Some properties of kraft and kraft-borate pulps of different wood species.
APPLICATION: With no detrimental effects observed for maple, spruce, and birch pulps, autocausticizing with sodium metaborate added in the white liquor appears to be an easy way for a causticizing-limited mill to increase its capacity without new equipment.
Research has brought us a better understanding of the efficiency of autocausticizing reactions, proving that the amount of sodium metaborate needed to produce sodium hydroxide sodium hydroxide, chemical compound, NaOH, a white crystalline substance that readily absorbs carbon dioxide and moisture from the air. It is very soluble in water, alcohol, and glycerin. It is a caustic and a strong base (see acids and bases). is only half that previously perceived to be necessary. With less borate borate /bo·rate/ (bor´at) a salt of boric acid.
A salt or ester of boric acid.
any salt of boric acid. required, pulping should proceed with less pronounced side effects Side effects
Effects of a proposed project on other parts of the firm. , such as an increase in the boiling point boiling point, temperature at which a substance changes its state from liquid to gas. A stricter definition of boiling point is the temperature at which the liquid and vapor (gas) phases of a substance can exist in equilibrium. and an increase in the viscosity of black liquor. What is really important, though, is the effect that autocausticizing will have on the pulp properties.
These researchers carried out analyses on the properties of birch, maple, and spruce pulps to determine how conventional kraft pulping compares with kraft pulping with sodium metaborate added. The purpose was to simulate autocausticizing and find out if there are any detrimental effects on the pulp produced.
They found that sodium borate sodium borate
A crystalline compound that is the sodium salt of boric acid and is used as an alkalizing agent and as a mild astringent in lotions, gargles, and mouthwashes. has no effect on the pulp properties of birch and maple. In their experiments, sodium borate did not change the brightness nor the contents of extractives and hexenuronic acid groups of the kraft pulps studied. For spruce, they noticed an increase in the total yield at kappa numbers lower than 50. According to these results, autocausticizing should have no deleterious effects on the properties of pulps derived from maple, spruce, and birch. View this paper online at http://www.tappi.org/index.asp?pid=29475
Biljana Bujanovic and John Cameron are with the Dept. of Paper and Printing Science and Engineering, Western Michigan University Western Michigan University, at Kalamazoo, Mich.; coeducational; founded in 1903 as Western State Normal School, became accredited in 1927 as a college, gained university status in 1957. , Kalamazoo, MI 49008. Nural Yilgor is with the Faculty of Forestry, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey. Email Bujanovic at email@example.com.