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Slight R&D increase for five US federal agencies.



Prior to its Thanksgiving holiday, US House-Senate conference sessions produced final budgets for fiscal year 2006, which began October 1, for five US government agencies that provide funding for scientific research. This follows the passage of finalized fiscal 2006 budgets earlier this year for the Environmental Protection Agency Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), independent agency of the U.S. government, with headquarters in Washington, D.C. It was established in 1970 to reduce and control air and water pollution, noise pollution, and radiation and to ensure the safe handling and  (see IBO 7/31/05) and the Department of Homeland Security Noun 1. Department of Homeland Security - the federal department that administers all matters relating to homeland security
Homeland Security

executive department - a federal department in the executive branch of the government of the United States
 (see IBO 9/30/05). However, according to the American Association for the Advancement of Science American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), private organization devoted to furthering the work of scientists and improving the effectiveness of science in the promotion of human welfare.  (AAAS AAAS American Association for the Advancement of Science. ), these appropriations will most likely be subject to an across-the-board 2% cut as part of the final appropriations bill, which is expected to be passed later this month and which will include the fiscal 2006 budget for the Department of Health and Human Services Noun 1. Department of Health and Human Services - the United States federal department that administers all federal programs dealing with health and welfare; created in 1979
Health and Human Services, HHS
.

Department of Energy

The Department of Energy (DOE) received a 1.1% increase in funding to $3.6 billion for fiscal 2006, according to the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology The Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, or FASEB, is a non-profit federation of 21 societies for biomedical research in the United States. Its mission statement is "to advance biological science through collaborative advocacy for research policies that  (FASEB). The AAAS reports that the DOE's fiscal 2006 R&D budget increased just 0.9% to $8.7 million. Much of the increase in R&D funding went to energy-related R&D. The 0.6% increase in the budget for the DOE's Office of Science went to congressional earmarked projects. Because the Office of Science operates large research facilities at DOE's national laboratories, the AAAS is concerned that the flat budget will reduce operating time at these lab facilities.

Funding for the DOE's Biological and Environmental Research increased a scant 0.6% as well to $586 million. Among the funding increases is an additional $3.5 million for upgrading instrumentation at the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory. However, DOE funding for Basic Energy Sciences increased 3.7% to $1.1 billion, including $746.1 million for materials sciences and engineering research and $221.8 million for chemical sciences, geosciences, and energy biosciences research.

Specific DOE funding allocations include $36.5 million for the Brookhaven National Laboratory's Center for Functional Nanomaterials The Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN) at Brookhaven National Laboratory will provide state-of-the-art capabilities for the fabrication and study of nanoscale materials, with an emphasis on atomic-level tailoring of nanomaterials to achieve desired properties and functions.  and $4.6 million for the Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies The Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies is one of five Nanoscale Science Research Centers the United States Department of Energy sponsors. The Center's "core facility" is located in Albuquerque, New Mexico. References
  • Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies
 at Los Alamos and Sandia National Laboratories Sandia National Laboratories, which is managed and operated by the Sandia Corporation (a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation), is a major United States Department of Energy research and development national laboratory with two locations, one in Albuquerque, New . In addition, the DOE budget provides $42.1 million for science laboratories' infrastructure, including additional funds for construction of 300 replacement labs at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is one of nine United States Department of Energy (DOE) multiprogram national laboratories. The laboratory
PNNL is located in Richland, Washington, and operates a marine research facility in Sequim, Washington.
. DOE nanotechnology allocations include $15.0 million from available funds to establish the National Nanotechnology Enterprise Development Center for development of technologies for the marketplace, as well as funding for industrial partnerships with the Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies.

National Science Foundation

Also finalized in November was the fiscal 2006 budget for the National Science Foundation (NSF), resulting in a 3.0% increase for the agency to $5.6 billion, according to the FASEB, and a 2.7% increase in its R&D budget to $4.2 billion, according to the AAAS. The budget for NSF Research and Related Activities grew 3.7% to $4.4 billion. As a result of the new budget, the AAAS estimates that competition for research grants will increase and that the application success rate will remain at 21%.

Department of Justice

The same congressional bill that funded the NSF also contained final appropriations for the Department of Justice (DOJ). The DOJ budget included $108.5 million for DNA analysis and capacity enhancement, $5 million of which went to the Office of Law Enforcement Standards to work with the Community Oriented Policing Services This article is about Community Oriented Policing Services. For other uses of COPS or cops, see Cops.

The Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) is an agency within the United States Department of Justice.
 "to develop minimum standards for equipment and testing for forensic science labs." The DOJ budget also allocated $18.5 million for Paul Coverdell Forensic Sciences Improvement Grants to improve the quality of forensic science and eliminate backlogs.

National Institute of Standards and Technology National Institute of Standards and Technology, governmental agency within the U.S. Dept. of Commerce with the mission of "working with industry to develop and apply technology, measurements, and standards" in the national interest.  

The same bill also allocated funding for the Department of Commerce. The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), part of the Department of Commerce, received $761.8 million, including $399.9 million for Scientific and Technical Research and Services (STRS). The STRS budget included $37.4 million for the National Research Facilities and $60.6 million for Research Support Activities, which also funded for the National Nanomanufacturing and Nanometrology Facility. The Advanced Technology Program received an $80.0 million budget. In addition, the NIST will receive $175.9 million for the construction and maintenance of research facilities.

Department of Agriculture

Also finalized in November was the fiscal 2006 budget for the US Department of Agriculture (USDA USDA,
n.pr See United States Department of Agriculture.
), which rose 1.9% to $100.2 billion, according to the American Geological Institute The American Geological Institute (AGI) is a nonprofit federation of 44 geoscientific and professional associations. Together, these organizations represent more than 100,000 geologists, geophysicists, and other earth scientists.

The AGI was founded in 1948.
. The AAAS reports that the R&D budget for the USDA declined 0.4% to $2.4 billion. Extramural extramural /ex·tra·mu·ral/ (-mur´il) situated or occurring outside the wall of an organ or structure.

extramural

situated or occurring outside the wall of an organ or structure.
 research grants stayed flat at $648 million, and included $167 million for earmarked projects, primarily Special Research Grants. Among extramural research grants, National Research Initiative grants totaled $183 million. R&D for the Agricultural Research Service, which is responsible for the bulk of USDA intramural research, declined 1.7% to $22 million. The National Centers for Animal Health received $59 million to finish renovations. Seventy-two million dollars is available for other ARS labs.
US Federal Government FY2006 Budget

                                      FY2006 ($M)    Chg.

Department of Energy R&D                $  8,695     0.9%
  Science R&D                           $  3,354     0.6%

National Science Foundation R&D         $  4,375     3.7%
  Biological Sciences R&D               $    587     1.9%

Department of Agriculture R&D           $  2,394    -0.4%
  Agricultural Research Service R&D     $  1,284    -1.7%

Source: AAAS
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Publication:Instrument Business Outlook
Date:Dec 15, 2005
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