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Staff in postsecondary institutions, fall 2003, and salaries of full-time instructional faculty, 2003-04.



The Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System The Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, often abbreviated IPEDS, is the core postsecondary education data collection program for the National Center for Education Statistics, a part of the United States government.  (IPEDS IPEDS Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System
IPEDS Interactive Public Exhibits and Digital Signage
) is designed to collect data from postsecondary institutions in the United States United States, officially United States of America, republic (2005 est. pop. 295,734,000), 3,539,227 sq mi (9,166,598 sq km), North America. The United States is the world's third largest country in population and the fourth largest country in area.  (50 states and the District of Columbia District of Columbia, federal district (2000 pop. 572,059, a 5.7% decrease in population since the 1990 census), 69 sq mi (179 sq km), on the east bank of the Potomac River, coextensive with the city of Washington, D.C. (the capital of the United States). ) and other jurisdictions, such as Puerto Rico Puerto Rico (pwār`tō rē`kō), island (2005 est. pop. 3,917,000), 3,508 sq mi (9,086 sq km), West Indies, c.1,000 mi (1,610 km) SE of Miami, Fla. . (1) For IPEDS, a postsecondary institution is defined as an organization open to the public that has as its primary mission the provision of postsecondary education. IPEDS defines postsecondary education as formal instructional programs with a curriculum designed primarily for students who are beyond the compulsory Wikipedia does not currently have an encyclopedia article for .

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To begin an article here, feel free to [ edit this page], but please do not create a mere dictionary definition.
 age for high school. This includes academic, vocational, and continuing professional education programs and excludes institutions that offer only avocational av·o·ca·tion  
n.
1. An activity taken up in addition to one's regular work or profession, usually for enjoyment; a hobby.

2. One's regular work or profession.

3. Archaic A distraction or diversion.
 (leisure) and adult basic education programs.

Prior to the inception INCEPTION. The commencement; the beginning. In making a will, for example, the writing is its inception. 3 Co. 31 b; Plowd. 343. Vide Consummation; Progression.  of IPEDS, the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES NCES National Center for Education Statistics
NCES Net-Centric Enterprise Services (US DoD)
NCES Network Centric Enterprise Services
NCES Net Condition Event Systems
) collected data from approximately ap·prox·i·mate  
adj.
1. Almost exact or correct: the approximate time of the accident.

2.
 3,600 institutions of higher education through its Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS HEGIS Higher Education General Information Survey ) program. HEGIS was conducted from 1966 until 1985, when NCES expanded its collection to include all postsecondary institutions.

IPEDS 2003-04

Participation in IPEDS was a requirement for the 6,568 institutions that participated in Title IV federal student financial aid programs such as Pell v. t. 1. To pelt; to knock about.
n. 1. A skin or hide; a pelt.
2. A roll of parchment; a parchment record.
Clerk of the pells
formerly, an officer of the exchequer who entered accounts on certain parchment rolls, called pell rolls.
 Grants or Stafford Stafford, city (1991 pop. 60,915) and district, Staffordshire, W central England, on the Sow River, above its junction with the Trent. Stafford's chief industry is the manufacture of electrical goods; other products are concrete, shoes and shoe-repairing machinery,  Loans during the 2003-04 academic year. Title IV schools include traditional colleges and universities, 2-year institutions, and for-profit degree- and non-degree-granting institutions (such as schools of cosmetology cos·me·tol·o·gy  
n.
The study or art of cosmetics and their use.



[French cosmétologie : cosmétique, cosmetic; see cosmetic + -logie, -logy.
), among others. In addition, the four U.S. service academies are included in the IPEDS universe as if they were Title IV institutions.

As the fall surveys were being conducted, information was received that 11 of these institutions closed or lost their Title IV eligibility after the 2003-04 collection cycle began; thus, 6,557 institutions and 83 administrative offices were expected to participate in the winter 2003-04 collection. In addition, the 83 administrative (central and system) offices were required to participate in only one of the component surveys, Fall Staff; the other two components--Employees by Assigned as·sign  
tr.v. as·signed, as·sign·ing, as·signs
1. To set apart for a particular purpose; designate: assigned a day for the inspection.

2.
 Position (EAP (Extensible Authentication Protocol) A protocol that acts as a framework and transport for other authentication protocols. EAP uses its own start and end messages, but then carries any number of third-party messages between the client (supplicant) and access control ) and Salaries--were not applicable to them. The EAP component was required of all 6,557 Title IV institutions, and 6,550, or 99.9 percent, responded. The Salaries component was required of all 4-year Title IV institutions and 2-year degree-granting Title IV institutions. However, institutions were not required to respond to the Salaries component if all instructional faculty (2) were in the military, were part time, contributed their services, or taught clinical or preclinical medicine. As a result, for the winter 2003-04 collection, 4,152 institutions were required to complete the Salaries component. Of these, 4,149, or 99.9 percent, responded. The Fall Staff component was required of all Title IV institutions and administrative offices that employed 15 or more full-time employees. (3) Thus, for the winter 2003-04 collection, 4,932 institutions and administrative offices were required to complete the Fall Staff component. Of these, 4,925, or 99.9 percent, responded.

Focus of This Report

Tabulations in this report present selected data collected during the winter 2003-04 IPEDS collection about faculty and staff employed at Title IV degree-granting institutions (4) in the United States. Degree-granting institutions are those offering associate's, bachelor's bach·e·lor's  
n.
A bachelor's degree.
, master's, doctor's, and first-professional degrees.

Selected Findings

Employees at Title IV degree-granting institutions (5)

* Title IV degree-granting institutions in the United States employed almost 3.2 million individuals in fall 2003 (table 1). Of those employed, 2.3 million were professional staff (including faculty) and 0.9 million were nonprofessional non·pro·fes·sion·al  
n.
One who is not a professional.



nonpro·fes
 staff.

* About two-thirds of all staff (65 percent) were employed full time, and over half (53 percent) were women (table 1).

* Over two-thirds of all staff (68 percent) were employed by public institutions, 29 percent were employed by private not-for-profit institutions, and only 3 percent of staff were employed by private for-profit institutions (table 1).

* Faculty (6) constituted 37 percent of all staff, other professional staff (7) accounted for 34 percent, and the remaining 29 percent were nonprofessional staff (table 1). (8)

Faculty at Title IV degree-granting institutions (9)

* About 630,000 full-time faculty were employed at Title IV degree-granting institutions in fall 2003 (table 2).

* More men than women were employed full time as faculty in fall 2003 (61 percent and 39 percent, respectively) (table 3). This proportion varied somewhat by length of contract; men constituted 54 percent of full-time faculty with less-than-9-month contracts, 59 percent of full-time faculty with 9/10-month contracts, and 64 percent of full-time faculty with 11/12-month contracts.

* The majority of full-time faculty at Title IV degree-granting institutions were White, non-Hispanic (about 80 percent), while 15 percent were races other than White, non-Hispanic,(10) 3 percent were nonresident non·res·i·dent  
adj.
1. Not living in a particular place: nonresident students who commute to classes.

2.
 aliens Foreign-born persons who have not been naturalized to become U.S. citizens under federal law and the Constitution.

The federal immigration laws determine whether a person is an alien.
,(11) and 1 percent were of unknown race/ethnicity (table 3).

* More than 40,000 full-time faculty were employed by degree-granting institutions in each of the following three states--California, New York New York, state, United States
New York, Middle Atlantic state of the United States. It is bordered by Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and the Atlantic Ocean (E), New Jersey and Pennsylvania (S), Lakes Erie and Ontario and the Canadian province of
, and Texas--while degree-granting institutions in Alaska Alaska (əlă`skə), largest in area of the United States but third smallest (exceeding only Vermont and Wyoming) in population, occupying the northwest extremity of the North American continent, separated from the coterminous United States , Delaware Delaware, state, United States
Delaware (dĕl`əwâr, –wər), one of the Middle Atlantic states of the United States, the country's second smallest state (after Rhode Island).
, and

* Wyoming Wyoming, city, United States
Wyoming, city (1990 pop. 63,891), Kent co., W Mich., in the greater Grand Rapids metropolitan area, on the Grand River; settled 1832, inc. 1959.
 employed less than 2,000 full-time faculty (table 4). Of the full-time faculty employed at Title IV degree-granting institutions in fall 2003, 71 percent were employed under 9/10-month contracts, 29 percent were employed under 11/12-month contracts, and less than 1 percent were employed under less-than-9-month contracts (figure 1).

* About 45 percent of all full-time faculty at Title IV degree-granting institutions were tenured ten·ured  
adj.
Having tenure: tenured civil servants; tenured faculty.

Adj. 1. tenured
 in fall 2003 (table 5). An additional 20 percent were nontenured non·ten·ured  
adj.
Not having or leading to tenure: a nontenured academic post. 
 but in tenure-track positions. Thirty-five percent of all full-time faculty at Title IV degree-granting institutions were not on tenure tenure, in education
tenure, in education, a guarantee of the permanence of a college or university teacher's position, awarded upon successful completion of a probationary period, usually seven years.
 track or were employed at institutions that do not have a tenure system.

* About 48 percent of full-time faculty at public institutions had tenure, as opposed op·pose  
v. op·posed, op·pos·ing, op·pos·es

v.tr.
1. To be in contention or conflict with: oppose the enemy force.

2.
 to 40 percent at private not-for-profit institutions and 3 percent at private for-profit institutions (tables 5 and 6). Overall, a greater proportion of full-time faculty at 4-year institutions than at 2-year institutions had tenure (tables 5 and 6). At public 4-year institutions, 50 percent of full-time faculty had tenure, while at public 2-year institutions 43 percent of full-time faculty had tenure (table 5). Likewise, at private not-for-profit 4-year institutions, 41 percent of full-time faculty had tenure, while at private not-for-profit 2-year institutions 10 percent of full-time faculty had tenure. At private for-profit institutions, the percentage of full-time faculty who had tenure was slightly greater at 2-year institutions than at 4-year institutions (3 percent and 2 percent, respectively).

* In fall 2003, a greater proportion of men than women had tenure (table 6). Approximately one-half, 50 percent, of men in full-time faculty positions had tenure, while 36 percent of women in full-time faculty positions had tenure.

* Over 47 percent of full-time White, non-Hispanic faculty members had tenure, while 42 percent of Asian/Pacific Islander full-time faculty members, 41 percent of Hispanic Hispanic Multiculture A person of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin, regardless of race Social medicine Any of 17 major Latino subcultures, concentrated in California, Texas, Chicago, Miam, NY, and elsewhere  full-time faculty members, and 38 percent of Black, non-Hispanic full-time faculty members had tenure (table 6).

New hires at Title IV degree-granting institutions (12)

* Approximately 127,000 new staff were hired by degree-granting institutions for full-time permanent employment between July July: see month.  1 and October October: see month.  31, 2003 (table 7). Of these, 36 percent were for faculty positions, 28 percent were for other professional positions including support and service, and 14 percent were for clerical and secretarial positions.

* Public institutions hired more than 73,000 employees between July 1 and October 31, 2003; of these, nearly 29,000, or 39 percent, were in faculty positions. The majority of new hires in private not-for-profit institutions were also for faculty positions (32 percent); however, private for-profit institutions hired a larger percentage of employees for other professional (support/service) positions (45 percent).

* The majority of new hires (55 percent) were women (table 7). Considering race/ethnicity, 68 percent of new hires were White, non-Hispanic, while 11 percent were Black, non-Hispanic. Hispanics and Asian/Pacific Islanders Islanders may refer to:
  • New York Islanders, a ice hockey team based in Uniondale, New York that plays on the National Hockey League (NHL).
  • Puerto Rico Islanders, a Puerto Rican soccer team in the USL First Division, that currently play their home games at Juan Ramon
 each represented 6 percent of new hires, and less than 1 percent were American Indian/Alaska Native. The remaining were either nonresident aliens (5 percent) or their race/ethnicity was unknown (3 percent).

Figure 1. Full-time faculty at Title IV degree-granting institutions, by contract length: United States, fall 2003

NOTE: Faculty include only those staff whose principal activity is instruction, research, or public service; full-time staff who teach one or two courses are not included as faculty, unless this is their primary activity. Data are for institutions with 15 or more full-time employees. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), Winter 2003-04, Fall Staff component.

Employees by place of employment

* Title IV degree-granting institutions had 3.2 million employees in fall 2003, of which 300,000 were employed by medical schools (table 8).

* About 82 percent of the 300,000 medical school employees were employed full time and 18 percent were part time. These proportions were very different among other employees in Title IV institutions (those not employed in medical schools), where about 63 percent were full time and 37 percent were part time. (13)

Salaries of full-time instructional faculty at Title IV degree-granting institutions

* During the 2003-04 academic year, full-time instructional faculty on less-than-9-month contracts earned an average salary of about $30,000 (table 9). In general, salaries varied by rank, with faculty holding higher ranks earning higher average salaries. Among full-time instructional faculty on less-than-9-month contracts, professors earned an average salary of just over $50,000 and associate professors earned an average salary of just under $50,000, while assistant professors averaged about $39,000, instructors averaged $27,000, and lecturers earned an average salary of $18,000.

* During the 2003-04 academic year, full-time instructional faculty on 9/10-month contracts earned an average salary of about $63,000 (table 10). Salaries varied by rank, with faculty holding higher ranks earning higher average salaries. Among full-time instructional faculty on 9/10-month contracts, professors earned an average salary of $85,000 and associate professors earned an average salary of $62,000, while assistant professors averaged $52,000, instructors averaged $49,000, and lecturers earned an average salary of $44,000.

* In general, men earned higher average salaries than women (table 10). Male faculty with 9/10-month contracts earned an average salary of $68,000, and female faculty with contracts of the same length earned an average salary of $55,000. Similarly, male professors with 9/10-month contracts earned an average salary of $88,000, and female professors with 9/10-month contracts earned an average salary of $77,000.

* Full-time instructional faculty on 11/12-month contracts earned an average salary of about $71,000 (table 11). Faculty on 11/12-month contracts earned the following average salaries: professors earned an average salary of $101,000, associate professors earned an average salary of $77,000, assistant professors earned an average salary of $68,000, instructors earned an average salary of $46,000, and lecturers earned an average salary of $53,000.

* Male faculty with 11/12-month contracts earned an average salary of $76,000, while female faculty with 11/12-month contracts earned an average salary of $62,000 (table 11). Likewise, male professors with 11/12-month contracts earned an average salary of $105,000, while female professors with 11/12-month contracts earned an average salary of $89,000.

* The most common fringe benefits fringe benefits,
n.pl the benefits, other than wages or salary, provided by an employer for employees (e.g., health insurance, vacation time, disability income).
 offered to full-time instructional faculty are retirement plans and medical/dental plans (table 12).

Footnotes

(1) The other jurisdictions surveyed in the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System are American Samoa Samoa, island chain, SW Pacific Ocean
Samoa, chain of volcanic islands in the South Pacific, comprising the independent nation of Samoa (formerly Western Samoa), and E of long. 171° W, the islands of American Samoa, under U.S. control.
, the Federated Connected and treated as one. See federated database and federated directories.  States of Micronesia Micronesia (mīkrōnē`zhə, –shə), one of the three main divisions of Oceania, in W Pacific Ocean, north of the equator. , Guam Guam (gwäm), Chamorro Guåhan, the largest, most populous, and southernmost of the Mariana Islands (see also Northern Mariana Islands, an unincorporated territory of the United States (2005 est. pop. , the Marshall Islands Marshall Islands, officially Republic of the Marshall Islands, independent nation (2005 est. pop. 59,000), in the central Pacific. The Marshalls extend over a 700-mi (1,130-km) area and comprise two major groups: the Ratak Chain in the east, and the Ralik Chain in , the Northern Marianas Marianas: see Northern Mariana Islands and Guam. , Palau Palau (pälou`), officially Republic of Palau, independent nation (2005 est. pop. 20,300), c.192 sq mi (497 sq km), W Pacific, in the W Caroline Islands. Belau, the native form of Palau, is sometimes used. , Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands.

(2)Instructional faculty are those whose specific assignments customarily are made for the purpose of providing instruction or teaching, or for whom it is not possible to differentiate differentiate /dif·fer·en·ti·ate/ (dif?er-en´she-at)
1. to distinguish, on the basis of differences.

2. to develop specialized form, character, or function differing from that surrounding it or from the original.
 among teaching, research, and public service because each of these functions is an integral component of their regular assignment. They are reported as "primarily instruction" or "instruction combined with research or public service" on the Employees by Assigned Position component.

(3) Fall Staff data are required biannually bi·an·nu·al  
adj.
1. Happening twice each year; semiannual.

2. Occurring every two years; biennial.



bi·an
 in odd-numbered years.

(4) The Title IV degree-granting institutions in the United States described in this report are a subset A group of commands or functions that do not include all the capabilities of the original specification. Software or hardware components designed for the subset will also work with the original.  of all institutions surveyed in winter 2003-04. They include 4,235 of the 6,557 Title IV institutions required to complete the Employees by Assigned Position component, 4,060 of the 4,152 Title IV institutions required to complete the Salaries component, and 3,923 of the 4,857 Title IV institutions required to complete the Fall Staff component. (Appendix appendix, small, worm-shaped blind tube, about 3 in. (7.6 cm) long and 1-4 in. to 1 in. (.64–2.54 cm) thick, projecting from the cecum (part of the large intestine) on the right side of the lower abdominal cavity.  tables A1 and A1a in the full report include administrative offices that were also required to complete the Fall Staff component.)

(5) Includes only those institutions with 15 or more full-time employees.

(6) Faculty include those staff whose principal activity is instruction, research, or public service; full-time staff who teach one or two courses are not included as faculty, unless this is their primary activity.

(7) Other professional staff include those in executive, administrative, and managerial positions; instruction/research assistants; and others in administrative and professional (support/services) positions.

(8) Nonprofessional staff include those in technical/paraprofessional, clerical/secretarial, skilled crafts, or service/maintenance positions.

(9) Includes only those institutions with 15 or more full-time employees.

(10) Races other than White, non-Hispanic include Black, non-Hispanic; Hispanic; Asian/Pacific Islander; and American Indian/Alaska Native.

(11) A nonresident alien is a person who is not a citizen or national of the United States and who is in this country on a visa or temporary basis and does not have the right to remain indefinitely in·def·i·nite  
adj.
Not definite, especially:
a. Unclear; vague.

b. Lacking precise limits: an indefinite leave of absence.

c.
. Nonresident aliens are reported separately rather than included in any of the following five race/ethnicity categories: White, non-Hispanic; Black, non-Hispanic; Hispanic; Asian/Pacific Islander; and American Indian/Alaska Native.

(12) Includes only those institutions with 15 or more full-time employees.

(13)Percentages were calculated based on the numbers provided in table 8.
Table 1. Employees at Title IV degree-granting institutions, by control
of institution, employment status, gender, and professional status:
United States, fall 2003

Control of institution, employment
status, gender, and professional status      Total    Percent

  Total                                   3,174,653     100.0
Public                                    2,149,163      67.7
Private not-for-profit                      936,068      29.5
Private for-profit                           89,422       2.8
Full time                                 2,068,083      65.1
Part time                                 1,106,570      34.9
Men                                       1,491,350      47.0
Women                                     1,683,303      53.0
Faculty (1)                               1,173,556      37.0
Other professional (2)                    1,087,227      34.2
Nonprofessional (3)                         913,870      28.8

(1) Faculty include only those staff whose principal activity is
instruction, research, or public service; full-time staff who teach one
or two courses are not included as faculty, unless this is their
primary activity.

(2) Other professional staff include those in executive,
administrative, and managerial positions; instruction/research
assistants; and others in administrative and professional (support/
services) positions.

(3) Nonprofessional staff include those in technical/paraprofessional,
clerical/secretarial, skilled crafts, or service/maintenance positions.

NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Data are for
institutions with 15 or more full-time employees.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education
Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS),
Winter 2003-04, Fall Staff component.

Table 2. Employees at Title IV degree-granting institutions, by
employment status, gender, control of institution, and primary
occupational activity: United States, fall 2003

                                              Total
Control of institution and
primary occupational activity      Total         Men       Women

  Total                         3,174,653   1,491,350   1,683,303

Professional staff              2,260,783   1,156,852   1,103,931
  Faculty (1)                   1,173,556     664,150     509,406
  Executive/administrative/       183,153      90,031      93,122
    managerial
  Instruction/research            292,801     157,268     135,533
    assistants
  Other professional              611,273     245,403     365,870
    (support/service)

Nonprofessional staff             913,870     334,498     579,372
  Technical and                   193,278      78,520     114,758
    paraprofessionals
  Clerical and secretarial        435,861      59,301     376,560
  Skilled crafts                   61,548      57,289       4,259
  Service/maintenance             223,183     139,388      83,795
Public                          2,149,163   1,007,614   1,141,549
  Professional staff            1,529,396     777,172     752,224
    Faculty (1)                   791,384     436,920     354,464
    Executive/administrative/      93,203      48,435      44,768
      managerial
    Instruction/research          241,040     128,761     112,279
      assistants
    Other professional            403,769     163,056     240,713
      (support/service)
  Nonprofessional staff           619,767     230,442     389,325
    Technical and                 139,544      56,646      82,898
      paraprofessionals
    Clerical and secretarial      285,940      38,531     247,409
    Skilled crafts                 46,069      42,919       3,150
    Service/maintenance           148,214      92,346      55,868
Private not-for-profit            936,068     437,437     498,631
  Professional staff              655,036     337,851     317,185
    Faculty (1)                   330,443     195,351     135,092
    Executive/administrative/      82,308      38,109      44,199
      managerial
    Instruction/research           51,649      28,461      23,188
      assistants
    Other professional            190,636      75,930     114,706
      (support/service)
  Nonprofessional staff           281,032      99,586     181,446
    Technical and                  51,533      20,688      30,845
      paraprofessionals
    Clerical and secretarial      141,212      19,130     122,082
    Skilled crafts                 15,323      14,250       1,073
    Service/maintenance            72,964      45,518      27,446
Private for-profit                 89,422      46,299      43,123
  Professional staff               76,351      41,829      34,522
    Faculty (1)                    51,729      31,879      19,850
    Executive/administrative/       7,642       3,487       4,155
      managerial
    Instruction/research              112          46          66
      assistants
    Other professional             16,868       6,417      10,451
      (support/service)
  Nonprofessional staff            13,071       4,470       8,601
    Technical and                   2,201       1,186       1,015
      paraprofessionals
    Clerical and secretarial        8,709       1,640       7,069
    Skilled crafts                    156         120          36
    Service/maintenance             2,005       1,524         481

                                             Full time
Control of institution and
primary occupational activity       Total          Men        Women

  Total                          2,068,083      956,196    1,111,887

Professional staff               1,329,422      683,059      646,363
  Faculty (1)                      630,419      382,232      248,187
  Executive/administrative/        176,888       87,540       89,348
    managerial
  Instruction/research          ([dagger])   ([dagger])   ([dagger])
    assistants
  Other professional               522,115      213,287      308,828
    (support/service)

Nonprofessional staff              738,661      273,137      465,524
  Technical and                    151,825       62,667       89,158
    paraprofessionals
  Clerical and secretarial         342,928       36,658      306,270
  Skilled crafts                    58,616       55,427        3,189
  Service/maintenance              185,292      118,385       66,907
Public                           1,353,057      629,026      724,031
  Professional staff               858,288      442,546      415,742
    Faculty (1)                    425,320      253,797      171,523
    Executive/administrative/       89,848       46,959       42,889
      managerial
    Instruction/research        ([dagger])   ([dagger])   ([dagger])
      assistants
    Other professional             343,120      141,790      201,330
      (support/service)
  Nonprofessional staff            494,769      186,480      308,289
    Technical and                  106,970       44,102       62,868
      paraprofessionals
    Clerical and secretarial       219,065       21,516      197,549
    Skilled crafts                  43,920       41,550        2,370
    Service/maintenance            124,814       79,312       45,502
Private not-for-profit             667,324      305,646      361,678
  Professional staff               433,764      222,444      211,320
    Faculty (1)                    191,113      119,822       71,291
    Executive/administrative/       79,502       37,140       42,362
      managerial
    Instruction/research        ([dagger])   ([dagger])   ([dagger])
      assistants
    Other professional             163,149       65,482       97,667
      (support/service)
  Nonprofessional staff            233,560       83,202      150,358
    Technical and                   43,210       17,607       25,603
      paraprofessionals
    Clerical and secretarial       116,586       13,803      102,783
    Skilled crafts                  14,573       13,774          799
    Service/maintenance             59,191       38,018       21,173
Private for-profit                  47,702       21,524       26,178
  Professional staff                37,370       18,069       19,301
    Faculty (1)                     13,986        8,613        5,373
    Executive/administrative/        7,538        3,441        4,097
      managerial
    Instruction/research        ([dagger])   ([dagger])   ([dagger])
      assistants
    Other professional              15,846        6,015        9,831
      (support/service)
  Nonprofessional staff             10,332        3,455        6,877
    Technical and                    1,645          958          687
      paraprofessionals
    Clerical and secretarial         7,277        1,339        5,938
    Skilled crafts                     123          103           20
    Service/maintenance              1,287        1,055          232

                                            Part time
Control of institution and
primary occupational activity      Total       Men     Women

  Total                         1,106,570   535,154   571,416

Professional staff                931,361   473,793   457,568
  Faculty (1)                     543,137   281,918   261,219
  Executive/administrative/         6,265     2,491     3,774
    managerial
  Instruction/research            292,801   157,268   135,533
    assistants
  Other professional               89,158    32,116    57,042
    (support/service)

Nonprofessional staff             175,209    61,361   113,848
  Technical and                    41,453    15,853    25,600
    paraprofessionals
  Clerical and secretarial         92,933    22,643    70,290
  Skilled crafts                    2,932     1,862     1,070
  Service/maintenance              37,891    21,003    16,888
Public                            796,106   378,588   417,518
  Professional staff              671,108   334,626   336,482
    Faculty (1)                   366,064   183,123   182,941
    Executive/administrative/       3,355     1,476     1,879
      managerial
    Instruction/research          241,040   128,761   112,279
      assistants
    Other professional             60,649    21,266    39,383
      (support/service)
  Nonprofessional staff           124,998    43,962    81,036
    Technical and                  32,574    12,544    20,030
      paraprofessionals
    Clerical and secretarial       66,875    17,015    49,860
    Skilled crafts                  2,149     1,369       780
    Service/maintenance            23,400    13,034    10,366
Private not-for-profit            268,744   131,791   136,953
  Professional staff              221,272   115,407   105,865
    Faculty (1)                   139,330    75,529    63,801
    Executive/administrative/       2,806       969     1,837
      managerial
    Instruction/research           51,649    28,461    23,188
      assistants
    Other professional             27,487    10,448    17,039
      (support/service)
  Nonprofessional staff            47,472    16,384    31,088
    Technical and                   8,323     3,081     5,242
      paraprofessionals
    Clerical and secretarial       24,626     5,327    19,299
    Skilled crafts                    750       476       274
    Service/maintenance            13,773     7,500     6,273
Private for-profit                 41,720    24,775    16,945
  Professional staff               38,981    23,760    15,221
    Faculty (1)                    37,743    23,266    14,477
    Executive/administrative/         104        46        58
      managerial
    Instruction/research              112        46        66
      assistants
    Other professional              1,022       402       620
      (support/service)
  Nonprofessional staff             2,739     1,015     1,724
    Technical and                     556       228       328
      paraprofessionals
    Clerical and secretarial        1,432       301     1,131
    Skilled crafts                     33        17        16
    Service/maintenance               718       469       249

([dagger]) Not applicable. By definition, instruction/research
assistants are part time only.

(1) Faculty include only those staff whose principal activity is
instruction, research, or public service; full-time staff who teach one
or two courses are not included as faculty, unless this is their
primary activity.

NOTE: Data are for institutions with 15 or more full-time employees.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education
Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS),
Winter 2003-04, Fall Staff component.

Table 3. Full-time faculty at Title IV degree-granting institutions, by
contract length, gender, and race/ethnicity: United States, fall 2003

                                                     Less-than-9-
                                    Total           month contracts

Gender and race/ethnicity (1)   Number    Percent   Number    Percent

  Total                         630,419     100.0     3,747     100.0
Men                             382,232      60.6     2,030      54.2
Women                           248,187      39.4     1,717      45.8
White, non-Hispanic             505,478      80.2     2,464      65.8
Black, non-Hispanic              33,097       5.3       233       6.2
Hispanic                         20,068       3.2       273       7.3
Asian/Pacific Islander           41,086       6.5       219       5.8
American Indian/Alaska Native     2,973       0.5        55       1.5
Race/ethnicity unknown            6,602       1.0       186       5.0
Nonresident alien                21,115       3.3       317       8.5

                                   9/10-month          11/12-month
                                   contracts            contracts

Gender and race/ethnicity (1)   Number    Percent   Number    Percent

  Total                         445,427     100.0   181,245     100.0
Men                             264,903      59.5   115,299      63.6
Women                           180,524      40.5    65,946      36.4
White, non-Hispanic             363,951      81.7   139,063      76.7
Black, non-Hispanic              23,652       5.3     9,212       5.1
Hispanic                         14,459       3.2     5,336       2.9
Asian/Pacific Islander           25,651       5.8    15,216       8.4
American Indian/Alaska Native     2,308       0.5       610       0.3
Race/ethnicity unknown            4,306       1.0     2,110       1.2
Nonresident alien                11,100       2.5     9,698       5.4

(1) Race/ethnicity (including race/ethnicity unknown) applies to U.S.
citizens, resident aliens, and other eligible noncitizens. Nonresident
aliens are not designated by race or ethnicity.

NOTE: Faculty include only those staff whose principal activity is
instruction, research, or public service; full-time staff who teach one
or two courses are not included as faculty, unless this is their
primary activity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
Data are for institutions with 15 or more full-time employees.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education
Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS),
Winter 2003-04, Fall Staff component.

Table 4. Full-time faculty at Title IV degree-granting institutions, by
race/ethnicity and state: Fall 2003

                                  White,     Black,
                                    non-       non-
State                   Total    Hispanic   Hispanic   Hispanic

United States          630,419    505,478     33,097     20,068

Alabama                 10,240      7,917      1,339        109
Alaska                   1,263      1,047         12         20
Arizona                  8,344      6,764        201        536
Arkansas                 6,137      5,298        386         71
California              58,263     42,895      2,570      4,236

Colorado                11,247      8,817        190        474
Connecticut              8,817      6,587        312        210
Delaware                 1,779      1,425        165         28
District of Columbia     5,127      3,091      1,070        116
Florida                 23,172     17,592      1,767      1,621

Georgia                 17,856     13,611      2,194        307
Hawaii                   2,945      1,743         20         50
Idaho                    2,872      2,678          7         32
Illinois                27,484     22,112      1,383        699
Indiana                 13,818     11,686        410        305

Iowa                     8,544      7,409        143        138
Kansas                   6,779      5,965        138        122
Kentucky                 9,721      8,530        413         89
Louisiana               11,418      8,588      1,515        234
Maine                    2,607      2,323         31         25

Maryland                13,773     10,180      1,334        237
Massachusetts           21,565     17,402        708        506
Michigan                19,706     15,844        988        372
Minnesota               11,456      9,942        204        169
Mississippi              6,769      5,372        885         54

Missouri                15,055     12,629        489        205
Montana                  2,125      1,950          2         17
Nebraska                 5,543      4,748        115        108
Nevada                   2,314      1,926         72         98
New Hampshire            2,908      2,548         33         42

New Jersey              12,628      9,627        711        384
New Mexico               4,166      3,167         58        453
New York                49,660     39,653      2,478      1,666
North Carolina          22,810     18,527      2,032        329
North Dakota             2,447      2,128         20         13

Ohio                    23,208     19,393      1,046        383
Oklahoma                 7,440      6,154        263        123
Oregon                   8,291      6,983         84        185
Pennsylvania            34,164     28,411      1,291        582
Rhode Island             3,560      2,945         87         60

South Carolina           8,698      7,167        778        108
South Dakota             2,065      1,803         11         23
Tennessee               12,771     10,590      1,001        172
Texas                   40,072     30,661      2,041      3,229
Utah                     6,834      5,799         51        134

Vermont                  2,284      2,044         30         48
Virginia                15,793     12,944      1,242        227
Washington              12,903     10,455        272        332
West Virginia            4,069      3,606        113         47
Wisconsin               15,394     13,459        382        329
Wyoming                  1,515      1,343         10         11

                                  American
                         Asian/    Indian/       Race/
                        Pacific     Alaska   ethnicity   Nonresident
State                  Islander     Native     unknown         alien

United States            41,086      2,973       6,602        21,115

Alabama                     593         39          27           216
Alaska                       62         44           3            75
Arizona                     370        138         109           226
Arkansas                    267         36          18            61
California                6,213        362         984         1,003

Colorado                    508         79         738           441
Connecticut                 518         19          85         1,086
Delaware                    110          5           9            37
District of Columbia        426         14         295           115
Florida                   1,406         66         115           605

Georgia                   1,080         47         105           512
Hawaii                      980         18           1           133
Idaho                        68         14          22            51
Illinois                  2,197         54         248           791
Indiana                     839         30         102           446

Iowa                        359         24          26           445
Kansas                      285         70          19           180
Kentucky                    406         17          48           218
Louisiana                   624         28          17           412
Maine                        63          7         115            43

Maryland                  1,022         30          98           872
Massachusetts             1,617         27         383           922
Michigan                  1,446         92         158           806
Minnesota                   457        104         159           421
Mississippi                 298         10           5           145

Missouri                    955         57          29           691
Montana                      27         77          28            24
Nebraska                    280         31          12           249
Nevada                      153         17          12            36
New Hampshire                76         10          97           102

New Jersey                1,172         20          90           624
New Mexico                  169         98          56           165
New York                  3,625        118         369         1,751
North Carolina              941        101         191           689
North Dakota                 72         52          10           152

Ohio                      1,434         46         358           548
Oklahoma                    353        243          20           284
Oregon                      328         54         321           336
Pennsylvania              2,090         59         170         1,561
Rhode Island                162         16          50           240

South Carolina              368         18          34           225
South Dakota                 62         63          57            46
Tennessee                   710         26          55           217
Texas                     2,783        185         134         1,039
Utah                        285         27         147           391

Vermont                      84          7           6            65
Virginia                    769         26          60           525
Washington                  828        144         245           627
West Virginia               207          7           0            89
Wisconsin                   924         90         149            61
Wyoming                      15          7          13           116

NOTE: Race/ethnicity (including race/ethnicity unknown) applies to U.S.
citizens, resident aliens, and other eligible noncitizens. Nonresident
aliens are not designated by race or ethnicity. Faculty include only
those staff whose principal activity is instruction, research, or
public service; full-time staff who teach one or two courses are not
included as faculty, unless this is their primary activity. Data are
for institutions with 15 or more full-time employees.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education
Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS),
Winter 2003-04, Fall Staff component.
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Title Annotation:Postsecondary Education
Author:Knapp, Laura G.; Kelly-Reid, Janice E.; Whitmore, Roy W.; Huh, Seungho; Zhao, Luhua; Levine, Burton;
Publication:Education Statistics Quarterly
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Feb 1, 2006
Words:4874
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