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Stopping pain of tendinitis.

Tendons are fibrous bands of tissue that connect muscles to bones. Without them, muscles could not do their job of moving different parts of the body. They transmit the power of the muscle contraction to just the right spot on a bone so that the muscle may do its work properly. Different circumstances can cause tendons to become inflamed or irritated, a condition that is classified as tendonitis.

A person suffering from tendonitis may experience discomfort and tenderness over the area where the affected tendon is located. Movement of the area may prove to be extremely painful. Since tendons usually cross over a joint before connecting to a bone, the most common areas affected are shoulders, elbows, knees, and ankles.

What causes tendonitis? Overuse or misuse of a muscle may place extreme tension on a tendon and cause it injury. Trauma also can bring it on. Calcification of the damaged tendon may result and cause further or continued discomfort after the original damage is healed. Often, some activity, repeated over and over again or performed improperly, can be found to trigger the condition. Signs and symptoms primarily are swelling and pain when moving the shoulder, elbow, knee, or ankle, or increased warmth over the areas involved.

According to Alliant Health System, Louisville, Ky., the first line of treatment should be consultation with a physician. Persistent or severe pain over or near joints always should be examined by a doctor. X-rays may be needed to rule out a small fracture of a bone. Once the diagnosis of tendonitis has been made, reducing or stopping the particular activity or activities that cause the pain is begun. This can be helped by the use of slings or bandages. Medication to reduce inflammation and local application of heat, and sometimes cold packs, may be recommended. Surgery rarely is indicated. With proper treatment, most people can control their tendonitis problems. Some changes in activity may be indicated, however.
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Title Annotation:inflammation
Publication:USA Today (Magazine)
Date:Feb 1, 1993
Words:323
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