Students with disabilities and graduation exit exams: leveling the playing field.Andrew Fry is a hard working, 18-year-old young man with autism autism (ô`tĭzəm), developmental disability resulting from a neurological disorder that affects the normal functioning of the brain. It is characterized by the abnormal development of communication skills, social skills, and reasoning. who attends a high school in Indiana Indiana, state, United States
Indiana, midwestern state in the N central United States. It is bordered by Lake Michigan and the state of Michigan (N), Ohio (E), Kentucky, across the Ohio R. (S), and Illinois (W). . He receives individual assistance in math, English 1. English - (Obsolete) The source code for a program, which may be in any language, as opposed to the linkable or executable binary produced from it by a compiler. The idea behind the term is that to a real hacker, a program written in his favourite programming language is (reading) and writing. Andrew's dream is to become an employee at a natural history museum. Michelle, Andrew's mother, is concerned that Andrew will not be able to fulfill ful·fill also ful·fil
tr.v. ful·filled, ful·fill·ing, ful·fills also ful·fils
1. To bring into actuality; effect: fulfilled their promises.
2. his dream. To gain employment at a museum, Andrew will need to have at least a standard high school diploma A high school diploma is a diploma awarded for the completion of high school. In the United States and Canada, it is considered the minimum education required for government jobs and higher education. An equivalent is the GED. . To receive a standard diploma DIPLOMA. An instrument of writing, executed by, a corporation or society, certifying that a certain person therein named is entitled to a certain distinction therein mentioned.
2. , Andrew must achieve appropriate grades in all of his classes and pass the state's graduation Graduation is the action of receiving or conferring an academic degree or the associated ceremony. The date of event is often called degree day. The event itself is also called commencement, convocation or invocation. exit exam.
With the help of appropriate accommodations, Andrew successfully participates in the general education setting and is completing Indiana's "Core 40" program, the first step towards graduating with a standard diploma This academic program requires students to choose from a list of specific classes each with assigned as·sign
tr.v. as·signed, as·sign·ing, as·signs
1. To set apart for a particular purpose; designate: assigned a day for the inspection.
2. credits. Students are responsible for maintaining a C grade average in at least 40 core course credits across the major academic areas. The next step is to pass the state's graduation exit exam, I-STEP I-STEP Integrated Secondary Teacher Education Program +. Although there are other options for high school graduation in Indiana, Andrew and his family believe this program would help him achieve his dream.
Michelle does Michelle Do is a Vietnamese-American from Milpitas, California. At the age of 17, Michelle became the youngest member in history of the U.S. Women’s Table Tennis Team in the 2000 Olympics. not think she knows all of the possible exam accommodations that could be made available to Andrew, nor does she believe that these adjustments have been offered during IEP IEP
In currencies, this is the abbreviation for the Irish Punt.
The currency market, also known as the Foreign Exchange market, is the largest financial market in the world, with a daily average volume of over US $1 trillion. meetings. She thinks that if she knew where to find more information she might be able to push for more specific exam accommodations for Andrew.
Most parents dream of the day their adolescent ad·o·les·cent
Of, relating to, or undergoing adolescence.
A young person who has undergone puberty but who has not reached full maturity; a teenager. graduates from high school with a standard diploma. The diploma signifies that a student has met all of the school, district, and state requirements. For students with special needs, earning a standard diploma usually means that they will have better education and job opportunities after high school.
In some states, the dream of earning a diploma is becoming harder to achieve. Out of 50 states, 15 require all students to complete specific high school classes with passing grades and pass a minimum competency COMPETENCY, evidence. The legal fitness or ability of a witness to be heard on the trial of a cause. This term is also applied to written or other evidence which may be legally given on such trial, as, depositions, letters, account-books, and the like.
2. or graduation exit exam which varies from state to state. Some states have other options for gaining standard diplomas, but many families think students with special needs should be given equal opportunities to take and pass their state or district's graduation exit exam. To level the playing field in these cases, these students are allowed to receive accommodations during testing. Unfortunately, parents are not often given information about the types of allowable and helpful accommodations available. The following questions and answers can help them learn about and promote the best possible accommodations for their adolescent with a disability.
Why do students with special needs participate in graduation exit exams?
Graduation exit exams belong to a family of assessments or tests called large-scale large-scale
1. Large in scope or extent.
2. Drawn or made large to show detail.
1. wide-ranging or extensive
2. assessments. The exams measure students' learning at the state or district level and almost every state and many school districts have their own assessments. The purposes for these tests range from measuring students' performance to making sure that students are learning what the state and/or and/or
Used to indicate that either or both of the items connected by it are involved.
Usage Note: And/or is widely used in legal and business writing. district believe they should know as a result of a high school education.
Congress passed three pieces of legislation to help measure achievement. The Improving America's Schools Act and Goals 2000: Educate America America [for Amerigo Vespucci], the lands of the Western Hemisphere—North America, Central (or Middle) America, and South America. The world map published in 1507 by Martin Waldseemüller is the first known cartographic use of the name. Act together emphasize higher academic expectations for all students, improved student performance and more thorough measures of student achievement. A third piece of legislation, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
Some statements may be disputed, incorrect, , biased or otherwise objectionable.
In an effort to conform to Verb 1. conform to - satisfy a condition or restriction; "Does this paper meet the requirements for the degree?"
coordinate - be co-ordinated; "These activities coordinate well" all three acts, 19 states have gone a step further and have mandated graduation exit exams. Students must pass these exams to receive a standard diploma. 15 of these 19 require all students to pass the graduation exit exam: Alabama Alabama, indigenous people of North America
Alabama (ăləbăm`ə), indigenous people of North America whose language belongs to the Muskogean branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languages). , Arizona Arizona (âr'əzō`nə), state in the southwestern United States. It is bordered by Utah (N), New Mexico (E), Mexico (S), and, across the Colorado R., Nevada and California (W). , Florida Florida, state, United States
Florida (flôr`ĭdə, flŏr`–), state in the extreme SE United States. A long, low peninsula between the Atlantic Ocean (E) and the Gulf of Mexico (W), Florida is bordered by Georgia and , Georgia Georgia, country, Asia
Georgia (jôr`jə), Georgian Sakartvelo, Rus. Gruziya, officially Republic of Georgia, republic (2005 est. pop. 4,677,000), c.26,900 sq mi (69,700 sq km), in W Transcaucasia. , Indiana, Louisiana Louisiana (ləwē'zēăn`ə, lē'–), state in the S central United States. It is bounded by Mississippi, with the Mississippi R. , Maryland Maryland (mâr`ələnd), one of the Middle Atlantic states of the United States. It is bounded by Delaware and the Atlantic Ocean (E), the District of Columbia (S), Virginia and West Virginia (S, W), and Pennsylvania (N). , Mississippi Mississippi, state, United States
Mississippi (mĭs'əsĭp`ē), one of the Deep South states of the United States. It is bordered by Alabama (E), the Gulf of Mexico (S), Arkansas and Louisiana, with most of the border formed by , Nevada Nevada (nəvăd`ə, –vä–), far western state of the United States. It is bordered by Utah (E), Arizona (SE), California (SW, W), and Oregon and Idaho (N). , New Mexico New Mexico, state in the SW United States. At its northwestern corner are the so-called Four Corners, where Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, and Utah meet at right angles; New Mexico is also bordered by Oklahoma (NE), Texas (E, S), and Mexico (S). , New York New York, state, United States
New York, Middle Atlantic state of the United States. It is bordered by Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and the Atlantic Ocean (E), New Jersey and Pennsylvania (S), Lakes Erie and Ontario and the Canadian province of , North Carolina North Carolina, state in the SE United States. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean (E), South Carolina and Georgia (S), Tennessee (W), and Virginia (N). Facts and Figures
Area, 52,586 sq mi (136,198 sq km). Pop. , South Carolina South Carolina, state of the SE United States. It is bordered by North Carolina (N), the Atlantic Ocean (SE), and Georgia (SW). Facts and Figures
Area, 31,055 sq mi (80,432 sq km). Pop. (2000) 4,012,012, a 15. , Tennessee Tennessee, state, United States
Tennessee (tĕn`əsē', tĕn'əsē`), state in the south-central United States. , and Virginia Virginia, state, United States
Virginia, state of the south-central United States. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean (E), North Carolina and Tennessee (S), Kentucky and West Virginia (W), and Maryland and the District of Columbia (N and NE). . Three states, Minnesota Minnesota, state, United States
Minnesota (mĭn'ĭsō`tə), upper midwestern state of the United States. It is bordered by Lake Superior and Wisconsin (E), Iowa (S), South Dakota and North Dakota (W), and the Canadian provinces , New Jersey and Ohio, do not require some students with special needs to take the graduation exit exam to receive a standard diploma, deferring to each student's individual education plan (IEP). Texas has an alternate alternate /al·ter·nate/ (awl´ter-nit)
1. following in turns.
2. pertaining to every other one in a series.
3. occurring in place of another; acting as a substitute. exam that students with special needs must participate in to receive a diploma.
Why is it helpful to include students with disabilities in graduation exit exams?
Before legislation specific to expectations was enacted, the levels of expectations for students with special needs, as compared to their peers, varied. Most of the time, the expectations were lower and sometimes they varied, even between schools in the same district. In addition, teachers, districts and states were also not held accountable for what they taught these students. These low levels of accountability The traceability of actions performed on a system to a specific system entity (user, process, device). For example, the use of unique user identification and authentication supports accountability; the use of shared user IDs and passwords destroys accountability. allowed students with special needs to graduate with a diploma, but many of these students were not prepared for life after high school.
These students did not have the skills their non-disabled peers had, so they were not as readily employed. To combat these minimal expectations and lack of educator accountability, schools, districts and states are now required to include the scores of students with disabilities with all other students who take the same assessment. This pushes schools, districts and states to recognize that students with special needs must be taught the same core curriculum and be given the opportunity to learn the same information as their peers.
How can parents argue for improvements in the quality of instruction?
The biggest impact that parents can have in their child's education is to become involved, to be active monitors of what is taught in the classroom. By learning about their state's and district's expectations for all students, parents can help make sure that what is taught in the classroom meets requirements. Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act “Title I” redirects here. For other uses of "Title I", see Title I (disambiguation).
The Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) (Pub.L. 89-10, 79 Stat. 77, ) is a United States federal statute enacted April 111965. specifically identifies parent involvement as a crucial part of improved instruction for all students. http://hborhoodlaw.org See .org.
(networking) org - The top-level domain for organisations or individuals that don't fit any other top-level domain (national, com, edu, or gov). Though many have .org domains, it was never intended to be limited to non-profit organisations.
RFC 1591. )
The website of the Center for Law and Education (http://www.cleweb. org) has several articles on how parents can make sure their child is learning. The RMC RMC Royal Military College
RMC Radio Monte Carlo
RMC Randolph-Macon College (Ashland, Virginia)
RMC Regional Medical Center
RMC Robert Morris College (Illinois)
RMC Rocky Mountain College Research Corporation (http:// www.remres.com) includes a piece explaining what parents can do to make sure that their child's school holds high academic expectations for their students. All of these articles recognize the importance of a parent's active participation in their child's education as a basis for improving instruction.
Do all students, regardless of their disability, take the same graduation exit exam?
Students with disabilities in the 15 states identified earlier have the opportunity to take the same graduation exit exam as their peers. In some states there are alternate exams available, but in most cases these are only for students who work primarily on life skills and other education skills that are not in the general education curriculum. To show advancement A gift of money or property made by a person while alive to his or her child or other legally recognized heir, the value of which the person intends to be deducted from the child's or heir's eventual share in the estate after the giver's death. in learning, these students need an assessment that is more individualized in·di·vid·u·al·ize
tr.v. in·di·vid·u·al·ized, in·di·vid·u·al·iz·ing, in·di·vid·u·al·iz·es
1. To give individuality to.
2. To consider or treat individually; particularize.
3. . Alternate exams assess the knowledge and skills of this student group through processes including, but not limited to, individual interviews (one-to-one one-to-one
1. Allowing the pairing of each member of a class uniquely with a member of another class.
2. Mathematics teacher student interviews about the student's accomplishments), portfolios (a collection of the student's work that shows the student's broad range of abilities) and adapted assessments (assessments that have been altered in length, material given, answer format). Texas is the only state that offers the alternate exam as a way for students with special needs to earn a standard diploma.
Can parents ask for modifications or accommodations to the graduation exit exam?
Before answering this question, the terms modifications and accommodations need to be defined: they are two different forms of support that help students with special needs become an active part of the general education classroom.
Modifications are changes made to instruction or materials that help students work towards the same goals as their peers. For example, modifications to an exam might include the deletion deletion /de·le·tion/ (de-le´shun) in genetics, loss of genetic material from a chromosome.
Loss, as from mutation, of one or more nucleotides from a chromosome. of some items on the test, abbreviated instructions, or a shortened short·en
v. short·ened, short·en·ing, short·ens
1. To make short or shorter.
2. essay question. Modifications to large-scale assessments are not allowed. Because of this, states are now recognizing the need to assess the skills of students who are unable to complete the large-scale assessment. Therefore, the use of these alternate assessments for identified students has increased.
Accommodations are changes to the academic environment or the presentation of the material and are allowed in varying degrees by states and districts on graduation exit exams. Examples include small group or individual settings, extended time to complete the exam, the repetition REPETITION, construction of wills. A repetition takes place when the same testator, by the same testamentary instrument, gives to the same legatee legacies of equal amount and of the same kind; in such case the latter is considered a repetition of the former, and the legatee is entitled of instructions when needed, or students being allowed to tape record their responses to an essay question. Appropriate accommodations, typically the same ones that help the students succeed in the classroom, can help students perform their best on a graduation exit exam.
What accommodations can parents request?
The accommodations allowed for graduation exit exams vary by state and sometimes by district. It is important that any accommodation accommodation n. 1) a favor done without compensation (pay or consideration), such as a signature guaranteeing payment of a debt, sometimes called an accommodation indorsement. match the student's needs and cannot be interpreted Translated from source code into machine code one line at a time. See interpreted language and interpreter.
interpreted - interpreter as an unfair advantage offered to the student on the graduation exit exam. The National Center on Education Outcomes (NCEO NCEO National Center for Employee Ownership
NCEO National Center on Educational Outcomes ) gathered information about large-scale assessments and grouped the different types of accommodations into four areas: presentation, response, setting, and timing/scheduling. Not every state grants accommodations in each of these areas, but it is important for parents to know what other states and districts allow so they can advocate for additional appropriate accommodations for their adolescent. The following table gives brief descriptions of each of the areas.
How can parents effectively promote test modifications for their adolescent with special needs? Just as parents advocate for their adolescent with special needs in the classroom, they need to do the same for accommodations during graduation exit exams. To be effective, parents need to be knowledgeable about the state requirements for these tests. Table 2 provides basic information on the graduation exit exams of 15 states, including a state contact person or department who can answer questions. To help their student prepare for the test, parents can:
* Set and maintain high expectations for their adolescent and ensure that all pro-fessionals involved with him or her do, too.
* Ask about the four accommodation areas included in Table 1. Often, the student must be receiving a specific support in the general education classroom to be provided with accommodations during the graduation exit exam.
* Review past graduation exit exams. These are often found on the state's education web site.
* Find out the testing procedures used in the state or district.
* Talk to their teenager Teenager
See also Adolescence.
high-school senior has problems with girls and his father. [Am. Drama: O’Neill Ah, Wilderness! in Sobel, 15]
teenaged film character of the 1940s. [Am. about the test. Parents can stress the importance of the exam without instilling in·still also in·stil
tr.v. in·stilled, in·still·ing, in·stills also in·stils
1. To introduce by gradual, persistent efforts; implant: "Morality . . . fears or raising doubts in the adolescent.
* Ask school personnel to help them interpret To run a program one line at a time. Each line of source language is translated into machine language and then executed. the results of the test.
* Talk about their adolescent's goals for the future, what necessary steps should be taken to meet those goals and determine whether there is an alternative to the graduation exit exam that better suits their adolescent's needs.
* Ask questions.
Students with special needs who live in the 15 states that have graduation exit exams are being held to the same high expectations as their general-education peers. Parents can help their teenager with disabilities to participate more confidently in the graduation exit exam by being well informed about the exam and by advocating for appropriate accommodations.
To date, Andrew has taken the I-STEP+ twice. When the results of his first attempt came back in January January: see month. of 2001 and he had not passed the exam, Andrew was required to take remedial REMEDIAL. That which affords a remedy; as, a remedial statute, or one which is made to supply some defects or abridge some superfluities of the common law. 1 131. Com. 86. The term remedial statute is also applied to those acts which give a new remedy. Esp. Pen. Act. 1. math and English classes during the second semester se·mes·ter
One of two divisions of 15 to 18 weeks each of an academic year.
[German, from Latin (cursus) s of his sophomore year. He was also required to take a summer school class specifically to help him prep for the I-STEP+ during his junior year. Before he took the exam in September September: see month. 2001, Andrew chose to participate in one-hour review sessions that were held on the five days before the exam. He also worked with his private tutor TUTOR - A Scripting language on PLATO systems from CDC.
["The TUTOR Language", Bruce Sherwood, Control Data, 1977]. on additional skills.
Michelle appreciates this extra support for Andrew, but she has been disappointed with the accommodations provided. Although Andrew was in the resource room when he took I-STEP+, he was still in a group setting. Andrew performs better in testing situations when he receives individual attention because the attention helps relieve re·lieve
1. To cause a lessening or alleviation of something, such as pain, tension, or a symptom.
2. To free an individual from pain, anxiety, or distress. test anxiety and the lack of distractions helps him to focus. The one accommodation offered to Andrew was to allow him to get up and walk around the room periodically. Michelle understands the necessity of I-STEP+ and why certain modifications cannot be made to the exam. She also knows that with appropriate accommodations--one-on-one instruction, extended time, additional breaks during the testing--Andrew is successful in the general education classroom. Michelle realizes that she must continue to work at bridging the gap between what is offered in the classroom and what is offered during the exam.
Table 1 Accommodations from Across the States The Four Areas Presentation Response Setting Timing/Scheduling Descriptions The oral presentation or the written appearance of the assessment. Neither presentation method disqualifies the exam by paraphrasing, shortening, or otherwise altering the exam. The student's method of conveying his or her answers. The student's answers must be scripted, typed, or otherwise recorded exactly as the student stated them. The location or setting where the student takes the exam. The location must be monitored. The amount of time a student is allowed to complete either sections of the exam or the entire exam. Examples: 1) A student with poor vision is provided with an exam that has larger print. 2) The instructor reads the directions and questions out loud to the students. Examples: A student says out loud which "bubble" he/she wants marked and the scribe fills in the bubble. 2) A student types their answers to an essay question into a word processor Example: The student takes the exam in a room with no other students. A small group of students take the test in a room to themselves. Example: The student is allowed extended time to complete the written section of the exam. The student can take as many breaks as he/she needs to be able to concentrate on the exam. Table 2 Graduation Exit Exams: Participating States, the Exams, and Contact Information * State Name of exam Number of opportunities given to pass exam and/or additional information Alabama Alabama High School 6 with additional Graduation Exam ASGE) opportunities post-graduation if necessary, Additional information is found at http://www.alsde. edu/general/Great Expectations.pdf Arizona Arizona Instrument to 5 *** Measure Standards Specific testing for (AIMS) students with disabilities is being investigated. Florida Florida Comprehensive 7 Assessment Test - For FAQs see: Sunshine State http://www.firn.edu/doe/sas/ Standards (FCAT-SSS) fcat/pdf/fcatfaq1.pdf Also, see question 17. Georgia Georgia High School 5 (see) Graduation Test http://www.doe.k12.ga.us/ sla/ret/ghsgtabout.html For specific legal information see http://www. doe.k12.ga.us/legalservices/ 160-4-2-.37.pdf Indiana GQE (Graduation 5 Qualifying Exam) For FAQs see: http://doe.state.in.us/ publications/pdf istep/ gradexam02.pdf Louisiana Graduation Exit English/Language Arts and Examination for the Math: 7 opportunities. 21st Century (GEE-21) Science and Social Studies: 4 (beginning in 2004). Maryland Maryland High School Re-takes decided on an *** Assessments individual basis. Mississippi SATP (end-of-course) 3 times per year until *** exams in U.S. History passing score is achieved. from 1877, English II, For specific information Biology I, Algebra I about the exams see: http://www.mde.k12.ms.us/ public/IHF-2.htm New Mexico New Mexico High School 4 Competency Exam New York Regents Examination Until the student graduates Program or turns 21. For specific information on retesting: http://www.emsc.nysed.gov/ ciai/testing/component.html North Carolina "Exit exam of "Additional opportunities *** essential skills" will be provided for those In effect for students students who need them." graduating in 2005. http://www.ncpublicschools. NC Test of Computer org/student promotion/ Skills diploma req.html South Carolina The High School Exit 4 Examination (to be http://www.myscschools.com/ replaced in 2003) reports/exit2000/ Tennessee Gateway Test end- Multiple opportunities to *** of-course tests; retake the exams. See: Algebra I, Biology I. http://www.state.tn.us/ English II education/ci/cigateendof course/cigatewqa.htm Texas TAAS exit level tests Multiple opportunities to *** or end-of-course retake the exams. tests. Alternate assessments are Please see: available to achieve http://www.tea.state.tx.us/ a standard diploma. student.assessment/ ** A specific test resources/grad/eocgrad.html for students with disabilities will be introduced in 2005. Virginia 4/10 of the Standards No limit on additional *** of Learning (SOL) opportunities exams or acceptable score on the SAT II, ACT, CLEP, or the AP State Name of exam State education web site Alabama Alabama High School http://ww.alsde.edu/ Graduation Exam ASGE) Arizona Arizona Instrument to http://www.ade.state.az.us/ *** Measure Standards (AIMS) Florida Florida Comprehensive http://www.firn.edu/doe/ Assessment Test - Sunshine State Standards (FCAT-SSS) Georgia Georgia High School www.doe.k12.ga.us Graduation Test Indiana GQE (Graduation http://ideanet.doe.state. Qualifying Exam) in.us/ Louisiana Graduation Exit http://www.doe.state.la. Examination for the us/DOE/asps/home.asp 21st Century (GEE-21) http://www.doe.state.la. us/DOE/Assessment/ GuideSelectAccom.pdf Maryland Maryland High School http://www.msde.state.md.us/ *** Assessments or http://mdk12.org/mspp/high school/what is/factsheet. html Mississippi SATP (end-of-course) http://www.mde.k12.ms.us *** exams in U.S. History from 1877, English II, Biology I, Algebra I New Mexico New Mexico High School http://www.sde.state.nm.us/ Competency Exam New York Regents Examination http://www.nysed.gov/ Program North Carolina "Exit exam of http://www.ncpublicschools. *** essential skills" org/ In effect for students graduating in 2005. NC Test of Computer Skills South Carolina The High School Exit http://www.sde.state.sc.us/ Examination (to be replaced in 2003) Tennessee Gateway Test end- http://www.state.tn.us/ *** of-course tests; education/ Algebra I, Biology I. English II Texas TAAS exit level tests http://www.tea.state.tx.us *** or end-of-course tests. Alternate assessments are available to achieve a standard diploma. ** A specific test for students with disabilities will be introduced in 2005. Virginia 4/10 of the Standards http://126.96.36.199/go/ *** of Learning (SOL) VDOE/ exams or acceptable score on the SAT II, ACT, CLEP, or the AP State Name of exam Contact person or office Alabama Alabama High School Mabrey Whetstone, Graduation Exam ASGE) coordinator (334) 242-8114 Or "Mastering the Maze" firstname.lastname@example.org Arizona Arizona Instrument to Academic Standards & *** Measure Standards Accountability (AIMS) Tel: (602) 542-5031 Florida Florida Comprehensive Florida Department of Assessment Test - Education Sunshine State Janet Adams Standards (FCAT-SSS) (850) 487-3164, Suncom 277-3164 email@example.com Jane Silveria (850) 487-1603, Suncom 277-1603 firstname.lastname@example.org Georgia Georgia High School Phil Pickens, Director, Graduation Test Division of Exceptional Students, at (404) 656-3963. E-mail: email@example.com Indiana GQE (Graduation Jon Barada Qualifying Exam) firstname.lastname@example.org Room 229, State House Indianapolis, IN 46204-2798 (317) 232-6616 Louisiana Graduation Exit Leslie Lightbourne Examination for the (225) 342-3633 21st Century (GEE-21) Maryland Maryland High School School and Community *** Assessments Outreach Office 410-767-0600 or 1-888-246-0016 Mississippi SATP (end-of-course) Mississippi Department of *** exams in U.S. History Education Office of Special from 1877, English II, Education at (601) 359-3498. Biology I, Algebra I New Mexico New Mexico High School The New Mexico State Competency Exam Department of Education at: (505) 827-5641 New York Regents Examination Eastern Regional Office Program 518-486-6366 Western Regional Office 716-821-7360 Hudson Valley Regional Office 914-245-0010 Long Island Regional Office 631-884-8530 New York City Office 718-722-4544 North Carolina "Exit exam of For more information on *** essential skills" the involvement of students In effect for students with special needs, graduating in 2005. see: http://www.ncpublic- NC Test of Computer schools.org/parents/test- Skills ingfaq.html and http://www.ncpublic- schools.org/accountability/t esting/policies/TestProg000 1.htm South Carolina The High School Exit Susan DuRant, Director Examination (to be at 734-8806 replaced in 2003) email@example.com Tennessee Gateway Test end- Special Education *** of-course tests; Programs at Algebra I, Biology I. 615-741-3340 English II Texas TAAS exit level tests The Student Assessment *** or end-of-course Division at (512) 463-9536. tests. Alternate Ask for the division on assessments are students with special needs. available to achieve a standard diploma. ** A specific test for students with disabilities will be introduced in 2005. Virginia 4/10 of the Standards Anita Swan, head of Parent *** of Learning (SOL) Resources at (804) 371-7420 exams or acceptable score on the SAT II, ACT, CLEP, or the AP * The data in this Table is current as of 9/25/02. Any states that have added Graduation Exit Exams to their curriculum since 12/01 have not been added. ** Some colleges and universities use the TAAS exam as an entrance exam. If a student is exempt from the TAAS and wants to attend one of these colleges or universities, this student will be required to take the SAT. *** Applicable to graduating classes where the freshman class begin in 2001 or after.
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (C.F.R. 34 [section] 1400 et seq et seq. (et seek) n. abbreviation for the Latin phrase et sequentes meaning "and the following." It is commonly used by lawyers to include numbered lists, pages or sections after the first number is stated, as in "the rules of the road are found in Vehicle Code .), http://www.ideapractices.org/law/index.php
Goals 2000: America's Education Act of 1994 (Public Law Number 103227), http://www.ed.gov/pubs/G2KReforming/
Improving America's Schools Act of 1994 (IASA IASA IETF Administrative Support Activity
IASA International Association of Software Architects
IASA International Association of Sound and Audiovisual Archives (also seen as IASAA)
IASA International Aviation Safety Assessment ), http://www.ed.gov/legislation/ESEA/brohure/iasa-bro.html
FairTest FairTest National Center for Fair and Open Testing : The National Center for Fair & Open Testing, http://fairtest.org/index.htm
Public Agenda Online, http://www.publicagenda.org
Focuses On Special Education, http://www.edweek.org
The Education and Research Network, http://www.aera.net
The National Center on Education Outcomes, http://www.coled.umn.edu/NCEO/default.html http://www.neighborhoodlaw.org/Title 1 program.htm, by the Center for Law and Education http://www.cleweb.org/issues/title 1/tool.htm, by the Center for Law and Education
Parents ask about standards, http://www. rmcres.com/famed/askabout/english/standard.html, by The RMC Research Corporation
Louise Louise (ləwēz`), 1776–1810, queen of Prussia, consort of Frederick William III; a princess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. During the Napoleonic Wars her patriotism and bravery won her lasting popularity. Lord Nelson was a special educator in Indianapolis Indianapolis (ĭn'dēənă`pəlĭs), city (1990 pop. 731,327), state capital and seat of Marion co., central Ind., on the White River; selected 1820 as the site of the state capital (which was moved there in 1825), inc. 1847. , IN for eight years. She is currently a doctoral candidate at the Beach Center on Disability at the University of Kansas The University of Kansas (often referred to as KU or just Kansas) is an institution of higher learning in Lawrence, Kansas. The main campus resides atop Mount Oread. .
Ann ANN, Scotch law. Half a year's stipend over and above what is owing for the incumbency due to a minister's relict, or child, or next of kin, after his decease. Wishaw. Also, an abbreviation of annus, year; also of annates. In the old law French writers, ann or rather an, signifies a year. Turnbull Turnbull is a surname, arising from the Turnbull clan, a Scottish Border clan, and may refer to:
1. Of, characterized by, involving, or relating to cognition.
2. Having a basis in or reducible to empirical factual knowledge. and mental health disabilities.