Social factors may make gay men suicidal.Several studies have found that homosexual men attempt to commit suicide Verb 1. commit suicide - kill oneself; "the terminally ill patient committed suicide"
kill - cause to die; put to death, usually intentionally or knowingly; "This man killed several people when he tried to rob a bank"; "The farmer killed a pig for the holidays" at rates higher than those of heterosexual men or the U.S. population at large. Some investigators suggest that higher rates of depression and substance abuse among gay men account for their increased tendency to attempt suicide.
New work, however, indicates that a disproportionate number of homosexual men report suicidal behaviors regardless of whether they suffer from depression or substance abuse. Reasons for this tendency remain unclear, but the results are consistent with a major influence of family rejection and other social clashes on suicide attempts, says a team led by epidemiologist Richard Herrell of the University of Illinois at Chicago This article is about the University of Illinois at Chicago. For other uses, see University of Illinois at Chicago (disambiguation).
UIC participates in NCAA Division I Horizon League competition as the UIC Flames in several sports, most notably Basketball. .
Herrell and his coworkers conducted telephone interviews with each twin of 103 pairs, ages 35 to 53. In each set of twins, one man had previously reported having at least one male sex partner after age 18 and the other reported having sex only with females.
The twins, including identical and fraternal pairs, were part of a larger investigation of substance abuse in approximately 3,400 twin pairs. All of them had served in the U.S. military between 1965 and 1975.
Nearly 15 percent of the participants with male sex partners had tried to commit suicide, compared with 4 percent of the heterosexual twins, Herrell's group reports in the October ARCHIVES OF GENERAL PSYCHIATRY Archives of General Psychiatry is a monthly professional medical journal published by the American Medical Association. Archives of General Psychiatry publishes original, peer-reviewed articles about psychiatry, mental health, behavioral science and related fields. . Homosexual twins also reported substantially more periods of contemplating their own death or the demise of others, wanting to die, and thinking about committing suicide.
After the researchers used statistical means to remove the effects of major depression and substance-use disorders, the homosexual twins still showed substantial elevation in all the measures of suicidal tendencies except wanting to die.
Another study, directed by psychologist David M. Fergusson of Christchurch School Christchurch School is a college-preparatory boarding school in Christchurch, Virginia, United States, founded in 1921 by the Episcopal Diocese of Virginia. The school enrolls slightly more than 200 students, including boarding and day boys, and day girls, grades 8-12 and of Medicine in New Zealand New Zealand (zē`lənd), island country (2005 est. pop. 4,035,000), 104,454 sq mi (270,534 sq km), in the S Pacific Ocean, over 1,000 mi (1,600 km) SE of Australia. The capital is Wellington; the largest city and leading port is Auckland. and reported in the same journal, suggests that suicide attempts and a variety of mental disorders--including major depression and substance abuse--occur particularly frequently in homosexual and bisexual young adults.
Data came from an investigation of 1,265 children in New Zealand whom researchers had tracked from birth until age 21. At that point, Fergusson's team interviewed them about their sexual orientation sexual orientation
The direction of one's sexual interest toward members of the same, opposite, or both sexes, especially a direction seen to be dictated by physiologic rather than sociologic forces. .
"Taken together with earlier studies, there can be little doubt ... that homosexual orientation is associated with suicidality, at least among young men," notes Gary Remafedi, a psychiatrist with the University of Minnesota (body, education) University of Minnesota - The home of Gopher.
Address: Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA. Youth and AIDS Projects in Minneapolis, in one of three published comments on the two new studies.
Scientists, however, still know little about suicide among homosexuals, Remafedi says. For instance, no data address whether the frequency of their suicide attempts peaks during adolescence or stays constant throughout adulthood. Nor are there good estimates of how often the suicide attempts of homosexuals result in death.
In another published comment, psychiatrist Richard C. Friedman of New York New York, state, United States
New York, Middle Atlantic state of the United States. It is bordered by Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and the Atlantic Ocean (E), New Jersey and Pennsylvania (S), Lakes Erie and Ontario and the Canadian province of Presbyterian Hospital in New York City New York City: see New York, city.
New York City
City (pop., 2000: 8,008,278), southeastern New York, at the mouth of the Hudson River. The largest city in the U.S. expresses caution about dismissing a role for depression in the suicidal behavior of homosexual men. More detailed interviews might have revealed a link between depression and suicide attempts in Herrell's sample, Friedman suggests.
Unfortunately, the researchers asked volunteers only about homosexual behavior rather than about the more informative issue of sexual attraction and fantasy, remarks psychologist J. Michael Bailey John Michael Bailey (born July 2, 1957 in Lubbock, Texas) is an American psychologist and professor. He is best known for his controversial work on biology and sexual orientation, which suggests a heritable component for sexual orientation. of Northwestern University in Evanston, Ill. Antihomosexual attitudes may partly explain higher rates of suicide attempts among gay men, Bailey says, "but this remains to be demonstrated."