THE CAMP ZEIST VERDICT: We've got the puppet but his master pulling the strings is still free; FAMILIES WANT TO GO AFTER GADDAFI.Byline: GRAHAM TIBBETTS
THE Scots judges who blamed Abdelbaset Ali Mohmed Al Megrahi for the Lockerbie bombing may as well also have pointed the finger of guilt at Colonel Muammar Gaddafi.
The Libyan dictator's hands will forever be stained with the blood of the 270 people killed in the horror of Flight 103 on December 21, 1988.
A Scottish Court Scottish court may refer to:
Every shoe, every wedding ring, every single scattered Scattered
Used for listed equity securities. Unconcentrated buy or sell interest. fragment that was once the PanAm jet was part of a trail of destruction that led back to the palaces of Gaddafi.
Despite links to previous terrorist outrages, he was battling to become accepted on the world stage. Now he is an international pariah once more.
Former Libyan intelligence officer Al Megrahi sent the bomb on its deadly journey to Heathrow and Pan Am 103, but politicians, relatives and terrorism experts are convinced it was on Gaddafi's orders.
And observers believe Libya was aided and abetted by Iran, which put up the cash, while a Syrian terrorist supplied the bomb.
Last night, Prime Minister Tony Blair's spokesman said: "This confirms our long-standing suspicion that Libya instigated the bombing
"We expect the Libyan authorities to take full responsibility for the actions of their official."
Gaddafi stalled for almost eight years over releasing the suspects, demanding the trial go ahead in a neutral country and any sentence be served in a Libyan jail.
The reason for his reluctance was clear - a guilty verdict for the suspects would condemn his country.
Back in 1991 when the indictment was served on the pair they were identified as officers in the "Jamahirya Security Organisation" - the Libyan Intelligence Service - "through which Libya conducted acts of terrorism against other nations".
This part of the indictment was later dropped but Libya's terrorist record is black.
In 1984 WPC WPC (in Britain) woman police constable
WPC (Brit) n abbr (= woman police constable) → Polizistin f
WPC n abbr (BRIT Yvonne Fletcher Woman Police Constable (WPC) Yvonne Joyce Fletcher (1959–17 April 1984) was a British police officer who was shot and killed in London's St James's Square during a protest outside the Libyan embassy. was gunned down by an assassin hidden in the Libyan embassy.
Two years later Gaddafi was linked to the bombing of a Berlin disco which killed three Americans.
President Ronald Reagan ordered his British-based F1-11s to attack the leader's home in the capital Tripoli Tripoli, city, Lebanon
Tripoli (trĭp`əlē) or Tarabulus (täräb`l , killing scores of Libyans.
And France is trying to prosecute To follow through; to commence and continue an action or judicial proceeding to its ultimate conclusion. To proceed against a defendant by charging that person with a crime and bringing him or her to trial. Gaddafi over the bombing of a French plane in 1989 which killed 170 people.
Although the indictment initially accused Al Megrahi and Lamen Lamen can refer to several things:
Experts agree Al Megrahi would never have carried out his deadly mission without input from the Libyan leadership.
Professor John Grant of Glasgow University's Lockerbie trial briefing unit said: "It is inconceivable that Al Megrahi dreamt up this scheme on his own in a cafe in Malta".
Paul Wilkinson This article is about the professor. For the retired footballer, see Paul Wilkinson (footballer).
Paul Wilkinson (born 9 May, 1937, Harrow, Middlesex) is former Professor of International Relations and former Director of the University of St Andrews Centre , Professor of International Relations international relations, study of the relations among states and other political and economic units in the international system. Particular areas of study within the field of international relations include diplomacy and diplomatic history, international law, at St Andrews Coordinates: St Andrews (Scottish Gaelic: Cill Rìmhinn) is a city and former royal burgh on the east coast of Fife, Scotland. It is named after Saint Andrew the Apostle. University, says Al Megrahi could be part of a larger plot.
"The verdict does not mean that the Libyan regime and Al Megrahi were not in some way connected with a wider conspiracy," he said.
"It is feasible other nationalities were involved and this is a matter that should be the subject of further investigation."
As a head of state, the Colonel is immune from prosecution under international law - but if he ever steps down he loses that protection.
When Gaddafi refused to hand over the two suspects, the international community imposed sanctions.
But in recent years he displayed a willingness to co-operate with his old Western enemies.
He paid around pounds 250,000 to Yvonne Fletcher's family and worked towards re-establishing diplomatic links with Britain - but that growing friendship is hanging by a thread.
Syria and Iran also find the finger of suspicion pointing firmly at them.
Iran had the biggest motive for downing a US-bound plane. In July 1988 - less than six months before Lockerbie - the trigger-happy US Navy accidentally fired two missiles at an Iranian airliner over the Persian Gulf Persian Gulf, arm of the Arabian Sea, 90,000 sq mi (233,100 sq km), between the Arabian peninsula and Iran, extending c.600 mi (970 km) from the Shatt al Arab delta to the Strait of Hormuz, which links it with the Gulf of Oman. , wiping out all 290 on board.
Iran's interior minister Ali-Akbar Mohteshemi publicly swore swore
Past tense of swear.
the past tense of swear
swore, sworn swear to gain revenge in the "blood-spattered skies."
According to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.
2. In keeping with: according to instructions.
3. US intelligence, he offered a $10 million reward to Ahmed Jibril Ahmed Jibril (Arabic: أحمد جبريل; born c. 1938) is the founder and leader of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine - General Command (PFLP-GC), part of the left-wing, secular , the notorious Syria-based leader of a Palestinian terrorist group, for blowing up a US airliner.
Two months before Lockerbie, his henchmen were rounded up in Germany after raids in Dusseldorf and Frankfurt - the city where the bomb-laden suitcase was re-routed from Malta to Heathrow.
Among the 15 arrested was Hafez Dalkamoni who had three Toshiba cassette players fitted with Semtex.
Marwan Khreesat was also collared and his associates later confessed that he had made five Toshiba bombs.
Many investigators believe it was one of his two undiscovered devices which blew up the Boeing 747.
It's unlikely the arrests prevented Jibril's master plan going ahead - in fact, he boasted after the explosion that "no-one will ever work out how I did it."
Abu Talb, a member of Jibril's organisation, was named by the Libyan's defence team as the bomber, and he was called on as a prosecution witness during the trial.
He was in Malta weeks before the bomb was planted and a diary in his apartment had a circle drawn round the date of the explosion.
With one conviction secured, the victims' relatives want to see the light of justice shine on some of the darker corners of the case.
And US prosecutors have promised not to give up the hunt.
Acting Deputy Attorney General Bob Mullen said: "The investigation continues to determine who else may have been involved in this act of terrorism and to bring that individual or those individuals to justice.
"When we have evidence to bring to court any one else who played a part in this tragedy, we will indict in·dict
tr.v. in·dict·ed, in·dict·ing, in·dicts
1. To accuse of wrongdoing; charge: a book that indicts modern values.
"This case is not closed."
But defiant de·fi·ant
Marked by defiance; boldly resisting.
Adj. 1. Libyan officials last night insisted: "The ruling is not the end of the story or the end of the world."
But they have accepted the court's verdicts - despite suggestions that Al Megrahi will appeal.
"The trial has ended and now Lockerbie belongs to the past," said foreign ministry official Hassounah el-Shawish.
"Libya looks forward to new and special relations."
IT'S OVER: Peter Lowenstein hugs Aphrodite Aphrodite (ăfrədī`tē), in Greek religion and mythology, goddess of fertility, love, and beauty. Homer designated her the child of Zeus and Dione. Tsairis outside the court; ATROCITY: Gaddafi gave orders; BOMB CONSPIRACY: Al Megrahi