State Grants Long Beach Water $3 Million Vote of Confidence for Innovative, Environmentally Responsive Seawater Desalination Effort.LONG BEACH, Calif. -- State of California, Department of Water Resources (DWR DWR Design Within Reach
DWR Department of Water Resources
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DWR Driving While Revoked ) officials today announced their Proposition 50 desalination desalination
Removal of dissolved salts from seawater and from the salty waters of inland seas, highly mineralized groundwaters, and municipal wastewaters. grant funding recommendations at a special public workshop held in Sacramento. The Long Beach Water Department has been selected to receive $3 million for its seawater seawater
Water that makes up the oceans and seas. Seawater is a complex mixture of 96.5% water, 2.5% salts, and small amounts of other substances. Much of the world's magnesium is recovered from seawater, as are large quantities of bromine. desalination research and development project, which includes design, construction and subsequent research of its Under Ocean Floor Intake and Discharge Demonstration System, the first of its kind in the world, focused on demonstrating an alternative to traditional open ocean intake and discharge practices. Local agencies, academic and research institutions, and water agencies are able to use these funds for construction, pilot and demonstration projects, research and development, and feasibility studies to increase new water supplies utilizing desalination.
Funding for desalination projects is available through Proposition 50, the Water Quality, Supply and Safe Drinking Water drinking water
supply of water available to animals for drinking supplied via nipples, in troughs, dams, ponds and larger natural water sources; an insufficient supply leads to dehydration; it can be the source of infection, e.g. leptospirosis, salmonellosis, or of poisoning, e.g. Projects, Coastal Wetlands Purchase and Protection Act passed by California voters in 2002. Proposition 50 authorized the sale of $3.4 billion in general obligation bonds for a variety of water projects including coastal protection, the CALFED Bay Delta Program and integrated regional water management, among others. In January 2005, DWR received 42 eligible applications requesting $71.3 million in desalination funding. The DWR is recommending that the available $25 million under the current desalination grant cycle be used to fund 25 projects. Approximately $11.5 million of the available funds will support seawater desalination related projects and $13.5 million will support brackish brack·ish
1. Having a somewhat salty taste, especially from containing a mixture of seawater and fresh water: "You could cut the brackish winds with a knife/Here in Nantucket" water desalination Water desalination
The removal of dissolved minerals (including salts) from seawater or brackish water. This may occur naturally as part of the hydrologic cycle, or as an engineered process. projects. Brackish water is a mixture of fresh and salt water, found in estuaries and some groundwater supplies.
"In Long Beach we see desalination as part of a very diverse water supply portfolio, made up of reclaimed water Reclaimed water, sometimes called recycled water, is former wastewater (sewage) that has been treated and purified for reuse, rather than discharged into a body of water. , conservation and conjunctive CONJUNCTIVE, contracts, wills, instruments. A term in grammar used to designate particles which connect one word to another, or one proposition to another proposition.
2. use projects. A diverse water supply portfolio keeps water supply reliability strong, water quality high and water rates low," stated Helen Z. Hansen, President of the Long Beach Board of Water Commissioners and City of Long Beach representative on the Metropolitan Water District of Southern California The Metropolitan Water District of Southern California is the largest bulk water supplier for municipal use in the world. The name is usually shortened to the "Metropolitan Water District" or simply "MWD". Board of Directors.
"I believe these funding recommendations not only validate the real potential for seawater desalination along the coast of California, but also the need for a meticulous approach to seawater desalination research and development," stated Kevin L. Wattier, General Manager of the Long Beach Water Department. "This money will be spent on optimizing both the energy efficiency and environmental issues currently hindering implementation of full-scale seawater desalination."
High operating costs operating costs npl → gastos mpl operacionales , due primarily to high rates of power consumption, and environmental issues related to open-ocean intake and discharge have rendered seawater desalination cost/environmentally prohibitive. Although significant advancements in technology have extended membrane life while lowering energy requirements, overall energy consumption remains extremely high due to the very high-pressure requirements of reverse osmosis reverse osmosis
The movement of a solvent in the opposite direction from osmosis in such a manner that the solvent moves from a solution of greater concentration through a membrane to a solution of lesser concentration. membranes.
Using a small 9,000 gallon-per-day pilot-scale desalter, the Long Beach Water Department has reduced the overall energy requirement (by 20 to 30 percent) of seawater desalination using a relatively low-pressure two staged nano-filtration process, developed by Long Beach Water engineers, known as the "Long Beach Method."
This unique process is now being tested on a larger scale. With funding assistance from the United State Bureau of Reclamation, the Los Angeles Department of Water & Power and now, the State of California, Long Beach Water will conduct research at a 300,000 gallon-per-day prototype-scale desalter incorporating the two-stage nano-filtration process. Construction of this facility will be completed in August 2005. This larger facility is needed to verify the energy savings when employing full-scale membranes and energy recovery units, among other things. The goal is to verify energy savings of the two-stage nano-filtration process and to optimize the process so that it can be duplicated.
Together with its funding partners, Long Beach Water is also undertaking design and construction of an Under Ocean Floor Intake and Discharge Demonstration System, the first of its kind in the world, that will seek to demonstrate that viable, environmentally responsive intake and discharge systems can be developed along the coast of California.
The Long Beach Seawater Desalination Research and Development Project is consistent with the findings and recommendations for seawater desalination of the United States Bureau of Reclamation, California Resources Agency The California Resources Agency is a top-level executive branch agency in the state government of California. The institution and jurisdiction of the Resources Agency is provided for in California Government Code sections 12800 and 12805, et seq. , California Coastal Commission The California Coastal Commission is a state agency in the U.S. state of California with quasi-judicial regulatory influence over land use and public access in the California coastal zone. , California Desalination Task Force and the National Marine Sanctuaries at Monterey Bay. The Long Beach Water Department's pursuit of seawater desalination is also an integral component of the Southern California region's long-term water supply plan, included in the Integrated Resource Plan (IRP See Interest rate parity line. ) of the Metropolitan Water District of Southern California.
The Long Beach Water Department is an urban, Southern California water supply agency. For more information, visit www.lbwater.org.
View Seawater Desalination Research and Development Facility Groundbreaking: http://www.lbwater.org/inside/multi_media.html