Sporting hero whose legacy lives on in today's Olympics; As the countdown to London 2012 continues, a street-by-street route of the Olympic torch relay has been published detailing the flame's five-day tour of Wales. But, as Sion Morgan explains, few towns or villages on the route have a greater connection with the modern games than Llanelli in Carmarthenshire.
When the flame arrives in West Wales West Wales is the western area of Wales bordered by South Wales to the east. The area is loosely-defined, but is generally considered to include Pembrokeshire, Carmarthenshire, southern areas of Ceredigion, and sometimes the city of Swansea, . , nine days after the relay starts in Land's End, it will be visiting the home of a man credited with creating much of what millions worldwide will be watching this summer.
John Graham Chambers John Graham Chambers (12 February, 1843 - 4 March, 1883) was a major figure in developing the rules of boxing and in UK athletics generally. Early life
He was born 12 February, 1843 in Carmarthenshire, Wales, Career , born at Llanelly House Llanelly House is one of Llanelli's most historical properties, an excellent example of an early 18th century Georgian town house. The house, located directly opposite the parish church, is currently in a poor state of repair, however the town council has recently purchased it with on February 12, 1843, was principally responsible for the modern laws of no fewer than three of the most prominent Olympic sports: athletics, boxing and rowing.
In a brief but remarkable career, Chambers also staged the FA Cup final yet he remains largely forgotten in his home town.
Llanelli-born Dr David Davies, an award-winning historian, author and Fellow of the Royal Historical Society tells the story.
"John was the eldest surviving son of William Chambers junior, founder of the Llanelli Pottery, and his wife Joanna," he said.
"William's father had inherited Llanelly House and the rest of the Stepney estate in 1827 thanks to the complex will of Sir John Stepney, who died in 1811.
"A sporting gene evidently ran in the family: John's brother Charles Campbell Chambers played rugby for Swansea and cricket for Glamorgan, later becoming the first president of the Welsh Rugby Union The Welsh Rugby Union (WRU) (Welsh: Undeb Rygbi Cymru) is the governing body of rugby union in Wales, recognised by the International Rugby Board. in 1881.
"In 1855 the Chambers family left Llanelli for Hafod in Cardiganshire, after which John went to Eton and then to Trinity College, Cambridge.
"At school and then at college he developed a flair both for participating in and organising sporting events.
"He twice rowed for Cambridge, won the prestigious Colquhon sculls, and started the first inter-university athletics championships, devising modern rules for the various competitions."
After leaving college Chambers started the Amateur Athletic Club, which was based on cricket's MCC (The Microelectronics and Computer Technology Corporation, Austin, TX) The first high-tech research and development consortium in the U.S., created in 1982 by leading companies within the electronics industry. and which later developed into the Amateur Athletic Association The Amateur Athletic Association of England (formerly simply the Amateur Athletic Association) or AAA (pronounced 'three As') is the oldest athletics organization in the UK, having been established in 1880. .
Chambers, who was now working as a sports journalist in London, helped the club to buy a ground at Lillie Bridge, and in 1873 he staged the FA Cup final there (Wanderers beat Oxford University 2-0 in front of a crowd of 3,000).
He also began competitions for billiards, cycling and wrestling.
Dr Davies said: "In 1867 Chambers drew up modern rules for boxing, although these took the name of his university friend the Marquess of Queensberry Marquess of Queensberry (often spelled, after the French, as the Marquis of Queensbury) is a title in the peerage of Scotland. The title has been held since its creation in 1682 by a member of the Douglas family. , who donated the prizes.
"By coincidence I was recently seated next to Queensberry's biographer at a dinner, and she was happy to confirm that the rules were in fact entirely the doing of Chambers, not the noble lord.
"The size of the ring, boxing gloves, three-minute rounds and the count of 10 were all of Chambers' devising, and as a result, he has been awarded a place in the International Boxing Hall of Fame The modern International Boxing Hall of Fame (IBHOF) is located in Canastota, New York, United States, within driving distance from the Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum in Cooperstown and the National Soccer Hall of Fame in Oneonta. ."
In the 1870s he was also responsible for the development of new rules for rowing, and instituted the Thames Regatta.
"By now he was involved in a bitter dispute with the newly-formed London Athletic Club," Dr Davies explains.
"One that centred on the definition of the word 'amateur'. Chambers initially supported a broad definition and was happy to allow the likes of bar workers and cart drivers to take part in the AAC championships, but for rowing he favoured a socially exclusive definition that excluded the working classes."
Dr Davies added: "Chambers led a remarkably active and varied life.
"As well as becoming editor of the sporting journal Land and Water, he coached the Cambridge boat race crew to four straight victories, became the champion walker of England and rowed alongside Captain Webb, the first man to swim the English Channel.
"He married Mary Rigby in 1881. But his hectic lifestyle took its toll: he died suddenly on March 4, 1883, aged only 40 and was buried at Brompton cemetery."
Nevertheless, Chambers' life was not the one he might have expected during his early years in Llanelli.
The terms of Sir John Stepney's will meant that his family were unable to retain the estate centred on Llanelly House, which reverted instead to the Cowell-Stepneys.
In 1871 John's father was in desperate financial straits and had to sell Hafod, which ended John's prospects of becoming a landed gentleman and forced him to earn a living as a journalist.
He also died 13 years before Baron de Coubertin instituted the modern Olympic Games.
Dr Davies said: "It is possible that if John had lived, he would have become a prominent figure in the Olympic movement.
"As it is, though, all those who watch athletics, rowing and, above all, boxing this summer will be unconsciously witnessing the legacy of a Llanelli man."
* Llanelli-born John Graham Chambers (1843-83), devised sport rules which are still used today