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Star reading: Astronomy in Mexico. (Mexico on the Web).

The history of astronomy in Mexico extends thousands of years. Pre-Hispanic civilizations developed what today is oastronomy." planning their cities, as well as much of their social, economic and political activities based on the movements of the stars. That said, such information was not considered of value to the Spanish conquistadors. In 1878 the National Astronomical Observatory was established in Chapultepec Castle, then on the outskirts of Mexico City.

In the 20th century, Mexico's National Autonomous University's (UNAM) Institute of Astronomy and the National Institute of Astrophysics have educated thousands of professional astronomers. The national university now operates two observatories, the larger being in the Sierra of San Pedro Martir, Baja California. You'll find the directions to the observatory online, 132.248.3.38/Opciones/textol.html#oanspm, as well as celestial maps, academic work and beginner's guides.

MAYA ASTRONOMY PAGE

www.michielb.nhlmayalastrO.html

**** (out of five *'s)

This reader-friendly guide introduces basic details about Mayan astronomy, including their unique math system. Astronomical observations take center stage with explanations of the importance of Venus, the sun, moon and Milky Way Galaxy. The author also includes a brief summary of political aspects of Mayan cosmology www.michielb.nl/maya/politics.html. The website is geared toward beginners, but it also includes a lively forum, www.michielb.nl/cgi-bin/maya/ikonboard/ikonboard.cgi, which welcomes reader interaction.

MEXICO CITY SEARCH

www.fourmilab.ch/cgi-bin/uncgi/Yoursky

****

This feature is courtesy of the "Your Sky" website, www.fourmilab.ch/yoursky, and provides a skywatcher's guide for residents City-if the skies are clear and the smog isn't too thick above the megalopolis! The site is not limited to Mexico City. You can produce maps for any time and date, viewpoint and observing location.

INSTIIOTO HE ASTRONOMIA

www.astroscu.Unam.mx

***

Mexico's Institute of Astronomy is housed within the UNAM. This frequently updated site offers news of upcoming events and scientific colloquia as well as related Web links, including the observatories in Ensenada, Morelia, San Pedro Martir and Tonanzintla. For the serious astronomer, this is a must-visit site.

CARL SAGAN OBSERVATORY AT CERRO AZUL

cosmos.cifus.uson.mx

***

Located in northwestern Mexico, this observatory is part of a larger project run by the University of Sonora Physics Department, cosmos.cifus.uson.mx/index.htm. The site has not been updated for two years, but it documents the conceptualization and construction of the observatory. The website also provides helpful links in Spanish and English for budding astronomers.

OTHERS ASTRONOMY WEBSITES:

Astronomy in Latin America--LANIC

lanic.utexas.edu/la/region/astronomy

A regional index compiled by the University of Texas at Austin

This Week's Sky at a Glance

SkyandTelescope.com/Observing/ataglance

A regularly updated feature courtesy of Sky and Telescope magazine

Latin American Astronomy Institutions

www.astro.ugto.mx/~ala/listal.html

A regional index to academic institutions in the region. The page has not been updated in some time.

World Beat: Mexico

www.aspsky.org/mercury/mercury/9506/mexico.html

This 1995 article by Marco Arturo Moreno-Corral and Mars A. Rodriguez traces the history of astronomy in Mexico.

Ron Mader is the host of the popular www.planeta.com website and co-founder of The Mexico Network www.mexiconetwork.info. More recently, Ron won the "Lente de Plato" award for his coverage of Mexican tourism. Planeta.com's Astronomy Guide is online www.planeta.com/ecotravel/resources/space.html
COPYRIGHT 2002 American Chamber of Commerce of Mexico A.C.
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Copyright 2002, Gale Group. All rights reserved. Gale Group is a Thomson Corporation Company.

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Author:Mader, Ron
Publication:Business Mexico
Article Type:Brief Article
Geographic Code:1MEX
Date:Jul 1, 2002
Words:563
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