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Special vowel-consonant patterns.

Two constraints are imposed on the words offered in this article. The first is by way of their vowel-consonant (V-C) patterns; the second is a numerical one.

V-C PATTERNS

Only words which have a palindromic and/or tautonymic V-C pattern are admitted. For example:

CLOT.TING has the palindromic V-C pattern CCvC.CvCC

JUGG.LERS has the tautonymic V-C pattern CvCC.CvCC

COPEN.HAGEN has both a palindromic and tautonymic V-C pattern CvCvC.CvCvC

But these examples have not been chosen at random. The word OVERT.AKING has a tautonymic V-C pattern (vCvCC.vCvCC), but it is not admitted. So, what characteristic do the first three words possess which OVERTAKING lacks? The answer is a numerical one.

NUMERICAL REQUIREMENTS

Let us begin by assigning A = 1, B = 2 through Z = 26. The words which passed the V-C pattern test only pass the second test if they are numerical palindromes, numerical tautonyms, both numerical palindromes and tautonyms, or balanced words (word total divided by number of letters = 13.5).

CLOT.TING is a numerical tautonym (50.50); JUGG.LERS is a numerical palindrome (45.54); COPEN.HAGEN is also a numerical palindrome (53.35). The word HORN.LESS (CvCC.CvCC), a V-C tautonym, is both a numerical palindrome and a numerical tautonym (55.55). OVERT.AKING does not pass any of the numerical tests, so is excluded.

For further reading, articles concerned with numerical tautonyms, numerical palindromes, and balanced words which have appeared in Word Ways include:

70010 Numerical Tautonyms by Darryl Francis

70244 6-Letter Numerical Tautonyms by Leslie Card

71185 8-Letter Numerical Tautonyms by Leslie Card

74024 Palindromic Letter Sequences by Leslie Card and A. Ross Eckler

94206 and 95040 Balanced Words and Balanced Dreams by Susan Thorpe

96242 Numerical Palindromes Part 1 by Susan Thorpe

97066 Numerical Palindromes Part 2 by Rex Gooch

97204 and 98011 Varieties of Balanced Words, Parts 1 and 2 by Rex Gooch

REFERENCES

Unreferenced words can be found in the Oxford English Dictionary, Second Edition. References for non-OED words are:

ch Chambers English Dictionary

d Dorland's Medical Dictionary

hod Handbook of American Indians edited by F.W. Hodge, 1907

ro Roget's Thesaurus

st Stedman's Medical Dictionary

tf Tertiary Faunas by A. Morley Davies

w2/w3 Webster's Unabridged Dictionary, Second/Third Edition

Taken from the United States Board on Geographic Names (BGN), locations are identified by country using the following abbreviations:

Algeria, Angola, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Benin, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burma, Chad, China, Comoros, Congo (DR), Congo (Republic), Cyprus, Denmark, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, Finland, France, French Polynesia, Germany, Guinea, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Ivory Coast, Japan, Mali, Morocco, Mozambique, Netherlands, Norway, Peru, Philippines, Romania, S.Africa, S.Korea, Sri Lanka, Togo, Tunis, Ukraine, United Kingdom

THE TABLES

In the tables which follow, the words are either solid or hyphenated. Phrases are not admitted. Only those patterns which have at least one vowel and one consonant in each half of the word are admitted. Thus all-vowel words and all-consonant words do not appear. Words which themselves are tautonyms or palindromes are excluded, along with words harbouring the controversial-status letter Y. For each V-C pattern, a single example is provided for each of the four numerical orders, wherever possible. V-C patterns for which no numerical example was found are listed at the end of each table under `none'.

LONGER WORDS

Although no thorough search for longer words was undertaken, I could not resist offering a taste of 14-letter examples:

V-C Palindromes

CvCCvCC.CCvCCvC VINBERG.SHALLET (77.77) is an island in Finland

V-C Tautonyms

CCvCvCv.CCvCvCv PHOTOSE.NSITIVE (98.98)

CvCCvCC.CvCCvCC CIRCUMS.TANCING (86.68), COTRANS.PORTING (balanced 189/14 = 13.5)

CvCCvvC.CvCCvvC HERNIOG.RAPHIES (76.76) st

vCCvCvC.vCCvCvC ANTI-TUB.ERCULAR (87.78), ATRETOC.EPHALUS (82.82) d

V-C Tautonym/Palindrome

CvCvCvC.CvCvCvC SUPERAN.GELICAL (94.49)

EXTRA-SPECIAL WORDS

Whilst searching for constrained words, a number of extra-special words were encountered. I list them here, in no special order:

Some words boast more than 2 of the constraints considered above. PAVO.NIZE embodies 3 constraints. It is a V-C tautonym (CvCv.CvCv), a numerical tautonym (54.54), and a balanced word (108/8 = 13.5). SINFUL.NESSES w2 not only has dual V-C palindromic/tautonymic status (CvCCvC.CvCCvC), it is also a numerical tautonym (81.81) and a balanced word (162/12 = 13.5), making it a word with 4 constraints.

SKID.DING is a V-C palindrome (CCvC.CvCC) and a numerical palindrome (43.34). Its antonym, ANTISK.IDDING, is a V-C tautonym (vCCvCC.vCCvCC), and, like its opposite number, a numerical palindrome (74.47).

The words OPER.ATES and OPER.ATOR share the same root but have different endings. Whilst OPER.ATES is a numerical palindrome (54.45), OPER.ATOR is a numerical tautonym (54.54). Both have the tautonymic, alternating, V-C pattern vCvC.vCvC. The mouthful TARAMA.SALATA not only has a tautonymic V-C pattern (CvCvCv.CvCvCv) but is also a numerical tautonym (54.54). Its usual claim to fame is its monovocalic status with six letters A which alternate singly with single consonants. DUP.LEX, with its inherent `double' connotation is, appropriately, both a dual status V-C tautonym/palindrome (CvC.CvC) and a numerical tautonym (41.41). The 8-letter V-C tautonym ADIN.IDAN (vCvC.vCvC) w2 is a numerical tautonym (28.28). But its talents do not end there. By moving the final letter N to the beginning, the original word can be read backwards. ADIN.IDAN is also a split-word pair isogram, one eachof the same letters appearing in each half of the word in a different order.
V-C PALINDROMES

 numerical pal. numerical taut.

6 letters

Cvv.vvC HAO.UAT (24.42) Tun HOO.UEL (38.38)
CCv.vCC FLE.ESH (23.32) WHE.ELS (36.36)
vCC.CCv UCH.HNA (32.23) Ban IKH.SHA (28.28) Egy
vvC.Cvv AAS.BAI (21.12) w2 EAR.NEE (24.24)

8 letters

CCvC.CvCC SKID.DING (43.34) CLOT.TING (50.50)
CCvv.vvCC
CvCC.CCvC BARD.SHIP (25.52) MENS.TRAL (51.51)
CvCv.vCvC REHO.USES (46.64) VENE.ERER (46.46)w2
Cvvv.vvvC TOUA.OUIL (57.57) Mor
vvCv.vCvv OURO.ULOU (69.69)Cha
vCvv.vvCv AZAO.UIDI (43.43)Mor
vCvC.CvCv UNIT.RINE (64.46) ENIG.MATA (35.35)

 num. pal./taut balanced

6 letters total = 81

Cvv.vvC COO.IES (33.33) LOUIES
CCv.vCC SMA.ILL (33.33) SKIERS
vCC.CCv ELLHWU
vvC.Cvv OUS.SOU (55.55) Mor OUT-SEA

8 letters total = 108

CCvC.CvCC CROS.SISH (55.55) STIRLING
CCvv.vvCC FRAOUISS Alg
CvCC.CCvC MINS.TREL (55.55) MALTSTER
CvCv.vCvC RETA.ILER (44.44) DEVOURER
Cvvv.vvvC ZOUAOUAH Mor
vvCv.vCvv UAQU EQUE Moz
vCvv.vvCv UBAI.EIRA (33.33) Bra
vCvC.CvCv AMAR.DASI (33.33)Ind EXERTIVE

None CCCv.vCCC vvvC.Cvvv vvCC.CCvv vCCC.CCCv

V-C PALINDROMES

 numerical pal. numerical taut.

10 letters

CCCvC.CvCCC SPLIT-RINGS (76.67) SCREW-BOLTS (68.68)
CCvCv.vCvCC CLOLO.URISH (57.75) Ire PREVI.EWERS(70.70)
CCvvC.CvvCC BROOM.FIELD (63.36) PLAIN-GOING (52.52)
CvCCC.CCCvC SIRSH.TSNIK (73.73) Bul
CvCCv.vCCvC GASCO.IGNES (45.54) KELLI.ELLAS (49.49) tf
CvvCC.CCvvC KAAPS.PRUIT(48.84)SA GIANT-GREAT(51.51)
CvvCv.vCvvC COOTO.UNIES(68.68)hod
vCvCC.CCvCv ORUDZ.HDIZA(84.48)Aze IDOL-T.HRONE (60.60)
vCCvC.CvCCv ASCEN.DABLE (42.24) UNDER.VALVE (62.62)

 num. pal./taut balanced

10 letters total = 135

CCCvC.CvCCC SHRIPPINGS
CCvCv.vCvCC PROTEIFORM
CCvvC.CvvCC CHAUK.MAING(44.44)Bur SQUALLIEST
CvCCC.CCCvC GUSHTKHVAR Ira
CvCCv.vCCvC DUCK-E.AGLES (44.44) VANQUISHES
CvvCC.CCvvC HAIRS.TREAK(55.55) HOEDS.PRUIT SA
CvvCv.vCvvC BIESI.EHOEK (44.44)SA MOOROOBOOL Aul
vCvCC.CCvCv OVERSTRIDE
vCCvC.CvCCv ATTURCOPPE

None CCCCv.vCCCC CCCvv.vvCCC CCvvv.vvvCC CvCvv.vvCvC Cvvvv.vvvvC
vvvvC.Cvvvv vvvCC.CCvvv vv vvCvC.CvCvv vvCCv.vCCvv vvCCC.CCCvv
vCvvv.vvvCv vCvvC.CvvCv vCCvv.vvCCv vCCCC.CCCCv

 numerical pal. numerical taut.

12 letters

CCvCCv. FRICTI.ON-BALL (65.56) SLIP-PA.INTING (73.73)
CCvCvC. SLOVEN.LINESS (87.78) FRATER.NALISM (68.68)
CvCCCv. TONGJI.ANGTAN (75.57) Chi BESTRA.UGHTED (65.65)
CvCvCC. PARING-CHISEL (65.56) LIVING-GRIPER (73.73)
CvCvCv. KINESI.OMETER (67.76) KERATO.IDITIS (70.70) d
CvCvvC. COLOUR-COATED (84.48) PERIOS.TEITIS (82.82)
CvvCCv. QUASSI.A-TREES (86.68) QUESTI.ON-HOUR (91.91)
CvvCvC. NEUROP.TEROUS (89.98) NEUROC.RANIUM (76.76)
vCvCvC. ITACAM.BIRUCU (47.74) Bra OVERAN.NOTATE (75.75) w2
vCvCCv. AFERTO.UCHENE(65.56)Mor ABOSSO.UMKOFE (71.71) Tog
vCCvCC. ISDALS.FJELLA (64.46) Nor ANDERS.SVEDJA (61.61) Swe
vvCvCv. OUZARO.ULAZOU (96.96) Gun
vvCCCv. EENDVO.ELVLEI (65.65) SA
vCCvCv. ANGAGU.ACUCHO (51.51) Ecu
vCCCvC. ILLVET.JORNHO (80.80) Nor

 num. pal./taut balanced

12 letters total = 162

CCvCCv. BROMBE.ER-BERG SPURLEATHERS
CCvCvC. (55.55) Ger BRUNETTENESS
CvCCCv.
CvCvCC. DEMONSTRATOR
CvCvCv. VASONEUROTIC st
CvCvvC.
CvvCCv. KOUKKO.ULLIES Cyp
CvvCvC.
vCvCvC. IRIPINNUWEWA SLa
vCvCCv.
vCCvCC. OSMONDTHORPE
vvCvCv. (W.Yorks)
vvCCCv.
vCCvCv. AMBODI.AZAMBA (44.44) Mad
vCCCvC. ENDROCPUSZTA Hun

None CCCCCv.vCCCCC CCCCvC.CvCCCC CCCCvv.vvCCCC CCCvCC.CCvCCC
CCCvCv vCvCCC CCCvvC.vCvvCCC CCCvvv.vvvCCC CCvCCC.CCCvCC
CCvvCv.vCvvCC ... CCvvvC.CvvvCC CCvvvv.vvvvCC CvCCvv.vvCCvC
CvCvvv.vvvCv CvvCCC.CCCvvC CvvCvv.vvCvvC CvvvCC.CCvvvC CvvvCv.vCvvvC
Cvvvvv.vvvvvC vvvvvC.Cvvvvv vvvvCv.vCvvvv vvvvCC.CCvvvv vvvCvC.CvCvvv
vvvCCv.vCCvvv vvvCCC.CCCvvv vvCvvv.vvvCvv vvCvvC.CvvCvv vvCvCC.CCvCvv
vvCCvC.CvCCvv vvCCCC.CCCCvv vCvvvv.vvvvCv vCvvvC.CvvvCv vCvvCC.CCvvCv
vCvCvv.vvCvCv vCvCCC.CCCvCv vCCvvv.vvvCCv vCCvvC.CvvCCv vCCCvv.vvCCCv
vCCCCC.CCCCCv

V-C TAUTONYMS

 numerical pal. numerical taut.

6 letters

CCv.CCv GLO.SSE (34.43) PRO.NTO (49.49)
Cvv.Cvv MAI.RIE (23.32) TAI.PEI (30.30)
vCC.vCC EXP.OST (45.54) UTM.OST (54.54)
vvC.vvC AUT.OED (42.24) AER.IAN (24.24)

8 letters

CCCv.CCCv TSRE.NCHA (62.26) Bul SCHA.CKLE (31.31)
CCvC.CCvC STUM.BLER (73.37) FREC.KLED (32.32)
CCvv.CCvv TSOU.NGOU(75.57) Co CHIO.NKAI (35.35) Mal
CvCC.CvCC JUGG.LERS (45.54) BAGGBACK (17.17)Sw
CvCv.CvCv FOCA.LIZE (25.52) MEDI.CINE (31.31)
Cvvv.Cvvv PAUA.REOA (39.39) FP
vCCC.vCCC ABSC.ONDS (25.52) EMBR.ANDS (38.38)
vCvC.vCvC OPER.ATES (54.45) EVOC.ATES (45.45)
vCvv.vCvv ANAA.OTOU (17.71) FP UROI.ULUI (63.63) Rom
vvCC.vvCC IECT.OURS (37.73) AIRM.AILS (41.41) ch
vvCv.vvCv. OUTO.UOTO (71.71) Ben
vvvC.vvvC

 num. pal./taut. balanced

6 letters total = 81

CCv.CCv CRA.NCE (22.22) STANZA
Cvv.Cvv LAI.LIA (22.22) Ino SOULIE
vCC.vCC UPG.ETS (44.44) ARREST
vvC.vvC EIS.IES (33.33) IONIUM

8 letters total = 108

CCCv.CCCv THRI.SSLE (55.55) STRINKLE
CCvC.CCvC PRAT.TLER (55.55) PLECTRUM
CCvv.CCvv KREU.Z-SEE(55.55)Ger MBOUNGOU Com
CvCC.CvCC HORN.LESS (55.55) PELTLESS
CvCv.CvCv FORE.DUNE (44.44) PAVONIZE (54.54)
Cvvv.Cvvv SUIUCUIE Bul
vCCC.vCCC ORCH.ALLS (44.44) INSTINCT
vCvC.vCvC OPAL.IZED (44.44) ATOMIZES
vCvv.vCvv
vvCC.vvCC OUTWEIGH
vvCv.vvCv.
vvvC.vvvC AOUR.OUAR(55.55) Man

V-C TAUTONYMS

10 letters

CCCCv.CCCCv
CCCvC.CCCvC STROV.STRUP (94.94) Den
CCCvv.CCCvv
CCvCv.CCvCv TRIFU.RCATE (74.47) RHIPI.PTERA (60.60) ch
CCvvC.CCvvC CHAIN-WHEEL (35.53) SHAUC.HLIER (52.52)
CvCCC.CvCCC LETCH.WORTH (48.84) UK HORNC.HURCH(58.58)UK
CvCCv.CvCCv PONTI.CELLO (74.47) COMPA.TIBLE (48.48)
CvCvv.CvCvv LEGUI.BOREE (54.45) ET BIJOU.TERIE (57.57)
CvvCC.CvvCC SAINT.FIELD (63.36)UK WEALT.HIEST (61.61)
CvvCv.CvvCv HAAPA.VUOMA (27.72)Sw HIETA.VAARA (43.43)Fin
vvCCC.vvCCC ?OERGREENST (63.63)
vCvvC.vCvvC ALEUR.ONOID (57.57) st
vCvCC.vCvCC UNOBL.IGING (64.46) ADULT.ERANT(58.58)
vCCvC.vCCvC UNMET.ALLIC (73.37) UNDEB.ARRED (46.46)

10 letters total = 135

CCCCv.CCCCv TSCHE-DSCHU (55.55) SK
CCCvC.CCCvC STRENGTHES
CCCvv.CCCvv DZWIERZNIA Pol
CCvCv.CCvCv TRAVE..RTINE (66.66) TRICUSSATE
CCvvC.CCvvC ?SNAIL-CLOUD (55.55) PLOUGH-FOOT
CvCCC.CvCCC PALM-B.RANCH (44.44 KINGSNORTH UK
CvCCv.CvCCv BAFWA.BENGE (33.33) CoD NURTURANCE
CvCvv.CvCvv BATIA.LIBIA(33.33)CoD LONOIRIQUE Ang
CvvCC.CvvCC FOOT-PLOUGH
CvvCv.CvvCv REINI.TIATE (55.55) COUTURIERE
vvCCC.vvCCC OUTDRAUGHT
vCvvC.vCvvC DOUGH.RUAGH (55.55)Ire EQUANIMOUS
vCvCC.vCvCC ORANG.E-PINK (55.55) EXORCISERS ch
vCCvC.vCCvC ALTIM.ETRIC (55.55) UNRESOLVED

None CCvvv. CCvvv Cvvvv. Cvvvv
vvvvC.vvvvC vvvCv.vvvCv vvvCC.vvvCC vvCvC.vvCvC vvCCv.vvCCv
vCvvv.vCvvv vCCvv.vCCvv vCC

V-C TAUTONYMS

 numerical pal. numerical taut.

12 letters

As with the 12-letter palindromic V-C patterns, only the V-C pattern
of the first half of the word is given. The second half is a repeat of
this. CCCvCC. = CCCvCC.CCCvCC

CCCvCC. STRENG.THLESS (83.83)
CCCvCv.
CCCvvC.
CCvCCC. SWITCH-PLANTS ch
CCvCCv. STADDI.SCOMBE (in Devon)
CCvCvC. PROCES.S-MAKER (76.67) PLANIS.PHERES (71.71)
CvCCCC.
CvCCCv. PONT-DE.-L'ARCHE (74.47) Fra JANCHI.PALLCA (45.45) Per
CvCCvv. CORRIE.MULZIE (68.86) UK
CvCvCC. BEPUZZ.LEMENT (96.69) FENEST.RATING (69.69)
CvCvCv. ?TUBOPA.LATINA (75.57) TARAMA.SALATA (54.54)
CvCvvC. CAQUET.TERIES (67.76) ro MANIAP.HOBIAS (54.54)st
CvvCCC.
CvvCCv. LUOSSA.SAIVVE(87.78)Nor GUERRA.SIERRA (70.70) Phi
CvvCvC. SEA-TOR.TOISES (78.87) GAULAR.DIERES(60.60)Fra
CvvCvv. TIEMOUDOUGOU (83.83) IC
vCvCvC. AMINOP.URINES (68.86) w2 OVERED.UCATES (69.69)
vCvCCv. UNIMPA.IRABLE (74.47)
vCvCCC. OVERFL.OWINGS (78.87) OVERSC.ORINGS (82.82) w2
vCCvvC. ABCOUD.ERMEER (46.64)Net ANGIOP.ATHIES (62.62) st
vCCvCv. OPHIDI.OPHOBE (61.61) st
vCCvCC. ANTISK.IDDING (74.47) w2 ATTEMP.ERMENT (75.75)
vCCCvC. INFRAV.ENTRAL (70.70) w2

 num. pal./taut. balanced

 total = 162
CCCvCC.
CCCvCv. DZHUGASTROVA Ukr
CCCvvC. STRAIGHT-FOUR
CCvCCC.
CCvCCv.
CCvCvC. TROPOSPHERIC
CvCCCC. ?FULL-STRENGTH
CvCCCv. RAZZLE-DAZZLE
CvCCvv.
CvCvCC. DISAPPROVERS
CvCvCv. PEDATI.LOBATE (55.55) REPOPULARIZE
CvCvvC. MEROAC.RANIAL(55.55) st MEDIOTRUSION st
CvvCCC. DEOBSTRUENTS
CvvCCv. RIEPPU.VUODNA Nor
CvvCvC. NIEDERRIEDEN(55.55)Ger COELOPLEURUS tf
CvvCvv. MOODOOGOOROO Aul
vCvCvC. ISOVOLUMINAL w2
vCvCCv. UMATTAIVEMPU SLa
vCvCCC. ELECTROVERTS d
vCCvvC. ESLOURENTIES Fra
vCCvCv. OTSUKUE-SHIMA Jap
vCCvCC. INTEND.EDNESS (66.66) INTERCEPTORS
vCCCvC. ORRBOLESSJON Swe

None CCCCCv.CCCCCv CCCCvC.CCCCvC CCCCvv.CCCCvv CCCvvv.CCCvvv
CCvCvv.CCvCvv CCvvCv.CCvvCv CCvvvC.CCvvvC CCvvvv.CCvvvv CvCvvv.CvCvvv
CvvvCC.CvvvCC n CvvvCv.CvvvCv Cvvvvv.Cvvvvv vvvvvC.vvvvvC vvvvCv.vvvvCv
vvvvCC.vvvvCC vvvCvv.vvvCCvv vvvCvC.vvvCvC vvvCCv.vvvCCv vvvCCC.vvvCCC
vvCvvv.vvCvvv vvCvvC.vvCvvC vvCvCv.vvCvCv vvCvCC.vvCvCC vvCCvC.vvCCvC
vvCCCv.vvCCCv vvCCCC.vvCCCC vCvvvv.vCvvvv vCvvvC.vCvvvC vCvvCC.vCvvCC
vCvCvv.vCvCvv vCCvvv.vCCvvv vCCCvv.vCCCvv vCCCCC.vCCCCC

V-C PALINDROMES/TAUTONYMS

 numerical pal. numerical taut.

6 letters

CvC.CvC RAP.TOR (35.53) HELPED (25.25)
vCv.vCv EQU.ITE (43.34) AQU.OSE (39.39)

8 letters

CvvC.CvvC BOUS.TOUS (57.75) COUN.TIES (53.53)
vCCv.vCCv ANGU.ILLA (43.34) ANCI.ENCE(27.27)w2

10 letters

CCvCC.CCvCC DRIGH.TFOLK(46.64) THUMB.STALL (64.64)
CvCvC.CvCvC COPEN.HAGEN(53.35) REHAM.MERED (45.45)
vCvCv.vCvCv ATOME-AHEVI(S4.45)Ben EXARE.OLATE (53.53)

None CvvvC.CvvvC vCCCv.vCCCv vvCvv.vvCvv

12 letters

CCvvCC.CCvvCC BLOODS.TREAMS(67.76) SPEECH-BREAKS(56.56)
CvCCvC.CvCCvC LITHOT.HAMNIC (84.48) CONDIS.CIPLES (64.64)

None CvvvvC.CvvvvC vvCCvv.vvCCvv vCvvCv.vCvvCv vCCCCv.vCCCCv

 num. pal./taut. balanced

6 letters total = 81

CvC.CvC PIS.TES (44.44) HOWLER
vCv.vCv APE.ELE (22.22) EPOUSE

8 letters total = 108

CvvC.CvvC REAT.TAIN (44.44) QUIRKIER
vCCv.vCCv ASLA.AGTE(33.33)SA ESQUIPPE

10 letters total = 135

CCvCC.CCvCC PRINT-SHOPS(77.77) TRIPHTHONG
CvCvC.CvCvC DESIG.NATED (44.44) TELEWRITER
vCvCv.vCvCv URANIUM-ORE

None CvvvC.CvvvC vCCCv.vCCCv vvCvv.vvCvv

12 letters total = 162

CCvvCC.CCvvCC
CvCCvC.CvCCvC PARCEL-GILDER (55.55) SINFUL.NESSES
 (81.81) w2

None CvvvvC.CvvvvC vvCCvv.vvCCvv vCvvCv.vCvvCv vCCCCv.vCCCCv
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Author:Thorpe, Susan
Publication:Word Ways
Date:May 1, 2003
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