Sharjah's Decision Makers.Like Dubai and the other members of the UAE (Uninterruptible Application Error) The name given to a crash in Windows 3.0. In subsequent versions of Windows, a crash was called a "General Protection Fault," "Application Error" or "Illegal Operation." See crash in Windows and abend. , the emirate e·mir·ate
1. The office of an emir.
2. The nation or territory ruled by an emir.
Noun 1. emirate - the domain controlled by an emir of Sharjah has kept its petroleum sector independent from the federal system. There are no restrictions on oil and gas output levels in Sharjah, with the operators always urged to maximise production.
The whole emirate of Sharjah has become a free zone. It offers incentives which compare favourably to those of Umm al-Quwain Umm al-Quwain (Arabic language: أمّ القيوين) is one of the emirates in the United Arab Emirates. It is located in the north of the country. and other UAE emirates, as well as an attractive price for gas being used as industrial feedstock feed·stock
Raw material required for an industrial process.
Noun 1. feedstock - the raw material that is required for some industrial process
raw material, staple - material suitable for manufacture or use or finishing and special credit facilities credit facilities npl → facilidades fpl de crédito
credit facilities npl → facilités fpl de paiement
credit facilities . But Jebel Ali Jebel Ali (جبل علي in Arabic) (also sometime written "Mina Jabal Ali") is a port ("Mina" in Arabic) town, located thirty-five kilometres southwest of the city of Dubai in the United Arab Emirates. of Dubai remains the most attractive free zone throughout the Middle East, with Dubai's decision makers being exceptionally pragmatic.
Sharjah's petroleum sector has no bureaucracy. The emirate's ruler makes the decisions concerning upstream deals or major downstream projects. He has allowed the main concessionaire, BP, a free hand in optimising condensate condensate, matter in the form of a gas of atoms, molecules, or elementary particles that have been so chilled that their motion is virtually halted and as a consequence they lose their separate identities and merge into a single entity. and gas production.
Sharjah is controlled by a "Bani-Muhammad" branch of the ruling al-Qassimi family, consisting of Shaikh Sultan bin Muhammad al-Qassimi (the ruler), and four half-brothers - Abdel Aziz (inactive since 1990), Saqr, Abdullah and Ahmad. Their cousins, of the "Bani-Sultan" branch that once ruled Sharjah, share some power but are mostly in business. Another branch, the "Bani-Salem", which once ruled both Sharjah and Ras al-Khaimah Ras al-Khaimah (räs äl-khī`mä), sheikhdom (1995 pop. 144,430), c.650 sq mi (1,680 sq km), part of the federation of seven United Arab Emirates, SE Arabia, on the Persian Gulf. , share some powers with Shaikh Sultan. (A different "Bani-Muhammad" branch of the al-Qassimi rulers Ras Al Khaimah - see background in Vol. 54, No. 23).
Shaikh Sultan Bin Mohammed Al-Qassimi: The ruler of Sharjah since Jan. 1972, Shaikh Sultan is a pragmatist when it comes to business. He has turned his emirate into a business centre complementing that of Dubai. He is in alliance with Dubai's ruling al-Maktoum family. He lost his son, Muhammad bin Sultan, who died in London on April 3, 1999, aged 24. He was head of the ruler's office. Rumours had it that he died of a drug overdose Drug Overdose Definition
A drug overdose is the accidental or intentional use of a drug or medicine in an amount that is higher than is normally used. .
Shaikh Sultan has become an Islamist under the influence of Saudi Arabia's Wahhabism, and has imposed strict Muslim rules particularly on women, as Iran has insisted on maintaining control over the islands of Abu Musa
Abu Musa (Arabic/Persian: ابوموسی - and the two Tunbs. It is said that Shaikh Sultan has become more conservative after 9/11. There are rumours that the flow of Saudi money into Sharjah has increased since then, with Shaikh Sultan said to be counting on Riyadh's support for pressure on Iran over the islands.
The Supreme Petroleum Council (SPC 1. (business) SPC - Statistical Process Control. Something to do with quality management.
2. (body) SPC - Software Productivity Centre.
3. (company) SPC - Software Publishing Corporation.
4. ) is the highest authority for decisions in Sharjah's hydrocarbon sector. Created by Shaikh Sultan's decree in October 1999, the SPC has taken over the role of the Department of Petroleum and Minerals which was disbanded. Shaikh Sultan initiates the SPC decisions. In November 1999 he decreed the creation of Sharjah's Executive Council to plan economic and security policies. Its task was "to ensure that all public departments work to achieve the interests of the community", said the statement from the ruler's office. In February 2000, he decreed a ban on smoking in public and state buildings in the emirate with immediate effect.
Shaikh Sultan was toppled but quickly reinstated during a brief power-struggle with his elder brother, Shaikh Abdel Aziz, in July 1987. Although the latter then became crown prince and deputy ruler, Sultan on Feb. 4, 1990 stripped Abdel Aziz of all his powers. In the power-struggle, Sultan received support from the powerful Muhammad bin Rashed al-Maktoum of Dubai.
Born in 1939, Shaikh Sultan is the fourth of six sons of the late Muhammad bin Khaled. Until Shaikh Maktoum took over in Dubai in 1990, he had been the most educated among the UAE rulers, having graduated from Cairo University Cairo University (previously the Egyptian University and later Fouad the First University) is an institute of higher education located in Giza, Egypt. The university was founded on December 21, 1908 as the result of an effort to establish a national center for with a degree in agriculture. During the 1980s Shaikh Sultan gained a doctorate from Exeter University in Britain. His career history is as follows: He started as a teacher in the Sharjah Technical Training School in the early 1960s. After leaving Cairo University in 1965, he co-operated closely with his elder brother, then ruler of Sharjah - the late Shaikh Khaled bin Muhammad. He was UAE minister of education in 1971-72. After the assassination Assassination
See also Murder.
Fanatical Moslem sect that smoked hashish and murdered Crusaders (11th—12th centuries). [Islamic Hist.: Brewer Note-Book, 52]
conspirator and assassin of Julius Caesar. [Br. of his brother Shaikh Khaled in January 1972, Shaikh Sultan was unanimously elected ruler by the family council. The assassination was a coup attempt by his cousin Shaikh Saqr bin Sultan, of the "Bani-Sultan" branch, whom Khaled had toppled in the 1960s.
The hydrocarbon sector provides Sharjah with about 80% of its income. A part of Sharjah's gas production is exported by pipeline to Dubai, with federal entity Emarat taking some gas to the other northern emirates. In April 1985, after many years of tension with Dubai, Shaikh Sultan and Dubai's Muhammad bin Rashed reached a wide-ranging political pact. This not only ended one of the most complex territorial disputes
Shaikh Ahmad bin Sultan al-Qassimi, a cousin of the ruler, is chairman of the SPC. He is also the deputy ruler. Before the SPC was created in 1999, Ahmad headed the Department of Petroleum and Minerals which was abolished. Ahmad was made deputy ruler in late June 1990, four months after Shaikh Sultan dismissed his elder brother Abdel Aziz as crown prince and deputy ruler. Sultan bin Ahmad bin Sultan al-Qassimi, another cousin, is deputy chairman of the SPC. Both belong to the "Bani-Sultan", a branch which once ruled Sharjah.
Shaikh Muhammad bin Salem al-Qassimi, an influential member of the ruling family's "Bani-Salem" branch which once ruled both Sharjah and Ras al-Khaimah and controlled parts of other Trucial States Trucial States: see United Arab Emirates. , has been the president of the Sharjah Chamber of Commerce and Industry for years. The chamber has more than 11,000 members - including about 2,000 in the business centre of Khor Fakkan Khor Fakkan (sometimes written as 'Khawr Fakkan') (Arabic:خورفكان) is geographically situated within the Emirate of Fujairah on the East coast of the United Arab Emirates on the Gulf of Oman, but is actually an isolated enclave belonging to , on the Indian Ocean Indian Ocean, third largest ocean, c.28,350,000 sq mi (73,427,000 sq km), extending from S Asia to Antarctica and from E Africa to SE Australia; it is c.4,000 mi (6,400 km) wide at the equator. It constitutes about 20% of the world's total ocean area. .
Muhammad took up this post in late 1987, after the former head of the chamber Abdel Aziz became crown prince (but the latter was ousted in 1990). This marked a new stage in sharing the rule in Sharjah between the "Bani-Muhammad" and "Bani-Salem" branches of the numerous Qassimi family.
Ras Al-Khaimah's Decision Makers: The power base of the Bani-Salem branch in Ras al-Khaimah collapsed in 1948, when Shaikh Sultan bin Salem died. Ras al-Khaimah is controlled by one branch of the family: the "Bani-Muhammad" group (not to be confused with the ruling "Bani-Muhammad" of Sharjah). There are several other branches of the Qassimi family in Ras al-Khaimah.
Shaikh Saqr bin Muhammad al-Qassimi has been the ruler of Ras al-Khaimah since 1948, when he took over from the once powerful "Bani-Salem" branch of the family. Born in 1920, his father had led one of the branches of the Qawasim that had claims to Ras al-Khaimah since the turn of the century.
By 1948 Saqr had mastered the techniques of tribal warfare, having led the military campaign to take over power and driven the brothers and sons of the late Sultan bin Salem out of Ras al-Khaimah. Since then he has run the emirate virtually as a private property, giving the other Qawasim branches little or no political power. He is married the daughter of the chief of the Ghurair clan of Dubai, which in the 1950s and 1960s used to be one of the wealthiest merchant groups in the Gulf. He married his son Khaled to the daughter of another wealthy merchant. Through such alliances he has drawn rich investors from Dubai and other Gulf countries to his emirate. In April 2004, he married his young son Ahmad to a Ghurair daughter.
Shaikh Saqr personally negotiates with foreign companies for oil or gas concessions. But no major hydrocarbon deposits have been found in the emirate so far. His first son, Khaled born in 1940, was in 2004 demoted from the post of crown prince. His second son Sultan, born in 1944, was also demoted from the post of deputy ruler.
Instead, Shaikh Saqr made a younger son Saud crown prince and deputy ruler. While Khaled has studied economics, Sultan is a military man commanding the local army. His third son, Faisal, is the CEO (1) (Chief Executive Officer) The highest individual in command of an organization. Typically the president of the company, the CEO reports to the Chairman of the Board. of the Ras al-Khaimah National Oil Co. Shaikh Saud is said to be an exceptionally capable young man.
Shaikh Saqr was on a visit to Turkmenistan at the head of a UAE delegation on May 29, when Turkmen President Saparmurat "Turkmenbashi" Niyazov invited UAE companies to develop oil reserves Oil reserves refer to portions of oil in place that are claimed to be recoverable under economic constraints.
Oil in the ground is not a "reserve" unless it is claimed to be economically recoverable, since as the oil is extracted, the cost of recovery increases incrementally in the Caspian Sea Caspian Sea (kăs`pēən), Lat. Mare Caspium or Mare Hyrcanium, salt lake, c.144,000 sq mi (373,000 sq km), between Europe and Asia; the largest lake in the world. . President Niyazov also invited UAE firms and banks to help finance the upgrading of the country's eastern Seydi oil refinery. Turkmen TV quoted the president as saying: "The Yaslar deposit [in south-eastern Turkmenistan) has not been developed yet. Its oil contains sulphur, and it just needs purification. A plant for purifying pu·ri·fy
v. pu·ri·fied, pu·ri·fy·ing, pu·ri·fies
1. To rid of impurities; cleanse.
2. To rid of foreign or objectionable elements.
3. crude oil from sulphurs should be built there". Shaikh Saqr was cited as having said he looked forward to the prospect of expanding the work done by Dubai-controlled Dragon Oil Co. in Turkmenistan; the company already operates in western Turkmenistan, also in the Caspian Sea.
Ajman - Shaikh Humaid bin Rashed al-Nuaimi, the ruler, was born in 1930 as the favoured son of Shaikh Rashed. He became active in the affairs of state as Ajman joined the UAE in December 1971 and became deputy ruler. His elder brother Ali Brother Ali (born Jason Newman, now Ali Newman) is an American hip hop artist. Biography
Originally from Madison, Wisconsin, Ali moved to Minneapolis, Minnesota at age 15, where he became involved in the local hip hop scene. was sidelined. In 1975 his father ceased functioning as ruler and Humaid took over. His son Ammar bin Humaid is the crown prince of Ajman.
The Nuaimi clan is not as numerous as the ruling families of the other UAE emirates. The prominent members of this clan are the sons of the former ruler Shaikh Rashed.
Umm al-Quwain - Shaikh Rashed bin Ahmad al-Mu'alla, the ruler since 1981 after the abdication abdication, in a political sense, renunciation of high public office, usually by a monarch. Some abdications have been purely voluntary and resulted in no loss of prestige. of his father, is close to UAE President Shaikh Khalifa bin Zayed. The ruling family of this emirate, referred to as the "Bani-Ahmad" group, gets special attention in federal funding for local projects. Rashed's son Saud is the crown prince. Shaikh Sultan bin Ahmad al-Mu'alla, a cousin of the ruler, is the chairman of the Umm al-Quwain Petroleum Department.
Fujairah - Shaikh Hamad bin Muhammad al-Sharqi, in power since 1974, is the first ruler in the UAE to be appointed by a federal decree rather than by family acclaim, thanks to lobbying by the late Shaikh Zayed of Abu Dhabi Abu Dhabi (ä`b thä`bē, zä–, dä–), Arab. Abu Zabi, sheikhdom (1995 pop. 928,360), c. . Hamad and his younger brother Wiki is aware of the following uses of "'Younger Brother":