Subject: Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Policy.THE UNDER SECRETARY OF DEFENSE
3010 DEFENSE PENTAGON
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20301-3010
July 30, 2004
MEMORANDUM FOR: SEE DISTRIBUTION
SUBJECT: Radio Frequency Identification See RFID. (RFID (Radio Frequency IDentification) A data collection technology that uses electronic tags for storing data. The tag, also known as an "electronic label," "transponder" or "code plate," is made up of an RFID chip attached to an antenna. ) Policy
In my capacity as the Defense Logistics Executive (DLE (character) DLE - Data Link Escape, the mnemonic for ASCII 16. ), this memorandum issues the policy for implementing Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) across the Department of Defense (DoD). This policy finalizes the business rules for the use of high data capacity active RFID (Attachment 1) and finalizes the business rules for the implementation of passive RFID and the use of Electronic Product Code[TM] (EPC (1) (Entertainment PC) See HTPC.
(2) (Electronic Product Code) A standard code for RFID tags administered by EPCglobal Inc. (www.epcglobalinc.org). ) interoperable tags and equipment (EPC Technology) within the DoD supply chain (Attachment 2). Attachment 3 prescribes the implementation approach for DoD suppliers/vendors to apply passive RFID tags. This policy memorandum applies to the Office of the Secretary of Defense The Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) is part of the United States Department of Defense and includes the entire staff of the Secretary of Defense. It is the principal staff element of the Secretary of Defense in the exercise of policy development, planning, resource (OSD (1) (On-Screen Display) An on-screen control panel for adjusting monitors and TVs. The OSD is used for contrast, brightness, horizontal and vertical positioning and other monitor adjustments. ); the Military Departments, the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Joint Staff; the Combatant Commands; the Inspector General of the Department of Defense; the Defense Agencies; and the DoD Field Activities (hereafter referred to collectively as the "DoD Components"). An internal implementation strategy for DoD Components to read and apply passive RFID tags will be issued in a separate Defense Logistics Executive (DLE) decision memorandum. This policy supersedes two previous issuances of policy dated October 23, 2003, and February 20, 2004.
DoD Components will immediately resource and implement the use of high data capacity active RFID in the DoD operational environment. Attachment 1 outlines the detailed guidance on active tagging. DoD Components must ensure that all consolidated shipments moving to, from, or between overseas locations are tagged, including retrograde, and must expand the active RFID infrastructure to provide global intransit visibility. In order to take advantage of global RFID infrastructure not within DoD's control, the DoD Logistics Automatic Identification Technology Office will assess the ability to leverage any compatible active RFID commercial infrastructure that commercial entities may establish. This should not be viewed as direction to commercial carriers and port operators to establish an active RFID infrastructure.
Attachment 2 contains the detailed guidance on implementation of passive RFID capability within the DoD supply chain as well as the data constructs for the tags. DoD will use and require its suppliers to use EPC Class 0 and Class 1 tags, readers and complementary devices. DoD will migrate to the next generation tag (UHF (Ultra High Frequency) The range of electromagnetic frequencies from 300 MHz to 3 GHz. In the U.S., analog television has used UHF channels 52 to 69 in the 700 MHz band. Gen 2) and supporting technology. When the specification for UHF Gen 2 is finalized, the Department will announce a transition plan to this technology, but we expect use of EPC Class 0 and Class 1 technology for approximately two years.
Radio Frequency Identification will be a mandatory DoD requirement on solicitations issued on or after October 1, 2004, for delivery of materiel ma·te·ri·el or ma·té·ri·el
The equipment, apparatus, and supplies of a military force or other organization. See Synonyms at equipment. on or after January 1, 2005, in accordance with the supplier implementation plan at Attachment See ATA.
AT Attachment - Advanced Technology Attachment 3. Contracts with DoD shall require that passive RFID tags be applied to the case, pallet and item packaging for unique identification (UID (programming, database) uid -
1. user identifier.
2. unique identifier - of any sort, possibly following sense 1.
Compare with SKU for sense-development. ) items in accordance with Attachment 3. The Defense Logistics Board (DLB DLB Dementia with Lewy Bodies
DLB Dynamic Load Balancing
DLB Don't Look Back
DLB Digital Lecture Board (University of Mannheim, Germany)
DLB Digital Loopback
DLB Downline Builder (multi-level marketing) ) will review the internal implementation plan, benefits, compliance requirements Compliance requirements are a series of directives established by United States Federal government agencies that summarize hundreds of Federal laws and regulations applicable to Federal assistance (also known as Federal aid or Federal funds). , and requisite budget requirements annually based on an assessment of the implementation to date. This review will include an updated analysis of implementation success as well as provide guidance for expansion of RFID capabilities into additional applications and supply chain functional processes. A DLE decision memorandum will provide funding guidance for DoD Component implementation.
In order for the DoD Components to meet the requirements of this policy, we have developed a Department-wide RFID Concept of Operations A verbal or graphic statement, in broad outline, of a commander's assumptions or intent in regard to an operation or series of operations. The concept of operations frequently is embodied in campaign plans and operation plans; in the latter case, particularly when the plans cover a series (CONOPS CONOPS Concept of Operations
CONOPS Control Operations
CONOPS Continuity Of Operations
CONOPS Contingency Operations
CONOPS Continuous Operations
ConOps Conduct of Operations
CONOPS Continental United States Operations ) to outline the transformational role of RFID technology in DoD logistics and to articulate the specific uses of both active and passive RFID throughout the DoD supply chain. Components will prepare a supporting RFID implementation plan that encompasses both active and passive RFID technology in a cohesive environment to support the DoD vision. Active RFID implementation plans are already due and an update to include passive RFID implementations is due to the ADUSD ADUSD Assistant Deputy Under Secretary of Defense (SCI (Scalable Coherent Interface) An IEEE standard for a high-speed bus that uses wire or fiber-optic cable. It can transfer data up to 1GBytes/sec.
(hardware) SCI - 1. Scalable Coherent Interface.
2. UART. ) by October 29, 2004, to ensure total interoperability and standardized implementation throughout the Department.
To support the purchase of passive RFID technology and leverage the purchasing power Purchasing Power
1. The value of a currency expressed in terms of the amount of goods or services that one unit of money can buy. Purchasing power is important because, all else being equal, inflation decreases the amount of goods or services you'd be able to purchase.
2. of the Department, the Army's Program Executive Office Enterprise Information Systems (PEO EIS) continues development of a multi-vendor contract mechanism to procure EPC technology. This contract will include competitive vendors providing RFID equipment/infrastructure in accordance with current published EPC specifications (Class 0 and Class 1) and, when published, specifications for UHF Gen 2.
To institutionalize in·sti·tu·tion·a·lize
To place a person in the care of an institution, especially one providing care for the disabled or mentally ill.
in RFID as a standard way of doing business, this policy will be incorporated into the next update of the DoD Supply Chain Materiel Management Regulation (DoD 4140.1-R), the Defense Transportation Regulation (DoD 4500.9-R) and the Military Standard 129. Likewise, DoD Components will incorporate this policy into Service/Agency-level publications as well as Component strategies to achieve compliance with the DoD Business Enterprise Architecture-Logistics (BEA-LOG).
The following policy also applies to take full advantage of the inherent life cycle management efficiencies of this technology: Beginning in FY 2007 and beyond--only RFID-capable AIT peripherals (e.g., optical scanners, printers used for shipping labels) will be acquired when these peripherals support RFID-capable business processes. Beginning in FY 2007 and beyond--logistics automated information systems (AIS) involved in receiving, shipping and inventory management will use RFID to perform business transactions, where appropriate, and AIS funding will hinge on compliance with this policy. Managers of all major logistics systems modernization programs will update appropriate program documentation to include the requirement for RFID capabilities as part of the system operational deployment in conformance with the business rules and initial timeline set forth in this policy. Managers of major acquisition programs will update programs as required to include the requirement for RFID capabilities where applicable. The DLB will review these requirements prior to FY 2007 implementation.
We will continue to partner with your staffs as well as our suppliers on this critical initiative. RFID remains part of the larger suite of AIT technologies and the Department will leverage all of these technologies, where appropriate in the supply chain, to improve our ability to support the warfighter. However, an RFID-capable DoD supply chain is a critical element of Defense Transformation and will provide a key enabler for the asset visibility support down to the last tactical mile that is needed by our warfighters. Your continued efforts are vital to our success in meeting this requirement. For further information, please refer to our website at <http://www.dodrfid.org>.
Editor's note: To view the distribution and attachments to this memorandum, go to <http://www.acq.osd.mil/log/logistics_materiel_readiness/organizations/sci/rfid/assetts/Policy/RFID%20POLICY.PDF>.
Michael W. Wynne