Syria - The Jibeissah Gas Treatment/Processing Plant.
The plant's first phase, with a capacity of 1.5 MCM/d, came on stream at the beginning of 1988. The Jibeissah, al-Hol, al-Ghona and Marqada fields started up in 1987-88. Together, they can produce up to 875 MCM/y.
The plant was modified and expanded to 1.7 MCM/d in a second phase to handle non-associated gas from Tal Audeh, Qahtaniyah and Leylak. The fields were put on stream in 1997. The facility was expanded to 3 MCM/d in 1998 as the latter fields' output rose to a combined rate of 1.3 MCM/d. A further 200,000 CM/d expansion was done in 1999 as production from most of the fields increased.
The plant had this production capacity: 3 MCM/d of clean gas (compared to about 2.8 MCM/d in 1998), of which 400,000 CM/d have been consumed by the plant; 75 t/d of condensates (compared to 40 t/d before the expansions in the 1990s); 90 t/d of sulphur (up from about 50 t/d in 1988); and nearly 125 t/d of LPG (up from 70 t/d in 1988).
The plant also has a gas turbine for electricity generation with an installed capacity of 11MW. Clean gas from the plant has been transported about 475 km to Hums by a 16-inch pipeline using compressors at the boundary of the Jibeissah plant.
The gas can be used in place of naphtha as a feedstock for producing ammonia/urea at a nitrogenous fertiliser plant in Hums. Clean gas can also be supplied to a 600MW power station and a steel complex at Zara', near Hums. Some of the gas can be used as fuel by the Hums oil refinery (see the oil refining sector in Downstream Trends No. 12).
The average rate of clean gas consumption in recent years has been around 1.3 MCM/d for the nitrogen fertiliser plant and 200,000 CM/d for the Hums refinery. Some of the cement factories in the country have been converted to use natural gas from Jibeissah and other plants.