Songs of the Second World War.Let's start with a lady called Julia Howe who in 1861 wrote new words to a 19th century American camp meeting song;
Mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord, He is trampling out the vintage where the grapes of wrath are stored, He has loosed the fateful lightning of His terrible swift sword, His truth is marching on. (1)
Perhaps we had better stop before the Glory Glory Hallelujah's start because they may evolve into "and he ain't going to fly no more". Poor Julia. In the next 80 years her spiritually uplifting words would be frequently replaced with soldier's parodies of a coarseness, vulgarity and cynicism she could never have predicted.
The Battle Hymn of the Republic Battle Hymn of the Republic
Union’s Civil War rallying song. [Am. Music: Van Doren, 228]
See : Song, Patriotic is importantly representative of one type of war song. Firstly it was written by a civilian safely out of range of any guns, it implies that God is on our side and while it may bring a lump to the throat, it neither offers any insight into the political machinations that caused the war, nor reflects the sentiments of the humble soldier who is within range of the guns.
The Second World War had the new technology of radio and sound movies. Popular songs spread much further, quicker and wider than previously. The BBC BBC
in full British Broadcasting Corp.
Publicly financed broadcasting system in Britain. A private company at its founding in 1922, it was replaced by a public corporation under royal charter in 1927. had a powerful influence on what songs were actually sung. Community sing-songs were tremendously popular and for young people, dancing; that is, two people standing in front of each other, holding each other and moving gracefully to music that was soft enough that conversation was not impossible. The older people can explain this quaint phenomenon to the youngsters.
We all know the old favourites which I fear may not survive past my generation. But tonight we are going to investigate the songs that could not have been written at any other time.
In my research into this subject I have come across some truly astonishing a·ston·ish
tr.v. as·ton·ished, as·ton·ish·ing, as·ton·ish·es
To fill with sudden wonder or amazement. See Synonyms at surprise. lyrics which came from RAF bomber crews. However I must refrain from presenting any here for fear of offending the delicate sensibilities of any infantry junior NCO's who may be present.
When the war broke out in 1939, The sons of the Old Contemptibles had to make do with music recycled from the Great War to get them across the channel, but with some updated versions like Somewhere in France with you and Daughter of Madamoiselle from Armentieres. My favourite is If a grey--haired lady says how's yer father, that's Madamoiselle from Armentieres, a forgettable for·get·ta·ble
Fit or apt to be forgotten: a movie with very forgettable characters.
Adj. 1. forgettable - easily forgotten
unforgettable - impossible to forget piece from the popular Flannagan and Allen. Now, one wonders how Madamoiselle from Armentieres went in a short 21 years from being a young sexy and celebrated French bint to becoming a grey-haired old lady. I'm sure the lucrative French cosmetic industry could take issue with this. Take a popular soldier's marching tune of the Great War;
I've got sixpence, jolly jolly sixpence, I've got sixpence, to last me all my life, I've got twopence to spend, Twopence to lend And twopence to send home to my wife. (2)
Change a few words and you have a little brainwashing brainwashing
Systematic effort to destroy an individual's former loyalties and beliefs and to substitute loyalty to a new ideology or power. It has been used by religious cults as well as by radical political groups. song;
I've got a coupon, jolly jolly coupon, I've got a coupon the only one to spare, I've a coat and a vest and as for the rest My coupon is all I have to wear. You need coupons for your butter and your tea, For eggs and ham and cheese & jam and honey from the bee, Why pay coupons for the things only husbands ought to see, As they go carrying on the home. Carrying on, carrying on, as they go carrying on the home We need no coupons for our pint of beer, That's why we're all so full of cheer. (3)
Obviously brainwashing to music was a great success because it was followed by a song called Obey your air raid warden which may have been common sense, but the song had little artistic merit Artistic merit is an English language term that is used in relation to cultural products when referring to the judgment of their perceived quality or value as works of art.
Artistic merit is a crucial term, as pertains to visual art. .
Our next song is a bit dreary, but it served a purpose;
When the homeland is in danger. And there's trouble in the air, We forget out little squabbles, And it's trespassers beware. All the nation is united, When the danger looms in sight And we march along together As we sing with all our might, We must all stick together, All stick together, And the clouds will soon roll by, We must all stick together, All stick together, Never mind the old school tie, United we will stand Whatever may befall, The richest in the land The poorest of us all, We must all stick together, Birds of a feather, And the clouds will soon roll by. (4)
These stirring sentiments of a classless society classless society n → société f sans classes
classless society n → società f inv senza distinzioni di classe were certainly embraced with enthusiasm by the richest in the land, one of whom, the celebrated Lady Diana Cooper Diana Olivia Winifred Maud Cooper, Viscountess Norwich (August 29, 1892 – June 16, 1986) was a British socialite and actress who was best known as Lady Diana Cooper. , when she wasn't living at the Dorchester Hotel The Dorchester is a leading luxury hotel on Park Lane in Mayfair, London, overlooking Hyde Park. It has a reputation for the rich and famous staying there.
The Dorchester Hotel opened on 18 April 1931. It was created by Sir Malcolm McAlpine and Sir Frances Towle. took up milking cows.
The Queen put on her best frock to Visit the bombed residents of the East End.
The Princess Elizabeth Princess Elizabeth may refer to:
George Formby George Formby, OBE (26 May 1904 – 6 March 1961) was an English singer and comedian who became a major star of both cinema and music hall. Career
George was born in Wigan, Lancashire, as George Hoy Booth, the eldest of seven surviving children (four girls and three thought he would get into this togetherness act with a truly wondrous piece of racism;
There's a Chinese laundry man, the famous Mr Wu, He's chucked his Limehouse laundry shop and his window cleaning too, He's got another job, and it's one of the best, Now he's doing his bit for England like the rest. Mr Wu is now an Air Raid Warden, And don't he look cute, In his new siren suit. He goes round every night to make the blackout sure, So if you've got a chink in your window, you'll have another one at your door. His headquarters it's plain, are down by lover's lane, And he goes there every evening any how, He'll flash his torch into the dark and the girls all cover their laundry mark, Cause Mr Wu's an Air Raid Warden Now. (5)
Taking the Mickey is an admirable British characteristic that stands them in good stead when there's really not much to laugh about. Enter Annette Mills Annette Mills (1894 – 10 January 1955) was an English actress, dancer and broadcaster.
She was born Edith Mabel Mills in Chelsea, London in 1894 and died from a heart attack in 1955, at the age of 61. whose previous contribution to British sophistication so·phis·ti·cate
v. so·phis·ti·cat·ed, so·phis·ti·cat·ing, so·phis·ti·cates
1. To cause to become less natural, especially to make less naive and more worldly.
2. was, Hands, knees & boompsa daisy. This little gem sounds like a reworked Belgium put the kibosh ki·bosh
A checking or restraining element: had to put the kibosh on a poorly conceived plan.
[Origin unknown. on the Kaiser. It had a limited shelf life, but filled a niche at the time;
A certain German chancellor has lost his head, He's going to get a headache somewhere else instead, And he will be retiring very soon, To join a certain Kaiser down in Doom, Adolf, you've bitten off, much more than you can chew. Come on, hold your hand out, We're all fed up with you, Gor Blimey, Adolf, you toddle off, and all your Nazis too, Or you may get something to remind you Of the old red, white and blue. (6)
Flannagan and Allen rose to the occasion with;
We're going to hang out the washing on the Seigfried line, Have you any dirty washing mother dear, We're going to hang out the washing on the Siegfried line, 'Cos the washing day is here. Whether the weather may be wet or fine We'll just rub along without a care, We're going to hang out the washing on the Seigfried line If the Seigfried line's still there. (7)
Stirring marching tunes and amusing little cheer-ups are all very well, but there was a definite need for sentimental songs of loneliness and yearning. There was a great proliferation of these songs. Enter the popular Vera Lynn. We'll Meet Again came out in 1939. It never mentions the war, but refers to dark clouds being chased away by blue skies. London was blacked out. Walking around in the dark tended to make people depressed. So there was a need to turn a disadvantage into a virtue;
When we go strolling in the park at night, Oh, the darkness is a boon Who cares if we're without a light, They can't black out the moon. I see you smiling in the cigarette glow, Though the picture fades too soon But I see all I want to know They can't black out the moon. We don't grumble We don't worry about alarms When you stumble, you stumble right into my arms And when you kiss me don't you realize That my heart's like a big balloon And like the lovelight in your eyes, They can't black out the moon. (8)
Obviously not everybody was convinced by this sentiment because getting the lights turned on in London seemed to be the ultimate goal for a nation. Carroll Gibbons Carroll Gibbons (January 4 1903 - May 10 1954) was a British (but American-born) musician, bandleader and composer. He was born and raised in Clinton, Massachusetts. In his late teens he travelled to London to study at the Royal Academy of Music. and His Savoy Hotel Orpheans had a great ambition to Get Lit Up When the Lights go up in London.
However, we will start with a 1939 song;
For a while we must part, But remember me sweetheart, Till the lights of London shine again. And while I'm over there, Think of me in every prayer Till the lights of London shine again. I'll keep your picture near me A tender souvenir, Now hold me close and kiss me And may God bless you, dear. Don't you cry when I'm gone, Wear a smile and carry on, Till the lights of London shine again. (9)
By 1942, our Vera seemed fed up with all the sacrifices and she put it this way;
When the lights go on again, All over the world, And the boys are home again, All over the world, And rain or snow is all that may fall from the skies above. A kiss won't mean Goodbye, but Hello to love. When the lights go on again. All over the world And the ships will sail again, All over the world Then we'll have time for things like wedding rings, And free hearts will sing, When the lights go on again, All over the word. (10)
The observant listener will notice that so far the fare has been entirely British.
The Yanks came into the war only three weeks before 1942 began, starting off by recycling their Great War hit Over There by George M. Cohan Noun 1. George M. Cohan - United States songwriter and playwright famous for his patriotic songs (1878-1942)
Cohan, George Michael Cohan ;
Late again, Late again, Here we are, here we are, Late again.
Suddenly they were over here, over paid and oversexed o·ver·sexed
Having or showing an excessive sexual appetite or interest in sex. . Obviously the British felt obliged to suck up to draw into the mouth; to draw up by suction or absorption.
See also: Suck to the Yanks, so Flannagan & Allan recorded a truly forgettable number about some poor schmuck schmuck also shmuck
A clumsy or stupid person; an oaf.
[Yiddish shmok, penis, fool, probably from Polish smok, serpent, tail.]
Noun 1. of a kid who got lumbered with the name Franklin Delano Roosevelt Jones, Yes, siree sir·ee
Variant of sirree. , yes, sir-ee. If I may quote my friend Neville Cohn the music critic Noun 1. music critic - a critic of musical performances
critic - a person who is professionally engaged in the analysis and interpretation of works of art here, "Patriotic songs, as a genre, don't have an in-built guarantee of musical quality." He was obviously talking about FDR Jones.
The American contribution to the music of World War Two was enormous. Up till now the British had been doing the Hokey hok·ey
adj. hok·i·er, hok·i·est Slang
1. Mawkishly sentimental; corny.
2. Noticeably contrived; artificial.
hok Pokey, Knees Up Mother Brown and the Lambeth Walk.
In fact it could be argued that these contributions to music, not to mention Gracie Fields Dame Gracie Fields, DBE (January 9 1898–September 27 1979), born Grace Stansfield, was an English/Italian singer and comedienne who became one of the greatest stars of both cinema and music hall. , were responsible for the ferocity of the Blitz. The Germans, after all, were music lovers.
However, Glen Miller hit the UK with his big band and young people could now smooch around the dance floor to Moonlight Serenade serenade [Ital. sera=evening], term used to designate several types of musical composition. Opera and song literature yield numerous examples of the serenade sung or played by a lover at night beneath his beloved's window; outstanding is or jitterbug jitterbug
Dance variation of the two-step in which couples swing, balance, and twirl in standardized patterns to syncopated music in ⁴⁄₄ time. It originated in the U.S. in the mid 1930s and became internationally popular in the 1940s. to In The Mood.
Most American song hits that came out during the war were strictly business as usual, the Bing Crosby spoon-beneath-the-moon-in-June variety. Take Let it Snow, Let it Snow, Let it Snow for example. This was enormously popular but reflects nothing about the war unless, of course, it could have been interpreted as the Red Army's defence strategy.
Very few American song hits could be described as "songs that could only have been written at that time". The question on everyone's lips was "What's got six tits and squeals"? The Andrew Sisters were obviously confused about whose side they were on when they recorded Bei Mir Bist Du Schoen. Probably to make amends they then came up with the great little patriotic piece, Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy Bugle Boy is a brand of pants popular in the 1980s founded by Dr. William Mow in 1977. It declared bankruptcy in 2001.
Bugle Boy featured men's and boys' clothing, often with a denim theme. . Their hit Drinking Rum and Coca Cola Noun 1. Coca Cola - Coca Cola is a trademarked cola
cola, dope - carbonated drink flavored with extract from kola nuts (`dope' is a southernism in the United States) should go down in history as one of the best pieces of corporate advertising embracing product placement, patriotism, racism and sexism all in the one song. Quite an achievement.
A typical example of the Business-As-Usual American song would be the great hit of 1941 Elmer's Tune;
Why are the stars always winkin, and blinkin above, What makes a fellow start thinking of falling in love, It's not the season, the reason is plain as the moon. It's just Elmer's tune. What makes a lady of eighty go out on the loose? Why does a gander meander in search of a goose? What puts the kick in a chicken, the magic in June? It's just Elmer's tune. Listen, Listen, there's a lot you're liable to be missing. Sing it, swing it, any old way and any old time. The Hurdy gurdies, the birdies, the cop on the beat. The candy maker, the baker, the man on the street, The city charmer, the farmer, the man in the moon. All sing Elmer's Tune. (11)
I can assure you that the list of people who sing Elmer's Tune goes on almost forever. Well, at this point someone must have said, "Pardon me, don't you know there's a war on", because after another tedious verse they finally come up with a little post script;
You'll find the Army, the Navy, the Aussies and Yanks, The flighty Airmen, the generals, the men in the ranks, You'll find the Search-lighters seeking to rival the moon All sing Elmer's Tune.
The British custom of "taking the Mickey" crossed the Atlantic and Spike Jones and his City Slickers rose to the occasion. Viewing the war through the bottom of his whisky glass, Spike put some new words to an old German tune and came up with a song you don't hear much any more, which means it definitely falls in the category of "songs that could only have been written at the time";
Ven der Fuehrer says, "Ve iss der Master Race, Ve Heft! Heil! Right in Der Fuehrer's face, Not to luff der Fuehrer is a great disgrace So ve Heil! Heil! Right in der Fuehrer's Face. Ven Herr Goebbels says, "Ve own der Vorld und Space" Ve Heil! Heil! Right in Herr Goebbel's face, Ven Herr Goehring says "Dey'll neffer bomb dis place" Ve Heil! Heil! Right in Herr Goehring's face. (12)
Nobody could ever accuse Spike Jones of moderation. He also recorded such classics as The Sailor with the Navy Blue Eyes Blue eyes are eyes that have blue irises (see eye color), and may also refer to:
Commonly the rhyme goes:
One of the most loved songs of the war came out of Germany in 1941. It is interesting that when it transferred to English in 1944, the sheet music was marked The Authentic and Officially Sanctioned Edition which I assume meant it was not the unkind version sung by the RAF. The original was by Lale Anderson, who I am very sorry is not with us tonight because no subsequent cover was ever as good, including, with all respects, Vera Lynn, Marlene Deitrich and especially not the RAF;
Vor der Kaserne, Vor dem grossen Tor, Stand eine Laterne, Und steht sie noch davor, So woll'n wir uns da wiedersehen Bei der Laterne woll'n wire steh'n Wie einst Lili Marleen. (13)
Another song which was translated into English was the French song j'A'ttendrai. This came out in 1937 and was recorded by everyone who was anyone; Gladys Moncrief, Richard Tauber Richard Tauber (16 May 1891 – 8 January 1948) was an Austrian tenor acclaimed as one of the greatest singers of the 20th century. Some critics commented that "his heart felt every word he sang". , Josephine Baker
Josephine Baker (or Joséphine Baker in francophone countries) (June 3, 1906 – April 12, 1975) to name but a few. Known in English as Au Revoir, it obviously touched a cord with those missing their loved ones loved ones npl → seres mpl queridos
loved ones npl → proches mpl et amis chers
loved ones love npl ;
J'attendrai, Le jour et la nuit, J'attendrai toujours Ton retour J'attendrai Car l'oiseau qui s'en fuit Vient cher cher l'oubli Dans son nid Le temps passe et court En battant Tristement Dans mon Coeur plus lourd Et pourtant J'ettendrai ton retour. (14)
The reason for including this in our little presentation is that it was sung by Fania Fenelon, a Parisian cabaret singer who was transported to Auschwitz and survived the war by playing in an orchestra assembled to soothe the nerves of her fellow Jews on their way to the gas chambers.
One of the few survivors of the sinking of the Bismarck remembers distinctly that this was the song being played over the tannoy as the ship went down.
Meanwhile back in the USA Spike Jones and his City Slickers expanded their morale boosting repertoire with a little number that went the way of all ephemeral songs that ceased to be PC after the war;
You're a sap Mr Jap, to make a Yankee cranky, You're a sap Mr Jap, Uncle Sam is going to spank ee, Wait & see before we're done, The ABC & D will sink your rising sun. You're a sap Mr Jap, Oh what a load to carry, Don't you know, don't you know, You're committing harri karri, For we'll wipe the Axis right off the map, You're a sap, sap, sap, Mr Jap. (15)
On the American home For the American mortgage lender, see .
The American Home is a center of intercultural exchange located in Vladimir, Russia. The home is designed to model a typical American suburban home and its main focus is the ESL school that provides lessons for Russian students. front, it was all hands everybody; all parties.
See also: Hand to the pump. Suddenly minority groups were being courted, at least temporarily. To wipe Mr Jap off the map the military needed ships and planes. There was a shortage of men. Uncle Sam Uncle Sam, name used to designate the U.S. government. The term arose in the War of 1812 and seems at first to have been used derisively by those opposed to the war. Possibly it was an expansion of the letters "U.S. sponsored an extensive propaganda campaign to get women into factories, assuring them building ships was as easy as filing their nails. Six million of them responded. One wonders if they appreciated the irony of their working for the Kaiser Shipyards The Kaiser Shipyards were seven major shipbuilding yards located on the U.S west coast during World War II. They were owned by the Kaiser Shipbuilding Company, a creation of US industrialist Henry J. .
Despite the references to cocktail bars and munching caviar, it was working class women, both black and white, who flocked to the factories. This 1942 song became an anthem to the women's movement women's movement: see feminism; woman suffrage.
Diverse social movement, largely based in the U.S., seeking equal rights and opportunities for women in their economic activities, personal lives, and politics. in the USA in the 60's;
While other girls attend their favourite cocktail bar, Sipping dry Martinis, munching caviar, There's a girl who's really putting them to shame Rosie is her name. All day long, whether rain or shine, She's a part of the assembly line, She's making history, working for victory, Rosie, the riveter. Keeps a sharp lookout for sabotage Sitting up there on the fuselage That little frail can do More than a male can do, Rosie, the riveter Rosie's got a boy friend Charlie, Charlie, he's a Marine. Rosie is protecting Charlie Working overtime on the riveting machine When they gave her a production "E" She was a proud as a girl could be There's something true about, Red, white and blue about Rosie, the riveter. (16)
After the war, women's magazines this is a list of women's magazines, magazines that have been published primarily for a readership of women. Currently published
Black Americans elbowed their way into the military usually against the military's racial policies. It wasn't till 1944 that this song appeared;
Chocolate drop, always fast asleep Dozin in his cosy bed Chocolate drop has got no time for sleep He's riding in a jeep instead They used to call in lazy bones in Harlem Lazy good for nothing all the day But now they're mighty proud of him in Harlem Chocolate soldier from the USA. They used to call him just a chocolate dreamer Until the day he heard the bugle play They made a coloured Doughboy out of dreamer Chocolate soldier from the USA. Never in the school room Always in the pool room For a nickel or a dime he'd croon His idea of heaven Was seven come eleven And dancing every evening neath the yellow Harlem moon He used to get a scolding from his mammy But now you'll hear his mammy proudly say He's somewhere over there for Uncle Sammy Chocolate Soldier from the USA. (17)
The black soldiers' contribution to the war effort was obviously enormously appreciated by a grateful nation because when they finally came home there were only about 38 of them lynched.
This next song, written in 1944, appears to have only been copyrighted in Australia. It comes under three headings;
1st War Makes Strange Bedfellows
2nd It could only have been written at the time
3rd Patriotism is no guarantee of musical worth.
Perhaps some time during the conference some of the more scholarly of you could find time to discuss in depth the reasons why this song was not plagarised by the Americans and turned into a big hit in the 1950's;
The carpet biter Hitler Gets littler and littler, But Uncle Joe he, grow and grows and grows. The stooges of the Feuhrer, get fewerer and fewerer And soon there'll be an end to Nazi foes. Curl the mo, Uncle Joe, curl the mo. We've got the Hun on the run Uncle Joe Churchill and Roosevelt and we know it too That the Reds helped to keep the red in the Red White and Blue Light your pipe, you're alright, Uncle Joe. Though the going may seem mighty slow From the Volga to Berlin, you're an odds-on cert to win Curl the mo, Uncle Joe, curl the mo. (18)
There are another 2 verses. They don't get any better. I'm sure that while Noel Coward Noun 1. Noel Coward - English dramatist and actor and composer noted for his witty and sophisticated comedies (1899-1973)
Sir Noel Pierce Coward, Coward was writing Don't Let's Be Beastly beast·ly
adj. beast·li·er, beast·li·est
1. Of or resembling a beast; bestial.
2. Very disagreeable; unpleasant.
adv. Chiefly British
To an extreme degree; very. To The Germans he agonized ag·o·nize
v. ag·o·nized, ag·o·niz·ing, ag·o·niz·es
1. To suffer extreme pain or great anguish.
2. To make a great effort; struggle.
v.tr. for minutes wondering why he couldn't come up with clever lyrics like that. But let me assure you it is considerably better than Goodbye Uncle Adolph which also seems to have been confined to Australia.
Obviously by this time everyone was fed up with the war. Vera Lynn put it nicely;
When they sound the last all clear, How happy my darling we'll be, When they turn up the lights, And those sad lonely nights, Are only a memory. Never more we'll be apart Always together sweetheart For the peace bells will ring And the whole world will sing, When they sound the last all clear. (19)
Australians had a different slant on this;
When they send the last Yank home, How lonely some women will be. When they turn out the lights, There'll be long, lonely nights, All those good times just a memory. Evermore they'll be alone, Those women no Aussie would own. All they'll have are some clothes And a kid who talks through its nose, When they send the last Yank home (20).
Finally it was all over and the boys started coming home. After years away, vowing that "the second thing I am going to do when I get home is take my pack off", these sentiments were put to music in 1945 by Sammy Cahn and Jule Styne, only much more politely;
Just kiss me once, then kiss me twice, then kiss me once again. It's been a long long time. Haven't felt like this my dear, since can't remember when It's been a long, long time. You'll never know how many dreams I dreamed about you Or just how empty they all seemed without you, So kiss me once and kiss me twice, then kiss me once again, It's been a long long time. (21)
There were several patriotic songs written in Australia about the AIF AIF Annual Information Form
AIF Apoptosis-Inducing Factor
AIF Agence Intergouvernementale de la Francophonie (French: Intergovernmental Agency for Francophony)
AIF Australian Imperial Force which seem to have sunk without a trace. But let us finish with a great Australian patriotic song which has been well remembered. It was written by the comedian George Wallace This article is about the American politician, former governor of Alabama and former presidential candidate. For other uses, see George Wallace (disambiguation).
George Corley Wallace Jr. , so it has a rather retrospective Great War vaudeville vaudeville (vôd`vĭl), originally a light song, derived from the drinking and love songs formerly attributed to Olivier Basselin and called Vau, or Vaux, de Vire. quality about it.
Actually this should be presented rather in the style of Mrs Henderson presents, by a chorus of young ladies in skimpy skimp·y
adj. skimp·i·er, skimp·i·est
1. Inadequate, as in size or fullness, especially through economizing or stinting: a skimpy meal.
2. Unduly thrifty; niggardly. AIF uniforms;
It's a Brown Slouch Hat with the side turned up, And it means the world to me. It's the symbol of our Nation, The land of liberty, And the soldiers they wear it, How proudly they bear it For all the world to see. Just a brown slouch hat with the side turned up, Heading straight for victory. (22)
(1) Battle Hymn of the Republic, Popular Songs of Nineteenth-Century America, Richard Jackson Richard Jackson may refer to the following people:
New York, Middle Atlantic state of the United States. It is bordered by Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and the Atlantic Ocean (E), New Jersey and Pennsylvania (S), Lakes Erie and Ontario and the Canadian province of , 1976.
(2) I've Got Sixpence six·pence
1. A coin formerly used in Britain and worth six pennies.
2. The sum of six pennies.
Noun , Box, Cox and Hall, Copyright MCMXLI, by Bradbury Wood Ltd., London.
(3) I've Got Sixpence, Box, Cox and Hall, Hits of the gear Years (CD1), Sony Music Entertainment Sony Music Entertainment is a major global record label controlled by the Sony Corporation. In 1988, Sony Corporation acquired CBS Records, Inc. for $2 billion. CBS Inc., now CBS Corporation, retained the rights to the CBS name, and Sony renamed the label (Australia) Ltd. 1997.
(4) We Must All Stick Together, Butler/Wallace, ibid.
(5) Mr Wu's An Air Raid Warden Now, Latta, ibid (CD2).
(6) Adolf, Annette Mills, Copyright in all Countries, MCMXXXIX, The Lawrence Wright Lawrence Wright is a Pulitzer Prize-winning American author, screenwriter and a staff writer for The New Yorker magazine, and a current fellow at the Center for Law and Security at the New York University School of Law. Music Co. Ltd., London.
(7) We're Gonna Hang Out The Washing on the Siegfried Lind, Jimmy Kennedy & Michael Cart, Copyright MCMXXXIX for all Countries by The Peter Maurice Music Co. Ltd..
(8) They Can't Black-out The Moon, Art Strauss, Bob Dale & Sonny Miller, Copyright in all Countries, MCMXXXIX, Lawrence Wright Music Co. Ltd., London.
(9) Till The Lights of London Shine Again, Tommy Connor, Eddie Pola, Copyright 1939 B. Feldman & Co. Ltd., London.
(10) When The Lights Go On Again, Eddie Seiler, Sol Marcus & Bennie Benjemen, Copyright 1942 Campbell, Loft & Porgie Incorporated, USA.
(11) Elmer's Tune, Elmer Albrecht, Sammy Gallop & Dick Jurgens, Copyright 1941 Robbins Music Corporation, New York.
(12) Der Fuehrer's Face, Oliver Wallace, Copyright 1942, Southern Music Publishing The contractual relationship between a songwriter or music composer and a music publisher, whereby the writer assigns part or all of his or her music copyrights to the publisher in exchange for the publisher's commercial exploitation of the music. Company Incorporated, USA.
(13) Lilli Marlene, Hans Leip, Norbert Schultze, Copyright 1941 Apollo Verlag, Germany.
(14) J'Attendrai Louis Poterat, Dino Olivieri, Copyright 1937 P. Leonardi Berlin, Milano, Italy.
(15) You're a Sap Mister Jap, Cavanaugh, Redmond, Simon, Spike Jones & His City Slickers Strictly For Music Lovers (CD1) Proper Records, London, 1999.
(16) Rosie The Riveter Rosie the Riveter
popular WWII song romanticizing women workers. [Am. Hist.: Flexner, 395]
See : Mannishness , Fedd Evans & John Jacob John Jacob is the name of:
(17) Choc'late Soldier From the U.S.A., E. Box, D. Cox & Lewis Ilda, Copyright MCMXLIV Irwin Dash Music Co. Ltd., London.
(18) Curl The Mo, Uncle Joe, Jack Hatch Jack G. Hatch is the Iowa State Senator from the 33rd District. He has served in the Iowa Senate since 2002 and is currently an assistant majority leader. He received his BS and MPA from Drake University. & Jack Lumsdaine, Copyright 1944 J. Albert & Son Pty. Ltd., Sydney.
(19) When They Sound The Last All Clear, Hugh Charles & Louis Elton, Copyright MCMXLI The Irwin Dash Music Co. Ltd., London.
(20) Echoes of ANZAC An·zac
A soldier from New Zealand or Australia.
[A(ustralian and) N(ew) Z(ealand) A(rmy) C(orps).]
An ; The voice of Australians at War edited by Graham Seal, Lothian Books 2005, p. 7.
(21) It's Been a Long, Long Time, Sammy Cahn, Jule Styne, Copyright 1945 Edwin H. Morris & Company Inc., New York..
(22) A Brown Slouch slouch
v. slouched, slouch·ing, slouch·es
1. To sit, stand, or walk with an awkward, drooping, excessively relaxed posture.
2. To droop or hang carelessly, as a hat.
v. Hat, George Wallace, Copyright 1942, J. Albert & Sons Pry. Ltd., Sydney.