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ADVANTAGE ELECTRONICS, INC inc - /ink/ increment, i.e. increase by one. Especially used by assembly programmers, as many assembly languages have an "inc" mnemonic.

Antonym: dec.

Custom temperature monitoring and control instruments with custom packaging, control sequencing, and data-communication capability.


See Hot-Runner Components.


Line of high-temperature-sensing instruments, including custom-made thermocouples for heavy- and light-duty applications. Type K, J, or T hand-held thermocouples available for use with any temperature meter, as well as digital and analog panel pyrometers. Analog instruments available in single-and multiple-circuit designs.


Model DT-130 temperature-measuring instrument has range from -100 F to +1999 F, fast response, standard industrial type-K thermocouple probes, resolution of 0.1 or 1[degrees] F, and LCD display. Optional probes include universal, surface, air-gas, and hypodermic hypodermic /hy·po·der·mic/ (-der´mik) applied or administered beneath the skin.

1. Of or relating to the layer just beneath the epidermis.

. Also available is model DT-136, a dual input version of the DT-130.

Model AM-50 is an LCD industrial multimeter An instrument for measuring electricity (volts, amps, ohms) that is widely used and available in numerous shapes and sizes. An analog multimeter displays results by moving a pointer across a printed scale.  with direct temperature reading capability of -40 F to 800 F. Features over-range indication, low-battery indication, auto-zeros on all ranges, reversed-polarity indication, and diode-test range. TPK-59 type K thermocouple is supplied with models AM-52, 57, and 59. Optional on AM-50, 53, and 56 models.


Noncontact infrared temperature sensors measure extruded materials and thermoformed sheets from 0 F to 1000 F. Turnkey systems include controllers, computers, high-level software, and infrared sensors.


Model AN2402 1/8-DIN panel-mounted temperature controller has front-panel selectable setup, calibration, and operation. Wide range of thermocouple inputs, 1[degrees] or 0.1[degrees] resolution, degree C or. F scale, and programmable filter. Options include RS232 serial interface, dual-relay setpoints, and analog output with independent scaling. Also Model AN2406 1/8-DIN controller with 1[degrees], 0.1[degrees] and 0.01[degrees] C resolution for 2-, 3- and 4-wire RTD RTD returned to duty (US DoD)
RTD Rated
RTD Ready to Drink
RTD Richmond Times-Dispatch
RTD Regional Transportation District
RTD Research, Technological Development
RTD Research and Technology Development
RTD Real-Time Data
 measurements has same options as AN2402.


Series C temperature controllers available in four DIN sizes, as well as a sub-panel non-indicating model. The 1/16-DIN and larger models offer built-in 8-level ramp/soak control and standard options that include Modbus communications and a DIN-rail-mounted gateway for use within a DeviceNet control network. Features include signal inputs from J, K, N, R, S, B, C, E, NNM NNM Network Node Manager
NNM NASDAQ National Market (financial)
NNM National Nutrition Month (March; American Dietetic Association)
NNM Naryan-Mar (Russia)
NNM Net New Money
 and Platinel II thermocouples, 2-or 3-wire RTDs and linear sources; large LED displays capable of decimal readouts of 0.1 degree, dual output/alarms, field-configurable process and deviation alarms, and bumpless auto/manual transfer.

Tudor temperature sensors include a full range of high- and low-temperature thermocouples, RTDs, thermistors, temperature transmitters, probe heads, and accessories. PH series solid-state power relays provide back-to-back scr output for resistive resistive /re·sis·tive/ (re-zis´tiv) pertaining to or characterized by resistance.  heating applications with false turn-on immunity and positive turn-off at high dV/dt. SH series solid-state controls come in single-phase, three-phase, three-leg; or three-phase, two-leg versions. Can be DIN rail A DIN rail or top-hat rail is a standardized 35 mm wide metal rail with hat-shaped cross section. It is widely used, especially in Europe, for mounting circuit breakers and industrial control equipment inside equipment racks.  or panel mounted.

Also offers turnkey custom design and manufacturing of embedded controls. (See Hot-Runner Components.) (See adp. 242.)


Line of hand-held digital thermocouple thermometers and over 150 different probes for sensing melt, mold, barrel, platen, and other temperatures. Series 396 allows wide temperature range, is F/C F/C

See first coupon (F/C).
 switchable, and accurate to [+ or -]1%. Sealed membrane switches. Runs on one to three 9-v batteries with 500 hr of continuous operation per battery. All instruments come in thermocouple types J, K, and T.

Probes include 1/8-in. diam., 4-in.-long needle probe for insertion/immersion; micro-needle probe with 3/16-in.-long tip for elastomeric molds; and surface probes with ceramic-encased tips and straight or 90[degrees] shafts for molds, barrels, and platens.


Full range of temperature sensors includes patented Van-depth sensor, adjustable to any immersion depth.

Advantage family of single-zone temperature/process controllers includes low-cost EZ series in 1/4-DIN and 1/16-DIN sizes. Others include low-cost rugged series l0Q 1/4-DIN and series 10E 1/8-DIN Series 10 controllers have 300-millsec response time and accuracy of 0.3%. Series 15Q 1/4-DIN and series 15E 1/8-DIN controllers have 200-millisec response and accuracy of 0.2%. Series 15 controllers offer expansion capability via plug-in modules. Compact, socketed modules allow field replacement of relays, triacs, SSR (Scalable Sampling Rate) See AAC.

SSR - Scalable Sampling Rate
 pulse and analog d-c outputs. Modules also available for alarm relays and digital contact closure. I/O (Input/Output) The transfer of data between the CPU and a peripheral device. Every transfer is an output from one device and an input to another. See PC input/output.

I/O - Input/Output
 reconfiguration is as simple as switching modules. A 21-segment LED bar graph on series 15Q provides control status at a glance. Display is selectable as a percentage-output indicator or as a deviation from setpoint graph.

Series 10 and series 15 controllers can be set up completely from the front panel. Compact size requires only 4.2-in. mounting depth. These universal-input controllers handle any of 11 ANSI (American National Standards Institute, New York, A membership organization founded in 1918 that coordinates the development of U.S. voluntary national standards in both the private and public sectors. It is the U.S. member body to ISO and IEC.  thermocouple types, RTDs, and popular d-c inputs. Input type is selectable from front panel. Auto-Comp function provides advanced response to sensor break. AT Self Tune standard feature sets PID tuning The corrections made by a PID controller. See PID.  constants with no operator involvement. This "hands-off" autotuning is preformed at startup and avoids the upsets required by conventional "bump" autotuning. AT Self Tune also includes an Adaptive Tuning oscillation monitor that automatically retunes controller to improve response.


Temperature monitors include noncontact infrared units and Atkins hand-held thermocouple probes. Recording model available. Temperature controls include nonindicating closed-loop, Fuji PYZ series, and PYX pyx also pix  
1. Ecclesiastical
a. A container in which wafers for the Eucharist are kept.

b. A container in which the Eucharist is carried to the sick.

 fuzzy-logic series.


Line of temperature controllers for extruders and mold-temperature controllers that require PID (1) (Process IDentifier) A temporary number assigned by the operating system to a process or service.

(2) (Proportional-Integral-Derivative) The most common control methodology in process control.
 control of both heating and cooling. Model 9900 offers manual override A manual override is a procedure where an otherwise automatic system is taken under manual control, usually from computer control. Examples of manual overrides in Fact
 for operation in the event of sensor failure. Other features that protect unattended equipment from damage due to single- or multiple-loop element failure include LBA (Logical Block Addressing) A method used to address hard disks by a single sector number rather than by cylinder, head and sector (CHS). LBA was introduced to support ATA/IDE drives as they reached 504MB, and Enhanced BIOSs in the PC translated CHS addressing into LBA  (loop-break-alarm) and Latching Alarm. Retrofitting is easy and cost-effective with 1/4-and 1/8-DIN custom panel adaptors. Where control panel space is limited, model 3200 (1/32-DIN) is available with autotuning PID and universal supply and inputs.


Flexible temperature, process and time/temperature stand-alone controls can be fully configured by a temporary computer link-up. Also line of thermocouple sensors compatible with controls.


Stock or custom control products include 1600 series compact, reliable 1/16-DIN field-configurable controls that are easily installed, have Smart self-tuning fuzzy logic fuzzy logic, a multivalued (as opposed to binary) logic developed to deal with imprecise or vague data. Classical logic holds that everything can be expressed in binary terms: 0 or 1, black or white, yes or no; in terms of Boolean algebra, everything is in one set or  capability, and incorporate heat/cool control features.

The 1/4-DIN 2104 temperature/process controller is a high-performance single-loop unit for temperature, flow, pressure, and level control applications. Features include NEMA NEMA National Electrical Manufacturers Association
NEMA National Emergency Management Agency
NEMA National Emergency Management Association
NEMA Nottingham East Midlands Airport (UK) 
 4X front panel, self-tuning PID control (single output or heat/cool), and control-loop protection alarm. Optional five-control outputs, alarm or event outputs, and RS232 or RS422/485 digital communications Transmitting text, voice and video in binary form. See communications. .

The 1/4-DIN 3101 high/low limit controller is compact and fully programmable. Supplied with user programmable inputs, outputs, and high/low limit features such as total time over/under temperature display and peak process variable display. Flexible to fit in most limit control applications and UL and CUL listed.

The 4115 solid-state power controller is a single-pole, normally open-switching device that accepts any 3-32 VDC VDC Volts Direct Current
VDC Venture Development Corporation
VDC Vehicle Dynamic Control
VDC Village Development Committee (Nepal)
VDC Virtual Data Center
VdC Verband der Cigarettenindustrie
 control input signal and provides on/off zero-cross-over switching of 120 to 480 VAC (Volts Alternating Current) See volt and AC.  loads for 40 to 90 amps. Has reliable noise-immune drive circuitry for longer life and higher load capacity than triacs.


Temperature controls range from simple nonindicating types to digitals with PID autotuning.


Mark R noncontact temperature sensor for slim objects is used primarily to measure metal conductor temperature in extrusion of wire insulation. Generates millivolt mil·li·volt
n. Abbr. mV
A unit of potential difference equal to one thousandth (10-3) of a volt.


one-thousandth of a volt; abbreviated mV.


See Hot-Runner Components.


Digital thermistor Thermistor

An electrical resistor with a relatively large negative temperature coefficient of resistance. Thermistors are useful for measuring temperature and gas flow or wind velocity.
 units range from handheld to panel-mounted meters with alarm capabilities and accuracies of [+ or -] 2[degrees] F. Full complement of probes can be extended to 1000 ft.

Hand-held and panel-mounted digital thermocouple units read temperatures from -40 F to 2200 F. Probes can be extended to 50 ft.

A range of 1- and 2-in. stainless-steel bimetal thermometers in different stem lengths, and 2-, 2 1/2- and 3 1/2-in. vapor-tension remote-reading thermometers.


Line of electrical heater monitoring products includes Current Ring indicators that monitor the operation of electrical heater elements in molding machines. Attached to a wire leading to a heater element, they provide a visual LED illumination when electrical current is present. Indicator works directly at the current-carrying wire or at a remote location.


HES temperature controllers with patented dual-thermocouple design maintain precise control in critical processes. With one thermocouple located in the heater/cooler and the other at the deepest point of barrel, corrective heating or cooling action can be taken to bring inner barrel surface temperature to stability quickly and automatically. Recipe features reduce the amount of scrap manufactured during startups and grade changes.


See Hot-Runner Components.


Complete line of temperature sensors. Standard and custom designs available in all thermocouple types and platinum RTDs. Also standard designs for European and Japanese equipment. Large stock for immediate shipment.



methotrexate (amethopterin, MTX) Warning - Hazardous drug!

Maxtrex (UK), Metoject (UK)

Pharmacologic class:
 fiber-optic infrared temperature transducer transducer, device that accepts an input of energy in one form and produces an output of energy in some other form, with a known, fixed relationship between the input and output.  for nonintrusive measurement of melt temperatures has response time of 10 millisec, detects highly transient melt temperatures for tight process control, and resists abrasion from filled materials. Withstands pressures to 30,000 psi at up to 800 F.

AutoProbes I and II traveling melt thermocouples measure temperature variations in the melt stream, which affect product conformity and gauge thickness. AutoProbe I penetrates melt stream at a rate of 0.139 in./min, producing a continuous analog indication of melt temperature. Pneumatically actuated AutoProbe II penetrates melt stream up to 1.5 in. in less than one sec, senses temperature at the predetermined pre·de·ter·mine  
v. pre·de·ter·mined, pre·de·ter·min·ing, pre·de·ter·mines
1. To determine, decide, or establish in advance:
 point, and retracts, minimizing stream perturbation perturbation (pŭr'tərbā`shən), in astronomy and physics, small force or other influence that modifies the otherwise simple motion of some object. The term is also used for the effect produced by the perturbation, e.g. . Both models have manual or automatic operation modes and 0-5 to 0-10 VDC output signals.


Thermocouples in all ANSI calibrations (J, K, T, E types) in grounded/ungrounded and exposed junctions available in various probe configurations, using stainless steel stainless steel: see steel.
stainless steel

Any of a family of alloy steels usually containing 10–30% chromium. The presence of chromium, together with low carbon content, gives remarkable resistance to corrosion and heat.
 and Inconel sheath materials.


Temperature-indicating, controlling, and recording instrumentation includes handheld digital and analog pyrometers, infrared thermometers, thermocouple sensors, scanners and controllers. Thermocouple sensors available for measuring mold surfaces, subsurfaces, liquids, melts, and air shots up to 2000 F with quick response and accuracies as close as 1[degrees]. Noncontact, handheld infrared thermometers measure from 0 to 1600 F/C with quick readings displayed to 0.1[degrees] F resolution on LCD. Display shows minimum, maximum, difference, and average temperature. High/low audible alarms are given. Emissivity Emissivity

The ratio of the radiation intensity of a nonblack body to the radiation intensity of a blackbody. This ratio, which is usually designated by the Greek letter ε, is always less than or just equal to one.
 is adjustable.


Temperature controllers with a full range of functional features and degrees of configurability in a variety of models. All controllers incorporate self-tuning algorithms and advanced overshoot o·ver·shoot
A change from steady state in response to a sudden change in some factor, as in electric potential or polarity when a cell or tissue is stimulated.
 suppression. Series 2000 controllers and programmers in 14 fixed-build or modular models and four sizes from 1/32- to 1/4-DIN All models have a common look and feel, intuitive and easy operation, easy configurability, and meet CE and UL international standards. Many models accommodate custom linearization In mathematics and its applications, linearization refers to finding the linear approximation to a function at a given point. In the study of dynamical systems, linearization is a method for assessing the local stability of an equilibrium point of a system of nonlinear differential  and optional Modbus, Profitbus or DeviceNet communications.

The 1/8-DIN Model 2208e, suitable for extrusion, features a built-in manual station, dual displays and outputs, alarms, load current display, communications, and advanced algorithms for water, air, or oil cooling Oil cooling is the principle behind the device oil cooler. It refers to a process whereby heat is displaced from a 'hotter' object, into a cooler oil. The oil carrying the displaced heat usually passes through a cooling unit such as a radiator or less commonly a gas decompresser. . Full-featured 1/4-DIN Model 2404e adds advanced features such as analog retransmission Retransmission might refer to:
  • Retransmission (data networks), the resending of packets which have been damaged or lost
  • Replication of a signal at a repeater
, remote inputs, and adaptive tuning. Controllers are complemented by a full range of solid-state contactors and scr power controllers for industrial heating applications.


Model 3000.32H infrared temperature transducer provides precision temperature readings from -22 F to 2000 F. Response time is as low as 20 millisec. Sensor housed in stainless-steel case. Connectors also stainless steel. Optics are of aerospace-quality, highly durable, double-coated zinc selenide Zinc selenide (ZnSe), is a light yellow binary solid compound. It is an intrinsic semiconductor with a band gap of about 2.7 eV at 25 °C. It has a standard enthalpy of formation of 177.6 kJ/mol at 25 °C. It adopts a Zincblende lattice structure with lattice constant a=566. .

With its compact design (0.625-in. diam. X 2.25-in. long), the instrument can withstand operating environments up to 160 F without artificial cooling. Signal conditioning Imagine feeding the output of a temperature sensor, which is in millivolts, to an Analog-to-digital converter to be processed. Is it possible for the Analog-to-Digital converter to process such a minute voltage amplitude? The answer is probably no.  is accomplished with additional Model 600 linearizer, which provides an RS-232C signal as well as analog output. Software allows settings to be changed from a PC. Various outputs available.


See Hot-Runner Components.

EXTECH INSTRUMENTS Extech Instruments is a full-line supplier of handheld electronic measuring equipment, other handheld measuring instruments, and portable printers. Extech is based in Waltham, Massachusetts and was founded in 1971, now employing more than 80 people with gross revenues in 2004 of  CORP.

Temperature/process controllers and indicators include VT series of 1/16-DIN (48VT) and 1/4-DIN (96VT) autotuning PID controllers. Dual four-digit LED displays for setpoint and process variables. Inputs include thermocouple, RTD, current, and voltage. One-touch autotune function automatically computes optimum PID values. Also can be used for on/off control. Control action either a 5A relay, 4-20 mA current, or pulsed 24-VDC to drive a solid-state relay. User-selectable heating or cooling. Five-amp alarm relay outputs standard on both models, with two on the 96VT.

Other units include 1/16-, 1/8- and 1/4-DIN temperature controllers with analog or digital setpoints and on/off or proportional control A proportional control system is a type of linear feedback control system. Two classic mechanical examples are the toilet bowl float proportioning valve and the fly-ball governor. .

Temperature indicators include subminiature sub·min·i·a·ture  
Smaller than miniature; exceedingly small.
 and 1/8-DIN and temperature indicators and controllers with digital setpoints. Indicators include units with up to 4-in. displays, 1/8-DIN, and miniature versions for thermocouple and RTD inputs. Options include mV or 4-20 mA current outputs. Switch boxes and multipoint scanners monitor up to 10 locations.


Conductor series microprocessor-based temperature controllers available with field interchangeable 15- and 30-amp modules. Standard mainframes include single, five, nine and twelve zones. Up to 128 zones can be configured by combining mainframes or custom free-standing control systems. Features include three-function LED display, dual-function digital set-point, full diagnostics for each individual zone, and auto-soft as-needed warm-up mode, which detects the amount of ground fault present on each heater zone. Electrical configurations include standard 240 VAC (optional 120), single- or three-phase, and 50 or 60 Hz.

Full line of thermocouples including all common ISA (1) (Instruction Set Architecture) See instruction set.

(2) (Interactive Services Association) See Internet Alliance.

(3) (Internet Security and Acceleration) See .NET.
 types such as J, K and T, as well as special alloys for applications that require up to 4200 F. (See Hot-Runner Components.)


Temperature controls include electronic or electromechanical The use of electricity to run moving parts. Disk drives, printers and motors are examples. Electromechanical systems must be designed for the eventual deterioration of moving components that wear over time. The first TVs were electromechanical systems (see video/TV history).  (differential-expansion, snap discs or liquid-expansion) types; nonindicating or indicating with digital (LCD/LED) or analog displays; miniature or standard sizes; surface-mount or probe styles; and models for normal or hostile environments. Sensors include thermistors for local or remote sensing Deriving digital models of an area on the earth. Using special cameras from airplanes or satellites, either the sun's reflections or the earth's temperature is turned into digital maps of the area. . Microprocessor-based DIN controllers with autotuning and fuzzy logic. Circuit board analog and microprocessor-based temperature and limit controls. ISO (1) See ISO speed.

(2) (International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, Switzerland, An organization that sets international standards, founded in 1946. The U.S. member body is ANSI.
 9001 certified.

FLIR SYSTEMS | company_name = FLIR Systems

| company_type = Public (NASDAQ: FLIR) | foundation = 1978 | location = Wilsonville, Oregon,
United States | key_people = Earl R. Lewis

}} FLIR Systems
, INC.

Thermoprofile SLS (Selective Laser Sintering) See laser sintering and 3D printing.  "smart" infrared line-scanning systems for real-time inspection, monitoring, and control of moving web and rotating elements in continuous processes. Designed for continuous operation in hostile environments, units can function as standalone monitor or part of closed-loop process-control system.

Thermovision infrared imaging and thermal analysis Thermal analysis is a branch of materials science where the properties of materials are studied as they change with temperature. Techniques include:
  • Differential scanning calorimetry
  • Dynamic mechanical analysis
  • Thermomechanical analysis
 systems is for plant maintenance, R&D, product design, and quality assurance.

FLO-TECH RACINE FEDERATED Connected and treated as one. See federated database and federated directories.  INC.

High-pressure-rated RTD thermometer probes are precision platinum units with max. temperature rating of 300 F and max. pressure rating of 7500 psi. Can be inserted directly into hydraulic or fluid material stream and offer 3-sec response. The 1/8 NPT NPT National Pipe Taper (pipe thread specification)
NPT Non-Proliferation Treaty
NPT Nonprofit Times
NPT Newport (Rhode Island)
NPT Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty
NPT Neath Port Talbot
 body threads eliminate need for special fittings and come in insertion lengths from 1 to 3 1/2 in.

DTM-100 panel-mount temperature readout (1) A small display device that typically shows only a few digits or a couple of lines of data.

(2) Any display screen or panel.
 offers 3/4-in. LCD display visible in ambient lighting Light that comes from all directions. Contrast with "directional lighting," which is made up of a light source with parallel light rays that do not diminish with distance. Also, contrast with "positional lighting," in which the rays are not parallel, but diminish in intensity from the . A high-impact plastic case mount is 1/4-DIN. Standard 0-10 v recorder output available at rear terminals. Unit can be wired for 120 or 240 v, 50 or 60 Hz without internal modification.


See Hot-Runner Components.


See: Guaranteed Investment Contract


See guaranteed investment contract (GIC).
 THERMODYNAMICS thermodynamics, branch of science concerned with the nature of heat and its conversion to mechanical, electric, and chemical energy. Historically, it grew out of efforts to construct more efficient heat engines—devices for extracting useful work from expanding  

In-stock line of thermocouples, RTDs, and thermistors. Melt-bolt and spring-loaded designs, along with lead wires, fittings, and connectors.


Three-mode electronic temperature controls include plug-in, single-channel, microprocessor-based models, plus line of multizone units in compact, panel-mounted, 16- and 32-zone modules. Capacity can be extended to any number of zones using remotely mounted, 30-channel auxiliary modules that operate under supervision of panel-mounted unit.

For extrusion, both single- and multizone models can use patented Duosense system, which uses a deep- and a shallowwell temperature sensor for faster response and longer life without sacrificing accuracy of deep-well sensing.

Also line of adjustable RTD temperature sensors for extrusion and injection machines.


See Hot-Runner Components.

HELICOID hel·i·coid
Arranged in or having the general shape of a flattened coil or spiral.


coiled; spiral.

Temperature/pressure instruments include full line of 3 1/2-, 4 1/2-, 6-, and 8 1/2-in. gauges with exclusive cam and roller movement, and optional grease fitting A grease fitting, grease nipple or zerk fitting is a lubrication fitting used in mechanical systems to add grease with a grease gun. The fitting is permanently installed by a threaded connection leaving a nipple connection the grease gun attaches to.  for extruder applications. Also digital gauges in several sizes. Complete line of 3- and 5-in, bimetallic bi·me·tal·lic  
1. Consisting of two metals, often bonded together and having different rates of thermal expansion.

2. Of, based on, or using the principles of bimetallism.
 thermometers. Tonnage dials available for injection applications.


universal decimal system

UDC (Brit) n abbr (= Urban District Council) → Stadtverwaltung f 
 700 digital controller delivers reliable control of less complex processes in a space-saving 1/32-DIN size. Unit features universal power and inputs, two local setpoints, and NEMA-4/IP66 front-panel protection. Options include RS485 Modhus communications or a second alarm relay. Unit can be used to control temperature and other process variables in applications like ovens, molding and extrusion, dryers, packaging machinery and more.

Micro-processor-based low-cost UDC 1000 and UDC 1500 digital controllers are fully dedicated to monitor and control temperatures and pressures in a wide range of applications and come in 1/16- and 1/8-DIN sizes. Large and easy-to-read dual four-digit display and tactile keypad enable easy configuration. Features include universal inputs and power, NEMA-3/1P65 front-panel protection, auto/manual mode, and self-tuning software. RS-485 Modbus communications and up to two additional outputs are optional.

HUSKY INJECTION MOLDING SYSTEMS LTD Husky Injection Moulding Systems Ltd was founded by Robert Schad, a German immigrant who came to Canada in 1951 with $25 borrowed from an uncle and a letter from a family friend by the name of Albert Einstein. .

See Hot-Runner Components.

IMC (Internet Mail Consortium, Santa Cruz, CA, An industry trade association founded in 1996 by Paul Hoffman and Dave Crocker that promotes Internet e-mail standards and features.  INSTRUMENTS, INC.

Digital temperature indicators, controllers, and alarms include portable digital thermometers and permanently mounted monitors. Rugged portable line includes large selection of general-purpose and specialty probes. Permanently mounted instruments include microprocessor-based digital panel meters, wide range of digital temperature indicators, and industrial temperature-alarm panels. Also line of temperature alarm/controllers with optional digital indication of temperature, setpoints, and differentials.

IMS (1) See IP Multimedia Subsystem.

(2) (Information Management System) An early IBM hierarchical DBMS for IBM mainframes. IMS was widely implemented throughout the 1970s under MVS and continues to be used under z/OS.

Closed-loop modular temperature controls rated at 15 amps and 120 or 240 v with time-proportioned power, automatic soft-start, and digital display. Also open-loop modules to fit housings. Stand-alone closed-loop temperature controllers rated at 15 amps and 240 v, and stocked in 1-, 2- and 4-zone models. Stand-alone open-loop voltage controllers rated at 5 or 15 amps and 120 or 240 v.

Equipment for directly reading hot-melt temperature includes Model 8010 temperature indicator with LED display and 1/8-DIN housing, and retrofit hot-melt thermocouple.

High-low temperature alarm and monitor has adjustable high and low setpoints, indicates temperature from any type-J thermocouple, and triggers visual and audio alarms if temperature goes above or below setpoint. Panel-mount adaptive, self-tuning PID controllers in 1/4-, 1/8- and 1/16-DIN also stocked.

Hand-held surface pyrometers read temperatures up to 500 F without touching heat source. Also low-cost type K digital unit for temperatures to 1999 F. (See Hot-Runner Components.)


See Hot-Runner Components.

IRCON IRCON Indian Railway Construction Company
IRCON InfraRed Control
, INC.

Noncontact infrared thermometers operate in harsh environments from -50 to 6500 F. On-line thermometers, line-scanning thermal-imaging systems, portable noncontact thermometers, and low-cost two-wire transmitters. Sensors "see" objects as small as 0.012 in. and respond in as little as 25 millisec. Series 43 and 48, operating at 3.43 microns and 7.95 microns respectively, are best suited for polyethylene and polyester films.


Analog panel instruments for temperature monitoring and control. Model 400 indicating temperature controller has dual set-points, 4.5-in, mirrored scale, and relay outputs. Can be used as direct replacement in most equipment. Options allow customization.

JMS (Java Messaging Service) A programming interface (API) from Sun for connecting Java programs to messaging middleware such as IBM's MQSeries and TIBCO's Rendezvous. JMS is part of Sun's J2EE platform. See J2EE.

JMS - Java Message Service

Custom-designed thermocouples and RTDs include bayonet bayonet

Short, sharp-edged, sometimes pointed weapon, designed for attachment to the muzzle of a firearm. According to tradition, it was developed in Bayonne, France, early in the 17th century and soon spread throughout Europe.
, plastic melt-bolt, flex-armor adjustable, and spring-adjustable depth thermocouples. Also calibration equipment and services, interface hardware related to sensor applications, and signal transmitters or integrated combinations of sensors with transmitters.


Over 60 analog and digital temperature meters include thermometers with stainless-steel and upright stems; panel-mount meters and transmitters with type J, K, T, and E thermocouple probes; strip-chart and circular temperature recorders; infrared meters for noncontact measurement (portable and remote models with 4-20 mA output); and multichannel Using two or more paths for transmission or processing. It can refer to a variety of architectures including (1) multiple I/O channels between the CPU and peripheral devices, (2) multiple wires in a cable, (3) multiple "logical" channels within a single wire or fiber or (4) multiple , 4-20 mA or 0-5 VDC temperature monitors with alarm systems.


Temperature control units for heating or cooling of tools and machine components. Closed-loop design.


Minolta/Land portable Cyclops 343 and Cyclops 379 hand-held infrared thermometers make precise spot-temperature measurements on thin-film plastics over measurement range of 30 to 700 F. Features include focusable optics and digital display of temperature; choice of peak hold, valley hold or continuous operation; and built-in calculating for maximum, minimum, or mean of a series of readings.

Portable and on-line noncontact infrared thermometers feature a narrow waveband wave·band  
A range of frequencies, especially radio frequencies, such as those assigned to communication transmissions.

 spectral response The variable output of a light-sensitive device that is based on the color of the light it perceives.  suitable for non-contact temperature measurement of hydrocarbon polymers. New System 4 M7 on-line thermometers measure ultra-thin film with high-speed response from 75 to 700 F.


Noncontact infrared sensors provide continuous temperature measurement of moving, fragile, or unsafe targets without product contamination. Fixed and portable units have measurement ranges from -70 F to 3000 F.

MX-series fixed units offer high-resolution optics for readings as precise as [+ or -] 1% every 300 millisec. MX-HT is for extremely harsh industrial applications at temperatures up to 3000 F. Field of view ratio can be either 50:1 or 75:1. MX and MX-HT available with Type R, S, and B thermocouples, one mv/[degrees], 0-5 v, 4-20 and 0-20 mA, and RS-232 and RS-485 serial outputs.

Portable LTL-l00 offers laser sighting for precise, noncontact temperature measurement. Features include 1-sec response time, peak hold, and 8-14 micron spectral filter with temperature range of -20 F to 2000 F. C-1000 portable self-contained, battery-operated devices consist of probe and display unit.


Temperature controls, sensors, and output devices include full families of controls in the four most common sizes: 1/32-DIN, 1/16DIN, 1/8-DIN, and 1/4-DIN. Each is plug compatible and offers features ranging from simple control to auto/manual, self-tune, ramp/soak, computer communications, and fuzzy logic. Most controls have an 1P66 (NEMA 4X) front panel rating, and are UL, CE, and CSA (1) (Canadian Standards Association, Toronto, Ontario, A standards-defining organization founded in 1919. It is involved in many industries, including electronics, communications and information technology.  approved.

Model 4151 and Model 4130 transmitter modules offer user-programmable input and isolated linear process output (0-10 VDC or 4-20 mADC). Model 4380 Iso/Verter II accepts any standard process signal, isolates it, and retransmits as the same or any other standard process output. New 1090, 1290, and 1490 alarms accept process, thermocouple, or RTD inputs. All modules are UL recognized. Standard and custom thermocouples, RTDs, and thermistor probes.

Output devices include mercury displacement contactors, solid-state relays, solid-state contactors, and scr power controls. Capacities from 10 to 150 amps. SCR controls available in zero-crossover or phase-angle fire configurations.


Luxtron fiber-optic temperature sensors and instruments enable measurement in difficult locations and offer intrinsically safe electromagnetic immunity.


Sensors include adjustable bayonet-mounted melt and nozzle thermocouples. Specialty thermocouples for surface-temperature and band-heater sensing available. Will custom design.


See Hot-Runner Components.

MIKRON mi·kron
Variant of micron.

Low-cost compact model M7 portable, handheld and battery-operated noncontact infrared thermometer features LCD temperature display with dual laser sighting for pinpointing small target areas. Used for maintenance applications for measuring temperature on motors, bearings, steam traps and insulation voids.


See Hot-Runner Components.

MOLD-MASTERS LTD LTD 1 Laron-type dwarfism 2 Leukotriene D 3 Long-term depression, see there 4. Long-term disability .

See Hot-Runner Components.


Patented ribbon-type temperature sensors for measurements in molding and extrusion include series A6A spring-loaded, bayonet-style ribbon thermocouples that measure in-wall temperatures of barrels. True local temperatures in the metal wall can be measured, free of conduction errors caused by external air drafts, mounting fixtures, and metallic protection tubes.

Series C4 thermocouples measure temperature inside mold cavity with millisecond One thousandth of a second. See space/time and ohnosecond.

(unit) millisecond - (ms) One thousandth of a second, one thousand microseconds. A long time for a modern computer.
 response times. One type measures part temperature as it is being formed. Another type measures inside surface temperature of wall. Both fit into existing ejector ejector
n by common usage, a device used to remove debris and fluids by negative pressure. Another term is
aspirator. See also aspirator.
 pin holes, serving as thermocouple and ejector pin.

Series C8 thermocouples measure temperature as material flows through extruder nozzle. Millisecond response time. Operates continuous or cyclically.

Also conventional temperature sensors, controllers and indicators.

NEAL v. t. 1. To anneal.
v. i. 1. To be tempered by heat.

SP series melt-temperature transducers have low-volume capillary system to ensure thermal stability while minimizing risk of melt contamination. Fast response make units less susceptible to flow erosion.

Models 500 (1/16-DIN) and 1000 (1/8-DIN) single-loop temperature controllers feature dual LED display for simultaneous viewing of process and setpoint values. Units provide relay, logic, or triac control output.

Models 3300 (1/8-DIN) and 4300 (1/4-DIN) controllers have backlit An LCD screen that has its own light source from the back of the screen, making the background brighter and characters appear sharper. , multifunction LCD display; data-acquisition rates of six samples/ sec; and digital communications capability. Relay, logic, analog, or motorized mo·tor·ize  
tr.v. mo·tor·ized, mo·tor·iz·ing, mo·tor·iz·es
1. To equip with a motor.

2. To supply with motor-driven vehicles.

3. To provide with automobiles.
 actuator control outputs available.

Model 1020 1/8-DIN two-loop temperature controller with NEMA-3 splashproof faceplate accepts two independent inputs.

Models 100, 200, 201 panel meter/alarm units, 1/16- and 1/8-DIN, are fully configurable. Model 201 features 3 1/2-digit, 14-mm display; Model 100, a 3-digit, 14-mm display; and Model 200, a 3-digit, 20-mm display. Four operational software levels accessible only by entry codes.


Complete line of thermocouples, RTDs, and thermistor probes. Specialty is custom manufacturing and application problem-solving. Patented probes include "retractable re·tract  
v. re·tract·ed, re·tract·ing, re·tracts
1. To take back; disavow: refused to retract the statement.

" melt thermocouple, which allows immersion and withdrawal from plastic melt stream during operation. Also bayonet-style, nozzle-type and compression-fitting versions for injection and extrusion machines. Two and three-pin thermocouple connectors, mounting adapters, and fittings also available.

OGDEN MFG MFG Manufacturing
MFG Manufacturer
MFG Mit Freundlichen Grüßen (German: With Best Regards)
MfG Mitfahrgelegenheit (German)
MFG Marithe Francois Girbaud (French clothing company) 
. CO.

ETR-3200 1/32-DIN temperature control with Smarter Logic can make control decisions based on vague or incomplete information. Initial overshoot and deviations from setpoint due to process disturbances are said to be virtually eliminated. ETR-3200 can be configured as a PID autotuning control with a variety of output selections. The second output can be selected from optional functions, including alarm. With universal input, ETR-3200 can accept a variety of sensors or other input source. Parameters are front-panel selectable for easy setup. RS-485 output allows remote networking of multiple controls with a PC.

ETR-9200 1/16-DIN microprocessor-based temperature control has automatic tuning of PID parameters with Smarter Logic. As a process disturbance is detected, Smarter Logic


Temperature controllers and monitors, including thermocouple, RTD, and infrared sensors. Controllers can be selected with simple on/off or PID control, auto-tuning, event-signal generation, and ramp/ soak programming. Single- and multiloop controllers arc stand-alone or panel-mounted. Extended warranty and custom engineering available.


Electronic process/temperature controllers feature autotuning, PID, and communications. Sizes include 1/4-, 1/8-, 1/16- and 1/32-DIN. New E5-N series digital temperature controls incorporate communications and advanced self-tuning capabilities into compact housings. Flexible E5-K series offers seven security levels and several ways to manipulate variables for safety considerations, including error and alarms. All options, which include transfer output (4-2OmA) and event input, are interchangeable and easily field-replaceable.


See Hot-Runner Components.


Electronic temperature controls and sensors for a variety of process applications. Controls range from simple on/off and proportional types, to complex microcontroller-based proportional-integral-derivative versions. Specializes in customized controllers.


SCR-based power controls and contactors control a-c and d-c power to regulate electric heating. Model 11 series a-c contactors, an alternative to electromechanical contactors and mercury relays, available in single-phase or three-phase versions at all standard voltages to 600 VAC in sizes from 10 to 1200 amps/phase. All units tested for up to 600 operations/min, and for over 200 million continuous operations without component failure. Used with on/off temperature controllers.

Single- and three-phase a-c variable-voltage controls for proportional control of electric heat available from 10 to 1200 amps/phase at all standard voltages to 600 VAC. The 18 series controls come in either phase-angle or zero-fired versions. May be operated manually or equipped to follow an analog milli-amp or d-c voltage signal from a temperature controller or PLC.

The 36 series d-c power controls accept single- or three-phase a-c voltage input and have variable d-c output. Available at all standard voltages to 600 VAC. Sizes from 10 to 1200 amps/phase.

Series 18A thermocouple temperature controllers interface with 18 or 36 series proportional controls to provide closed-loop control. Either full-scale indication or temperature-deviation versions. Can be set up for a variety of temperature ranges and thermocouple types.


Metricor 2000 fiber-optic multisensor measures pressure, temperature, refractive index A property of a material that changes the speed of light, computed as the ratio of the speed of light in a vacuum to the speed of light through the material. When light travels at an angle between two different materials, their refractive indices determine the angle of transmission , and chemical concentration. Modular unit connects to a number of fiber-optic sensing probes. Plug-in structure accommodates as few as one channel and can be expanded one channel at a time or upgraded with optional 16- or 64-channel MUX (MUltipleXor) See multiplexor.

mux - multiplexing

Also micro-miniature probes that interface with Metricor 2000 for sensing temperature and pressure, and refractive index probes used for in-situ cure monitoring of composites in RTM (1) (RealTime Model) Refers to a system or architecture that performs operations in real time. See real time.

(2) (Release/Released To M
, pultrusion Pultrusion is a continuous process of manufacturing of composite materials with constant cross-section whereby reinforcing fibers are pulled through a resin, possibly followed by a separate preforming system, and into a heated die, where the resin undergoes polymerization. , and RF curing.


See Hot-Runner Components.


Thermocouples, RTDs, temperature indicators, calibrators, and controls. Thermocouples include both J and K types of adjustable depth, OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer) The rebranding of equipment and selling it. The term initially referred to the company that made the products (the "original" manufacturer), but eventually became widely used to refer to the organization that buys the products and  replacements, washer type, spade type, melt-bolt, hose-clamp, and hot-melt.

Indicators include panel-mount and handheld portable models. Full line of probes for hand-held models. Controls include open-loop, solid-state power controls from 8A to 20A. Electronic temperature controls in 1/4-, 1/8-, and 1/16-DIN from Watlow and Athena, and hot-runner controls in 15A and 30A. (See Hot-Runner Components.)


See Hot-Runner Components.


Digital process controllers, process monitors, process programmers, and auto/manual stations. Single-loop controllers and monitors control independent loop or entire plant. Instruments come in 1/8- and 1/4-DIN sizes.


Thermocouples and RTD temperature sensors include fixed and adjustable immersion, ring, nozzle, melt-bolt types, and special constructions. Also connectors, temperature indicators, sensor selector switches, bayonet adapters, thermocouple wire, connecting heads, and transmitters.


Sub-panel or panel-mount electronic thermostats and indicators include potentiometers and scales calibrated cal·i·brate  
tr.v. cal·i·brat·ed, cal·i·brat·ing, cal·i·brates
1. To check, adjust, or determine by comparison with a standard (the graduations of a quantitative measuring instrument):
 to specifications. Various input voltages, output devices, and control modes. Microprocessor-based digital thermostats provide digital setpoint and indication, and programmable upper and lower setpoint and indication. Thermistors, RTDs, and thermocouples come standard and custom made.


Noncontact infrared temperature-measurement sensors include online point sensors and linescanners to monitor temperature in continuous web processes. Also portable infrared thermometers.

Thermalert MP50 IR process imager provides cross-machine temperature measurement. DataTemp MP Windows 95 and NT software displays temperature profiles and graphs for real-time monitoring and control. The 3.43 linescanner is specially designed to measure thin polyethylene, while the 7.9 is for acrylic, acetate, nylon, PVC PVC: see polyvinyl chloride.
 in full polyvinyl chloride

Synthetic resin, an organic polymer made by treating vinyl chloride monomers with a peroxide.
, and polyester.

Thermalert MI and GP models feature separate point sensing head and electronics. Thermalert CI and TX models combine sensor and output electronics in a single integrated package. CI is a suitable thermocouple replacement and TX is a smart sensor with easy two-wire installation and two-way communications.

RDF (Resource Description Framework) A recommendation from the W3C for creating meta-data structures that define data on the Web. RDF is designed to provide a method for classification of data on Web sites in order to improve searching and navigation (see Semantic Web).  CORP.

Micro Foil heat-flow sensor has nominal sensitivity of 0.02 to 11 microvolts/Btu/[ft.sup.2]-hr with maximum heat-flux rating of 20 to 30 Btu/[ft.sup.2]-sec. Sensors available with integral thermocouple. Hypodermic-needle thermocouple sensor Model HN, measures temperatures inside soft or semi-solid objects with minimal puncture area. Diam. of needle can be as small 0.020 in.

Model 2900 two-wire RTD temperature transmitter is accurate to [+ or -] 0.1% of span or [+ or -] 0.1[degrees] C, whichever is greater. Designed for rugged industrial applications where operating temperature permits transmitter to be mounted directly to sensor connection head.

RKC RKC Romaji-To-Kana Conversion (Japanese character sets)
RKC Road Kill Cafe
RKC Rad Kustom Cycles (Manila, Philippines) 

Complete line of easy-to-use temperature and process controllers ranging from discrete controls to multizone programmable controls.

Discrete controllers feature active-tuning with advanced PID algorithms that suppress and eliminate overshoot on start-up, process upsets or setpoint change; digital communications, field programmable heater and loop break alarms. Ramp/soak programmers in three DIN sizes can be programmed for 16 to 256 steps.

Multizone modular controllers can control up to 320 temperature zones per operator interface. Additional features include digital communications to link directly to the PC; DDE (Dynamic Data Exchange) A message protocol in Windows that allows application programs to request and exchange data between them automatically.

DDE - Dynamic Data Exchange
 servers for complete control integration; mini-SCADA programs and software tools for custom-designed operator screens. Suitable for processing temperature control loops in conjunction with a PLC system or as a stand-alone control system.

Instruments have three-year warranty, UL recognition, CSA approval, and have been approved for the CE Mark. ISO 9002 certification.


See Hot-Runner Components.


Pyrometers and sensors for temperature measurement include analog and digital pyrometers in temperature ranges from -150 to 2000 F. Sensors are for surface, melt and immersion, and oven and free air applications.


Temperature-measuring instruments from basic digital pocket thermometers to handheld multifunctional units. Variety of probes for surface, immersion, air, infrared, or penetration applications. Instruments use type K, J, NTC NTC Notice
NTC National Training Center
NTC National Telecommunications Commission
NTC National Transport Commission (Australia)
NTC Negative Temperature Coefficient
NTC Naval Training Center
, or RTD sensors for -300 F to 2490 F.

Quartz-sensor thermometer with accuracy of [+ or -] 0.2 F. Dual-temperature inputs allow differential temperature readings with precision of [+ or -] 0.06 F.

Professional Class Instruments offer split display, analog outputs, dual probe inputs, max/min/hold, and optional logger module for recording and printing. PC interface allows real time data transfer.


Offers 1/16-, 1/8- and 1/4-DIN temperature controllers with RS232C and R5485 serial interfaces, multiloop KR4 units, and companion RTD and thermocouple indicators.

THERMO THERMO Thermal and Hydrodynamic Experiment Research Module in Orbit  ELECTRIC CO., INC.

Thermocouples, RTDs and temperature controllers for all types of extrusion and molding. Broad range of standard bayonet and melt-flow thermocouple and RTD assemblies and hardware. Also custom-made systems. Temperature controller models available in 1/4-, 1/8- and 1/16-DIN cut-out sizes with thermocouple, RTD, and process input. Optional features include RS-232 communication, analog output, and alarms.


Hand-held and panel-mount thermometers and probes. Thermocouple types are for penetration, liquid melts, and fast surface measurements. Also precision RTD thermometers for critical applications and for checking other meters and controls. Several miniature (1/32- and 1/16-DIN) panel controls have microprocessors. Infrared noncontact thermometers also available.


Fuji Electric series PYX, PX and PVX PVX Potato Virus X  fuzzy-logic temperature controllers.

Series PYX controllers come in 1/16-, 1/8- and 1/4-DIN sizes with little or no overshoot on start-up. Available with RS-485 communications, supervisory software, loop-break alarm, heater-break alarm, analog re-transmission, and eight-segment programmer for ramp/soak.

PX series features as standard NEMA-4X rated faceplate. Accepts a wide variety of inputs and 8-segment ramp/soak programming. Advanced security options prevent unauthorized use and all parameters are display-maskable. Standard power supply of 85 to 264 vac with 24 vac/dc optional. Two outputs and programmable alarms available. Comes in 1/4- to 1/32-DIN sizes with or 3-button programming keys on the faceplate.

PVX high-performance programmable controller with free Windows-based loader software can store nine patterns of up to 20 segments each with its own recipe. Features include guaranteed soak function, 100 millisec sampling rate, triple simultaneous display, wide variety of input and output choices, auto/manual control, four external command input points, and pattern select inputs.


Indicating and recording temperature controls, thermocouples, and RTDs. Explosion-proof and general-purpose temperature and pressure switches, heat trace/freeze protection thermostats, and pressure transmitters.

VAS vas (vas) pl. va´ sa  [L.]´sal

vas aber´rans 
1. a blind tubule sometimes connected with the epididymis; a vestigial mesonephric tubule.


Model 473 thermocouple digital calibrator/indicator simulates and measures thermocouples, ohms, milli-amps, and milli-volts. Calibrates temperature controllers, indicators, recorders, and transmitters. Long battery life, hand-held versatility, high/low memory, and large touch-type switches. Models 460 and 461 measure and display temperature. Input types are selectable from front panel.


Temperature controls, control panels, and sensors include programmable controllers as well as bulb and capillary models. Control panels are UL listed. Sensor products include thermocouples and RTDs. In-stock and custom products.


Standard and Custom Controls Div. offers controls and indicators in 1/2-, 1/4-, 1/8- and 1/16-DIN, in open-board, sealed, potted, and NEMA-4 versions. Thermocouple, RTD, and process inputs. Solid-state, switched d-c, mechanical relay, and process outputs. RS-422/423 and EIA-485 serial-communication options. Agency approvals include UL, FM, FDA FDA
Food and Drug Administration

FDA, See Food and Drug Administration.

FDA, the abbreviation for the Food and Drug Administration.
, CSA, AGA, TUV (Technischer Überwachungs-Verein) Literally "Technical Watch-Over Association." A German certifying body involved with product safety for the European community. , VDE (1) (Video Display Editor) A WordStar and WordPerfect-compatible shareware word processor written by Eric Meyer.

(2) (Verband Deutscher Elektrotechniker) The German counterpart of the U.S. Underwriters Lab.
, and MIL-STD MIL-STD Military Standard . DIN and JIS JIS Japanese Industrial Standard
JIS Jamaica Information Service
JIS Juggling Information Service
JIS Just in Sequence (automotive industry)
JIS Jakarta International School
JIS Joint Information System
 calibration curves. Also mercury-displacement relays (MDRs), infrared sensors, and solid-state power controls (scrs).

Watlow Anafaze manufactures multi-loop temperature controllers, machine control products, and computer-based control software. Offers advanced serial interface for computer supervision and data logging. PID control is optimized by Expert System auto-tune that evaluates a machine


On-line infrared thermometers provide noncontact temperature measurement of thin plastic films, other plastic extrudates, coatings, and molded parts.

Difficult temperature measurements, such as on tenter frames for extremely thin films, use thermometers employing precise narrow-band infrared filters. This technique enables the device to measure the surface temperature of film without looking through the film or being influenced by the background.

Monitoring and controlling temperatures during heating in infrared or hot-air ovens is possible by measuring product temperature itself, rather than measuring air or heater temperatures.


New Green series universal single-loop controls offer 1/8- or 1/4-DIN sizes in single or heat/cool universal versions. Units feature programmable input and output types, heater-break alarms, full PID set for each heating and cooling output, and autotuning.

New UT2000 multizone controls in four-or eight-loop modules feature programmable input and output types, autotuning quick connection to a touchscreen, two-line display, and PC or PLC.

All controllers feature Super Control Algorithm that uses fuzzy logic to mimic manipulations of an expert operator.
COPYRIGHT 2001 Gardner Publications, Inc.
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2001, Gale Group. All rights reserved. Gale Group is a Thomson Corporation Company.

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Publication:Plastics Technology
Article Type:Product Announcement
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Oct 1, 2001

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