Skanska Three Month Report January - March 2001.
STOCKHOLM Stockholm (stŏk`hôlm'), city (1995 pop. 692,954), capital of Sweden and of Stockholm co., E Sweden, situated where Lake Mälaren flows into the Baltic Sea. , Sweden--(BUSINESS WIRE)--April 26, 2001
Groupwide Order Bookings Doubled - Order Backlog Backlog
The total value of sales orders waiting to be fulfilled.
This figure is used mainly in the manufacturing industry. Increases or decreases in a company's backlog indicate the future direction of sales and earnings. Up 85 Percent
-- Order bookings rose by 102 percent to SEK SEK
In currencies, this is the abbreviation for the Swedish Krona.
The currency market, also known as the Foreign Exchange market, is the largest financial market in the world, with a daily average volume of over US $1 trillion. 49,008 M Strong performance in Skanska's main markets; for comparable units, order bookings rose by 42 percent
-- Order backlog rose by 85 percent to SEK 185,560 M -- Net sales Net Sales
The amount a seller receives from the buyer after costs associated with the sale are deducted.
This amount is calculated by subtracting the following items from gross sales: merchandise returned for credit, allowances for damaged or missing goods, freight rose by 87 percent to SEK 34,818 M
-- Operating income Operating Income
The profit realized from a business' own operations.
This would not include income from things such as investments in other firms. Also referred to as operating profit or recurring profit. of the Group's core business decreased to SEK -307 M (576)
Restructuring restructuring - The transformation from one representation form to another at the same relative abstraction level, while preserving the subject system's external behaviour (functionality and semantics). expenses and loss provisions of SEK 700 M, mainly in Danish operations, adversely affected earnings
-- Income after financial items fell to SEK -445 M (3,047) The process of increasing the Group's focus on its core business is nearly completed; first quarter results thus included no capital gains on the sale of shares or businesses, unlike the same period last year
-- Outlook for the full year 2001 unchanged - higher than 2000 Operating income in Skanska's core business is expected to be higher than in 2000
-- Total project development gains of SEK 1.5 bn were announced after the close of the report period
Claes Bjork, President and CEO (1) (Chief Executive Officer) The highest individual in command of an organization. Typically the president of the company, the CEO reports to the Chairman of the Board. of Skanska, commented on the Three Month Report: "Our report shows continued good growth in most of our main markets, which further strengthens the order situation in the Group. It is also gratifying grat·i·fy
tr.v. grat·i·fied, grat·i·fy·ing, grat·i·fies
1. To please or satisfy: His achievement gratified his father. See Synonyms at please.
2. to see the fine performance of our newly acquired companies in the U.S. and Europe.
"We have named a new CEO and a new management team in Denmark. They are taking vigorous actions to turn around the negative earnings trend in Denmark."
"The rest of the businesses show profitable growth."
"The good order situation and ample profitability potential in our own project development operations and in previously acquired businesses support the assessment that Skanska will report higher operating income in its core business for 2001 as a whole than in 2000, despite the restructuring expenses and provisions we made during the first quarter."
SKANSKA THREE MONTH REPORT, JANUARY-MARCH 2001
The first quarter represented continued strong order bookings in Skanska's main markets, which further strengthened the order situation. Construction in the geographic markets and segments in which Skanska is active has not yet demonstrated any signs of slowdown For articles with similar titles, see Slow Down (disambiguation).
A slowdown is an industrial action in which employees perform their duties but seek to reduce productivity or efficiency in their performance of these duties. . The United States United States, officially United States of America, republic (2005 est. pop. 295,734,000), 3,539,227 sq mi (9,166,598 sq km), North America. The United States is the world's third largest country in population and the fourth largest country in area. is among areas that are showing a sharp increase. The growth rate in private as well as public capital investments in the U.S. is strong.
A new CEO and management team have been appointed in Denmark and have carried out a review of the operations since taking over the responsibility. This review has led to a strengthened action plan, and as a consequence, restructuring expenses and provisions have been made. The action plan includes a more restrictive bidding process, a reduction of overhead and an implementation of more prudent control systems. The undertaken measures are expected to turn around the negative earnings trend in Denmark.
The trend of strong earnings improvements in the Skanska Sweden and Skanska USA business areas continued. Newly acquired businesses performed well. Overall, due to seasonal variations, the first quarter of the year is always weak.
After the close of the report period, properties and projects of SEK 3.8 bn were sold. The total profits amounts to SEK 1.5 bn. The pace of divestments will remain high, although it may vary from quarter to quarter.
ORDER BOOKINGS AND BACKLOG
The Group's order bookings for January-March 2001 totaled SEK 49,008 M (24,206), for a 102 percent increase. On a rolling twelve month basis, the increase was 19 percent. The pace of the increase on a rolling twelve month basis in Skanska's core business - construction-related services and project development - was 21 percent.
On March 31, 2001, Skanska's order backlog totaled SEK 185,560 M (100,383), which represented an 85 percent increase. Order backlog in relation to net sales on an annual basis was equivalent to 1.5 years of construction work and thus strengthened the Group's position compared to year-end 2000. Operations outside Sweden accounted for 91 (87) percent of order backlog.
During 2000, Skanska acquired a number of businesses. None of them is included in the comparative figures for the first quarter of last year. The effects of acquisitions thus explain much of the increase rate for the first quarter. For comparable units, the increase in order bookings amounted to 42 percent, while order backlog rose by 28 percent.
Growth factors - Change, January-March 2001 compared to January-March 2000 Order Order Net sales bookings backlog Organic growth 31% 12% 19% Acquisitions 60% 57% 58% Currency rate 11% 16% 10% effects Total 102% 85% 87%
NET SALES AND EARNINGS
Net sales rose by 87 percent to SEK 34,818 M (18,595). On an annual basis, this was equivalent to an increase of 15 percent. For comparable units, the increase was 29 percent for the first quarter.
Operating income in Skanska's core business decreased to SEK -307 M (576). With the exception of Denmark, the operations has continued to show strong profitability and growth figures. Newly acquired businesses performed favorably fa·vor·a·ble
1. Advantageous; helpful: favorable winds.
2. Encouraging; propitious: a favorable diagnosis.
3. overall. The task of integrating acquired businesses into the Group has intensified in·ten·si·fy
v. in·ten·si·fied, in·ten·si·fy·ing, in·ten·si·fies
1. To make intense or more intense: since the change in Skanska's organizational structure This article has no lead section.
To comply with Wikipedia's lead section guidelines, one should be written. was implemented on March 1 and is proceeded as planned. Activity was lower in terms of divestments of Skanska-developed projects in construction operations. To some extent, this lower activity level can be linked to a slowdown in certain markets, especially Denmark and Norway. For the year as a whole, the volume of project divestments is expected to rise. The volume of property sales was substantially lower, amounting to SEK 2 M (245) for the report period.
The main reason for the deterioration de·te·ri·o·ra·tion
The process or condition of becoming worse. in earnings is that Skanska incurred restructuring expenses and made loss provisions totaling SEK 700 M during the report period. This is mainly an effect of the review made by the new management in Denmark.
Operating income amounted to SEK -317 M (1,336). The process of focusing on the Group's core business by divesting non-core shareholdings and businesses is nearly completed. As a result, capital gains on divestments did not affect earnings during the first quarter of 2001. Aside from the reasons already described, this was the main reason for the decrease in operating income compared to the same period of last year. Items affecting comparability amounted to SEK 0 M (646) during the period.
Income after financial items totaled SEK -445 M (3,047). Net financial items amounted to SEK -128 M (1,711). In the first quarter of 2000, the gain on the sale of Skanska's shareholding in the industrial bearings group SKF SKF Svenska Kullagerfabriken
SKF Svenska Klätterförbundet (Sweden)
SKF Smithsonian Kite Festival
SKF San Antonio Kelly Field Annex (Lackland AFB, Texas) was included in net financial items. Net profit for the first quarter of 2001 was SEK -295 M (1,986).
The average tax rate is expected to rise to about 36 percent, compared to 34 percent for 2000 as a whole. The reason for the increase is that a larger proportion of Group profit is projected to come from Skanska's American operations than last year. U.S. corporate tax rates are higher than the average in other countries where Skanska operates.
Twelve month rolling financial ratios
Net profit per share totaled SEK 29.90 (51.40). Return on capital employed Return on capital employed (ROCE)
Indicator of profitability of the firm's capital investments. Determined by dividing Earnings Before Interest and Taxes by (capital employed plus short-term loans minus intangible assets). amounted to 19.3 (38.6) percent. Adjusted for items affecting comparability and gains on the sale of shares, return on capital employed totaled 13.8 (16.2) percent. Return on shareholders' equity Shareholders' Equity
A firms' total assets minus its total liabilities. Equivalently, it is share capital plus retained earnings minus treasury shares. Shareholders' equity is the amount by which a company is financed through common and preferred shares. totaled 17.2 (35.2) percent.
INVESTMENTS AND DIVESTMENTS
The Group's net investments totaled SEK -2,739 M (2,803). Investments in ongoing project development and in other fixed assets fixed assets npl → activo sg fijo
fixed assets npl → immobilisations fpl
fixed assets fix npl → rose to SEK -3,567 M (-2,249) during the period. The increase in the volume of investments in other fixed assets was primarily connected to the Build-Own-Transfer (BOT) project in Chile. During the first quarter of 2001, Skanska carried out no acquisitions of companies, unlike the same period of last year.
Due to its lower sell-off Sell-Off
The rapid selling of securities, such as stocks, bonds and commodities. The increase in supply leads to a decline in the value of the security.
A sell-off may occur for many reasons. volume of projects, shares and businesses, Skanska reported a lower level of divestments, totaling SEK 828 M (5,052).
The Group's investments in projects developed for its own account are continuing to increase. During the report period, gross investments in project development totaled SEK 2,285 M (1,210). The turnover rate in the project development portfolio was lower than in the same period of last year. During the first quarter of 2001, projects worth SEK 782 M (1,523) were sold at a capital gain totaling SEK 1 M (301).
During the rest of 2001, the level of divestments is expected to be substantially higher, especially in connection with sell-offs of projects. For this reason, there will be a balance between investments and divestments. This does not include the effects of any acquisitions of companies.
CASH FLOW AND FINANCIAL POSITION
The Group's cash flow from business operations Business operations are those activities involved in the running of a business for the purpose of producing value for the stakeholders. Compare business processes. The outcome of business operations is the harvesting of value from assets was better during January- March 2001, because its business volume grew both organically and due to the acquisitions of companies implemented last year. This positive flow was also a consequence of higher invoicing in·voice
1. A detailed list of goods shipped or services rendered, with an account of all costs; an itemized bill.
2. The goods or services itemized in an invoice.
tr.v. compared to accrued expenses Accrued Expense
An accounting expense recognized in the books before it is paid for. It is a liability, usually current. These expenses are typically periodic and documented upon a company's balance sheet due to the high probability of collection. than during the same period of 2000.
Higher net investment volume, tax payments and buy-backs of Skanska's own shares together resulted in a negative cash flow. Cash flow for the report period totaled SEK -418 M (708).
Liquid assets Cash, or property immediately convertible to cash, such as Securities, notes, life insurance policies with cash surrender values, U.S. savings bonds, or an account receivable. and interest-bearing receivables Receivables
An asset designation applicable to all debts, unsettled transactions or other monetary obligations owed to a company by its debtors or customers. Receivables are recorded by a company's accountants and reported on the balance sheet, and they and include all debts owed decreased by SEK 92 M to SEK 10,027 M (10,119). Interest-bearing liabilities and provisions rose by SEK 3,778 M to SEK 17,575 M (13,797). This represented an overall increase in net interest-bearing liabilities of SEK 3,870 M to SEK 7,548 M (3,678). The main reasons for this increase were higher net investment volume, buy-backs of Skanska's own shares and tax payments.
The visible equity/assets ratio amounted to 21.9 (23.4) percent. The debt/equity ratio Debt/Equity Ratio
A measure of a company's financial leverage calculated by dividing long-term debt by shareholders equity. It indicates what proportion of equity and debt the company is using to finance its assets. amounted to 0.4 (0.2).
Buy-backs of Skanska's own shares
During the first quarter of 2001, Skanska continued its share buy-back program, shares, acquiring an additional 1,898,000 shares. This signified sig·ni·fied
The concept that a signifier denotes.
[Translation of French signifié, past participle of signifier, to signify.]
Noun 1. that Skanska had repurchased a total of 9,216,700 shares at an average price of SEK 364, or 8 percent lower than the April 25 price of a Skanska share, SEK 395. The Board of Directors has proposed that the Annual Meeting of Shareholders, which takes place after the publication of this report, approve a reduction in Skanska's share capital by canceling the repurchased shares.
Changes in accounting principles
This report complies with recommendations RR 9 on income taxes and RR 10 on contracting and similar assignments of the Swedish Financial Accounting Standards Council. Both recommendations are being applied effective from January 1, 2001. Comparative figures have been recalculated in keeping with these changes in accounting principles.
RR 9 means, among other things, that a time difference between the treatment of a transaction for tax purposes and for accounting purposes is reported as a deferred tax claim or alternatively as a deferred tax liability. The value of a loss carry-forward See Loss Carry-Back. may be offset if it will probably be utilized.
The application of RR 10 means that the settlement balance (receivable or liability) that arises as the difference between accrued ac·crue
v. ac·crued, ac·cru·ing, ac·crues
1. To come to one as a gain, addition, or increment: interest accruing in my savings account.
2. project revenue and the invoiced amount in each individual project is reported on a gross basis.
Otherwise the same accounting principles and calculation methods are used as in the latest Annual Report.
SKANSKA SHARE DATA
The market price of a Skanska share was SEK 395 on April 25. This represented an increase of 1 percent since year-end 2000. The Stockholmsborsen (formerly Stockholm Stock Exchange The Stockholm Stock Exchange (Swedish: Stockholmsbörsen) is a stock exchange located in Stockholm, Sweden. Founded in 1863  it is the primary securities exchange of the Nordic Countries. ) General Index declined by 14 percent during the same period. The Dow Jones Dow Jones
the best known of several U.S. indexes of movements in price on Wall Street. [Am. Hist.: Payton, 202]
See : Finance Heavy Construction Industry Group Index, which includes the largest listed European European
emanating from or pertaining to Europe.
European bat lyssavirus
European beech tree
see cryptococcosis. construction and building material companies, rose by 3 percent between January 1 and April 25, 2001. During the period, the highest quotation QUOTATION, practice. The allegation of some authority or case, or passage of some law, in support of a position which it is desired to establish.
2. Quotations when properly made, assist the reader, but when misplaced, they are inconvenient. for a Skanska share was SEK 430 and the lowest was SEK 348.
The number of employees in the Group was 82,643 (43,853), measured as the average number of employees during the first quarter. The increase was primarily due to the acquisitions of companies that the Group carried out during 2000.
COMMENTS BY BUSINESS AREA
During 2000, Skanska acquired the U.S.-based construction management companies Barclay White Inc. and Baugh Enterprises, which were included in its accounts from July 1 and November 1, respectively.
Order bookings at Skanska USA totaled SEK 21,546 M (10,982), which represented an increase of 96 percent. On a rolling twelve month basis, this was equivalent to an increase of 18 percent. For comparable units, the increase was 79 percent for the first quarter. Order backlog rose by 53 percent to SEK 107,598 M (70,426) during the report period.
Net sales amounted to SEK 16,747 M (9,053), an increase of 85 percent. On a rolling twelve month basis, the increase was 16 percent. For the first quarter, the increase for comparable units was 51 percent.
Operating income rose by 77 percent to SEK 285 M (161). On an annual basis, operating income rose by 12 percent. Operating margin Operating Margin
A ratio used to measure a company's pricing strategy and operating efficiency.
Calculated by: for the first quarter amounted to 1.7 (1.8) percent. Operating income included SEK 24 M (5) in realized project development gains.
Skanska USA continues to enjoy a strong position among clients in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology sector. The federal budget bill introduced by the Bush administration supports a continued increase in educational, infrastructure and energy sector investments. Overall American construction investments are expected to rise by 5 percent during 2001. In light of the favorable fa·vor·a·ble
1. Advantageous; helpful: favorable winds.
2. Encouraging; propitious: a favorable diagnosis.
3. trends for client categories and in geographic markets in the United States in which Skanska has a strong position, Skanska USA is expected to show a higher rate of growth than the market as a whole.
Order bookings rose by 6 percent to SEK 7,569 M (7,119). Order backlog amounted to SEK 20,397 M (15,834), an increase of 29 percent. On a rolling twelve month basis, the corresponding increases were 1 and 4 percent, respectively, compared to the situation at year-end 2000.
Net sales rose by 27 percent to SEK 6,072 M (4,788). On a rolling 12 month basis, the corresponding increase was 5 percent.
Operating income rose by 22 percent to SEK 138 M (113). Operating income for the first quarter of 2000 included a capital gain of SEK 50 M from the sale of Skanska's dredging dredging, process of excavating materials underwater. It is used to deepen waterways, harbors, and docks and for mining alluvial mineral deposits, including tin, gold, and diamonds. operations. Adjusted for this capital gain, the Skanska Sweden business area thus shows a good underlying trend of earnings. Operating margin amounted to 2.3 (2.4) percent. Realized project development gains amounted to SEK -34 M (50). Loss provisions related to the Hammarby Sjostad residential project in Stockholm adversely affected earnings in the first quarter.
After the close of the report period, Skanska Sweden was awarded a contract to build Stockholm's largest hotel, the Clarion A family of application development systems for Windows from SoftVelocity, Inc., Pompano Beach, FL (www.softvelocity.com). Clarion provides a comprehensive set of tools for development, including a screen builder, 4GL and application generator. Hotel Scandinavia - an assignment worth SEK 370 M.
The business area acquired a number of businesses during 2000. Exbud, based in Poland, was included in its accounts from May 1. The Czech company IPS (1) (Inches Per Second) The measurement of the speed of tape passing by a read/write head or paper passing through a pen plotter.
(2) (IPS) (Intrusion Prevention S and the Norwegian Norwegian
associated in some way with Norway.
Norwegian buhund, Norwegian sheepdog
a medium-sized (26-40 lb), spitz-type dog with a short, dense coat in wheaten, black, red or sable, sometimes with black markings on the face, ears company Selmer were included from July 1 and Kvaerner Construction (renamed Skanska Construction UK Ltd) was included from November 1.
Order bookings rose by 320 percent to SEK 19,119 M (4,555). Order backlog amounted to SEK 57,290 M (13,441). For comparable units, order bookings increased by 7 percent, while order backlog rose by 20 percent for the first quarter. On a rolling twelve month basis, the increase in order bookings was 46 percent and order backlog rose by 21 percent.
Net sales rose by 266 percent to SEK 11,549 M (3,157). For comparable units, net sales decreased by 10 percent for the first quarter.
Operating income amounted to SEK -742 M (6). Newly acquired businesses performed well. Restructuring expenses and loss provisions, which are mainly attributable to Danish operations, had a highly adverse impact on earnings during the first quarter of 2001. Civil construction accounts for a larger proportion of Skanska Europe's operations than last year. For this reason, seasonal variations were larger during this quarter.
Realized project development gains totaled SEK 9 M (1). Finnish operations had a lower project development volume during the report period. For 2001 as a whole, activity is expected to be at a higher level than during the first quarter.
The divestment divestment to strip one's investment from an entity. of Skanska Europe's building component businesses was largely completed last year. These businesses reported net sales of SEK 82 M (1,442) and an operating income of SEK -3 M (25) for the first quarter.
Skanska Project Development and Real Estate
This business area has 28 projects underway, 21 of them in Sweden. Their book value is expected to total SEK 6.5 billion upon completion. At the close of the report period, the book value of these projects was about SEK 3.6 billion. Ongoing projects encompass leasable space of 406,000 sq. m (nearly 4.4 million sq. ft).
At the end of the report period, about 63 percent of the space in these projects had been pre-leased. The advance occupancy rate Noun 1. occupancy rate - the percentage of all rental units (as in hotels) are occupied or rented at a given time
pct, per centum, percent, percentage - a proportion in relation to a whole (which is usually the amount per hundred) is about 80 percent in projects located in the Stockholm region. Projects in Stockholm account for more than 60 percent of projected investment volume. The expected yield on book value of ongoing projects is nearly 11.5 percent. Taking into account the existing return requirements in each respective real estate market, this indicates substantial surplus value in the business area's ongoing projects. The target is that newly developed projects should generate a development gain of at least 25 percent.
During the report period, the Project Development and Real Estate business area showed an operating income of SEK 139 M (390), including SEK 2 M (243) in capital gains on the sale of properties.
After the close of the report period, Skanska carried out a number of large property divestments, which are described in more detail under "Events After the Close of the Report Period." Some of the properties sold were acquired and developed over the past two years and were sold with a development gain of more than 50 percent. The target is for the turnover rate in Skanska's real estate operations to remain at a high level.
Skanska Services was established during March 2000 after the acquisition of the Real Estate and Services (REM (REMarks) A programming language statement used for documentation. Rem statements are not executed by the compiler. They are created for people to read. Rem is also used in DOS batch files for comments as well as for disabling instructions. ) unit of Ericsson, the telecommunications Communicating information, including data, text, pictures, voice and video over long distance. See communications. group. For this reason, comparisons with the first quarter of 2000 are misleading.
Skanska Services reported net sales of SEK 692 M (20) and an operating income of SEK 15 M (-8), resulting in an operating margin of 2.4 percent. The target is for the operating margin to exceed 5 percent over time.
During the first quarter, the business area obtained a number of new assignments, both from Ericsson and other clients.
EVENTS AFTER THE CLOSE OF THE REPORT PERIOD
Skanska sells investments and project properties and meanwhile strengthens its development portfolio of residential properties and commercial building rights These divestment encompass a total value of about SEK 2.5 bn. The profit will amount to approximately SEK 1 billion. In addition, there is earnings potential in the development of the building rights that are part of the transaction.
Skanska sold four large investment properties to the Vasakronan real estate company - Lilla Bommen and Inom Vallgraven 16:6 in Gothenburg, Jarnplaten in Stockholm and Sirius in Malmo. Skanska is also selling the Kistaentre (Knarrnas 2) site leasehold An estate, interest, in real property held under a rental agreement by which the owner gives another the right to occupy or use land for a period of time.
leasehold n. , which encompasses a total of 41,000 sq. m (over 441,000 sq. ft.) in building rights and where an ongoing 23,000 sq. m (247,600 sq. ft.) project is currently underway. The project is being sold as a contracting assignment. For this reason, the gain on the sale will be reported in stages until the completion of the project in 2003.
Payment for these transactions consists of SEK 2.1 billion in cash plus half-ownership of a development company that will utilize future building rights. Development of the area is expected to encompass about 350,000 sq. m (3.77 million sq ft.) of residential and commercial space in Vastjarva, north of central Stockholm.
Skanska sells its property holdings in Great Britain Great Britain, officially United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, constitutional monarchy (2005 est. pop. 60,441,000), 94,226 sq mi (244,044 sq km), on the British Isles, off W Europe. The country is often referred to simply as Britain. After the close of the report period, Skanska sold its last remaining properties in London - Thomas (language) Thomas - A language compatible with the language Dylan(TM). Thomas is NOT Dylan(TM).
The first public release of a translator to Scheme by Matt Birkholz, Jim Miller, and Ron Weiss, written at Digital Equipment Corporation's Cambridge Research Laboratory runs Moore Moore, city (1990 pop. 40,761), Cleveland co., central Okla., a suburb of Oklahoma City; inc. 1887. Its manufactures include lightning- and surge-protection equipment, packaging for foods, and auto parts. Square and 55, King William Street King William Street may refer to more than place:
OUTLOOK FOR 2001
The good order bookings during the first quarter further improved the Skanska Group's order situation. Operations in Sweden and U.S., two of the Group's large main markets, are expected to show a continued favorable trend of earnings. Skanska expects to end the negative trend of earnings in Denmark during the year by means of the remedial REMEDIAL. That which affords a remedy; as, a remedial statute, or one which is made to supply some defects or abridge some superfluities of the common law. 1 131. Com. 86. The term remedial statute is also applied to those acts which give a new remedy. Esp. Pen. Act. 1. steps that it has taken. The integration of acquired businesses into the Group is proceeding as planned and is expected to generate continued favorable earnings. Skanska's project development for its own account also has substantial profitability potential.
Altogether, this supports the assessment that the operating income of Skanska's core business will be higher than last year.
Stockholm, April 26, 2001 Claes Bjork President and CEO
This report has not been subjected to separate examination by the Company's auditors AUDITORS, practice. Persons lawfully appointed to examine and digest accounts referred to them, take down the evidence in writing, which may be lawfully offered in relation to such accounts, and prepare materials on which a decree or judgment may be made; and to report the whole, together .
The Skanska Group's next financial report, covering the first six months of 2001, will be published on August 30. As a result of the change in the Group's organizational structure, its external reports will also change.
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