first sampled using one of the three electrofishing methods. The exact distance and time sampled were recorded at each site so that collection effort could be duplicated in future studies. One-thousand-meter reaches were sampled with two boat electrofishing passes at all Wabash River sites. Collection effort at non-Wabash River sites was determined by the unique habitats that existed at each of these sites. Generally, two riffle-run-pool sequences were sampled, if present. Otherwise, the sites were sampled until new species were no longer being collected.
After a standard electrofishing pass was completed at each site, additional sampling methods were employed if the site characteristics warranted them. The additional methods included seining at most sites and backpack electrofishing or a combination of backpack electrofishing and kick-seining at some boat sites. The combination of backpack electrofishing and kick-seining was particularly useful at some of the Wabash River and Tippecanoe River sites. Using this method, one person would securely position a large dip net dip net
A net or wire mesh bag attached to a handle, used especially to scoop fish from water. or small seine Seine (sān, Fr. sĕn), Lat. Sequana, river, c.480 mi (770 km) long, rising in the Langres Plateau and flowing generally NW through N France. on the bottom of the river. Another person, using backpack electrofishing equipment, would walk slowly downstream towards the netter while kicking the substrate The base layer of a structure such as a chip, multichip module (MCM), printed circuit board or disk platter. Silicon is the most widely used substrate for chips. Fiberglass (FR4) is mostly used for printed circuit boards, and ceramic is used for MCMs. . This technique was very effective in collecting darter darter or anhinga (ănhĭng`gə), common name for a very slender, black water bird very closely related to the cormorant. and madtom madtom: see catfish. species from rocky run and riffle stretches of the Wabash and Tippecanoe Rivers, which could not be adequately sampled using more conventional methods.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
New Species Collected During 1994. Thirteen of the 97 fish species collected from Tippecanoe County during 1994 (Table 2) were new records for the County and included the spotted gar The spotted gar (Lepisosteus oculatus) is a primitive freshwater fish of the family Lepisosteidae, native to North America from the Lake Erie and southern Lake Michigan drainages south through the Mississippi River basin to Gulf Slope drainages, from lower Apalachicola (Lepisosteus oculatus), threadfin shad shad, fish, Alosa sapidissima, of the family Clupeidae (herring family), found along the Atlantic coast from Newfoundland to Florida and successfully introduced on the Pacific coast. The shad is one of the largest (6 lb/2. (Dorosoma petenense), central mudminnow The central mudminnow is a small fish in the family Umbridae of the order Esociformes. It is found in central and eastern North America in productive waters. It is fairly tolerant of low oxygen concentrations and, as a result, it is sometimes the only, or one of a very few, fish (Umbra limi), streamline chub (Erimystax dissimilis), silver chub (Zool.) the fallfish.
See also: Silver (Macrhybopsis storeriana), channel shiner shiner: see minnow.
Any of several small freshwater fishes (genera Notemigonus and Notropis, family Cyprinidae). The common shiner (Notropis cornutus) is a blue and silver minnow up to 8 in. (20 cm) long. (Notropis wickliffi), southern redbelly dace The Southern redbelly dace (Phoxinus erythrogaster), is a North American species of temperate freshwater fish belonging to the Phoxinus genus of the cyprinidae family. (Phoxinus erythrogaster), mountain madtom (Noturus eleutherus), hybrid striped bass A hybrid striped bass or a wiper is a hybrid between the striped bass (Morone saxatilis) and the white bass (M. chrysops). It can be distinguished from the striped bass by broken rather than solid horizontal stripes on the body. (Morone chrysops x M. saxatilis), redear sunfish The redear sunfish (Lepomis microlophus), also known as the shellcracker, Georgia bream, cherry gill, chinquapin, improved bream, and sun perch (Lepomis microlophus), slenderhead darter (Percina phox ocephala), dusky darter (P. sciera), and river darter (P. shumardi). Most species were recorded from more than one site, and several were fairly common. The dusky darter was collected from 18 of the 70 sites; the streamline chub, central mudminnow, and slenderhead darter at five; and the silver chub at four sites. The abundance of the dusky darter during the present survey suggests that this species may have been misidentified during previous surveys. Curry and Spacie (1978) did not list the dusky darter, but they recorded the blackside darter from three sites in the Wildcat Creek drainage. In the present survey, the black side darter was not recorded from the Wildcat Creek drainage, but the dusky darter was collected from eight of twelve sites, including two of the three sites where the blackside darter had previously been recorded. Voucher A receipt or release which provides evidence of payment or other discharge of a debt, often for purposes of reimbursement, or attests to the accuracy of the accounts. specimens were not available for re-examination to verify this possible misidentification.
The streamline chub, slenderhead darter, river darter, and mountain madtom were collected almost exclusively from rocky runs of the Tippecanoe and/or Wabash Rivers, where they were often locally abundant. Their dependence on this habitat limited their distribution. These species were most easily captured using the combination of backpack electrofishing and kick-seining. The only specimens of the mountain madtom were collected using this combination. These species were probably not collected during previous sampling efforts because their preferred habitats were inadequately sampled or, in the case of the Tippecanoe River, not sampled at all.
A thriving population of the central mudminnow was also found in a rather unique habitat. The central mudminnow was one of the most abundant, by number, of all the species found in an oxbow-like side channel near the mouth of Wea Creek. This refuge holds a seed population from which the species disperses to surrounding areas, as the central mudminnow was also collected from three of the four closest sites sampled on Wea Creek.
The silver chub was only collected from Wabash River sites and at the mouth of the Tippecanoe River. Specimens collected during the present survey were quite distinct and, if present during past surveys, would probably not have been overlooked. Gammon (1995b) has reported collecting silver chub in Tippecanoe County since the mid-1970's. The species' current presence in the County may be a result of the natural extension of its range upstream on the Wabash River over the last twenty years TWENTY YEARS. The lapse of twenty years raises a presumption of certain facts, and after such a time, the party against whom the presumption has been raised, will be required to prove a negative to establish his rights.
The channel shiner was recently recognized as a species distinct from the mimic shiner (Notropis volucellus; Gong and Cavender, 1991). During Gerking's (1945) survey, three mimic shiner subspecies subspecies, also called race, a genetically distinct geographical subunit of a species. See also classification. were recognized: the northern mimic shiner (Notropis v. volucellus), channel mimic shiner (N. v. wickliffi), and ghost mimic shiner (N. v. buchanani). Unfortunately, the distributions of these three subspecies were not separated out when the mimic shiner's distribution was mapped. The channel shiner may have been present in Tippecanoe County when Gerking (1945) and Curry and Spacie (1978) collected, as both recorded the mimic shiner.
Other new additions to the County's species list were collected more rarely during the present survey. The southern redbelly dace was collected from two sites, both on Sugar Creek, a small tributary in the northeastern section of the County. The absence of this species from previous surveys could be the result of its limited range, or its current presence could be the result of human introduction and/or natural movements. The hybrid striped bass now occurs in the County as a result of stockings in the reservoirs upstream from Tippecanoe County on the Tippecanoe and Wabash Rivers. Single specimens of spotted gar, threadfin shad, and redear sunfish were collected during the present survey. If they inhabited in·hab·it·ed
Having inhabitants; lived in: a sparsely inhabited plain.
Adj. 1. inhabited - having inhabitants; lived in; "the inhabited regions of the earth" the County during past surveys, they must have been rare.
Historically Uncommon Species Collected During 1994. The spotted bass The spotted bass (Micropterus punctulatus) is a species of freshwater fish in the sunfish family (Centrarchidae) of order Perciformes. One of the black basses, it is native to the Mississippi River basin and across the Gulf States, from central Texas through the Florida (Micropterus punctulatus), tadpole tadpole, larval, aquatic stage of any of the amphibian animals. After hatching from the egg, the tadpole, sometimes called a polliwog, is gill-breathing and legless and propels itself by means of a tail. madtom (Noturus gyrinus), and bluebreast darter (Etheostoma camurum) were collected during the current survey and were also recorded by Gerking (1945) or by Erman and Mumford (unpublished data). However, these species were not collected by Curry and Spacie (1978). The spotted bass was very common during the present survey. This species was collected from 29 of the 70 sites sampled and had been reported by both Gerking (1945) and Erman and Mumford (unpublished data). The spotted bass was probably misidentified as the largemouth bass largemouth bass
see micropterus salmoides. (Micropterus salmoides Micropterus salmoides
finfish in family Centrarchidae. Called also largemouth bass. See Table 23. ) by Curry and Spacie (1978). The tadpole madtom was reported by Erman and Mumford (unpublished data) from a single location on Little Pine Creek. During the present survey, a single specimen was collected from Sugar Creek. This species was probably present in Tippecanoe County when Curry and Spacie (1978) sampled, but it was rare. The blue-breast darter was last recorded by Gerking (1945), who collected it from the South Fork of Wildcat Creek. The only specimens of the blue breast darter collected during the entire study were captured from a rocky run on the Wabash River using the combination of backpack electrofishing and kick seining. This habitat may have been inadequately sampled in the past.
Historic Species Not Collected During 1994. The American eel The American eel, Anguilla rostrata, is a catadromous fish found on the eastern coast of North America. It has a snake-like body with a small sharp pointed head. It is brown on top and a tan-yellow color on the bottom. It has sharp pointed teeth but no pelvic fins. (Anguilla rostrata), northern pike (Esox lucius), black buffalo Noun 1. black buffalo - fish of the lower Mississippi
genus Ictiobus, Ictiobus - buffalo fishes
buffalo fish, buffalofish - any of several large suckers of the Mississippi valley (Ictiobus niger Noun 1. Ictiobus niger - fish of the lower Mississippi
genus Ictiobus, Ictiobus - buffalo fishes
buffalo fish, buffalofish - any of several large suckers of the Mississippi valley ), burbot burbot (bûr`bət): see cod.
Elongated fish (Lota lota), the only freshwater member of the cod family. It lives in cold rivers and lakes of Europe, Asia, and North America. (Lota Iota (language, specification) Iota - A specification language.
["The Iota Programming System", R. Nakajima er al, Springer 1983]. ), yellow perch (Perca flavescens), and eastern sand darter The eastern sand darter (Etheostoma pellucidum) is a species of fish in the Percidae family. It is found in Canada and the United States. Source
continue low numbers in Tippecanoe County, but, because each site was sampled only once, and certain species-specific methods were not employed, they were not recorded in 1994.
Of the six species, only the yellow perch and eastern sand darter were also recorded by either Gerking (1945) or Erman and Mumford (unpublished data). The absence of the eastern sand darter, a state species of special concern, was the most discouraging, as this species had been recorded during all three previ ous surveys. Mumford (pers. comm.), who observed the eastern sand darter at the mouth of Wildcat Creek for many years, expressed concern that the popula tion had recently become extirpated. He has not recorded a specimen from the site for several years. Further collecting effort should be expended ex·pend
tr.v. ex·pend·ed, ex·pend·ing, ex·pends
1. To lay out; spend: expending tax revenues on government operations. See Synonyms at spend.
2. to confirm the extirpation ex·tir·pa·tion
The surgical removal of an organ, part of an organ, or diseased tissue.
extir·pate of the eastern sand darter from the County.
Six species reported by either Gerking (1945) or Erman and Mumford (unpublished data) were not found by Curry and Spacie (1978) or during our survey: the bigmouth big·mouth
1. Slang A loudmouthed or gossipy person.
2. Any of various fishes having unusually large mouths. shiner (Notropis dorsalis), pugnose minnow minnow, common name for the Cyprinidae, a large family of freshwater fish which includes the carp (Cyprinus carpio), and of which there are some 300 American species. The European minnow is Phoxinus phoxinus. (Opsopoeodus emil-iae), harelip sucker, warmouth war·mouth
n. pl. war·mouths or warmouth
A freshwater sunfish (Lepomis gulosus) of the eastern and midwestern United States, having an olive color, a large mouth, and minute teeth on its tongue. (Lepomis gulosus), least darter (Etheostoma microperca), and channel darter The Channel Darter (Percina copelandi) is a member of the Perch family, Percidae, and subfamily Etheostomatinae. This species has been identified as Threatened by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC). (Percina copelandi). Inclusion of the harelip sucker (now extinct) in the County list is questionable. Evermann and Jenkins (1892) examined specimens of this species from the "Tippecanoe River, west of Delphi," and they were told that it also occurred in the Wabash River. Whether the harelip sucker ever inhabited Tippecanoe County is questionable. Inclusion of the channel darter is also questionable since the dot on the Wabash River in Tippecanoe County on Gerking's (1945) distribution map is contradicted by the accompanying text which states that the species was only found in Fountain and Warren Counties Warren County is the name of fourteen counties in the USA. They are named after General Joseph Warren, who was killed in the Battle of Bunker Hill in the American Revolutionary War:
Variant of carny. , et al. (1993) recorded the species from the Tippecanoe River in Carroll County Carroll County is the name of thirteen counties in the United States of America. All except Carroll County, Tennessee, are named for Charles Carroll of Carrollton, a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence from Maryland:
The pugnose minnow was reported by both Gerking (1945) and Erman and Mumford (unpublished data) but has not been reported since. The warmouth, least darter, and bigmouth shiner have only been reported by Erman and Mum ford (unpublished data). The warmouth was collected from a pond at the Pur-due-Baker Wildlife Area, where the species may have been introduced (Erman and Mumford, unpublished data). Since Erman and Mumford's collections, this pond has been drained several times. Therefore, the continued existence of the warmouth at this location seems highly unlikely. However, this and other pond habitats, where the warmouth is more likely to occur, were not sampled during the present survey, and the current status of this species is unknown. Erman and Mumford (unpublished data) recorded the least darter and big mouth shiner only once from Moot's and Sugar Creeks, respectively. The big mouth shiner has only been recorded at two other sites in Indiana and may have been misidentified by Erman and Mumford (unpublished data). Voucher specimens could not be located to confirm the identification of the least darter and bigmouth shiner. If these two species still occur in Tippecanoe County, they must be extremely rare.
Fish Community Composition in 1994. Several species were very common in the Wabash River tributaries during the present survey. Seventeen species were collected from at least 50% of the 59 non-Wabash sites sampled (Table 3). The bluntnose minnow The bluntnose minnow (Pimephales notatus), is a species of temperate freshwater fish belonging to the Pimephales genus of the cyprinid family. The natural geographic range extends from the Great Lakes south along the Mississippi River basin to Louisiana, and east across (Pimephales notatus), central stoneroller stone·roll·er
1. A minnow (Campostoma anomalum) of the central and southern United States, having a horny ridge near the edge of the lower lip used for scraping food from the bottom of a body of water.
2. (Campostoma anomalum), and creek chub (Semotilus atromaculatus) were all collected at more than 75% of the sites. Several species, although not common in the tributaries, were very common in the Wabash River (Table 3). Ten species were found at all eleven Wabash River sites, and seven others were collected from ten sites. Thirty species had distributions limited to the Wabash River, Tippecanoe River, or the mouth of Wildcat Creek (16 total sites). Of these species, the shov elnose sturgeon sturgeon, primitive fish of the northern regions of Europe, Asia, and North America. Unlike evolutionarily advanced fishes, it has a fine-grained hide, with very reduced scalation, a mostly cartilaginous skeleton, upturned tail fins, and a mouth set well back on the (Scaphirhynchus platorynchus), mooneye moon·eye
1. A silvery freshwater fish of the family Hiodontidae, especially Hiodon tergisus of eastern North America.
2. See moon blindness.
Noun 1. (Hiodon tergisus), gravel chub (Erimystax x-punctata), speckled speck·led
1. Dotted or covered with speckles, especially flecked with small spots of contrasting color.
2. Of a mixed character; motley.
Adj. 1. chub (Extrarius aestivalis), bull head minnow (Pimephales vigilax), blue sucker The blue sucker, Cycleptus elongatus, is a freshwater species of fish in the sucker family. Huge migrations of these fast, powerful fish once migrated throughout the Mississippi River basin, and spring harvests of blue sucker were a staple food for early pioneers. (Cycleptus elongatus), small mouth buffalo (Ictiobus bubalus), sauger sauger
Species (Stizostedion canadense) of pikeperch (family Percidae), carnivorous food and game fishes found in lakes and silty rivers of eastern North America. Saugers are slender and darkly mottled. They have two dorsal fins and rarely exceed a length of 12 in. (Stizostedion canadense), walleye walleye, in medicine
walleye: see strabismus.
walleye, in zoology
walleye or walleyed pike: see perch. (S. vitreum), and freshwater drum The freshwater drum, Aplodinotus grunniens, is a fish endemic to North and Central America. It is the only freshwater species in the genus Aplodinotus. (Aplodinotus grunniens) were collected from six or more of the 16 sites. The American brook lamprey The Brook lamprey (Lampetra planeri, also known as the European brook lamprey and the Western brook lamprey) is a jawless fish found in the European part of the Atlantic Ocean, the northwest Mediterranean, and on the European continent. (Lampetra appendix The American brook lamprey (Lampetra appendix) is an endangered lamprey. ), central mudminnow, grass pickerel pickerel: see pike.
Any of several North American pikes (family Esocidae), distinguished from the northern pike and muskellunge by their smaller size, completely scaled cheeks and gill covers, and banded or chainlike markings. (Esox americanus Noun 1. Esox americanus - small but gamy pickerel of Atlantic coastal states
barred pickerel, redfin pickerel
pickerel - any of several North American species of small pike vermiculatus), redfinshiner (Lythrurus umbratilis), hornyhead chub, creek chubsucker (Erimyzon oblongus), black bullhead The black bullhead, Ameiurus melas, is a species of bullhead catfish. Like other bullhead catfish, they have the ability to thrive in waters that are low in oxygen, brackish, turbid and/or very warm.. (Ameiurus melas), tadpole madtom, blackstripe topminnow The Blackstripe topminnow is a North American small freshwater fish, and is a designated at-risk fish species in Canada, protected as a species of Special Concern under Canada's Species at Risk Act. (Fundulus notatus), and redear sunfish were never collected from the Wabash or Tippecanoe Rivers. Eight species were collected from only one site during the present survey: paddlefish paddlefish, large freshwater fish, Polyodon spathula, of the Mississippi valley, also called spoonbill or duckbill and named for its flattened, paddle-shaped snout. The largest specimens weigh well over 150 lb (67.5 kg) and reach 6 ft (183 cm) in length. (Polyodon spathula), spotted gar, threadfin shad, Mississippi silvery sil·ver·y
1. Containing or coated with silver.
2. Resembling silver in color or luster: "A fountain threw high its silvery water" Harriet Beecher Stowe. minnow (Hybognathus nuchalis), tadpole madtom, brook silverside (Labidesthes sicculus), redear sunfish, and bluebreast darter.
Of the 70 sites sampled, site 10 (Wabash River at the mouth of the Tippeca noe River) was the most diverse with 49 species collected. More than 40 species were collected from seven of the eleven Wabash River sites; the Wabash River sites averaged 40 species. The most diverse fish community of the non-Wabash River sites was found at site 65 on the Tippecanoe River, where 37 species were collected. Thirty or more species were collected from eight Wabash tributary sites: Wea Creek (site 26), Wildcat Creek (46), North Fork North Fork, river, c.100 mi (160 km) long, rising in the Ozarks, S Mo., and flowing S, into N Ark., to the White River. Near its mouth is Norfolk Dam (completed 1944), which impounds Norfolk Lake and has a power plant. Wildcat Creek (49), South Fork Wildcat Creek (51), the Tippecanoe River (62 and 65), and Moot's Creek (67 and 68). Generally, species diversity increased with increasing drainage area. Utilizing a variety of collection methods was very beneficial in increasing the number of species that were collected from each site. Seining at smaller stream sites almost always resulted in the discovery of at least one or two additional species, even after extensive electrofishing had been completed. At boat electrofishing sites, additional collection methods yielded, on the average, ten additional species per site.
Although specific comparisons of species distribution and abundance can not be made between Curry and Spacie (1978) and our survey, some general trends are evident. Besides the spotted bass and dusky darter, which have already been discussed, other species have seemingly seem·ing
Outward appearance; semblance.
seeming·ly adv. increased their range and abundance in the County since the 1970's (Table 4). During the present survey, the bullhead bullhead, common name for several species of fish. See catfish; sculpin.
Any of several species of North American freshwater catfish in the genus Ictalurus, valued as food and sport fishes. Bullheads are related to the channel catfish (I. minnow and steelcolor shiner (Cyprinella whipplei) were both collected from ten of eleven Wabash River sites, and the blue sucker was collected from eight. Curry and Spacie (1978) did not record the bullhead minnow or steelcol or shiner from any of their nine Wabash River sites, and they collected the blue sucker from only one. Both the bullhead minnow and steelcolor shiner may have been misidentified by Curry and Spacie (1978). If so, the perceived increase in abundance is merely a reflection of this error. However, the blue sucker could hardly be misidentified. Curry and Spacie (1978) "sighted one blue sucker while electrofishing in the Wabash River...." during seven years of collecting. During the current survey, this species was collected from eight of eleven Wabash River sites. The results of this survey and those of Gammon (1993, 1995a) demonstrate the remarkable recovery this species has made over the past twenty years. The increase in the blue sucker was one of several signs that the Wabash River may be supporting a much more abundant and diverse fish community than it did two decades ago.
Hypothetical Hypothetical is an adjective, meaning of or pertaining to a hypothesis. See:
small, 1 inch long, pale fish which eat mosquito larvae and are used in their control. affinis), a species widely stocked for mosquito mosquito (məskē`tō), small, long-legged insect of the order Diptera, the true flies. The females of most species have piercing and sucking mouth parts and apparently they must feed at least once upon mammalian blood before their eggs can control, has probably been introduced into some small ponds or wetland areas in the County. It will only be a matter of time before this species is found in the streams and rivers of the County. The goldfish goldfish, freshwater fish, genus Carassius, of the family Cyprinidae, popular in aquariums and ponds. Native to China, it was first domesticated centuries ago from the wild form, an olive-colored carplike fish up to 16 in. (40 cm) long. (Carassius auratus Carassius auratus
see goldfish. ) probably occurs in the County but remains rare. Records for other exotics, such as the grass carp grass carp
see ctenopharyngodon iedella. (Ctenopharyngodon idella) and bighead carp bighead carp
hypophthalmichthysnobilis. (Hypopthalmichthys nobilis), have been on the rise across Indiana in the last few years and will probably be reported from Tippecanoe County in the near future.
Conclusions. Some may question the usefulness of collecting fish from with in political boundaries because fish do not recognize county lines. However, studying the fauna of a region containing several different watersheds can pro vide important information about the statewide distribution of certain fish species. As noted in the present survey, several new species now occur in Tippecanoe County, possibly as the result of range extensions, either by natural or anthropogenic an·thro·po·gen·ic
1. Of or relating to anthropogenesis.
2. Caused by humans: anthropogenic degradation of the environment. means. Also, the ranges of rarer species can be better defined as the result of intensive collecting in a region of the State rather than in only one watershed. Important information about the current distribution of the bluebreast darter (state endangered en·dan·ger
tr.v. en·dan·gered, en·dan·ger·ing, en·dan·gers
1. To expose to harm or danger; imperil.
2. To threaten with extinction. ), blue sucker, river redhorse, and eastern sand darter (all state species of special concern) was provided by the present survey.
Ninety-seven species of fish, of which 13 were new county records, were collected from 70 sites sampled in Tippecanoe County during 1994; 12 species recorded during previous surveys were not collected. The addition of several new species and the range extension and increased abundance of several others suggest that the water quality, especially of the Wabash River, has improved over the last two decades in Tippecanoe County. Tippecanoe County has and continues to support a diverse fish community (109 species of fish have now been recorded). The methods by which the present survey were conducted have successfully provided baseline data to which future surveys can be significantly and accurately compared. The authors of this study hope to continue their investigation of Tippecanoe County fishes into the 21st Century.
The authors would like to express their appreciation to John Stanley John Stanley could be
ADDENDUM addendum n. an addition to a completed written document. Most commonly this is a proposed change or explanation (such as a list of goods to be included) in a contract, or some point that has been subject of negotiation after the contract was originally proposed by
Several new species have been collected from Tippecanoe County since the initial survey was completed in 1994. The bighead carp (1997) and grass carp (1998) were both caught by local anglers from a pond connected to the Wabash River at site 7 (Dave Kellam, pers. comm.). The pirate perch pirate perch
A small North American freshwater fish (Aphredoderus sayanus) noted for having the anal opening near the throat. (Aphredoderus sayanus) was collected by the authors during sampling in 1996 at site 65 on the Tippecanoe River, and western mosquitofish was collected during 1998 between sites 36 and 37 on the Wabash River. The addition of these four species brings the known total recorded from Tippecanoe County to 113.
LITERATURE CITED CITED Copyright in Transmitted Electronic Documents
CITEd Center for Implementing Technology in Education
Carney, D.A., L.M. Page, and T.M. Keevin. 1993. Fishes of the Tippecanoe River, Indiana: An outstanding Midwesten stream. Proc. Indiana Acad. Sci. 101: 201-219.
Cope, E.D. 1871. A partial synopsis A summary; a brief statement, less than the whole.
A synopsis is a condensation of something—for example, a synopsis of a trial record. of the fishes of the fresh waters of North Carolina North Carolina, state in the SE United States. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean (E), South Carolina and Georgia (S), Tennessee (W), and Virginia (N). Facts and Figures
Area, 52,586 sq mi (136,198 sq km). Pop. . Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. 11: 448-495.
Curry, K.D. and A. Spacie. 1978. Distribution of stream fishes in Tippecanoe County, Indiana. Proc. Indiana Acad. Sci. 37: 182-188.
Ecological Specialists, Inc. 1993. Mussel mussel, edible freshwater or marine bivalve mollusk. Mussels are able to move slowly by means of the muscular foot. They feed and breathe by filtering water through extensible tubes called siphons; a large mussel filters 10 gal (38 liters) of water per day. habitat suitability and impact analysis of the Tippecanoe River. Final Rep. Nongame Endangered Wildl. Prog., Div. Fish Wildl., Indiana Dep. Natur. Res., Indianapolis, Indi ana, 102 pp.
Evermann, B.M. and O.P. Jenkins. 1892. Notes on Indiana fishes. Rep. State Fish Comm. 1892: 108-127.
Gammon, J.R. 1993. The Wabash River: Progress and promise. In: L.W. Hesse, C.B. Stalnaker, N.G. Benson, and J.R. Zuboy (Eds.), Restoration Planning for the Rivers of the Mississippi River Mississippi River
River, central U.S. It rises at Lake Itasca in Minnesota and flows south, meeting its major tributaries, the Missouri and the Ohio rivers, about halfway along its journey to the Gulf of Mexico. Ecosystem, pp. 142-161, Biol. Rep. 19, Nat. Biol. Surv., U.S. Dep. Interior, Washington, D.C.
_____. 1995a. Environmental assessment and fish populations of the Wabash River and its tributaries. Natur. Areas J. 5: 259-266.
_____. 1995b. The Wabash River ecosystem, II. Final Rep. for PSI-Energy and Eli Lilly and Company Eli Lilly and Company (NYSE: LLY) is a global pharmaceutical company and one of the world's largest corporations. Eli Lilly's global headquarters is located in Indianapolis, Indiana, in the United States. , Plainfield and Indianapolis, Indiana “Indianapolis” redirects here. For other uses, see Indianapolis (disambiguation).
Indianapolis (IPA: [ˌɪndiəˈnæpəlɪs]) is the capital city of the U.S. , 235 pp.
Gerking, S.D. 1945. The distribution of the fishes of Indiana. Invest. Indiana Lakes Streams 3(1): 1-137.
Gong, L. and T.M. Cavender. 1991. Systematics systematics: see classification. of Notropis volucellus and Notropis wickliffi (Cyprinidae: Pisces) from Ohio waters. Ohio J. Sci. 91(2): 23 (abstr).
Gorman, O.T. and J.R. Karr. 1978. Habitat structure and stream fish communities. Ecology 59(3): 507-515.
Hoggatt, R.E. 1975. Drainage areas of Indiana streams. U.S. Dep. Interior, Geol. Surv., Water Res. Div., Indianapolis, Indiana, 231 pp.
Lehman, L.L. 1974. Some effects of PL 566 small watershed project on fish populations and selected water quality variables within and below a channelized Refers to an architecture that transmits data in channels. It often refers to the 64 Kbps channels in T1 lines, which were originally developed to handle digitized voice streams (TDM). See TDM. area. M.S. Thesis, Purdue University Purdue University (pərdy`, -d`), main campus at West Lafayette, Ind. , West Lafayette, Indiana West Lafayette (IPA: [wɛst ˈlɑ.fəˌjɛt]) is a city in Tippecanoe County, Indiana, United States, 65 miles (105km) northwest of Indianapolis. The population was 28,778 at the 2000 census. , 115 pp.
Page, L.M. 1983. Handbook of darters. TFH TFH Technische Fachhochschule (German: Engeneering College/University)
TFH 24 Hours (Movie)
TFH Thread from Hell (newsgroups)
TFH Tinfoil Hat
TFH Thanks For Helping Publ., Inc., Neptune City, New Jersey Neptune City is a Borough in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States. As of the United States 2000 Census, the borough population was 5,218.
The Borough of Neptune City was incorporated on October 4, 1881, based on a referendum held on March 19, 1881. , 271 pp.
Site locations (C&S = Curry and Spacie, 1978). The single, solid lines separate sites by watershed. Site C&S Location 1 39 Wabash River at Collier's Island 2 38 Wabash River at Goose Island 3 37 Wabash River at the mouth of Jordan Creek 4 36 Wabash River at the mouth of Wea Creek 5 35 Wabash River at Lafayette Sewage Treatment Plant 6 34 Wabash River at West Lafayette Sewage Treatment Plant 7 33 Wabash River at Mascouten Park 8 -- Wabash River at Heron Island 9 -- Wabash River at the U.S. 65 bridge 10 32 Wabash River at the mouth of the Tippecanoe River 11 31 Wabash River at the Americus bridge 12 -- Big Shawnee Creek at State Road 25 13 25 Little Pine Creek at County Line Road 14 -- Little Pine Creek at State Road 26 15 -- Little Pine Creek at County Road 800 West 16 24 Little Pine Creek at U.S. 52 17 -- Little Pine Creek at County Road 500 North 18 -- Otterbein Ditch at County Road 500 North 19 2 Flint Creek at Turner Road (Burnett's Reserve) 20 1 Flint Creek at County Road 510 South (Burnett's Reserve) 21 -- Flint Run at County Road 600 South 22 28 Indian Creek at Division Road 23 27 Indian Creek at the mouth of Goose Creek 24 26 Indian Creek at County Road 400 West 25 -- Indian Creek at County Road 600 North 26 -- Wea Creek at Eli Lilly Road 27 -- Wea Creek at State Road 25 28 9 Wea Creek at the mouth of Little Wea Creek 29 8 Wea Creek at County Road 200 East 30 7 Wea Creek at County Road 800 South 31 6 Wea Creek at County Road 100 East 32 5 Wea Creek at State Road 43/U.S. 231 33 4 Kellerman Learning Ditch at State Road 28 34 3 Loafland Ditch at County Road 1200 South 35 -- Wea Creek side channel at Eli Lilly Road 36 14 Little Wea Creek at its mouth 37 -- Little Wea Creek at County Road 500 South 38 13 Little Wea Creek at County Road 800 South 39 12 Montgomery Ditch at County Road 950 South 40 11 Montgomery Ditch at State Road 28 41 10 Kenny Ditch at County Road 250 East 42 29 Burnett's Creek at Burnett's Road 43 -- Burnett's Creek at State Road 225 (Battle Ground) 44 -- Burnett's Creek at County Road 650 North 45 -- North Fork Burnett's Creek at County Road 650 North Site Map Section 1 Sec. 3 and 10, T22N, R6W 2 Sec. 26, T23N, R6W 3 Sec. 28, T23N, R5W 4 Sec. 35, T23N, R5W 5 Sec. 31, T23N, R4W Sec. 36, T23N, R5W 6 Sec. 20 and 29, T23N, R4W 7 Sec. 17, T23N, R4W 8 Sec. 4, T23N, R4W Sec. 33, T24N, R4W 9 Sec. 2 and 3, T23N, R4W 10 Sec. 20, T24N, R3W 11 Sec. 9 and 16, T24N, R3W 12 Sec. 26, T21N, R6W 13 Sec. 22, T23N, R6W 14 Sec. 14, T23N, R6W 15 Sec. 1, T23N, R6W 16 Sec. 36, T24N, R6W 17 Sec. 30, T24N, R5W 18 Sec. 34, T24N, R6W 19 Sec. 1, T22N, R6W 20 Sec. 4, T22N, R6W 21 Sec. 19 and 30, T22N, R5W 22 Sec. 24, T23N, R6W 23 Sec. 18, T23N, R5W 24 Sec. 4, T23N, R5W 25 Sec. 23, T24N, R5W 26 Sec. 2, T22N, R5W 27 Sec. 1, T22N, R5W 28 Sec. 12, T22N, R5W 29 Sec. 22, T22N, R4W 30 Sec. 35, T22N, R4W Sec. 2, T21N, R4W 31 Sec. 9, T21N, R4W 32 Sec. 17, T21N, R4W 33 Sec. 18, T21N, R4W 34 Sec. 30, T21N, R4W 35 Sec. 2, T22N, R5W 36 Sec. 12, T22N, R5W 37 Sec. 18 and 19, T22N, R4W 38 Sec. 1, T21N, R5W 39 Sec. 10, T21N, R5W 40 Sec. 16 and 21, T21N, R5W 41 Sec. 22, T22N, R4W 42 Sec. 27 and 34, T24N, R4W 43 Sec. 23, T24N, R4W 44 Sec. 19, T24N, R4W 45 Sec. 21, T24N, R4W 46 21 Wildcat Creek at its mouth Sec. 3, T23N, R4W 47 20 Wildcat Creek at Eisenhowser Road Sec. 14, T23N, R4W 48 19 North Fork Wildcat Creek at County Sec. 10, T23N, R3W Road 900 East 49 -- North Fork Wildcat Creek at County Sec. 12, T23N, R3W Line Road 50 -- South Fork Wildcat Creek at County Sec. 17 and 20, T23N, R3W Road 100 North 51 18 South Fork Wildcat Creek at State Sec. 21, T23N, R3W Road 26 52 16 South Fork Wildcat Creek at County Sec. 4, T22N, R3W Road 200 South 53 15 South Fork Wildcat Creek at Sec. 22, T22N, R3W Wyndotte Road 54 -- South Fork Wildcat Creek at County Sec. 26, T22N, R3W Road 200 South 55 17 Middle Fork Wildcat Creek at County Sec. 26 and 27, T23N, R3W Road 900 East 56 -- Lauramie Creek at New Castle Road Sec. 34, T22N, R3W 57 -- Lauramie Creek at U.S. 52 Sec. 10, T2IN, R3W 58 -- Buck Creek at Stair Road Sec. 30, T24N, R3W 59 23 Buck Creek at County Road 600 East Sec. 30, T24N, R3W 60 -- Sugar Creek at its mouth Sec. 20, T24N, R3W 61 22 Sugar Creek at County Road 775 East Sec. 21, T24N, R3W 62 -- Tippecanoe River at its mouth Sec. 20, T24N, R3W 63 -- Tippecanoe River at riffle below Sec. 17, T24N, R3W Moot's Creek 64 -- Tippecanoe River at 2nd island Sec. 8 and 9, T24N, R3W below Pretty Prairie Road 65 -- Tippecanoe River at Pretty Prairie Sec. 9, T24N, R3W Road 66 -- Moot's Creek at its mouth Sec. 8, T24N, R3W 67 30 Moot's Creek at Pretty Prairie Road Sec. 8, T24N, R3W 68 -- Moot's Creek at Tyler Road Sec. 5, T24N, R3W 69 -- Bowen's Ditch at County Road 950 Sec. 2 and 3, T24N, R3W North 70 -- Bridge Creek downstream from State Sec. 11, T24N, R3W Road 25 List of all know fish species collected from Tippecanoe County, Indiana. Site numbers accompany those species collected during 1994. The literature citations represent the last records for those species not collected during 1994. Species Collection Site Petromyzontidae Lampetra appendix, American 49 (adult); 26, 27, brook lamprey 42, 49, 67 (ammocoete) Ichthyomnyzon unicuspis, 1, 4, 11 (adult); 49, silver lamprey 51, 53, 64 (ammocoete) Polyodontidae Polyodon spathula, paddlefish 7 Acipenseridae Scaphirhynchus platorynchus, 1, 3, 4, 7, 8, 10 shovelnose sturgeon Lepisosteidae Lepisosteus oculatus, 62 spotted gar L. osseus, longnose gar 1-11, 26, 53, 62 L. platostomus, 1-6, 9, 11, 26 shortnose gar Amiidae Amia calva, bowfin 1, 2, 7 Anguillidae Anguilla rostrata, Curry and American eel Spacie (1978) Clupeidae Alosa chrysochloris, 2, 4, 7, 10 skipjack herring Dorosoma cepedianum, 1-11, 46, 48, 49, gizzard shad 51, 52, 62, 67 D. petenense, threadfin 62 shad Hiodontidae Hiodon alosoides, goldeye 1, 3, 6, 7, 10 H. tergisus, mooneye 1-3, 5-7, 9-11, 62 Umbridae Umbra limi, central 26, 28, 35, 36, 70 mudminnow Esocidae Esox americanus 12, 15, 16, 18, vermiculatus, grass 32, 35, 39 pickerel E. lucius, northern pike Curry and Spacie (1978) Cyprinidae Campostoma anomalum, 1-4, 8, 12-14, 19-34, central stoneroller 36-61, 65-70 Cyprinella spiloptera, 1-11 14, 22, 25, 26, spotfin shiner 28-31, 36, 42, 46-56, 58, 60, 62-68, 70 C. whipplei, steelcolor 1-9, 11, 26, 28, 42, shiner 46-52, 60, 62-68 Cyprinus carpio, carp 1-11, 14-17, 26, 31, 33, 46, 51-53, 62, 69 Ericymba buccata, 1-4, 7, 10, 13, 19-23, 26, silverjaw minnow 28, 29, 31, 32, 34, 36-38, 40-42, 44-46, 49-51, 53, 55-57, 59, 61, 65-68 Erimystax dissimilis, 5, 8, 48, 62, 63 streamline chub E, x-punctata, gravel chub 4, 5, 8, 10, 63, 65 Extrarius aestivalis, 1, 5, 7, 8, 10, 46, 63, 65 speckled chub Hybognothus nuchalis, 4 Mississippi silvery minnow Hybopsis amblops, 1, 4, 7, 13, 21, 28, bigeye chub 29, 49, 50-53, 55, 56, 64, 65, 67, 68 Luxilus chrysocephalus, 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 12-14, striped shiner 19-23, 26-30, 33, 34, 36-48, 51-58, 60, 61, 65, 67, 68 Lythrurus umbratilis, 12, 14, 15, 17, redfin shiner 24, 25, 31-33 Macrhybopsis storeriana, 1, 2, 4, 62 silver chub Nocomis biguttarus, 27, 58, 61, 66, 67 hornyhead chub N. micropogon, river chub 19, 20, 22, 26-30, 36, 37, 42, 46-56, 60, 61, 63, 66-68 Notemigonus crysoleucas, 9, 17 golden shiner Notropis atherinoides, 1-4, 6-11, 26, 46, 49, emerald shiner 62, 63, 66, 67 N. blennius, river shiner 1, 3, 4, 8, 10, 26, 46, 66 N. dorsalis, bigmouth shiner Erman and Mumford (unpublished data) N. ludibundus, sand shiner 1-8, 10, 11, 22, 26, 28-34, 42, 46-54, 56, 63, 65-68 N. rubellus, rosyface shiner 1-3, 6, 8, 26, 28-31, 52, 53, 55, 56, 66-68 N. voluvellus, mimic shiner 29, 30, 50, 68 N. wickliffi, channel shiner 2-4, 7, 8, 28, 50, 62, 68 Opsopocodus emiliae, Gerking (1945); Erman and pugnose minnow Mumford (unpublished data) Plzenacobius mirabills, 1, 3, 8-10, 13, 19, 22, 27, suckermouth minnow 46-51, 55, 60, 63, 66-68 Phoxinus erythorgaster, 58, 59 southern redbelly dace Pimephales notatus, 1-3, 6-17, 19-34, 36-40, bluntnose minnow 42-62, 65-70 R pronle/as, fathead minnow 7, 54, 69 R vigilax, bullhead minnow 1-4, 6-11, 46, 62, 64, 65 Rhiniclzrhys atratulus, 5, 7, 8, 10-12, 19, 20, 22-25, 27, blacknose dace 28, 30, 34, 36-46, 51, 55-61, 67-70 Semotilus atromaculatus, 1-3, 7, 12-26, 28-34, 36-46, 48, creek chub 49, 51, 53, 55-61, 65, 67-70 Catastomidae Cycleptus elongatus, 1,3-6, 8-10 blue sucker Carpiodes carpio, 1-11, 29,46, 64, 65, 68 river carpsucker C. cyprinus, quillback 1-5, 7, 9, 10, 62 C. velifer, highfin carpsucker 6, 8-10,47 Catostoinus commersoni, 7, 12, 14-17, 19, 21-34, 36-45, white sucker 52, 54, 56, 57, 60, 61, 65, 67-70 Erirnyzon oblongus, 12, 14-18, 33-35 creek chubsucker Hypenrelium nigricans, 3-5, 7-11, 13, 15, 19-21, 26-34, northern hogsucker 36-39, 41-44, 46-58, 60-63, 65-68 Ictiobus bubalus, 1-11 smallmouth buffalo I. cyprinellus, bigmouth buffalo 3-5, 7, 11 I. niger, black buffalo Curry and Spacie (1978) Lagochila lacera, harelip sucker Evermann and Jenkins (1892) Minytreina melanops, 2, 9, 14, 15, 31, 33, 46, 60 spotted sucker Moxosronia anisurum, 1-3, 5-11, 42, 49, 51, 53, silver redhorse 54, 60, 62, 64, 65 M. carinatum, river redhorse 6, 8, 10, 11 M. duquesnei, black redhorse 2-4, 6-11, 22, 28, 29, 46, 49-55, 62, 65, 68 M. erythrurum, golden 1-11, 29-32, 36, 47-49, 51, redhorse 54, 55, 60, 62, 66, 67, 69 M. macrolepidotum, 2-11,47-50,52, 60, 62, shorthead redhorse 64-66, 69 Ictaluridae Ainelurus inelas, 14, 16, 17,51 black bullhead A. natalis. yellow 9, 13-17, 22, 25, 27, 30-32, bullhead 34, 38, 44, 45, 51, 55-57, 60, 61, 64, 67, 68 Ictalurus punctatus, 1-11, 26, 28, 36, 42, channel catfish 46, 49, 64, 65, 67 Nonrus eleurherus, 8, 10 mountain madtom N.flavus, stonecat 3, 10, 13, 14, 19, 26, 27, 33, 46, 49, 51, 55, 60, 61,67 N. gyrinus, tadpole madtom 60 N. miurus, brindled madtom 53, 65 Pylodictis olivaris, 1-4, 6-9, 46, 50, 65 flathead catfish Gadidae Lota Iota, burbot Curry and Spacie (1978) Fundulidae Fundulus notatus, blackstripe 14,15 topiminnow Atherinidae Labidesthes sicculus, brook 65 silverside Moronidae Morone chrysops, white bass 3, 4, 6, 9, 10 M. chrysops x M. saxatilis, 9,10 hybrid striped bass Centrarchidae Ambloplites rupestris, rock bass 11, 19, 20, 26-32, 34, 36, 42, 43, 46, 48, 49, 51-53, 55, 56, 60-66, 68 Lepontis cyancllus, green sunfish 1, 3, 9-12, 14-26, 28-32, 35, 38, 42-46, 50-53, 55, 56, 60, 61, 63, 65, 67, 68, 70 L gulosus, warmouth Erman and Mumford (unpublished data) L humilis, orangespotted sunfish 2, 64, 65 L macrochirus, bluegill 1-5, 7-9, 11, 19, 22-24, 26, 28, 36, 45, 46, 49, 51-53, 60, 62, 63, 65, 66 L megalotis, longear sunfish 2-4, 6-17, 19-21, 24, 26, 28-34, 36-39, 42, 43, 46, 49-57, 60, 6268 L microlophus, redear sunfish 51 Micropterus dolomicu, smallmouth bass 1-4, 6-11, 13, 19-21, 26-30, 36-39, 46-56, 60, 62-65, 67, 68 M. punctulatus, spolted bass 1-11, 14, 24-26, 28, 35, 46, 47, 49-51, 53, 62, 64-68 M. salmoides, largemouth bass 7, 14, 32 Pomoxis annularis, white crappie 1, 3, 8-11, 15, 51 P. nigromaculatus, black crappie 7, 62 Percidae Ammocrypta pellucida, eastern Gerking (1945); Erman and Mumford sand darter (unpublished data); Curry and Spacie (1978) Etheostoma blennioides, 6, 10-14, 21, 26-31, 33, 34, 36-39, greenside darter 46-56, 60, 62-65, 68 E. caerulcum, rainbow darter 1-4, 6, 8, 11, 13, 19-21, 26-28, 36, 37, 39, 40, 49-56, 63-68 E. camurum, bluebreast darter 10 E. flabellare, fantail darter 11, 13, 19-21, 26-28, 36-39, 55-57, 60 E. microperca, least darter Erman and Mumford (unpublished data) E. nigrum, johnny darter 2, 4, 9-12, 14, 15, 17, 18, 21, 23-27, 29-32, 34, 37-39, 42, 44-46, 49, 51, 53, 55-58, 60, 63-68 E. spectabile, orangethoat darter 11, 12, 19-21, 24-26, 28-32, 36-41, 49, 51, 53, 56, 57, 68 Perca flavescens, yellow perch Gerking (1945); Curry and Spacie (1978) Percina caprodes, logperch 2, 10, 48, 64, 65 P. copelandi, channel darter Gerking (1945) P. maculata, blackside darter 14, 62 P. phoxocephaia, slenderhead 14, 11, 63-65 darter P. sciera, dusky darter 4, 10, 15, 26, 42, 46, 48-51, 53, 55, 56, 63-67 P. shumardi, river darter 10, 65 Stizostedion canadense, sauger 3-6, 8-11, 46, 65 S. vitreum, walleye 1, 6, 8, 10, 11, 62 Sciaenidae Aplodinotus grunniens, 1-11, 46 freshwater drum Cottidae Cottus bairdi, mouled sculpin 8, 12-14, 19-24, 26-31, 33, 34, 36, 38-45, 51, 52, 55-58, 60, 61, 67, 68, 70 Most common species collected during 1994. Overall #/70 Wabash River Tributaries #59 Pimphales notatus 63 Pimephales notatus 54 Campostoma anomalum 56 Campostoma anomalum 51 Semotilus atromaculatus 53 Semotilus atromaculatus 49 Hypentelium Nigricans 51 Hypentelium nigricans 43 Lepomis megalotis 51 Lepomnis megalotis 42 Luxilus chrysocephalus 46 Luxilus chrysocephalus 41 Lepomis cyanellus 44 Catostomus commersoni 41 Cyprinella spiloptera 42 Lepomis cyanellus 39 Catostomus commersoni 42 Cottus bairdi 37 Estheostoma nigrum 42 Estheostoma nigrum 37 Micropterus dolomieu 41 Rhinichthys atratulus 34 Ericymba buccata 40 Ericymba buccata 34 Rhinichthys atratulus 39 Etheostoma blennioides 33 Cottus bairdi 38 Cyprinella spiloptera 31 Notropis ludibundus 36 Micropterus dolomieu 31 Etheostoma blennioides 36 Ambloplites rupestris 29 Nocomis micropogon 35 Nocomis micropogon 28 Overall Wabash River #11 Pimphales notatus Lepisosteus osseus 11 Campostoma anomalum Dorosoma cepedianum 11 Semotilus atromaculatus Cyprinella spiloptera 11 Hypentelium Nigricans Cyprinus carpio 11 Lepomis megalotis Carpiodes carpic 11 Luxilus chrysocephalus Ictiobus bubalus 11 Lepomis cyanellus Moxostoma erythrurum 11 Cyprinella spiloptera Ictalurus punctatus 11 Catostomus commersoni Micropterus puncutatus 11 Estheostoma nigrum Aplodinotus grunniens 11 Micropterus dolomieu Cyprinella whipplei 10 Ericymba buccata Notropis atherinoides 10 Rhinichthys atratulus Notropis ludibundus 10 Cottus bairdi Pimephales vigilax 10 Notropis ludibundus Moxostoma anisurum 10 Etheostoma blennioides Moxostoma macrolepidotum 10 Nocomis micropogon Micropterus dolomieu 10
#/70 = The number of sites at which each listed species was found out of the 70 total sites that were sampled in the current survey.
#/59 = The number of sites at which each listed species was found out of the 59 Wabash River tributary sites.
#/11 = The number of sites at which each listed species was found out of the 11 Wabash River mainstem sites.
Species with the greatest percent increase in occurrence from the 39 sites shared by both Curry and Spacie (1978) and our survey. Only those species found from at least three of the overall and Wabash River tributaries sites and two of the Wabash River sites during the 1994 survey are compared. Overall (#/39) '78 '94 Wabash River Trib. (#/30) '78 '94 Micropterus punctulatus 0 16 Micropterus punctulatus 0 7 Percina sciera 0 9 Percina sciera 0 7 Pimephales vigilax 1 9 Notropis ludibundus 2 17 Cyprinella whipplei 2 16 Cyprinus carpio 1 7 Cycleptus elongatus 1 6 Ameiurus natalis 2 12 Ambloplites rupestris 3 18 Ambloplites rupestris 3 17 Ameiurus natalis 2 12 Moxostoma erythrurum 2 10 Lepomis macrochirus 4 17 Lepomis macrochirus 2 10 Notropis rubellus 3 12 Dorosoma cepedianum 1 5 Ictalurus punctatus 4 14 Ictalurus punctatus 1 5 Noturus flavus 3 10 Hybopsis amblops 2 8 Etheostoma flabellare 3 9 Cyprinella whipplei 2 8 Erimystax x-punctata 1 3 Lepomis cyanellus 6 20 Lepomis cyanellus 8 24 Micropterus dolomieu 6 17 Erimyzon oblongus 1 3 Etheostoma flabellare 3 8 Hybopsis amblops 4 11 Notropis rubellus 3 8 Micropterus dolomieu 10 25 Noturus flavus 3 8 Overall (#/39) Wabash River (#/9) '78 '94 Micropterus punctulatus Micropterus punctulatus 0 9 Percina sciera Cyprinella whipplei 0 8 Pimephales vigilax Pimephales vigilax 0 8 Cyprinella whipplei Etheostoma caeruleum 0 6 Cycleptus elongatus Rhinichthys atratulus 0 4 Ambloplites rupestris Notropis rubellus 0 4 Ameiurus natalis Etheostoma blennioides 0 3 Lepomis macrochirus Macrlzybopsis storeriana 0 3 Notropis rubellus Percina phoxocephala 0 2 Ictalurus punctatus Percina sciera 0 2 Noturus flavus Noturus flavus 0 2 Etheostoma flabellare Gycleplus elongatus 1 6 Erimystax x-punctata Stizostedion vitreum 1 4 Lepomis cyanellus Lepomis macrochirus 2 7 Erimyzon oblongus Erimystax x-punctata 1 3 Hybopsis amblops Ictalurus punctatus 3 9 Micropterus dolomieu Carpiodes cyprinus 3 7
#/39 = The number of sites at which each listed species was found out of the 39 sites that were sampled by Curry and Spacie.
#/30 = The number of sites at which each listed species was found out of the 30 Wabash River tributary sites sampled by Curry and Spacie.
#/9 = The number of sites at which each listed species was found out of the 9 Wabash River mainstem sites samples by Curry and Spacie.