Surface science: new technologies show the most promise.Surface science instrumentation includes five major technologies that probe the surface or a thin surface layer of samples. Previously, IBO Ibo: see Igbo. included only four technologies in this segment, but we now have added research light microscopy as an obvious complement to the other methods discussed in this section. Just as light microscopes provide an image of the sample, most of these techniques can be used to scan across a planar surface and build up an image using software techniques to convert analytical data into appropriately color-coded information. Light microscopes are a staple of laboratories in many disciplines and industries, and thus the addition of this $1.3 billion market has significantly altered the landscape of this segment when compared to our previous forecasts. Many surface science techniques are focused on semiconductor and materials science materials science
Study of the properties of solid materials and how those properties are determined by the material's composition and structure, both macroscopic and microscopic. applications, but several also have important uses in life science research. Of these, scanning probe microscopy (SPM SPM - Sequential Parlog Machine ) and confocal microscopy Confocal microscopy is an optical imaging technique used to increase micrograph contrast and/or to reconstruct three-dimensional images by using a spatial pinhole to eliminate out-of-focus light or flare in specimens that are thicker than the focal plane. stand out. In total, the $3.25 billion surface science market should grow 5.3% in 2006.
As previously mentioned, research light microscopes are now a market covered by IBO. Many of the major optical microscope optical microscope
See under microscope. suppliers are familiar names in the laboratory world, and adding these products will help produce a more balanced picture of the overall laboratory market for surface science. Within this segment, compound microscopes and stereomicroscopes are the two major product segments, either of which can be augmented by digital cameras for image capture. The total market for these scopes was approximately $1.28 billion in 2005. The market is characterized by a strong component composed of replacement sales. Consequently, overall growth in this segment will be in the low single digits.
Before the addition of research light microscopes, electron microscopes formed the largest individual market within surface science, with sales over $1.1 billion in 2005. Scanning electron microscopes scan·ning electron microscope
n. Abbr. SEM
An electron microscope that forms a three-dimensional image on a cathode-ray tube by moving a beam of focused electrons across an object and reading both the electrons scattered by the object and (SEMs) have wide applications in a variety of fields, while tunneling electron microscopes (TEMs) and focused ion beams (FIBs) are more limited to semiconductor and metallurgical applications. However, FIBs, which have only been commercially available for a decade or so, are becoming more versatile. All together, electron microscopy electron microscopy
Technique that allows examination of samples too small to be seen with a light microscope. Electron beams have much smaller wavelengths than visible light and hence higher resolving power. is forecast to grow at 7.5% for 2006.
Business developments have recently transformed the confocal microscopy market, with acquisitions affecting the top suppliers. In 2004, Carl Zeiss
Carl Zeiss (September 11, 1816 – December 3, 1888) was an optician commonly known for the company he founded, Zeiss. acquired Bio-Rad's confocal confocal
see confocal microscopy. business (see IBO 5/31/04), and, in late 2005, Danaher acquired Leica Microsystems (see IBO 7/15/05). An evaluation of these and other business developments in this market have prompted IBO to increase significantly our previous estimate of the size of this market.
Technical developments also continue to transform the technique. Although multiphoton laser scanning microscopes continue to experience growing demand in life science applications, spinning disk technology is making something of a resurgence. Systems incorporating Nipkow disks and similar scanning head technologies are overcoming some of the problems that limited their applications in decades past.
SPM includes several related techniques, of which atomic force microscopy (AFM (Atomic Force Microscope) A device used to image materials at the atomic level. AFMs are used to solve processing and materials problems in electronics, telecom, biology and other high-tech industries. ) is the most important. SPM continues to exhibit the best growth in surface science, due to hot applications in nanotechnology and the life sciences. Another strong source of demand is the semiconductor industry, which should provide relatively stable demand through 2006, contributing to an overall growth rate of 8.6%.
Surface analyzers encompass a range of surface probing technologies (Auger, SIMS, ESCA ESCA Electron Spectroscopy for Chemical Analysis
ESCA Escaflowne (anime series)
ESCA European Speech Communication Association
ESCA Escuela Superior de Comercio y Administración (México) , EPMA EPMA Electron Probe Microanalysis
EPMA European Powder Metallurgy Association
EPMA Electron Probe Micro Analyzer
EPMA El Paso Museum of Art (El Paso, Texas)
EPMA Electronic Prescribing and Medicines Administration ) that are typically carried out under vacuum conditions. Although many of the applications for these instruments involve conducting metals or semiconducting materials, secondary ion mass spectroscopy mass spectroscope
Any of various devices that use magnetic fields, electric fields, or both to determine the masses of isotopes in a sample by producing a mass spectrum. (SIMS) is being increasingly used as an analyzer for biological samples, though these applications are still a minor part of the whole market. The total surface analyzer market should grow around 4.5% in 2006.
2005 Surface Science Market by Product Type Initial Systems 73% After-market 12% Service 15% Note: Table made from pie chart. 2005 Surface Science Supplier Market Shares JEOL 12% Hitachi 11% Olympus 10% Leica 9% FEI 6% Others 52% Note: Table made from pie chart. 2004-07 Total Surface Science Instrumentation Market $Millions 2004 3093 2005 3253 2006 3425 2007 3607 Note: Table made from bar graph. Surface Science Instrumentation Market Leaders Light Microscopy Olympus, Leica (Danaher) Electron Microscopy Hitachi, JEOL Surface Analyzers Ulvac-PHI, Cameca SPM Veeco, Omicron Nano Confocal Carl Zeiss, Leica (Danaher) Surface Science Instrumentation 2005-06 Market Share Growth Rate Light Microscopy 39.2% 2.2% Electron Microscopy 35.7% 7.5% SPM 9.1% 8.1% Surface Analyzers 8.9% 4.5% Confocal Microscopy 7.1% 8.6% Total 100.0% 5.3%