Souther discomfort: gays in Charlotte, N.C., strive for community cohesion as they struggle to get back on track after a virulent 1997.
Charlotte, N.C., prides itself on being the best of the New South. The nation's second-largest banking center, it's a booming city of 60-story skyscrapers, historic neighborhoods, and suburbs that stretch to the South Carolina line For the Norfolk Southern Railway line, see SC Line.
The South Carolina Line was a formation within the Continental Army, composed of infantry regiments from the state of South Carolina.
See for list of the regiments. . And as a city of 470,000 that integrated peacefully, then elected a black mayor, it invites constant comparisons to Atlanta. "There is nothing stopping us from being the next Southern city to host the Olympic Games Olympic games, premier athletic meeting of ancient Greece, and, in modern times, series of international sports contests. The Olympics of Ancient Greece
Although records cannot verify games earlier than 776 B.C. ," says Hugh McColl Hugh McColl (born June 18, 1935) is an American banker who was a driving force behind the consolidation that characterizes the commercial banking industry today.
He was born and raised in Bennettsville, S.C., and graduated from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. , chief executive officer of the locally based NationsBank.
But in the past year local officials have tarnished Charlotte's reputation for civility by making homosexuality the area's top political issue. Since last spring the Mecklenburg County Mecklenburg County is the name of two counties in the United States:
Meanwhile, the primary election for the county commission is two months away. The field in the May 5 primary will include 31-year-old Andrew Reyes, an openly gay businessman who has vowed to shift the focus away from sex and back to education and growth issues. Reyes says that while local politicians debate the morality of homosexuality, Charlotte's schools are falling apart for lack of attention.
"It's very sad that some of the schools haven't been renovated for 30-something years," Reyes says. "The paint is peeling. Wires are hanging from ceilings." And like the schools, he adds, the local political scene is in a shambles. The commission majority "wants to take us back 20 years. But I really don't think these five people represent how the county really feels."
After the general election in November 1996, few voters realized they had elected a commission that would align itself with the Christian right The term "Christian Right" is used by scholars and journalists, to refer to a spectrum of right-wing Christian political and social movements and organizations characterized by their strong support of conservative social and political values. . After, all Democrats still held a 5-4 majority, and they elected as their chairman Parks Helms, a stalwart liberal. Lesbians and gay men, focused on defeating U.S. senator Jesse Helms Jesse Alexander Helms, Jr. (born October 18, 1921) is a former five-term Republican U.S. Senator from North Carolina, and a former chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. He was considered one of the leading figures of the modern "Christian right". , hadn't even paid attention to the local races.
But within a month of the election came the first signs of trouble, when freshman Democrat Hoyle Martin signaled that he would vote with the Republican minority on issues involving homosexuality. "If I had my way, we'd shove these people off the face of the earth," he told The Charlotte Observer newspaper. In a January interview with The Advocate, Martin listed a number of reasons he believes homosexuality is wrong:
"Number 1, it's normal. Number 2, it's not natural. Number 3, it's a major cause of AIDS.... Number 4, their clear objective is to seduce and have sex with young children" to keep the gay population from dwindling dwin·dle
v. dwin·dled, dwin·dling, dwin·dles
To become gradually less until little remains.
To cause to dwindle. See Synonyms at decrease. .
Last April, Martin got Its chance to legislate his antigay views. Upset that the tax-supported Charlotte Repertory Theatre repertory theatre
Production of several different plays in a single season by a resident acting company. The plays chosen may be classic works by famous dramatists or new works by emerging playwrights, and the companies that perform them often serve as a training ground for had presented Tony Kushner's Angels in America Angels in America: A Gay Fantasia on National Themes is an award winning play in two parts by American playwright Tony Kushner. It has been made into both a television miniseries of the same name and an opera by Peter Eötvös. , Martin and the Republicans proposed to eliminate county funding to the arts and science council, an umbrella organization
An umbrella organization is an association of (often related, industry-specific) institutions, who work together formally to coordinate activities or that supports local cultural groups. The proposal to wipe out the council's $2.5 million in funding drew a standing-room-only audience to the April 1 board of commissioners meeting. The crowd of 700 included arts patrons, lesbians and gay men, and members of the Right. But the evening's biggest surprise was the strong turnout by corporate leaders, who feared that the arts cuts and underlying homophobia would undermine Charlotte's business climate.
"Take a deep breath, so deep you can smell history," said NationsBank executive Joe Martin, a prominent Republican, in a speech that drew a standing ovation. "There's a stench in this government chamber, and it is centuries old. It is the smell of burning thatch in Scotland. It is the smell of burning flesh in France and in Germany in this century. It is the smell of burning books in Boston. It is the smell of burning branding irons in Charleston. It is the smell of burning crosses in Charlotte. It is the smell of government rotting m the abuse of its power, all in the name of religion."
Still, after six hours of testimony, the commissioners voted 5-4 to cut council funding, with Hoyle Martin and the Republicans forming a bloc that would later be called the " Gang of Five."
The response from the gay community was immediate. Reyes, who had not previously been involved in local politics, announced his plans to run for the commission. And the week of the April vote, more than 200 lesbians and gay men attended a "town meeting," where they vented their anger and brainstormed responses. From the meeting emerged the Charlotte Pride Alliance, which was supposed to become the city's first permanent gay political organization.
But the alliance never got off the ground. It got stuck on issues such as bylaws The rules and regulations enacted by an association or a corporation to provide a framework for its operation and management.
Bylaws may specify the qualifications, rights, and liabilities of membership, and the powers, duties, and grounds for the dissolution of an and organizational structure This article has no lead section.
To comply with Wikipedia's lead section guidelines, one should be written. . Personalities clashed. Views of inclusiveness conflicted. "We had guys in three-piece suits coming in and saying, 'We don't want to include the fringes: the bisexuals, the Lesbian Avengers The Lesbian Avengers is an activist group for queer women who want to promote lesbian issues and perspectives. The group aims to empower lesbians and all women to become experienced and effective organizers to take back their power and rights to live freely and unharmed. , the flaming faggots,'" recalls Concetta Caliendo, an alliance founder.
Meanwhile, the commissioners continued wreaking havoc. First, Republican Bill James
Martin was first elected in 1993 as a member of the Reform Party of Canada. was a gay "flaming liberal for the avant-garde." (Martin is straight, married, and Republican -- although he's a Republican, he says, so he can vote against the party's extreme candidates in the primaries.) Then the Gang of Five enacted a policy requiring county-funded counselors to get parents' permission before discussing sex or sexuality with teenagers.
Finally, in December, the conservative majority ousted Parks Helms as chairman. Helping lead the coup was Hoyle Martin, who was upset because Helms had encouraged gay candidate Reyes. "The homosexual agenda The homosexual agenda (or the gay agenda) is a term used by some social conservatives in the United States to describe the goal of increasing LGBT acceptance and equality through public policies, media exposure, and cultural change. is part of a broad cultural transformation which seeks to make Charlotte the Sodom and Gomorrah Sodom and Gomorrah
Legendary cities of ancient Palestine. According to the Old Testament book of Genesis, the notorious cities were destroyed by “brimstone and fire” because of their wickedness. capital of the east coast," Martin wrote in a letter to Helms. Martin also described Reyes as a "gay, rich golden boy."
Although the Charlotte Pride Alliance wasn't around to protest the coup, a new group, the Mecklenburg Gay and Lesbian Political Action Committee, has formed to urge lesbians and gay men to vote in the primary and general elections; defeating the conservative commissioners is a major goal, says cochairman Phil Wells. The group will work closely with the North Carolina North Carolina, state in the SE United States. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean (E), South Carolina and Georgia (S), Tennessee (W), and Virginia (N). Facts and Figures
Area, 52,586 sq mi (136,198 sq km). Pop. Pride PAC and hopes to mobilize straight allies as well, Wells adds.
Observers say straight progressives and corporate leaders are likely to be involved in the fight against the Gang of Five. Rolfe Neill, who retired in January as publisher of The Charlotte Observer, was part of an earlier coalition of business people who spoke out against homophobia at last April's fateful meeting. "The homosexuals have been astonished a·ston·ish
tr.v. as·ton·ished, as·ton·ish·ing, as·ton·ish·es
To fill with sudden wonder or amazement. See Synonyms at surprise. because never has there been such a united front on their behalf," says Neill, whose newspaper offers benefits for same-sex partners. "But all of us have homosexual employees and friends and relatives who negate what Hoyle Martin and some of the others have been saying. "
Besides, Neill adds, the city has a reputation to repair: "Charlotte is going to have to make up its mind about whether it wants to live with this image. If we don't say what we feel, we'll get what we deserve."
RELATED ARTICLE: Road warrior A person who frequently travels with laptop and cellphone.
The dress code is strictly pinstripes, pumps, and panty hose pant·y·hose or pant·y hose
A woman's one-piece undergarment consisting of underpants and stretchable stockings.
panty hose (US) npl → Strumpfhose f in downtown Charlotte, N.C. It's a scene that curdles Sue Henry's blood.
"If I had to do work drag, I'd be in trouble," says Henry, a lesbian bookseller who sports a shaved head and a set of silver hoops in one ear. "My favorite My Favorite is an independent synthpop band from Long Island, New York. They released two CDs: Love at Absolute Zero and Happiest Days of Our Lives. My Favorite broke up on September 14, 2005, when singer Andrea Vaughn left the band. outfit, if it's hot. is overalls with Birkenstocks and a T-shirt -- tie-dyed, preferably."
This unconventional attitude has powered Henry's career as a gay rights pioneer in conservative Charlotte. In 1991, with the support of life partner Barbara Parke, she opened the first gay and lesbian bookstore the city had seen in almost 20 years. In 1995 she ran for mayor. Throughout, she has been a media voice for the gay community.
But sales at Rising Moon Books and Beyond never matched Henry's expenses in time, energy, or merchandise. Some years she didn't pay herself a salary. So on December 24, Rising Moon closed as gay Charlotte's unofficial headquarters.
Attorney Connie Vetter was quick to mourn the loss. "I can't tell you how many times I was in there shopping and people would call wanting to know "Where is the concert this week?' or 'I'm new to town -- what can you tell me?'" she says.
Rising Moon was the place to pick up the Human Rights Campaign newsletter, a copy of The Washington Blade The Washington Blade is a lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) newspaper in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area. The Blade is the oldest LGBT newspaper in the United States and second largest by circulation, behind Gay City News of New York City. , or a ticket to the annual gay arts festival, OutCharlotte, Near the books and gifts was a 4- by 8-foot bulletin board for announcements and newspaper clippings. Henry. who has a master's degree in library science and a wealth of contacts in the gay community, also provided space and encouragement to people peeking out of the closet.
"It was an important gathering place for people coming out to learn that there were positive things about our culture," says OutCharlotte director Dan Kirsch kirsch
A colorless brandy made from the fermented juice of cherries.
[French, short for German Kirschwasser; see kirschwasser. . "When she started, that was kind of groundbreaking."
In April, after a run of Angels in America sparked protests against its gay content, the Mecklenburg County board of commissioners eliminated local arts funding. Activists met in the one-room bookstore to paint signs for their demonstrations. Mecklenburg County commissioner Hoyle Martin set the tone for the politicized debate when he said he'd like to "shove these people off the face of the earth." Martin has since apologized for the remark.
But political rhetoric and business troubles aside, to declare Rising Moon dead is to underestimate Sue Henry. "I decided that I really couldn't stop doing it," she says, "and I'm just going to have to transform it into something different."
Henry has bought a lavender minivan and plans to travel the Southeast, spreading the gospel of gay pride around the Bible Belt. She'll take books and gifts to venues such as gay chorus performances, gay festivals, and the largely gay congregations of the Metropolitan Community Church. She plans to have a booth in conjunction with a women's photography exhibit at a Charlotte gallery in March and to take her wares to a gay pride festival in Greenville, N.C., in September.
"What's Charlotte's loss," attorney Vetter says, "is ultimately going to be a big gain for the region."
The lavender van may be new, but Henry's message won't be: Gays and lesbians need to get involved in politics.