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Staff in postsecondary institutions, fall 2003, and salaries of full-time instructional faculty, 2003-04.

The Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) is designed to collect data from postsecondary institutions in the United States (50 states and the District of Columbia) and other jurisdictions, such as Puerto Rico. (1) For IPEDS, a postsecondary institution is defined as an organization open to the public that has as its primary mission the provision of postsecondary education. IPEDS defines postsecondary education as formal instructional programs with a curriculum designed primarily for students who are beyond the compulsory age for high school. This includes academic, vocational, and continuing professional education programs and excludes institutions that offer only avocational (leisure) and adult basic education programs.

Prior to the inception of IPEDS, the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) collected data from approximately 3,600 institutions of higher education through its Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS) program. HEGIS was conducted from 1966 until 1985, when NCES expanded its collection to include all postsecondary institutions.

IPEDS 2003-04

Participation in IPEDS was a requirement for the 6,568 institutions that participated in Title IV federal student financial aid programs such as Pell Grants or Stafford Loans during the 2003-04 academic year. Title IV schools include traditional colleges and universities, 2-year institutions, and for-profit degree- and non-degree-granting institutions (such as schools of cosmetology), among others. In addition, the four U.S. service academies are included in the IPEDS universe as if they were Title IV institutions.

As the fall surveys were being conducted, information was received that 11 of these institutions closed or lost their Title IV eligibility after the 2003-04 collection cycle began; thus, 6,557 institutions and 83 administrative offices were expected to participate in the winter 2003-04 collection. In addition, the 83 administrative (central and system) offices were required to participate in only one of the component surveys, Fall Staff; the other two components--Employees by Assigned Position (EAP) and Salaries--were not applicable to them. The EAP component was required of all 6,557 Title IV institutions, and 6,550, or 99.9 percent, responded. The Salaries component was required of all 4-year Title IV institutions and 2-year degree-granting Title IV institutions. However, institutions were not required to respond to the Salaries component if all instructional faculty (2) were in the military, were part time, contributed their services, or taught clinical or preclinical medicine. As a result, for the winter 2003-04 collection, 4,152 institutions were required to complete the Salaries component. Of these, 4,149, or 99.9 percent, responded. The Fall Staff component was required of all Title IV institutions and administrative offices that employed 15 or more full-time employees. (3) Thus, for the winter 2003-04 collection, 4,932 institutions and administrative offices were required to complete the Fall Staff component. Of these, 4,925, or 99.9 percent, responded.

Focus of This Report

Tabulations in this report present selected data collected during the winter 2003-04 IPEDS collection about faculty and staff employed at Title IV degree-granting institutions (4) in the United States. Degree-granting institutions are those offering associate's, bachelor's, master's, doctor's, and first-professional degrees.

Selected Findings

Employees at Title IV degree-granting institutions (5)

* Title IV degree-granting institutions in the United States employed almost 3.2 million individuals in fall 2003 (table 1). Of those employed, 2.3 million were professional staff (including faculty) and 0.9 million were nonprofessional staff.

* About two-thirds of all staff (65 percent) were employed full time, and over half (53 percent) were women (table 1).

* Over two-thirds of all staff (68 percent) were employed by public institutions, 29 percent were employed by private not-for-profit institutions, and only 3 percent of staff were employed by private for-profit institutions (table 1).

* Faculty (6) constituted 37 percent of all staff, other professional staff (7) accounted for 34 percent, and the remaining 29 percent were nonprofessional staff (table 1). (8)

Faculty at Title IV degree-granting institutions (9)

* About 630,000 full-time faculty were employed at Title IV degree-granting institutions in fall 2003 (table 2).

* More men than women were employed full time as faculty in fall 2003 (61 percent and 39 percent, respectively) (table 3). This proportion varied somewhat by length of contract; men constituted 54 percent of full-time faculty with less-than-9-month contracts, 59 percent of full-time faculty with 9/10-month contracts, and 64 percent of full-time faculty with 11/12-month contracts.

* The majority of full-time faculty at Title IV degree-granting institutions were White, non-Hispanic (about 80 percent), while 15 percent were races other than White, non-Hispanic,(10) 3 percent were nonresident aliens,(11) and 1 percent were of unknown race/ethnicity (table 3).

* More than 40,000 full-time faculty were employed by degree-granting institutions in each of the following three states--California, New York, and Texas--while degree-granting institutions in Alaska, Delaware, and

* Wyoming employed less than 2,000 full-time faculty (table 4). Of the full-time faculty employed at Title IV degree-granting institutions in fall 2003, 71 percent were employed under 9/10-month contracts, 29 percent were employed under 11/12-month contracts, and less than 1 percent were employed under less-than-9-month contracts (figure 1).

* About 45 percent of all full-time faculty at Title IV degree-granting institutions were tenured in fall 2003 (table 5). An additional 20 percent were nontenured but in tenure-track positions. Thirty-five percent of all full-time faculty at Title IV degree-granting institutions were not on tenure track or were employed at institutions that do not have a tenure system.

* About 48 percent of full-time faculty at public institutions had tenure, as opposed to 40 percent at private not-for-profit institutions and 3 percent at private for-profit institutions (tables 5 and 6). Overall, a greater proportion of full-time faculty at 4-year institutions than at 2-year institutions had tenure (tables 5 and 6). At public 4-year institutions, 50 percent of full-time faculty had tenure, while at public 2-year institutions 43 percent of full-time faculty had tenure (table 5). Likewise, at private not-for-profit 4-year institutions, 41 percent of full-time faculty had tenure, while at private not-for-profit 2-year institutions 10 percent of full-time faculty had tenure. At private for-profit institutions, the percentage of full-time faculty who had tenure was slightly greater at 2-year institutions than at 4-year institutions (3 percent and 2 percent, respectively).

* In fall 2003, a greater proportion of men than women had tenure (table 6). Approximately one-half, 50 percent, of men in full-time faculty positions had tenure, while 36 percent of women in full-time faculty positions had tenure.

* Over 47 percent of full-time White, non-Hispanic faculty members had tenure, while 42 percent of Asian/Pacific Islander full-time faculty members, 41 percent of Hispanic full-time faculty members, and 38 percent of Black, non-Hispanic full-time faculty members had tenure (table 6).

New hires at Title IV degree-granting institutions (12)

* Approximately 127,000 new staff were hired by degree-granting institutions for full-time permanent employment between July 1 and October 31, 2003 (table 7). Of these, 36 percent were for faculty positions, 28 percent were for other professional positions including support and service, and 14 percent were for clerical and secretarial positions.

* Public institutions hired more than 73,000 employees between July 1 and October 31, 2003; of these, nearly 29,000, or 39 percent, were in faculty positions. The majority of new hires in private not-for-profit institutions were also for faculty positions (32 percent); however, private for-profit institutions hired a larger percentage of employees for other professional (support/service) positions (45 percent).

* The majority of new hires (55 percent) were women (table 7). Considering race/ethnicity, 68 percent of new hires were White, non-Hispanic, while 11 percent were Black, non-Hispanic. Hispanics and Asian/Pacific Islanders each represented 6 percent of new hires, and less than 1 percent were American Indian/Alaska Native. The remaining were either nonresident aliens (5 percent) or their race/ethnicity was unknown (3 percent).

Figure 1. Full-time faculty at Title IV degree-granting institutions, by contract length: United States, fall 2003

NOTE: Faculty include only those staff whose principal activity is instruction, research, or public service; full-time staff who teach one or two courses are not included as faculty, unless this is their primary activity. Data are for institutions with 15 or more full-time employees. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), Winter 2003-04, Fall Staff component.

Employees by place of employment

* Title IV degree-granting institutions had 3.2 million employees in fall 2003, of which 300,000 were employed by medical schools (table 8).

* About 82 percent of the 300,000 medical school employees were employed full time and 18 percent were part time. These proportions were very different among other employees in Title IV institutions (those not employed in medical schools), where about 63 percent were full time and 37 percent were part time. (13)

Salaries of full-time instructional faculty at Title IV degree-granting institutions

* During the 2003-04 academic year, full-time instructional faculty on less-than-9-month contracts earned an average salary of about $30,000 (table 9). In general, salaries varied by rank, with faculty holding higher ranks earning higher average salaries. Among full-time instructional faculty on less-than-9-month contracts, professors earned an average salary of just over $50,000 and associate professors earned an average salary of just under $50,000, while assistant professors averaged about $39,000, instructors averaged $27,000, and lecturers earned an average salary of $18,000.

* During the 2003-04 academic year, full-time instructional faculty on 9/10-month contracts earned an average salary of about $63,000 (table 10). Salaries varied by rank, with faculty holding higher ranks earning higher average salaries. Among full-time instructional faculty on 9/10-month contracts, professors earned an average salary of $85,000 and associate professors earned an average salary of $62,000, while assistant professors averaged $52,000, instructors averaged $49,000, and lecturers earned an average salary of $44,000.

* In general, men earned higher average salaries than women (table 10). Male faculty with 9/10-month contracts earned an average salary of $68,000, and female faculty with contracts of the same length earned an average salary of $55,000. Similarly, male professors with 9/10-month contracts earned an average salary of $88,000, and female professors with 9/10-month contracts earned an average salary of $77,000.

* Full-time instructional faculty on 11/12-month contracts earned an average salary of about $71,000 (table 11). Faculty on 11/12-month contracts earned the following average salaries: professors earned an average salary of $101,000, associate professors earned an average salary of $77,000, assistant professors earned an average salary of $68,000, instructors earned an average salary of $46,000, and lecturers earned an average salary of $53,000.

* Male faculty with 11/12-month contracts earned an average salary of $76,000, while female faculty with 11/12-month contracts earned an average salary of $62,000 (table 11). Likewise, male professors with 11/12-month contracts earned an average salary of $105,000, while female professors with 11/12-month contracts earned an average salary of $89,000.

* The most common fringe benefits offered to full-time instructional faculty are retirement plans and medical/dental plans (table 12).

Footnotes

(1) The other jurisdictions surveyed in the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System are American Samoa, the Federated States of Micronesia, Guam, the Marshall Islands, the Northern Marianas, Palau, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands.

(2)Instructional faculty are those whose specific assignments customarily are made for the purpose of providing instruction or teaching, or for whom it is not possible to differentiate among teaching, research, and public service because each of these functions is an integral component of their regular assignment. They are reported as "primarily instruction" or "instruction combined with research or public service" on the Employees by Assigned Position component.

(3) Fall Staff data are required biannually in odd-numbered years.

(4) The Title IV degree-granting institutions in the United States described in this report are a subset of all institutions surveyed in winter 2003-04. They include 4,235 of the 6,557 Title IV institutions required to complete the Employees by Assigned Position component, 4,060 of the 4,152 Title IV institutions required to complete the Salaries component, and 3,923 of the 4,857 Title IV institutions required to complete the Fall Staff component. (Appendix tables A1 and A1a in the full report include administrative offices that were also required to complete the Fall Staff component.)

(5) Includes only those institutions with 15 or more full-time employees.

(6) Faculty include those staff whose principal activity is instruction, research, or public service; full-time staff who teach one or two courses are not included as faculty, unless this is their primary activity.

(7) Other professional staff include those in executive, administrative, and managerial positions; instruction/research assistants; and others in administrative and professional (support/services) positions.

(8) Nonprofessional staff include those in technical/paraprofessional, clerical/secretarial, skilled crafts, or service/maintenance positions.

(9) Includes only those institutions with 15 or more full-time employees.

(10) Races other than White, non-Hispanic include Black, non-Hispanic; Hispanic; Asian/Pacific Islander; and American Indian/Alaska Native.

(11) A nonresident alien is a person who is not a citizen or national of the United States and who is in this country on a visa or temporary basis and does not have the right to remain indefinitely. Nonresident aliens are reported separately rather than included in any of the following five race/ethnicity categories: White, non-Hispanic; Black, non-Hispanic; Hispanic; Asian/Pacific Islander; and American Indian/Alaska Native.

(12) Includes only those institutions with 15 or more full-time employees.

(13)Percentages were calculated based on the numbers provided in table 8.
Table 1. Employees at Title IV degree-granting institutions, by control
of institution, employment status, gender, and professional status:
United States, fall 2003

Control of institution, employment
status, gender, and professional status Total Percent

 Total 3,174,653 100.0
Public 2,149,163 67.7
Private not-for-profit 936,068 29.5
Private for-profit 89,422 2.8
Full time 2,068,083 65.1
Part time 1,106,570 34.9
Men 1,491,350 47.0
Women 1,683,303 53.0
Faculty (1) 1,173,556 37.0
Other professional (2) 1,087,227 34.2
Nonprofessional (3) 913,870 28.8

(1) Faculty include only those staff whose principal activity is
instruction, research, or public service; full-time staff who teach one
or two courses are not included as faculty, unless this is their
primary activity.

(2) Other professional staff include those in executive,
administrative, and managerial positions; instruction/research
assistants; and others in administrative and professional (support/
services) positions.

(3) Nonprofessional staff include those in technical/paraprofessional,
clerical/secretarial, skilled crafts, or service/maintenance positions.

NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Data are for
institutions with 15 or more full-time employees.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education
Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS),
Winter 2003-04, Fall Staff component.

Table 2. Employees at Title IV degree-granting institutions, by
employment status, gender, control of institution, and primary
occupational activity: United States, fall 2003

 Total
Control of institution and
primary occupational activity Total Men Women

 Total 3,174,653 1,491,350 1,683,303

Professional staff 2,260,783 1,156,852 1,103,931
 Faculty (1) 1,173,556 664,150 509,406
 Executive/administrative/ 183,153 90,031 93,122
 managerial
 Instruction/research 292,801 157,268 135,533
 assistants
 Other professional 611,273 245,403 365,870
 (support/service)

Nonprofessional staff 913,870 334,498 579,372
 Technical and 193,278 78,520 114,758
 paraprofessionals
 Clerical and secretarial 435,861 59,301 376,560
 Skilled crafts 61,548 57,289 4,259
 Service/maintenance 223,183 139,388 83,795
Public 2,149,163 1,007,614 1,141,549
 Professional staff 1,529,396 777,172 752,224
 Faculty (1) 791,384 436,920 354,464
 Executive/administrative/ 93,203 48,435 44,768
 managerial
 Instruction/research 241,040 128,761 112,279
 assistants
 Other professional 403,769 163,056 240,713
 (support/service)
 Nonprofessional staff 619,767 230,442 389,325
 Technical and 139,544 56,646 82,898
 paraprofessionals
 Clerical and secretarial 285,940 38,531 247,409
 Skilled crafts 46,069 42,919 3,150
 Service/maintenance 148,214 92,346 55,868
Private not-for-profit 936,068 437,437 498,631
 Professional staff 655,036 337,851 317,185
 Faculty (1) 330,443 195,351 135,092
 Executive/administrative/ 82,308 38,109 44,199
 managerial
 Instruction/research 51,649 28,461 23,188
 assistants
 Other professional 190,636 75,930 114,706
 (support/service)
 Nonprofessional staff 281,032 99,586 181,446
 Technical and 51,533 20,688 30,845
 paraprofessionals
 Clerical and secretarial 141,212 19,130 122,082
 Skilled crafts 15,323 14,250 1,073
 Service/maintenance 72,964 45,518 27,446
Private for-profit 89,422 46,299 43,123
 Professional staff 76,351 41,829 34,522
 Faculty (1) 51,729 31,879 19,850
 Executive/administrative/ 7,642 3,487 4,155
 managerial
 Instruction/research 112 46 66
 assistants
 Other professional 16,868 6,417 10,451
 (support/service)
 Nonprofessional staff 13,071 4,470 8,601
 Technical and 2,201 1,186 1,015
 paraprofessionals
 Clerical and secretarial 8,709 1,640 7,069
 Skilled crafts 156 120 36
 Service/maintenance 2,005 1,524 481

 Full time
Control of institution and
primary occupational activity Total Men Women

 Total 2,068,083 956,196 1,111,887

Professional staff 1,329,422 683,059 646,363
 Faculty (1) 630,419 382,232 248,187
 Executive/administrative/ 176,888 87,540 89,348
 managerial
 Instruction/research ([dagger]) ([dagger]) ([dagger])
 assistants
 Other professional 522,115 213,287 308,828
 (support/service)

Nonprofessional staff 738,661 273,137 465,524
 Technical and 151,825 62,667 89,158
 paraprofessionals
 Clerical and secretarial 342,928 36,658 306,270
 Skilled crafts 58,616 55,427 3,189
 Service/maintenance 185,292 118,385 66,907
Public 1,353,057 629,026 724,031
 Professional staff 858,288 442,546 415,742
 Faculty (1) 425,320 253,797 171,523
 Executive/administrative/ 89,848 46,959 42,889
 managerial
 Instruction/research ([dagger]) ([dagger]) ([dagger])
 assistants
 Other professional 343,120 141,790 201,330
 (support/service)
 Nonprofessional staff 494,769 186,480 308,289
 Technical and 106,970 44,102 62,868
 paraprofessionals
 Clerical and secretarial 219,065 21,516 197,549
 Skilled crafts 43,920 41,550 2,370
 Service/maintenance 124,814 79,312 45,502
Private not-for-profit 667,324 305,646 361,678
 Professional staff 433,764 222,444 211,320
 Faculty (1) 191,113 119,822 71,291
 Executive/administrative/ 79,502 37,140 42,362
 managerial
 Instruction/research ([dagger]) ([dagger]) ([dagger])
 assistants
 Other professional 163,149 65,482 97,667
 (support/service)
 Nonprofessional staff 233,560 83,202 150,358
 Technical and 43,210 17,607 25,603
 paraprofessionals
 Clerical and secretarial 116,586 13,803 102,783
 Skilled crafts 14,573 13,774 799
 Service/maintenance 59,191 38,018 21,173
Private for-profit 47,702 21,524 26,178
 Professional staff 37,370 18,069 19,301
 Faculty (1) 13,986 8,613 5,373
 Executive/administrative/ 7,538 3,441 4,097
 managerial
 Instruction/research ([dagger]) ([dagger]) ([dagger])
 assistants
 Other professional 15,846 6,015 9,831
 (support/service)
 Nonprofessional staff 10,332 3,455 6,877
 Technical and 1,645 958 687
 paraprofessionals
 Clerical and secretarial 7,277 1,339 5,938
 Skilled crafts 123 103 20
 Service/maintenance 1,287 1,055 232

 Part time
Control of institution and
primary occupational activity Total Men Women

 Total 1,106,570 535,154 571,416

Professional staff 931,361 473,793 457,568
 Faculty (1) 543,137 281,918 261,219
 Executive/administrative/ 6,265 2,491 3,774
 managerial
 Instruction/research 292,801 157,268 135,533
 assistants
 Other professional 89,158 32,116 57,042
 (support/service)

Nonprofessional staff 175,209 61,361 113,848
 Technical and 41,453 15,853 25,600
 paraprofessionals
 Clerical and secretarial 92,933 22,643 70,290
 Skilled crafts 2,932 1,862 1,070
 Service/maintenance 37,891 21,003 16,888
Public 796,106 378,588 417,518
 Professional staff 671,108 334,626 336,482
 Faculty (1) 366,064 183,123 182,941
 Executive/administrative/ 3,355 1,476 1,879
 managerial
 Instruction/research 241,040 128,761 112,279
 assistants
 Other professional 60,649 21,266 39,383
 (support/service)
 Nonprofessional staff 124,998 43,962 81,036
 Technical and 32,574 12,544 20,030
 paraprofessionals
 Clerical and secretarial 66,875 17,015 49,860
 Skilled crafts 2,149 1,369 780
 Service/maintenance 23,400 13,034 10,366
Private not-for-profit 268,744 131,791 136,953
 Professional staff 221,272 115,407 105,865
 Faculty (1) 139,330 75,529 63,801
 Executive/administrative/ 2,806 969 1,837
 managerial
 Instruction/research 51,649 28,461 23,188
 assistants
 Other professional 27,487 10,448 17,039
 (support/service)
 Nonprofessional staff 47,472 16,384 31,088
 Technical and 8,323 3,081 5,242
 paraprofessionals
 Clerical and secretarial 24,626 5,327 19,299
 Skilled crafts 750 476 274
 Service/maintenance 13,773 7,500 6,273
Private for-profit 41,720 24,775 16,945
 Professional staff 38,981 23,760 15,221
 Faculty (1) 37,743 23,266 14,477
 Executive/administrative/ 104 46 58
 managerial
 Instruction/research 112 46 66
 assistants
 Other professional 1,022 402 620
 (support/service)
 Nonprofessional staff 2,739 1,015 1,724
 Technical and 556 228 328
 paraprofessionals
 Clerical and secretarial 1,432 301 1,131
 Skilled crafts 33 17 16
 Service/maintenance 718 469 249

([dagger]) Not applicable. By definition, instruction/research
assistants are part time only.

(1) Faculty include only those staff whose principal activity is
instruction, research, or public service; full-time staff who teach one
or two courses are not included as faculty, unless this is their
primary activity.

NOTE: Data are for institutions with 15 or more full-time employees.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education
Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS),
Winter 2003-04, Fall Staff component.

Table 3. Full-time faculty at Title IV degree-granting institutions, by
contract length, gender, and race/ethnicity: United States, fall 2003

 Less-than-9-
 Total month contracts

Gender and race/ethnicity (1) Number Percent Number Percent

 Total 630,419 100.0 3,747 100.0
Men 382,232 60.6 2,030 54.2
Women 248,187 39.4 1,717 45.8
White, non-Hispanic 505,478 80.2 2,464 65.8
Black, non-Hispanic 33,097 5.3 233 6.2
Hispanic 20,068 3.2 273 7.3
Asian/Pacific Islander 41,086 6.5 219 5.8
American Indian/Alaska Native 2,973 0.5 55 1.5
Race/ethnicity unknown 6,602 1.0 186 5.0
Nonresident alien 21,115 3.3 317 8.5

 9/10-month 11/12-month
 contracts contracts

Gender and race/ethnicity (1) Number Percent Number Percent

 Total 445,427 100.0 181,245 100.0
Men 264,903 59.5 115,299 63.6
Women 180,524 40.5 65,946 36.4
White, non-Hispanic 363,951 81.7 139,063 76.7
Black, non-Hispanic 23,652 5.3 9,212 5.1
Hispanic 14,459 3.2 5,336 2.9
Asian/Pacific Islander 25,651 5.8 15,216 8.4
American Indian/Alaska Native 2,308 0.5 610 0.3
Race/ethnicity unknown 4,306 1.0 2,110 1.2
Nonresident alien 11,100 2.5 9,698 5.4

(1) Race/ethnicity (including race/ethnicity unknown) applies to U.S.
citizens, resident aliens, and other eligible noncitizens. Nonresident
aliens are not designated by race or ethnicity.

NOTE: Faculty include only those staff whose principal activity is
instruction, research, or public service; full-time staff who teach one
or two courses are not included as faculty, unless this is their
primary activity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
Data are for institutions with 15 or more full-time employees.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education
Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS),
Winter 2003-04, Fall Staff component.

Table 4. Full-time faculty at Title IV degree-granting institutions, by
race/ethnicity and state: Fall 2003

 White, Black,
 non- non-
State Total Hispanic Hispanic Hispanic

United States 630,419 505,478 33,097 20,068

Alabama 10,240 7,917 1,339 109
Alaska 1,263 1,047 12 20
Arizona 8,344 6,764 201 536
Arkansas 6,137 5,298 386 71
California 58,263 42,895 2,570 4,236

Colorado 11,247 8,817 190 474
Connecticut 8,817 6,587 312 210
Delaware 1,779 1,425 165 28
District of Columbia 5,127 3,091 1,070 116
Florida 23,172 17,592 1,767 1,621

Georgia 17,856 13,611 2,194 307
Hawaii 2,945 1,743 20 50
Idaho 2,872 2,678 7 32
Illinois 27,484 22,112 1,383 699
Indiana 13,818 11,686 410 305

Iowa 8,544 7,409 143 138
Kansas 6,779 5,965 138 122
Kentucky 9,721 8,530 413 89
Louisiana 11,418 8,588 1,515 234
Maine 2,607 2,323 31 25

Maryland 13,773 10,180 1,334 237
Massachusetts 21,565 17,402 708 506
Michigan 19,706 15,844 988 372
Minnesota 11,456 9,942 204 169
Mississippi 6,769 5,372 885 54

Missouri 15,055 12,629 489 205
Montana 2,125 1,950 2 17
Nebraska 5,543 4,748 115 108
Nevada 2,314 1,926 72 98
New Hampshire 2,908 2,548 33 42

New Jersey 12,628 9,627 711 384
New Mexico 4,166 3,167 58 453
New York 49,660 39,653 2,478 1,666
North Carolina 22,810 18,527 2,032 329
North Dakota 2,447 2,128 20 13

Ohio 23,208 19,393 1,046 383
Oklahoma 7,440 6,154 263 123
Oregon 8,291 6,983 84 185
Pennsylvania 34,164 28,411 1,291 582
Rhode Island 3,560 2,945 87 60

South Carolina 8,698 7,167 778 108
South Dakota 2,065 1,803 11 23
Tennessee 12,771 10,590 1,001 172
Texas 40,072 30,661 2,041 3,229
Utah 6,834 5,799 51 134

Vermont 2,284 2,044 30 48
Virginia 15,793 12,944 1,242 227
Washington 12,903 10,455 272 332
West Virginia 4,069 3,606 113 47
Wisconsin 15,394 13,459 382 329
Wyoming 1,515 1,343 10 11

 American
 Asian/ Indian/ Race/
 Pacific Alaska ethnicity Nonresident
State Islander Native unknown alien

United States 41,086 2,973 6,602 21,115

Alabama 593 39 27 216
Alaska 62 44 3 75
Arizona 370 138 109 226
Arkansas 267 36 18 61
California 6,213 362 984 1,003

Colorado 508 79 738 441
Connecticut 518 19 85 1,086
Delaware 110 5 9 37
District of Columbia 426 14 295 115
Florida 1,406 66 115 605

Georgia 1,080 47 105 512
Hawaii 980 18 1 133
Idaho 68 14 22 51
Illinois 2,197 54 248 791
Indiana 839 30 102 446

Iowa 359 24 26 445
Kansas 285 70 19 180
Kentucky 406 17 48 218
Louisiana 624 28 17 412
Maine 63 7 115 43

Maryland 1,022 30 98 872
Massachusetts 1,617 27 383 922
Michigan 1,446 92 158 806
Minnesota 457 104 159 421
Mississippi 298 10 5 145

Missouri 955 57 29 691
Montana 27 77 28 24
Nebraska 280 31 12 249
Nevada 153 17 12 36
New Hampshire 76 10 97 102

New Jersey 1,172 20 90 624
New Mexico 169 98 56 165
New York 3,625 118 369 1,751
North Carolina 941 101 191 689
North Dakota 72 52 10 152

Ohio 1,434 46 358 548
Oklahoma 353 243 20 284
Oregon 328 54 321 336
Pennsylvania 2,090 59 170 1,561
Rhode Island 162 16 50 240

South Carolina 368 18 34 225
South Dakota 62 63 57 46
Tennessee 710 26 55 217
Texas 2,783 185 134 1,039
Utah 285 27 147 391

Vermont 84 7 6 65
Virginia 769 26 60 525
Washington 828 144 245 627
West Virginia 207 7 0 89
Wisconsin 924 90 149 61
Wyoming 15 7 13 116

NOTE: Race/ethnicity (including race/ethnicity unknown) applies to U.S.
citizens, resident aliens, and other eligible noncitizens. Nonresident
aliens are not designated by race or ethnicity. Faculty include only
those staff whose principal activity is instruction, research, or
public service; full-time staff who teach one or two courses are not
included as faculty, unless this is their primary activity. Data are
for institutions with 15 or more full-time employees.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education
Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS),
Winter 2003-04, Fall Staff component.
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Title Annotation:Postsecondary Education
Author:Knapp, Laura G.; Kelly-Reid, Janice E.; Whitmore, Roy W.; Huh, Seungho; Zhao, Luhua; Levine, Burton;
Publication:Education Statistics Quarterly
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Feb 1, 2006
Words:4874
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